What is the potential of UAVs in countering the Ukrainian “mosquito fleet”


The appearance of an entire “mosquito fleet” in the Kyiv regime’s arsenal, consisting of sea surface and underwater, as well as air attack drones, poses a serious challenge for Russia. The Russian Navy, which was built to solve other problems, turned out to be not quite ready for such a threat. Can anything be done to improve the situation here and now?

Like us have established Previously, the Black Sea Fleet, forced to operate in closed waters, turned out to be very vulnerable to air attacks, and in the future, to underwater attacks. While their crews are successful in shooting back at Ukrainian kamikaze drones rushing towards military and patrol ships, ground- and air-based anti-ship missiles, as well as underwater vehicles, pose a mortal threat to them due to the relative weakness of the sea-based air defense and anti-aircraft defense systems.

The enemy is continuously increasing its strike potential, replenishing the “mosquito fleet” with new types of surface and underwater drones.

Dangerous Black Sea

The first on the list of weapons of the Navy can be called the “Marine Drone”, or Marintime drone. This is an unmanned boat with a payload of up to 400 kilograms, a cruising range of up to 800 kilometers, a cruising speed of 60 km/h, and an attack speed of up to 90 km/h. The Ukrainian maritime drone has a high degree of protection against electronic warfare and an inertial navigation system, being completely autonomous. In standby mode, Marintime drone can remain at sea for up to 60 hours.

Ukrainian BEC already known to us Magura has a slightly lower load capacity of 320 kg. Unlike the “kamikaze” Marintime drone, Magura is, first of all, a naval reconnaissance aircraft operating in a semi-submersible mode. If necessary, the boat can dump ballast and go into planing mode, turning into an attack drone.

Promising uncrewed boat "Mamai", or MAMAI, has a length of 7 meters, a payload of up to 1 ton and is capable of reaching speeds of up to 110 km/h after locking on a target and entering a combat course. This BEC poses a significant danger due to its high speed and large warhead.

Ukrainian naval drone sea ​​baby has a length of 7 meters and a width of almost 3 meters, and its payload weight reaches 1,2 tons. Unlike all the previous ones, this BEC can be used as a strike weapon not only in kamikaze mode. It is assumed that an ultra-small missile boat will be created on its basis.

Thus, the BEC is equipped with two blocks of aviation NURS B-8V20A, up to 20 S-8 missiles in each. Their range of use is up to 2000 meters, the weight of the missile warhead reaches 3,6 kilograms, and the warhead can be equipped with a cumulative head or shrapnel. In addition, in the future, this Ukrainian unmanned boat could become a carrier for NATO missiles with a range of up to 20 km.

This is already very serious! It is impossible to shoot back from machine gun turrets from a missile attack from a small speed boat. Now every Russian warship on the Black Sea will need a good air defense system or an escort equipped with it.

The greatest danger to the Black Sea Fleet may come not from surface drones, but from underwater attack drones. This is the Ukrainian unmanned mini-submarine "Marichka", or Marishka, and a promising drone torpedo with an intelligent guidance system Toloka TK-150. They have a long range, must approach the target covertly and attack ships in kamikaze mode.

What to do

Judging by the fact that the plans for the development of the Russian Navy until 2035 call for the construction of a series of certain medium and small corvettes, the Russian General Staff was well aware of the threat to our fleet from a collision with the “mosquito”. But during this time a lot of bad things will still have time to happen, but something needs to be done here and now, but what?

It seems that the most effective answer may be the development of the Naval Aviation component of the Russian Navy. In addition to fighters and anti-submarine aircraft, our navy needs reconnaissance and strike drones, medium-altitude and high-altitude, which can continuously patrol the Black Sea and promptly launch air strikes against detected targets with anti-ship or anti-tank missiles, depending on the class of the carrier.

In addition, I would like to draw attention to a rather interesting development in the field of UAVs from Iranian engineers. They created the Pelican-2 marine drone, which is equipped with five propellers. Four of them provide the drone with lift, and it can take off vertically from the deck, and the fifth, pushing, sets it in motion. If necessary, Pelican-2 can not only sit back on the deck, but also splash down.

The Iranians have equipped their unusual drone with sonar, and now it can hunt not only surface ships, but also submarines. Equipping Russian ships with such reconnaissance UAVs would significantly increase the capabilities of the Russian Black Sea Fleet to search for, timely detect and destroy enemy underwater drones and submarines.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +1
    14 January 2024 17: 52
    The appearance of an entire “mosquito fleet” in the Kyiv regime’s arsenal, consisting of sea surface and underwater, as well as air attack drones, poses a serious challenge for Russia. The Russian Navy, which was built to solve other problems, turned out to be not quite ready for such a threat. Can anything be done to improve the situation here and now?

    - our leadership must immediately begin producing thousands of the same sea-based underwater and surface attack drones per day.
    1. +4
      14 January 2024 18: 53
      And send some of them to the Houthis so that they can sink American aircraft carriers and boats
    2. 0
      14 January 2024 20: 38
      I think that this issue is being dealt with after the Kursk was sunk.
    3. 0
      15 January 2024 16: 01
      Based on your logic, urgent, universal mobilization of the one-armed, one-eyed, epileptics, and further along the list of disabilities should already begin in Russia...
  2. +1
    14 January 2024 19: 39
    I just can’t understand why they are always trying to reinvent the wheel with square wheels? All over the world, small-caliber shrapnel-type shells of various calibers with programmable remote detonation are being adopted (for example, AHEAD air-blast ammunition from the Swiss company Oerlikon Contraves AG). Optical-electronic observation and fire control devices are installed on rapid-fire guns (for example, the automatic 35-mm Oerlikon 35/1000 cannon of the Skyshield air defense system with a muzzle programmer), turning them into drone “fighters”. And only in our country such developments are carried out in an “initiative” manner and are not at all “interesting” to the Defense Ministry, and this, by the way, is the life of our soldiers.
    1. -2
      14 January 2024 20: 13
      And only here such developments are carried out in an “initiative” manner and are not at all “interesting” to the Ministry of Defense,

      The RF Ministry of Defense and the RF Armed Forces have failed after failure, but there are no changes. So it will continue to be ruled by “military soldiers and ostentatious biathletes.” The problem is that in the “Chubais era” the RF Armed Forces, taken over from the USSR, were destroyed, and these contemporaries of the “Chubaisism” do not know how to create a new one. Until there are fundamental personnel and political changes in military development, we will continue to lag behind; even the Armed Forces of Ukraine are more advanced in innovation (examples in the article).
      1. -1
        15 January 2024 12: 54
        Evil spirits, when will you calm down? We need the RF Ministry of Defense and the RF Armed Forces. laughing
        1. 0
          15 January 2024 14: 00
          Absolutely right, we need the Russian Defense Ministry and powerful Russian Armed Forces. But when you see this at a top meeting (according to reports), that is, recruited gray, uninitiative sycophants (who are not replaced even if there are failures in their work), there cannot be a powerful RF Armed Forces. That's why there is such indignation...
          1. -2
            15 January 2024 17: 54
            Contact an eye doctor or psychiatrist... Reports can be changed, their authors. smile
            1. 0
              15 January 2024 18: 27
              The reports and vision are appropriate and normal, but the characteristics of the subjects represented are abnormal, as for the senior command staff of the RF Armed Forces. You want to be mistaken, but the mirror of video materials does not allow it.
              1. -2
                15 January 2024 20: 18
                I wanted to help you. laughing
  3. DO
    14 January 2024 20: 01
    What to do

    Countering aerial kamikaze drones and cruise missiles of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, in general, does not go beyond standard air defense measures. From recent experience, there is not enough Su-34 with Sych suspended container radar.

    It is also more or less clear what to do against unmanned boats (BEC) of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. This is a layered defense consisting of:
    1) Patrolling the far zone with loitering reconnaissance UAVs equipped with optics and a thermal imager. When a reconnaissance detects a BEC, an on-duty fighter takes off to destroy it/them.
    - creation of a radar field with the required wavelength;
    - equipping reconnaissance UAVs on the longest routes with guided missiles.
    2) Patrolling of the near zone by helicopters with secondary weapons and a machine gun/cannon on board.
    3) The presence on board of each of the protected objects of a large-caliber machine gun, an observer with optics and a gunner, and an operational communication system.

    What to do against underwater drones of the Ukrainian Armed Forces is a more complex question. Discussion of the details of underwater protection on an open resource is undesirable; only standard measures can be noted. This is the use of underwater sonar antennas, hydroacoustic buoys, "illumination" buoys, on helicopters - suspended sonars, an Iranian UAV with sonar mentioned in the article, homing torpedoes. And of course, the installation of underwater mesh barriers. Possibly laying minefields.
  4. -1
    14 January 2024 21: 23
    The potential of UAVs is everywhere, as it turns out.
    But no....
    That is, what is more important is what is the economic potential to quickly produce the necessary UAVs?
    Fortunately, all aircraft model templates have long been known; UAVs do not require super-materials for supersonic performance, etc. , can be made almost from sticks with foam...
  5. 0
    15 January 2024 13: 48
    Isn't it easier to just increase the armor of new ships? Bring back the armor of battleships, which was 200-300 mm in those days. Still, the main difference between UAVs and classic missiles is that they carry a small charge, amounting to a maximum of tens of kilograms, in contrast to hundreds of kilograms on missiles. Such a charge will not be able to reliably penetrate armor.
  6. +1
    15 January 2024 15: 33
    What can I say, it’s time to liberate Transnistria...
  7. 0
    17 February 2024 15: 32
    All surface drones do not pose any serious danger to ships with modern radars and watches equipped with night vision devices, which make them clearly visible at night. The losses from them are the result of the negligence and inertia of the bureaucratic machine of the Ministry of Defense, which did not equip the old ships with the necessary equipment and that’s all. With underwater drones it’s a little more complicated, but not too much, because with modern hydroacoustics they are also detected and destroyed by anti-torpedoes or from missiles. The only important thing is that all this is installed on the ships.