Russian spy satellite deorbited again: failure or "strange idea"?


The Russian military satellite Kosmos-2560 de-orbited and burned up in the earth's atmosphere less than two months after its launch. This was announced by astrophysicist Jonathan McDowell, who specializes in maintaining launch statistics and tracking objects in near-Earth orbit.


Cosmos-2560 was launched on October 15, 2022 from the Plesetsk military cosmodrome using the Angara-1.2 light rocket. After the launch, Roskosmos and the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that a stable connection had been established and maintained with the device, and its onboard systems were operating normally. However, according to McDowell, Cosmos-2560 did not perform a single maneuver during the entire time it was in orbit. The satellite's orbit decreased daily, eventually it began to fall. On December 10, he entered the earth's atmosphere and burned up in the sky over the Pacific Ocean near the island of Guam.

The officially classified purpose of the apparatus aroused increased interest in the West, as previously Reported we. According to experts, it was an electronic-optical reconnaissance satellite of the EO MKA class. As a result, Cosmos-2560 shared the fate of its two predecessors (Cosmos-2555 and Cosmos-2551). After entering orbit, they also did not perform a single maneuver and burned up in the atmosphere, respectively, 19 and 41 days after launch.

Based on this, McDowell suggested that the lack of maneuvers may be due not to accidents, but to the original design property of these vehicles - although he considers this "very strange." Although such an assumption is evidenced by the fact that the very first spacecraft of the Cosmos-2525 series spent three years in orbit and actively maneuvered in order to maintain the altitude necessary for shooting. In addition, it is highly doubtful that the rare launches of actually "disposable" spy satellites would have a significant effect (unless we consider the version of someone's special financial benefit).

Alternatively, among the assumptions on Russian and foreign forums, versions were voiced about the development of some "new of technologies”, associated with a promising series of compact low-orbit optical reconnaissance satellites “Razbeg”. This may well be a reasonable justification, but the complete absence of any voiced "success in promotion", usually widely declared even on less significant occasions in developments of similar complexity, is alarming.

In addition, it is widely believed abroad that the last three "Cosmos" of the EO ICA series simply died due to some kind of serial marriage or failure that did not allow them to use the corrective engines. In recent years, Russia has faced the "curse" of launches of military reconnaissance satellites, leading to failures and accidents with extreme frequency, the Chinese portal Sohu notes, and cites very disappointing data:

Russia currently has in orbit only 12 satellites for remote sensing of the Earth (ERS) for military and civil purposes, of which two (“Cosmos-2486” and “Cosmos-2506”) have already exceeded their design life ...

The share of launch failures and in-orbit failures for reconnaissance satellites launched by Russia since 2015 has exceeded 70%.

The Chinese publication also claims that in August Russia launched a remote sensing satellite "Khayyam" for Iran with a resolution of ground objects of 1,2 m, but then it was "borrowed by the Russian army for use on the Ukrainian battlefield." And the above-mentioned Kosmos-2560 satellite had a resolution of about 0,9 m - the highest among small Russian military reconnaissance satellites. For comparison, the small satellites of the Jilin-1 series, which China began launching a few years ago, have an indicator of 0,7 m. In the Chinese orbital constellation, there are dozens of satellites of this type alone (there are also the Yaongan and Gaofen series), and they can take surveillance anywhere in the world up to 30 times a day, that is, take pictures once in less than an hour.

Therefore, concludes Sohu, there is almost no real manifestation of support for the Russian army from reconnaissance satellites currently in orbit. From the very beginning of the NMD, the Russian military has clearly lacked satellite reconnaissance capabilities, while Western countries have mobilized about 200 commercial remote sensing satellites with a very high level (0,3-0,5 m) of optical imaging in support of Ukraine.
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  1. Alex D Offline Alex D
    Alex D (Alex D) 17 December 2022 09: 48
    +2
    It's amazing how they even fly.
    1. Snail N9 Offline Snail N9
      Snail N9 (Snail) 18 December 2022 02: 45
      +7
      I remember there was an article on VO that back in 2015 the Americans covered up the possibility of purchasing microcircuits and processors of "space performance" from them directly. Since then, they have to be purchased in various "cunning" ways, but the Americans have very strong control over literally every unit of such products, so that recently it has not been in Russia. We have to use various types of "surrogates", or civilian products that do not "live" for a long time. Result on the face. Bad is another. Since 2015, it would have been possible to create some kind of production of such components, albeit not at the most advanced level, train personnel, etc. But, alas, nothing seems to have been done. And now, it is very difficult because of the economic and financial blockade. Time is gone.
  2. Alexander Dutov Offline Alexander Dutov
    Alexander Dutov (Alexander Dutov) 17 December 2022 10: 19
    +4
    So that's why they covered the military prosecutor's office ...
    1. UAZ 452 Offline UAZ 452
      UAZ 452 (UAZ 452) 17 December 2022 11: 48
      +4
      When these satellites were created (and this is not a matter of one month), and most importantly, contracts were concluded for their development and creation, the military prosecutor's office was still in place. Maybe they covered it up due to its complete uselessness? And I still don’t want to delve into the topic that such multibillion-dollar sawing schemes necessarily need to be covered by certain structures, otherwise this “business” will not last long. And who served as the "umbrella" in this mutually beneficial enterprise?
    2. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
      Vox_Populi (vox populi) 17 December 2022 14: 09
      0
      And who "covered" her? It seems like it was, it is, it works ...
  3. alexey alexeyev_2 (Alexey Alekseev) 17 December 2022 10: 19
    +3
    Mdyaya .. I wonder how the newly-minted head of Roscosmos feels himself .. a certain Borisov ... sad
    1. UAZ 452 Offline UAZ 452
      UAZ 452 (UAZ 452) 17 December 2022 11: 56
      +18
      Why Borisov? He is "newly minted", so YET he is not responsible for anything, therefore he feels great. And his predecessor Rogozin is now in a different position, so he is ALREADY not responsible for anything, and he also feels good. When there are too many questions for Mr. Borisov, he will also move to another job, and he will also no longer be responsible for anything. And in general - they don’t leave their own with us. Rogozin and Borisov - their own. Inspector General Bulgakov, who "lost" one and a half million sets of ammunition when he was head of logistics of the Russian Defense Ministry, and obviously not only them - also his own. But you and I, like another 140 million people, including the inhabitants of Kherson - no.
      1. Luenkov Offline Luenkov
        Luenkov (Arkady) 18 December 2022 02: 44
        0
        What "position" Rogozin? Removed the old people and sold ...
        1. UAZ 452 Offline UAZ 452
          UAZ 452 (UAZ 452) 18 December 2022 14: 12
          +3
          Removed - not removed, but he actively promotes himself, introducing himself as the head of the test group "Imperial Wolves".
  4. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 17 December 2022 12: 16
    +19
    The main merit of the SVO is that it has exposed and continues to expose the mess that is going on in all spheres of activity of today's Russia.
    And how many "wonderful" discoveries we will discover more!
    1. Prokop Pork Offline Prokop Pork
      Prokop Pork (Prokop) 18 December 2022 08: 28
      0
      People from defense factories can confirm.
    2. molybdenum Offline molybdenum
      molybdenum (Stanislav) 18 December 2022 15: 18
      +1
      I would have corrected you a little "uncovered for fools and naive idiots." All this was already clear, but only everyone dismissed reality as an annoying fly, continuing to believe in indestructible invincibility.
  5. usm5 Offline usm5
    usm5 (George) 17 December 2022 17: 53
    +2
    Nothing surprising. The space war has begun. Russian satellites just shoot down. To do this, the Americans use electromagnetic guns with ballistic calculators that shoot balls at (1-3) grams, the defeat of which is similar to a micrometeorite hit - go and prove the opposite. So, the micrometeorite "hit the Russian transport ship on the ISS somehow very "timely". And what did you think the secret mission of the X-37 was. This is an American killer of enemy satellites. Again, the sworn partners deceived.
  6. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
    vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 17 December 2022 17: 58
    +9
    The Russian Federation lives and keeps afloat, for the time being, at the expense of the resources of the Soviet Union. Since 1991, theft at all levels, the plundering of the wealth of the Russian people and the withdrawal of capital abroad.
  7. Luenkov Offline Luenkov
    Luenkov (Arkady) 18 December 2022 02: 42
    -2
    Return Rogozin to his place!
  8. Sergei N Offline Sergei N
    Sergei N (Sergey N) 18 December 2022 09: 45
    +2
    Yes, reconnaissance satellites, as well as AWACS aircraft, as well as attack UAVs of our army are sorely lacking!
  9. Sergey. Offline Sergey.
    Sergey. 18 December 2022 10: 57
    +1
    The result of many years of work of the head of Roskosmos Rogozin, who has an education, in fact, a translator. MGIMO graduate! Now moonlights as an adviser in the SVO zone
  10. Sergey. Offline Sergey.
    Sergey. 18 December 2022 11: 03
    +3
    And in a war, not advisers, but participants are needed.
  11. Alexander Popov Offline Alexander Popov
    Alexander Popov (Alexander Popov) 18 December 2022 13: 06
    +1
    In recent years, Russia has faced the "curse" of launches of military reconnaissance satellites, leading to prohibitive failures and accidents, the Chinese portal Sohu notes.

    This "curse" applies only to the space industry, or perhaps to the Russian industry as a whole?
    Well, as the guarantor said, we still have rubber galoshes and "rubber priests" ....
    So let's live friends!
  12. calligrapher Lev_Nikolaevich (Dmitriy) 18 December 2022 16: 23
    0
    In addition to microcircuits, it is necessary, after all, to make matrices for photographic equipment, and high-resolution optics.
    Do we have it all? Most likely, if there is, then in large weight and size parameters, and not at the level of at least small-scale production.
    On the other hand, the failure of electronics in orbit is directly related to its vulnerability to cosmic radiation, and here much can depend on the parameters of the orbit. What is the point of launching the device for two years, if in three months all the electronics in it will burn out when passing through the polar regions?
  13. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 19 December 2022 00: 03
    +2
    Alas, alas....
    Putin, as everyone knows, does not abandon his people.

    Even if space, import substitution, diplomacy, propaganda and justice failed ...
  14. Nelton Offline Nelton
    Nelton (Oleg) 19 December 2022 12: 58
    +1
    Hmm, as usual, tons of caustic comments, kicking Roskosmos.
    The area of ​​responsibility of Roskosmos, by and large, is the launch of a satellite into orbit.

    Further claims to satellite manufacturers and the general weakness of the electronic component base.
    The weakness of the base affects primarily the payload module.
    In this case, failures are fixed in the operation of the service platform, which is strange.
    As far as can be judged from open sources, this component is more or less debugged, many satellites work for several years.
  15. wladimirjankov Offline wladimirjankov
    wladimirjankov (Vladimir Yankov) 21 December 2022 19: 56
    +1
    All this is expected and was predictable for a long time. We have not done anything and are not doing anything to create our own modern electronic industry and, accordingly, our own electronic base. Here you go and get it. In everything we hoped for our Western partners. Why do we need to strain ourselves, to invest. Everything we need, we will buy from them for our natural resources. But the "partners" did not live up to our expectations for some reason. Just cut us off from their semiconductor market. China also does not sell us chips for military and space applications, only for commercial purposes. One can only guess and guess from what our today's satellites are assembled, if even the military began to fall. And the situation can only get worse if nothing really changes further, just chatting and doing nothing. How will we replace communications satellites, glonas-k, reconnaissance, detection, guidance, etc., which will run out of resources and they will drop out of the group. What will we use to assemble UAVs, high-precision missiles, guided missiles, A-100, SU-57 AWACS, T-14 armor, thermal imagers, sensors, instruments and everything that is needed now, and not later for our defense? From Chinese consumer goods? But they can also stop selling it to us.
    1. Nelton Offline Nelton
      Nelton (Oleg) 21 December 2022 22: 20
      0
      Quote: wladimirjankov
      We have not done anything and are not doing anything to create our own modern electronic industry and, accordingly, our own electronic base.

      We did and we do.
      And there have always been sanctions on the supply of equipment for microelectronics.
      Nevertheless, the Reshetnevites are already reporting that Express-Amu4 will also have a payload module made from domestic components.

      Although, of course, it is in electronics that efforts could be more.

      But in general, for the 10th month of the sanctions, the economy did not collapse - is this not a clear sign that a lot of work has been done?
      1. Nelton Offline Nelton
        Nelton (Oleg) 22 December 2022 18: 14
        0
        today's news:

        A specialized competence center for the production of microwave filters for spacecraft onboard equipment has been created.

        The first product line of the new competence center is miniature filters based on high-resistance silicon, manufactured using the “waveguide integrated into the substrate” technology (or SIW filters). RKS is the first company in the domestic space instrumentation industry to deploy mass production of these products at our own technological site in the holding's microelectronics center.

        Another innovative product is ceramic resonator filters. Their main advantage is their compact size, on average 15x10x6 mm. These filters carry out a preliminary coarse and fine “cutting” of the signal. The novelty is already launched in the series, more than 100 "flight" samples of these products have been created.

        https://www.roscosmos.ru/38655/
      2. Alexander Tutunenko (Alexander Tutunenko) 23 December 2022 02: 05
        +1
        You can't destroy what doesn't exist. What economy? Don't be ridiculous, we are "eating up" the last stocks of the Soviet legacy. There is no scientific base, no technology, no production. And there is nowhere to buy. It takes time to restore what has been destroyed, which, unfortunately, we do not have.
        1. Nelton Offline Nelton
          Nelton (Oleg) 23 December 2022 09: 45
          +1
          Quote: Alexander Tutunenko
          There is no scientific base, no technology, no production.

          in the Russian Federation in 22, 22 successful space launches. and the accident-free series is already record-breaking both in terms of timing and launches. All missiles from warehouses 30-40-50 years old, or even completely from Germany, were taken out for reparations, yeah ...
          The 3rd icebreaker of the LK-22220 series entered service. Tajiks did the same in the basement, there is no economy ...

          Cars, electric trains, buses, mainline tractors, electric buses - they practically did not make in the RSFSR. Trams were made, but so miserable that they were embarrassed to let them out on the streets of the capital.
          Now - Tver trams and orioles are running, cool, beautiful, comfortable (I have been abroad, there is something to compare with), KAMAZ electric buses.
          But there is no industry like that, then there are no trams, these are all mirages, but in reality only the dead with scythes stand along the roads - and silence ...
  16. wladimirjankov Offline wladimirjankov
    wladimirjankov (Vladimir Yankov) 21 December 2022 20: 06
    +1
    All this is expected and was predictable for a long time. We have not done anything and are not doing anything to create our own modern electronic industry and, accordingly, our own electronic base. Here you go and get it. In everything we hoped for our Western partners. Why do we need to strain ourselves, to invest. Everything we need, we will buy from them for our natural resources. But the "partners" did not live up to our expectations for some reason. Just cut us off from their semiconductor market. China also does not sell us chips for military and space applications, only for commercial purposes. One can only guess and guess from what our today's satellites are assembled, if even the military began to fall. And the situation can only get worse if nothing really changes further, just chatting and doing nothing. How will we replace communications satellites, glonas-k, reconnaissance, detection, guidance, etc., which will run out of resources and they will drop out of the group. What will we use to assemble UAVs, high-precision missiles, guided missiles, A-100, SU-57 AWACS, T-14 armor, thermal imagers, sensors, instruments and everything that is needed now, and not later for our defense? From Chinese consumer goods? But they can also stop selling it to us. At the beginning of the 10s, our country had the opportunity to raise its electrical industry, build enterprises for the production of lithographic equipment, invest in the development of technologies for manufacturing modern chips, processors, automated lines, etc. Everything for this was and above all there was a lot of money. But there was no desire to mess with it, foresight and intelligence. Instead of investing this money in their own country, they decided to invest it in the economies of the "partner" countries. Who have now decided to simply steal these 300 billion dollars of our capital. And they will steal, which can interfere with them. None of our officials has yet been held accountable for these irresponsible decisions that caused enormous damage to the state. But these decisions were made by specific people.