Why the Russian Navy should mobilize civilian ships


As we have celebrated earlier, a special military operation to demilitarize and denazify Ukraine became a real stress test that revealed all the strengths and weaknesses of the Russian Navy. It has been successfully confirmed that the Russian Navy is strong in attack, inflicting pinpoint strikes with cruise and anti-ship missiles, but, alas, it has problems in terms of air defense and, obviously, anti-submarine defense. In addition, there is a clear shortage of large surface ships capable of performing tasks in the far sea zone.


A pile of accumulated problems forced the Russian Ministry of Defense to revise the Naval Doctrine, said Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov a few days earlier:

In the context of a total hybrid war of the collective West against our country, unprecedented sanctions and a special military operation in Ukraine, ensuring security is more important than ever... We need to build up our capabilities to ensure and protect national interests in the oceans. The adjustment of the Naval Doctrine takes into account changes in the geopolitical and military-strategic situation in the world.

Let us especially note that we are talking specifically about the World Ocean, and not about the near sea zone, for which supporters of the “mosquito fleet” are so actively drowning in our country. Obviously, to solve such problems, ships of the 1st rank are needed, capable of operating in the far sea zone, but we have serious problems with them. All that the domestic military-industrial complex is capable of so far is the unhurried construction of Project 22350 frigates, Project 11711 large amphibious assault ships of the Ivan Gren type, and two Project 23900 amphibious assault ships. But large-tonnage ships of the Russian Navy are needed here and now, and there is nowhere to get them from. Or is there?

Numerous military experts responded to the statement of Deputy Prime Minister Borisov, who believe that a number of important auxiliary tasks can be solved by mobilizing civilian courts. We will have to use bulk carriers, tankers, icebreakers and even small vessels. The fact that in wartime the civilian fleet turns into a "floating rear" for combat is considered quite normal practice. This has been repeatedly done, for example, by the US Navy and the United Kingdom. The British carried out mass mobilization to wage an aggressive war against Argentina, annexing the Malvinas Islands from it.

The experience of the British Navy in the use of civilian ships for military purposes is proposed to be adopted by Doctor of Military Sciences, Captain 1982st Rank of the Reserve Konstantin Sivkov. In 23120, the British deployed several container ships under the ARAPAHO program to transport Harrier VTOL fighters to the coast of South America. They flew to combat missions, however, from the deck of aircraft carriers. According to Sivkov, the Russian Navy could turn large container carriers into improvised helicopter carriers, after equipping them with an air defense system. By the way, the sailors of our Black Sea Fleet have already had to do something similar. There are photographs showing the Vsevolod Bobrov project 1 logistic support vessel, on the deck of which the real Pantsir-SXNUMX air defense missile system is installed. It must be assumed that such an impromptu air defense system was arranged by the Black Sea people, who need to somehow defend themselves from attacks by Ukrainian manned and unmanned aircraft, not from a good life.

Also, certain tasks could be performed by container ships equipped with Club-K container missile systems. Inside the 20- and 40-foot containers are placed missiles of various types, anti-ship and cruise, designed to destroy ground targets. This, of course, is not a URO cruiser or destroyer, but under certain conditions such a container ship will be able to successfully shoot back. Of course, not autonomously, but as part of a naval strike group and under the cover of its air defense / anti-aircraft defense umbrella. The only question is how many Club-K complexes are actually available in the warehouses of the RF Ministry of Defense. In any case, producing enough of them will be easier than laying down, building and launching a full-fledged warship, which in no way eliminates the need for frigates and destroyers.

By itself, the situation in which the Russian Navy found itself forces us to turn again to the Soviet experience. It seems that they were preparing, preparing to fight, but so far they are not really ready and have to improvise. You can remember how we once specially built dual-purpose ships.

For example, a series of gas turbine ships of project 1609 "Atlantic". Within its framework, four ro-ro-cars were built, designed to transport wheeled equipment types of cars, trucks and special equipment, which could also be used as container ships. With a displacement of 36 thousand tons, the lead ship of the Captain Smirnov series could reach speeds of up to 25 knots. At a speed of 20 knots, the Atlantic could deliver 20 tons of payload over a distance of 16 kilometers. This is much more than any modern BDK. Why did it happen?

Because these vessels were originally dual-purpose and, if necessary, quickly turned into high-speed military supply vessels. It should be noted that it was on the basis of these ro-ro ships that the Russian Navy was thinking of building the first Soviet auxiliary helicopter carrier of Project 10200 Khalzan. Unfortunately, the project was too complicated, and it did not take place, but the idea for its time was very original.

In general, there is something to think about. Perhaps a series of dual-purpose ro-ro container ships should be laid down in the shipyards in the city of Nikolaev when it is finally freed from Nazi occupation.
14 comments
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  1. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk 23 May 2022 15: 15
    +1
    You give for each longboat, seiner and tug "Caliber"!
    1. passing by Offline passing by
      passing by (passing by) 23 May 2022 15: 36
      0
      Kalibr-K (export designation: Club-K) is a Russian container missile weapon system housed in a standard 20- and 40-foot ISO container.
      that's just a small problem ... all civilian Russian ships will be inspected for weapons along the entire route.
  2. passing by Offline passing by
    passing by (passing by) 23 May 2022 15: 20
    +1
    what's the news? it has been so before and so it will be. and containers with missile launchers possibly exist. only now it's not a war to sink bulk carriers, because they can carry missiles and cruise ships, because they can be hospitals.
  3. Michael L. Offline Michael L.
    Michael L. 23 May 2022 15: 22
    0
    "ships of the 1st rank are needed" - and they can be replaced by "mobilized civilian ships" and "dual-use container ships"?
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 23 May 2022 17: 13
    +3
    Ha. There is always something to think about.
    China, they write, is building dual-use ships with might and main ...

    but here the main thing is not "dual purpose", but "builds".
    It builds mass ships, they have applications, they work and develop the economy .......

    And to mobilize, if any, is an everyday matter ...
  5. Vladimir1155 Online Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 (Vladimir) 24 May 2022 08: 52
    +1
    question to the respected author, dear Sergey, 1 what is the list of tasks in the world ocean for ships of the first rank and civilian ships mobilized by you? I can’t think of a single task 2 What means of combat stability of these ships in the ocean did you provide in light of the death of the cruiser Moscow from one missile?
    1. Victorio Offline Victorio
      Victorio (Victorio) 24 May 2022 17: 10
      0
      Quote: vladimir1155
      question to the respected author, dear Sergey, 1 what is the list of tasks in the world ocean for ships of the first rank and civilian ships mobilized by you? I can’t think of a single task 2 What means of combat stability of these ships in the ocean did you provide in light of the death of the cruiser Moscow from one missile?

      The author writes questions to specialists. or you're teasing)

      Quote: vladimir1155
      what are the means of combat stability of these ships in the ocean

      I know the stability of the ship, but I haven’t heard what “combat stability means” are
      1. Vladimir1155 Online Vladimir1155
        Vladimir1155 (Vladimir) 24 May 2022 17: 36
        0
        "stability" sorry, you didn't see it fuzzy, it happens ... be more careful, but in essence, what can you answer for Sergey, who modestly kept silent .... nothing to say yes? apart from searching for grammatical errors, is there anything to say? ..... Combat stability is the ability of a military or naval group to maintain combat capability and use its combat capabilities to ensure the fulfillment of the combat mission received with active opposition from the enemy.
        1. Victorio Offline Victorio
          Victorio (Victorio) 24 May 2022 17: 41
          0
          Quote: vladimir1155
          "stability" sorry for the typo, but in essence, what can you[b][/b] answer for Sergey, who modestly kept silent .... nothing to say yes? apart from looking for grammatical errors, nothing to say?

          me? didn't intend to do anything. you have a deep question, the author is a writer. today he has a fleet, tomorrow aviation, the day after tomorrow politics, but maybe I'm wrong. I also don’t know anything about “means of combat stability”, what is it?
          1. Victorio Offline Victorio
            Victorio (Victorio) 24 May 2022 18: 06
            +1
            Quote: vladimir1155
            means of combat stability of these ships in the ocean

            Quote: vladimir1155
            Combat stability

            Quote: Victorio
            what is it?

            in continuation - do you mean technical and design features and capabilities, autonomy, weapons? those. the question requires special knowledge, or good immersion in the topic.
            1. Vladimir1155 Online Vladimir1155
              Vladimir1155 (Vladimir) 24 May 2022 21: 30
              0
              well, special knowledge does not interfere with having a general understanding, you correctly noticed that Sergey writes about everything and not always having a deep understanding, that is, a narrow specialist must have special knowledge, but for most, general ideas are enough. Combat stability is the defensive capabilities of the grouping, that is, air defense, tank armor, aircraft decoy launch systems, mobility (stealth), camouflage, electronic warfare, etc. For a naval grouping, this is air defense and anti-aircraft missile defense .... and so there are no minesweepers, which means the combat stability of any ship of the Russian Navy is negligible. Weak air defense means the probability of losing a ship like Moscow from one missile is high. PLO is carried out by a small number of PLO ships, mostly Soviet-built, PLO aircraft have never been built in the Russian Federation, but Soviet ones have been built for 30 years already ..... conclusion = the combat stability of Russian ships far from their coast is about zero, which means, seriously, none It is impossible to send a surface fleet anywhere (Moscow has already been sent), which means that large ocean surface ships are not needed at least until 60-200 minesweepers appear, and dozens of PLO aircraft, and coastal MRA.
              1. Victorio Offline Victorio
                Victorio (Victorio) 25 May 2022 15: 46
                0
                ? someone downvoted you

                Quote: vladimir1155
                Combat stability

                I paid attention to yourfacilities combat stability", since the term and content of "combat stability" is familiar to me.

                Quote: vladimir1155
                can't be sent anywhereMoscow has already been sent

                do you know who, where and why sent?
  6. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk 15 June 2022 10: 57
    0
    My kayak can take a FAB-50 or some anti-tank mines, but what am I going to do with them? Just move around the water surface? What for?
  7. aslanxnumx Online aslanxnumx
    aslanxnumx (Aslan) 1 July 2022 20: 32
    0
    Why go far. An example is Iran, which uses a tanker as a helicopter carrier. It is possible to deploy a Caste-type radar on deck, or an ADR from RSP 10, there are many options. Just in this case, you can’t cut the money.