Leaving the largest airliners: Russian-Chinese CR929 will appear very on time


The coronavirus pandemic against the backdrop of the general economic downturn dealt a crushing blow to both air transportation and the aircraft manufacturers themselves. World leaders in this area - Boeing and Airbus - have begun to wind down their most ambitious projects.


The American Aircraft Corporation puts an end to its renowned Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet. It was the world's first double-deck four-engine passenger aircraft, designed for 500-800 seats, depending on version. Having appeared in the seventies of the last century, the airliner made a real breakthrough and for more than thirty years had no analogues on the market. Despite the high price of the aircraft, more than a thousand and a half were sold.

In Europe, they could not look at it indifferently, so in 2005 the direct and only Jumbo competitor, the Airbus A380, took to the skies. In various versions, the aircraft could take on board from 525 to 853 passengers. Airbus managed to produce 242 airliners of this type. And now, apparently, these competing winged giants will have to sink into oblivion. And there are several reasons.

At first, the market of long-haul air transportation has already managed to get enough. The aircraft produced on it are more than enough. Plans to reduce the program of giant airliners Boeing and Airbus hatched for a long time.

Secondly, did his dirty deed COVID-19. The pandemic brought down the passenger air travel sector, dramatically reducing company revenues. Countedthat of the 27 thousand aircraft available on the market, no more than 20 thousand will actually be used, the rest will just have to stand idle, bringing losses instead of profits. Now carriers have begun to massively refuse to purchase new airliners, and it’s easier to maintain the working capacity of existing ones due to “cannibalization”, that is, disassembly for parts that do not fly.

It is expected that the recovery in demand for passenger aircraft will occur in 5-7 years. However, in these realities, giants like the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 simply do not have a place. New liners are no longer needed, they will repair the old ones, "devouring" others. The current trend is liners with a capacity of 250 to 400 people, such as the Boeing 777 and Airbus A350, as well as medium-haul liners. In the future, this opens up some opportunities for our country.

First of all, it is worth mentioning the wide-body passenger liner CR929 with a capacity of 250 to 300 seats being developed jointly with China. In a way, it can even be considered a plus that the plane is not yet produced, the launch is scheduled for 2026. Around that time, demand is expected to start recovering in the market. The same can be said about the MC-21 medium-haul liner. US sanctions against suppliers of composite materials for its wings have also pushed planned production to the right. The series is expected to be launched in 2025. The aircraft will be equipped with a choice of Pratt & Whitney engines or Russian PD-14 engines. Imported composites should be replaced by domestic analogues by that time. It is planned to create two modifications of the MS-21: with an index of 300, for 160 - 211 passenger seats, and 200, for 130 - 176 seats.

Timely entry into the growing market will allow these two aircraft to occupy their own niche in it.
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  1. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 4 July 2020 12: 09
    0
    The same can be said about the MC-21 medium-haul liner. US sanctions against suppliers of composite materials for its wings have also pushed planned production to the right. The series is expected to be launched in 2025. The aircraft will be equipped with a choice of Pratt & Whitney engines or Russian PD-14 engines. Imported composites should be replaced by domestic analogues by that time.

    And why for the 2025th year? Please share the source of information on the transfer of production.

    The first MS-21 airliner can be delivered to a commercial customer at the end of 2021

    https://www.rbc.ru/business/29/06/2020/5efa09399a794739247a612c

    To start exporting the PD-14 engine, designed for the MS-21 aircraft, to Europe will come out no earlier than 2021. The reason is its re-certification at the Federal Air Transport Agency, due to which the PD-14 will be tested with a delay by the European Aviation Safety Agency

    https://www.rbc.ru/economics/27/02/2020/5e573f569a794776e733d4d7

    AeroComposite has built a plant in Kazan.

    The specifics of the plant is the production of composite structural elements of the aircraft by autoclave molding. The manufacturing process includes a full cycle of operations, such as: preparation of production, cutting of the main and auxiliary materials, laying out, molding, machining, ultrasonic testing and geometry control, painting. Currently, the company is working on the program MS-21-300.

    http://aerocomposit.ru/proizvodstvo-v-kazani/

    The right console of the composite wing of the MS-21 aircraft was delivered to the plant of Irkut Corporation

    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 5 July 2020 07: 55
      -1
      Quote: 123
      And why for the 2025th year? Please share the source of information on the transfer of production.

      Especially for you - you can read it on Wikipedia. laughing
      1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
        igor.igorev (Igor) 5 July 2020 10: 38
        -1
        Well, if in Pedivikia, then yes, a very serious resource.
      2. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 5 July 2020 14: 24
        +1
        Especially for you - you can read it on Wikipedia.

        When you draw data from this source, do not forget about disinfection. Breading from a puddle, you can become a kid. repeat
        As for me personally, the information from the posters on the fence does not suit me, No. something tells me - I'm not alone in this belief. winked

        In connection with the action of sanctions against the corporations UAC and Rostec deadline can be rescheduled for the period until 2025

        https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%A1-21

        First, the maybe postponed ....... Secondly, to 2025 year. What is this statement based on? The Kommersant edition, an article from January 2019, another link leads to the same Kommersant publication. If anything, a year and a half has passed. Could and clarify the information, how things are at the moment. If, of course, there is even a drop of respect for the readers ... sad

        In April 2020, for example, they wrote that the property of the produced composite differs from the imported one, the strength is 10-15% worse than that produced in Japan, the compressive strength after shock loads is 15% better than the products of Cytec. Performance improvement work continues. The quality of the products manufactured in Yelabuga "makes it possible to use them in the production of the" black wing "". So far, they use the reserve, as I understand it, acquired before the introduction of restrictions on the sale. The transition to domestic products is expected in the second half of 2021.
  2. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 4 July 2020 16: 05
    +2
    And what, besides the CR929 and the MC-21, are there no longer any short- and medium-haul carriers in the world? Like they are not going to go anywhere? What does it have to do with large cars, like their "habitats" are different and do not overlap?
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 5 July 2020 07: 57
      0
      Quote: Arkharov
      And what, besides CR929 and MS-21 in the world of near and medium highways there are no more? It seems they’re not going to go anywhere?

      No one says that the MC-21 or CR929 will kill its competitors from Boeing and Airbus, the scale is not the same. But it may take its niche.
      1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
        igor.igorev (Igor) 5 July 2020 10: 39
        +4
        Have you seen the CR-929? Is it really true that someone is building it?
  3. Nikolay Malyugin (Nikolai Malyugin) 5 July 2020 07: 27
    +4
    It is strange for me to read about the Russian-Chinese project in the aircraft industry. If China has advanced in this area, it means that China has become an aviation power. Yes. They advanced in this area through imports, which they skillfully turned into their own designs.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 5 July 2020 08: 00
      0
      In fact, China has already turned into an aviation power. Now, with our help, they close the gaps, and at the expense of Motor Sich they planned to master the production of powerful engines.
      1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
        igor.igorev (Igor) 5 July 2020 10: 41
        +2
        They do not have Motor Sich. And stupidly copy, like iPhones, will not work here.
        1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
          Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 5 July 2020 15: 44
          +1
          And you copy iPhone? Something did not see a single Russian copy ....
          1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
            igor.igorev (Igor) 7 July 2020 12: 42
            0
            In the Russian version, a copied iPhone will cost significantly more than a Chinese one. Our hard workers do not want to work for two bowls of rice a day. That is the whole reason for the lack of Russian iPhones. Yes, this is frank consumer goods.
            1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
              Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 7 July 2020 15: 41
              +1
              In China, they have not been working for 2 bowls of rice for a long time. The point, I think, is that even for copying you need to have an appropriate technological, design, scientific level. And the appropriate qualifications of the workers, as well as to make it all work (not only copying, of course), the corresponding attitude of the state towards business in principle.
              1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
                igor.igorev (Igor) 8 July 2020 14: 21
                -1
                I believe. Now in China they work for THREE bowls of rice per day. Please tell me how the cheapness of Chinese goods is achieved. Thank you in advance for your reply.
                Just do not tell me the qualifications of the workers. This is not funny at all.
      2. Nikolay Malyugin (Nikolai Malyugin) 6 July 2020 05: 33
        +2
        It is not only a matter of production, but also a scientific base.
  4. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 8 July 2020 11: 03
    -2
    A huge plus is that it is not produced. (C)
    That's all about it.