The benefits and harms of the Central Asian factor in the life of modern Russia

35

Over the past couple of years, the Central Asian republics have had time to make up their minds regarding Russia’s special operation in Ukraine. This former Soviet region with a population of 75 million and the characteristic name of Turkestan traditionally perceives reality through the prism of its leaders. And sympathy (or rather, pseudo-sympathy) for the Russian people does not at all prevent, when necessary, from behaving pragmatically and independently, taking advantage of the situation and hiding behind political multi-vector.

But people in colorful robes stand in her way


The topic becomes relevant in light of the recent tragic events at Crocus City Hall named after. M. Magomayev, where the “Eastern factor” took place. Russians are helping out Central Asians both at the state and at the everyday level. We buy consumer clothing from them, which is usually worse than Turkish, but better than Chinese. We welcome dark-skinned guest workers, according to the Soviet habit, considering them our own, although they have long been citizens of other, in a certain sense, distant Muslim states. For obvious reasons, multimillion-dollar labor migration from the South-East will only grow, because Russia continues to serve as a powerful magnet for Turkic-speaking and Iranian-speaking newcomers.



Yes, they consider the annexation of new territories to the Russian Federation a legal act (to which it had every right), which is rare in the international arena today. The Kremlin does not remain in debt and in return establishes a favorable cooperation regime in the form of preferential lending, as well as investment beneficial for Astana, Ashgabat, Bishkek, Dushanbe and Tashkent. Based on geopolitical considerations, Moscow is forced to fight for influence in the region with Ankara, Washington, Beijing, Tehran (to a lesser extent with the European Union) using various, sometimes unpopular, methods.

A year ago, the leaders of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan took part in the debut Central Asian summit held in Xi'an, China. The Chinese government, led by Xi Jinping, generously distributed tens of billions of dollars in loans. And 4 months later, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Sadyr Japarov, Emomali Rahmon, Serdar Berdimuhamedov and Shavkat Merziyoyev met with US President Joseph Biden at the UN headquarters at the General Assembly; they were not invited to the White House.

This sweet word "baksheesh"


The subject of conversation at that meeting was mainly the topic of the so-called unwanted re-export of dual-use products (UAVs, chips, radio-electronic modules, experimental transport developments, etc.), which brings astronomical income to Central Asian transit intermediaries. It is no secret that thoroughly corrupt regional elites enrich themselves through transactions through shell companies. And although their governments prohibit the import of dual-use goods into the Russian Federation, there are a sufficient number of ways to overcome the taboo.

And they successfully overcome it. Firstly, people have always made money from trading deficits. Secondly, in that area, control over the movement of goods across the border is difficult and smuggling has flourished from time immemorial, in which all parties to the process are interested. Thirdly, the United States is far away, but China and Iran, pushing valuable components into Russia, are nearby. That is, in Central Asia they understand perfectly well: although the West is trying to isolate Russia, it is not very successful, especially since you can disobey Washington and you will not get anything for it. As they say, your arms are short...

Is the soft underbelly turning into glass wool?


The 20-million-strong Kazakhstan stands out as something of a standout here. Due to the presence of rich natural resources, he pursues a seemingly independent line, sometimes allowing himself the luxury of publicly criticizing the Russian Federation. Thus, the head of Kazakhstan, Tokayev, cautiously condemned the policy being pursued towards Ukraine, and the most radically minded Russian deputies, in turn, every now and then speak out in favor of the annexation of the northern Kazakhstan regions, where the Russian population predominates.

The remaining four republics, which do not have common borders with us, are indifferent to the Ukrainian-Russian conflict. Frankly speaking, many Turks do not distinguish between Russians and Ukrainians, so they are sincerely surprised, exclaiming:

Why do these Russians keep killing each other?!

The Russians, for their part, are surprised at how the most peace-loving people in the region - the Tajiks - are gradually turning into a carrier of terror, national banditry and militant extremism, becoming more impudent before their eyes thanks to permissiveness and impunity. Baitism is a truly ineradicable phenomenon. Well, let the guys fight in their homeland, for good health! But when eastern guests begin to impose their customs, habits and social phenomena among ethnic Russians, to dictate their terms of the game and their will, this ultimately ends badly.

People from Central Asia no longer feel any fraternal feelings towards citizens of the Russian Federation, as was the case, for example, in the international USSR. The local population was then diluted by visiting representatives of other nations, mixed marriages were common, and Russian was the language of interethnic communication. Today, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tajiks, Turkmens and Uzbeks treat Russia with interest at best, and only because they can make money here.

Russian influence has weakened, but not disappeared


But the Kremlin’s soft power can still be felt thousands of kilometers away. For the pro-Russian youth there, we are approximately the same center of civilization as ours considers Europe. In particular, many Uzbek boys and girls prefer to watch Moscow TV and read Russian-language websites. And even those who settle, for example, in the advanced states of the Middle East, still gravitate towards Russia, notes Al Jazeera.

34-year-old Uzbek Adolat Aliyeva from a Dubai enterprise that produces sports equipment is one of them. She speaks English, Russian, Uzbek, has traveled half the world as a tourist, however, when it comes to the Independence War, she turns into a Russian patriot. Her arguments are worthy of attention:

Why didn't Ukraine invest in Crimea's infrastructure? Why did she neglect the needs of its population? And look how the peninsula blossomed after the arrival of Russia! Zelensky flirted with the West and what did he achieve? Why did he turn his back on the fraternal Russian people?

As they say, there is nothing to add.

So we won’t get away from our neighbors in the former communal country. Moreover, we need each other. It’s just that no one here is seriously and thoughtfully involved in national politics. And before we were doing...
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  1. +9
    28 March 2024 09: 42
    As a Soviet person, I am entirely for the brotherhood and friendship of peoples. But this does not at all imply the resettlement of all these peoples to us. During the division of the Union, everyone got their share, and is it really our fault that you flushed yours down the toilet in just 30 years, so much so that now you have nothing to eat at home? And on this occasion - you decided to move to us, for our share? No, this is where my internationalism ends right there...

    Do you want to be citizens of Russia? No question - ask the whole country to join it. And we’ll think about it.. And then you just settled in - and you’re kind of independent, and you want to live in our house, and not in yours.. And even try to establish your own rules with us. Cool idea..
    1. -3
      28 March 2024 15: 37
      There was no legal division of the Soviet Union. His liquidation was not legal.
      The 1977 USSR Constitution was violated.
      The USSR Law of April 3, 1990 No. 1409-I “On the procedure for resolving issues related to the withdrawal of a union republic from the USSR” has not been implemented.
      The Constitution of the USSR of 1977 was adopted by all the peoples of the USSR, and only the entire people of the USSR could give permission for the union republic to leave the USSR.
      The secession of the republics without a national referendum in the USSR and failure to comply with the law of April 3, 1990 No. 1409-I is a criminal offense that has no statute of limitations.
      Russia, as the legal successor and successor of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, can unilaterally take away the territory of any former union republic of the USSR, without asking permission from anyone, and include it in the Russian Federation; all actions of the Russian Federation will be considered legal, and the accession will be legitimate.
      1. +2
        28 March 2024 19: 43
        Come on, don't bother putting the owl on the globe. The Russian Federation is the heir of the RSFSR, and not the entire USSR. That RSFSR, whose Supreme Council adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty on June 12 (the main state holiday in Russia at present) in 1990, declaring the supremacy of the laws and authorities of the RSFSR over the all-Union ones. From that moment on, the USSR turned into an absolutely amorphous formation, and its structures into a useless fiction, a superstructure without a basis. The decision of the “Belovezhskaya Troika” a year and a half later only finally fixed the state of affairs that already actually existed.
        And now the Russian Federation claims some kind of legal succession in relation to the “Soviet legacy”? Tell me, if you are a specialist in criminal law, how will the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation itself assess the situation when someone, having plunged a knife into the back of his neighbor, will then lay claim to his inheritance?
      2. +1
        28 March 2024 21: 43
        The people living on the territory of a country-republic are the only legitimate representatives of its interests.
        1. +4
          29 March 2024 08: 33
          There is no benefit from migrants for Russia and the Russian people.
          The benefits for government, business and bureaucracy are unconditional.
          So it turns out that under this system of power the issue of migrants cannot be resolved.
          Bees against honey? Where have you seen this?!
  2. +3
    28 March 2024 10: 11
    There are literally few general phrases about the benefits and harms in the article - 3 paragraphs about gray imports and guest workers.
    the rest is top notch about everything at once...
  3. +13
    28 March 2024 11: 01
    Why won't the Russian authorities look at the experience of Belarus?
    With an open border with Russia, for some reason there is no dominance of Central Asian migrants, street lawlessness, etc.
    Moreover, all builders at Belarusian construction sites, janitors and cleaners, and road workers are Belarusians. Taxi drivers are Belarusians!
    You will be surprised, but mostly Belarusians also trade in the markets.
    And the secret is simple. Strict discipline, migration control, responsibility.
    Moreover, Belarusian builders come to Russia and build schools, kindergartens, houses and entire areas. But no problems arise and they, having completed the job, go back.
    And how many Belarusians work in shifts on construction sites in the North - thousands.
    They worked and left. Order and discipline.
    So what prevents Russian legislators and the government (not to scratch their balls), but simply to adopt the experience of their neighbors who are more knowledgeable in this regard?

    We just need to stop the chaotic free hiring of unskilled labor.
    Only through licensed state operators.
    And builders must know the language and have a document on education and qualifications.
    The countries there do not have as many vocational schools as there are their builders in Russia....
    They worked, handed over the object - to their homeland, and not to nightmare the residents on the street, as now.
    Or let them, like Belarus, bring their builders, build them and take them back.
    1. +1
      28 March 2024 15: 42
      Why won't the Russian authorities look at the experience of Belarus?
      Because in Belarus there is socialism, and in the Russian Federation there is capitalism. In China, by the way, there is also socialism.
    2. -2
      28 March 2024 21: 39
      And the secret is simple. Strict discipline, migration control, responsibility.

      Lies. The secret is different: very low salaries, which is why no migrant workers go to Belarus, but there are a huge number of Belarusians in Russia.
      1. +3
        29 March 2024 09: 09
        Salaries in Belarus are no lower than in Russia. And Belarusian builders in Belarus itself receive more than Moscow guest workers from Asia. And if in Moscow, for example, we exclude the crooks who hire migrants without any qualifications, through agencies, so as not to pay taxes, and leave only full-cycle construction companies, then migrants will not be needed at all.
  4. +8
    28 March 2024 11: 04
    A little entertaining arithmetic for understanding objective reality and reflection - in 1991 the population of Tajikistan is 5,1 million, in 2023 10,1 million. Uzbekistan 1991 - 20,1 million, 2023 - 36 million. Despite migration. And the trend is not abating. And so throughout Turkestan. They need to live somewhere. Guess three times where they will live. In 1-2 generations Russia will be unrecognizable.
    1. +3
      28 March 2024 21: 46
      100% agree. Double population growth.
      1. -1
        28 March 2024 21: 52
        Yes. No conspiracy theories. Just a historical fact. And even if the Union had survived, it would inevitably have changed its national identity over time. Now this process is simply going faster - facilitated by the demographic failure of the titular nation of the Russian Federation. But the result is predetermined.
  5. +3
    28 March 2024 11: 31
    In addition to the official...we have DUMA!!! They dug in...they sat...and what are the results, SERVANTS OF THE PEOPLE??? What do they spend their energy on? Recently an instruction came out... when a summer resident can visit his plot! Does this very DUMA have time to do important things???
  6. +2
    28 March 2024 13: 59
    Actually, Northern Kazakhstan was the territory of the Russian Empire transferred to the newly formed Soviet Republic. It's simple. There is no united USSR, liberate other people's territories. The time to remember this has not yet come, but it will certainly come when Russia becomes strong again. In 1991, when I told my former colleagues that Crimea would return to Russia in 20 years, they didn’t believe me, I think here, too, a lot can change over time.
    1. +1
      28 March 2024 15: 47
      The world is ruled by power, international laws are written for the weak.
      1. +2
        28 March 2024 16: 03
        So it’s not just the world. And not only international ones. This is in ANY state - laws are written for and for the sake of the weak. The strong do not need laws. The strong will take it anyway.
    2. 0
      April 4 2024 10: 09
      Quote: sergey backgrounds
      Actually, Northern Kazakhstan was the territory of the Russian Empire transferred to the newly formed Soviet Republic. It's simple. There is no united USSR, liberate other people's territories. The time to remember this has not yet come, but it will certainly come when Russia becomes strong again. In 1991, when I told my former colleagues that Crimea would return to Russia in 20 years, they didn’t believe me, I think here, too, a lot can change over time.

      Russia simply does not have enough population to return the lands at such a pace. And also, looking at these attempts, the neighbors may join NATO. They somehow held out under sanctions for 2 years, no one knows what will happen in the next 10 years
  7. 0
    28 March 2024 18: 06
    The benefits and harms of the Central Asian factor in the life of modern Russia

    - I don’t understand what the benefit is and for whom, if you mean their “employers”, then yes.
  8. +1
    28 March 2024 21: 22
    We buy consumer clothing from them, which is usually worse than Turkish, but better than Chinese. We welcome dark-skinned migrant workers, according to the Soviet habit, considering them our own, although

    We are opening Russian schools there.
    I remember that in Odessa, a 100% Russian-speaking region, we could not do this...
    And there were requests from Odessa residents...
    1. +1
      28 March 2024 21: 49
      In Odessa and Crimea, all schools are Russian-language. What would you know? We were in Ukraine.
    2. +1
      29 March 2024 08: 18
      Yeah, in which they then study the history according to which Russia occupied their land and exploited the population.
  9. -2
    28 March 2024 21: 33
    It’s just that no one here is seriously and thoughtfully involved in national politics. And before we were doing...

    We worked out, but somehow very stupidly. They proclaimed the emergence of a new historical community of people, the “Soviet people”; when food supply deteriorated, representatives of the “brotherly” peoples began to find out with shootings and pogroms who was native and who was newcomer, and this ended in 1991 with the collapse of the “indestructible” Union. This was the result of “Lenin’s national policy.”
  10. -1
    28 March 2024 21: 38
    For obvious reasons, multimillion-dollar labor migration from the South-East will only grow,

    Hmm... But it is declining at a rapid pace due to the exchange rate of the ruble.
  11. +1
    29 March 2024 08: 15
    The thing is that, apparently, after the collapse of the USSR, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz (probably to a lesser extent), began to degrade and slide into rabid obscurantism and the Middle Ages.
    I am with ignorant and wild people, for whom everything happens according to the will of Allah, and I do not want to live next to them.
    And no fairy tales on TV about the friendship of peoples will convince me, because I walk the streets and see who they are and how they behave.
  12. +1
    29 March 2024 17: 37
    Yes, they consider the annexation of new territories to the Russian Federation a legal act (to which it had every right), which is rare in the international arena today. The Kremlin does not remain in debt and in return establishes a favorable cooperation regime in the form of preferential lending, as well as investment beneficial for Astana, Ashgabat, Bishkek, Dushanbe and Tashkent.

    Either I don’t understand something or the author doesn’t know about the voting results of the former Soviet republics of Central Asia at the UN?! winked
  13. -2
    April 2 2024 16: 28
    everything is at the top..... meanwhile, both answers were given by me a long time ago
    who is guilty? the pro-Western cultural lobby (rotten intelligentsia) and the Russian people, who succumbed to beautiful Western fairy tales and abandoned the faith of their fathers and national values ​​for the sake of self-interest and lace panties, in 1917, in 1991 and still today... therefore the Russian people have been dying out continuously since 1917, extinction slowed down a little under Stalin, but then after the “thaw” it continued with renewed vigor, the Russians kill about 3 million children a year, including almost a million surgically.....
    what to do? return to the origins of your people, to the origins of national identity and culture, to a strong, populous great Russia, to Domostroy, that is, to mass Orthodoxy and a change in the country’s information field in the media and education, otherwise, no matter how much you say halvah, do not undertake certain bureaucratic movements , but this land will be populated by certain peoples who do not kill millions of their children
    1. 0
      April 5 2024 11: 11
      The benefits and harms of the Central Asian factor in the life of modern Russia

      Kozma Prutkov would say - look at the root.
      And when we take a closer look at who invites and employs them, we will see a small layer of beneficiaries interested in labor resources who would have no social requirements for employers in terms of accommodation, recreation and working conditions.
      As we see in their vast majority, migrant workers are simply convenient labor resources, where employers do not have to worry about costs if problems arise in terms of labor legislation.
      1. -1
        April 5 2024 18: 25
        not entirely true, it is clear that the employer of labor is like a fish that is looking for somewhere deeper, looking for where it is better, ... for the position of a builder and a worker, a janitor, no one can be found, the Russians don’t want it, they just don’t even consider it, young people are increasingly bartenders and salespeople wants to work, but it’s better to just get money for nothing, there will be people who want it right away, but to knead the mortar in the wind at the top with a shovel, move garbage, no, they don’t want to, ...... the beneficiaries of employers who hire guest workers are not only and not as many entrepreneurs as consumers, imagine that in your area all the chain stores will close, all the janitors will leave, all construction will stop, you won’t be able to buy food, you won’t be able to buy an apartment, there will be heaps of garbage around you and no one will clean it up.... I repeat the whole point is the low birth rate of Russians, there is no one to work.... the employer has legal problems with gasters and more than with Russians, I was driving a car, the traffic cop began to examine my workers, making sure that they were Russian, he let us go, riot police could burst into the construction site, masks are on show, They might just take your worker and you won’t see him again, our whole team disappeared, they abandoned tools, the work wasn’t completed and they didn’t even get paid... we went to the store and we never saw them again... the employer’s liability for immigration violations is high legislation, and it is such that everyone is a violator, with Russians it’s 100 times easier
        1. -1
          April 6 2024 02: 20
          It’s an old worn-out record that Russians don’t want to work, have children, fight... Shall we check? Shall we kick out the migrant workers, close the border to them and see?
          1. -2
            April 6 2024 08: 51
            In general, smart people think and then do, rather than doing the opposite and seeing what happens, facts

            The number of sterilization operations for women in Russia has reached a 16-year record, this happened against the backdrop of a decrease in the number of abortions performed by Russian women, according to data recorded by Rosstat. Medvestnik drew attention to information from the statistical collection “Healthcare in Russia-2023”.

            If in 2010 the number of abortions in the Russian Federation was almost 1,186 million, then in 2022 there will already be about 504 thousand (only surgical and official ones included in the statistics). Per 1 thousand women aged 15–49 years, the indicator in 2010 was 31,7, in 2022 - 14,7. 2010 thousand women underwent sterilization operations in 12,5, and 2022 thousand in 15 (Medvestnik points out that the last time higher rates were observed was in 2006, when more than 17 thousand were recorded. operations). The rate per 100 thousand for 15-49 year old women in 2010 was 33,4, and in 2022 - 44,6.

            The shortage of personnel in the construction industry at the end of the year will be about 15% of the number of workers actually employed in the industry, analysts from the National Association of Infrastructure Companies - NAIC predict.
            News on the Kommersant website Currently, the personnel shortage in the road construction industry is 11%, experts estimate.

            Source: https://secrets.tinkoff.ru/novosti/deficit-kadrov-v-stroitelstve/
            © Business secrets

            In the 16 years since the collapse of the USSR, Russia has not been able to reach the 1990 birth rate. At that time, 1,989 million people were born in Russia. For eight years, this figure in the country has been declining (1,215 million in 1999). After which the birth rate began to rise. In 2000, 1,267 million people were born in Russia, in 2005 - 1,146 million, in 2010 - 1,789 million.
            The surge in birth rates in Russia occurred in 2014, when 1,9427 million people were born in the country. After this, the birth rate began to decline (in 2015 - 1,9406 million people, in 2016 - 1,8933 million people).

            A decline in the birth rate occurred in 2017 in almost all regions of Russia. With the exception of Chechnya, where it remained at the same level - 29 people. The maximum rate of decline in the birth rate was recorded in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug - minus 890%.
            1. +1
              April 7 2024 02: 33
              It remains to see the figures for the increase in the well-being of the population. Not theirs, but ours. What is the reason for the increased birth rate in Chechnya, what do you think? An increase in contributions to the federal budget or vice versa - from the federal to the Chechen budget?
              1. -1
                April 7 2024 18: 43
                the high birth rate in Chechnya is based on traditional strong families, where the husband works for the family and does not evade alimony, and the wife is a Mother and does not have abortions, there is almost no premarital sex or cheating on her husband on the side, this is an Islamic factor, but once and in Russian families there was an Orthodox factor, girls lost their virginity before marriage, and boys were faithful to their beloved wives. there were from 5 to 10 children in each family..... so the root of the problems of demography and guest workers is the loss of morality among Russians caused by the abandonment of the faith of their fathers, the result is drunkenness, debauchery, abortion and extinction, the people who abandoned faith in God must be destroyed, this is written in detail in Deuteronomy, chapter 28, and it has come true, is coming true and will come true, so “Holy Rus', keep the Orthodox faith in it is your affirmation,” and if you think otherwise, you will die, but unfortunately, because of you, we will have to live among Muslims, after all, the majority of Russians will die out from drunkenness and atheism with abortions and debauchery, just as depraved Europe is already dying out
                1. -1
                  April 8 2024 01: 52
                  Okay, have you seen what kind of houses the Chechens live in in their villages?

                  rejection of the faith of the fathers, the result is drunkenness, debauchery, abortion and extinction, the people who abandoned faith in God must be destroyed, this is ....

                  Preaching is good, but not necessary. For what? We are not Papuans to believe other people's folklore.
            2. 0
              April 7 2024 12: 17
              Well, we still know how to count...