The missing number of AWACS aircraft in the Russian Aerospace Forces can be purchased in China

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During the SVO for January - February 2024, Russia lost two A-50/A-50U long-range radar detection and control aircraft (AWACS). This is sensitive for the Russian Aerospace Forces, since the number of such aircraft in service is small, but they themselves are very useful and in demand. In this regard, there is a need to quickly build up such or similar aircraft models in their functionality.

It should be noted that it will not be possible to quickly increase the number of combat A-50/A-50U from those currently in storage for a number of technical and organizational reasons. Serial production of the promising A-100 Premier (based on the Il-76MD-90A with the PS-90A-76 engine) is also in question - one copy has been produced and is being tested.



Considering that reconnaissance aircraft in the combat formations of the Russian Aerospace Forces are needed here and now, and not in a couple of decades, Russian experts proposed even a year ago to put “ersatz-AWACS” on the wing. Such aircraft could take on the functions of a flying radar, albeit with limited capabilities, but in large numbers and in a short period of time.

It was even proposed to take the An-12 (up to six hours of autonomy) and Tu-154 (up to eight hours of autonomy) that are in service or in storage and equip them with Irbis airborne radars, which are produced in sufficient quantities (installed on Su-35 fighters) . However, such measures have a big drawback - a “fighter” radar cannot be placed in a “dish” above the fuselage, as on the A-50, and even the increased size of the nose cone will leave a significant dead zone. Therefore, it is necessary to install two “fighter” radars (the second one in the tail), but this is in any case better than no solution at all.

However, there is an alternative - to buy a ready-made AWACS aircraft with an antenna in a rotating dorsal fairing. For example, the Chinese “comrades” are mass-producing the Shaanxi KJ-500, created on the basis of the An-12, and the PLA has already received over 30 units in a decade. To temporarily close the shortage of AWACS aircraft in the air defense zone, the Chinese Y-9W/KJ-500 (GX-10) with a five-hour autonomy (equipped with a lightweight version of the KJ-2000 AESA radar) is quite suitable.
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59 comments
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  1. +6
    27 February 2024 10: 32
    You buy from China, and what you bought through undocumented channels will leak all sorts of things onto satellites... A three-edged sword.
    1. 0
      27 February 2024 21: 31
      These planes are expensive and very complicated... I hope ours will get out!
  2. +20
    27 February 2024 10: 33
    Another thing is interesting - what have our military leaders been doing for the past quarter of a century? And personally the commander-in-chief? If in such an extremely important matter, do we have to bow to the Chinese again? At the same time, having your own technologies?
    1. +5
      28 February 2024 08: 50
      Another thing is interesting - what have our military leaders been doing for the past quarter of a century?

      "Saw, Shura! They are golden..." (c)
    2. -3
      28 February 2024 12: 49
      They got out of the ass that your parents or even you, if you are over 60 years old, got into by allowing the collapse of the USSR. So it’s clear what our military were doing?

      Before asking such questions, read what was lost for Russia during the collapse and, I think, even based on your knowledge of creating industries, you will answer for yourself.
      1. +2
        28 February 2024 16: 13
        Again, Putin has the wrong people. So they strive to frame the commander-in-chief. If it weren’t for the people, Putin would have defeated everyone twice, and America three times!
        1. +1
          1 March 2024 13: 41
          But the people have a different “king” :). Some kind of ouroboros.
      2. 0
        24 March 2024 03: 17
        All this could be returned to oneself for petrodollars 10 times. There would be a desire, but instead they were affected by villas, yachts, superjets.
  3. +7
    27 February 2024 10: 35
    They won’t sell it, and how can you quickly solve the pairing?
  4. +11
    27 February 2024 10: 37
    Will China sell it? Here's the main question...
    1. +3
      27 February 2024 20: 31
      Of course not .
  5. +11
    27 February 2024 12: 11
    There is no need to remember about the A-100 AWACS; its appearance, according to officials, will take place in 2030. The development of the A-100 began in 2000, now it is 2024. The People's Republic of China will not sell the AWACS aircraft; it is a one-piece and exclusive product. The only way out is to “make” a designer from what is available, even if it is not modern, worse than the A-100. Take old Soviet aircraft and install ready-made radars like Irbis or others on them. There is a war going on and reconnaissance, guidance, and control aircraft are needed now and a lot. Since the world is being reformatted, and the Russian Federation needs to protect its borders, the Russian Federation needs to have AWACS systems installed on airships that float in the stratosphere at altitudes of 20-35 km. At an altitude of 20 (35) km, the optical visible horizon is 535 (709) km, direct radio visibility is 1000 km. NATO and Israel already use tethered radar balloons.
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 13: 37
      You're right. To combat various flying crap, already in our rear, not far from the Northern Military District, one airship was raised for inspection in one of the drone-, aircraft- and missile-hazardous directions. The second one works somewhere in the Moscow region. So, if they prove effectiveness, they will go to the masses.
    2. 0
      1 March 2024 18: 16
      What’s really surprising is the lack of balloons... Have they really screwed everything up here too???
  6. +7
    27 February 2024 12: 16
    The PLA has already received over 30 units in a decade

    A country of one and a half billion people, with a leading economy, built only 30 aircraft. This indicates its enormous value and the fact that China is unlikely to sell it to anyone.
  7. -8
    27 February 2024 12: 32
    Answer yourselves honestly the question: why does the VKS need a flying radar in the form of the A-50/100? There has not been and is not planned an aerospace operation within the framework of the Northern Military District. For coordinating the actions of attack aircraft and helicopters within the line of contact - redundant. UAVs, cruise missiles and OTR can cope without AWACS. The Su-27/30/35/57 and MiG-31 fighters themselves have decent radars for gaining air superiority and isolating the combat area, but no one assigns them such tasks, and their participation in combat operations is sporadic. Countering the aerial reconnaissance of NATO countries is not politically beneficial. So why???
    1. 0
      27 February 2024 17: 55
      An example of the need to know what is happening on enemy territory is Starlink. The Russian Federation will build a similar system in the future, there is no doubt. Earlier, I pointed out that NATO and Israel use balloons tethered to radars at 3-5 km, they are good for everyone, but in the conditions of the Northeast Military District they easily go astray, because they are stationary, low altitude, large size, you cannot hang the balloon far from the LBS due to the curvature of the Earth. The AWACS of a stratospheric airship does not have all these disadvantages. How will the enemy shoot down an airship that floats at an altitude of 30 km, in your rear, from the LBS at a distance of 100 km. There are 20 units installed on the airship. air-to-air missiles with which he can protect himself. A stratospheric unmanned airship is several times cheaper than an airplane and more efficient than a high-altitude glider. What kind of aircraft can you hang 20 tons of payload on and have it fly for 6 months without landing?
      1. +1
        27 February 2024 22: 19
        Quote: vlad127490
        A stratospheric unmanned airship is several times cheaper than an airplane and more efficient than a high-altitude glider. What kind of aircraft can you hang 20 tons of payload on and have it fly for 6 months without landing?

        And yet... and this option: 1. is not as simple as it seems...; 2. not cheap as it seems; 3 is not quick to execute...as it seems! To have airships you need to: a) develop and produce the necessary materials; b) develop and produce airships; c) develop and produce equipment for the stratosphere; d) create an “infrastructure” for the operation of airships! Relying on "ersatz-AWACS" by attracting ready-made aircraft and equipping them with ready-made equipment (Irbis radar, for example) may turn out to be more expedient!
        1. +1
          28 February 2024 00: 43
          You are right about competencies and what is needed now or, more precisely, yesterday. Assembling a radar aircraft makes life difficult for a designer on his knee. I suggested what you need to have tomorrow. Now everyone wants to have an AWACS in the stratosphere and fly there for months. We've sorted out space, there are advantages and disadvantages. The good thing about a stratospheric AWACS airship is that it has no flight direction restrictions, can hang in one place, the energy comes from solar panels, and is not affected by the weather. I’ll add on my own behalf that experts know what is needed: Soviet industry is needed. First they will do it in the West, then China, then ours will wake up.
        2. 0
          28 February 2024 01: 50
          All this has been produced in Russia for a long time. To have airships, Russia needs to assemble and operate them. All other infrastructure will appear later. What came first, airplanes or airfields, cars or highways?
          Russia has everything, but has no desire.
          Because an airship is a cheap rag with a balloon, you won’t make much money on it. And the plane is a bunch of non-ferrous metal, expensive engines, etc.
          I have been talking on this resource for a long time about the need for stratospheric balloons.
          I hung it in the sky, and it hangs, dangles, and sees far away. And if you attach “shells” and air-to-air missiles to it, then it will be able to snap back sourly.
          If it is perforated by a cannon, it can safely land on self-inflating balloons or parachutes. A short repair and rises again.
          Some advantages, including a large load capacity.
          Thanks to her, by the way, you can hang bombs on him, which are equipped with a correction and planning module, then he will also give life to the snatches of life for seventy kilometers around him.
          A stratostat is an aerial platform for anything, essentially.
          And airships that do not hang so high can have an electronic part on the ground, about two hundred meters from the hanging point. Just attach the radar antenna to the airship itself.
          It’s high time to do all this instead of losing the SU-34 and burying the pilots.
          1. 0
            28 February 2024 20: 59
            Quote: Avarron
            All this has been produced in Russia for a long time. To have airships, Russia needs to assemble and operate them.

            Why produce “all this” in Russia if there are practically no airships in Russia?

            Quote: Avarron
            All other infrastructure will appear later. What came first, airplanes or airfields, cars or highways?

            1. The first planes could do without specialized airfields due to their “infancy”! At that time, airplanes could not “work”! 2. There were no highways; because there were no cars! But for mass motorization, highways were needed...But they did not appear immediately, but gradually! Again, it took time! Time was needed for the emergence of highways and the integration of “infrastructure” into them! There was no revolution, but there was evolution! But evolution takes time! Time, which may not be enough within the allotted “frames”!
        3. +1
          28 February 2024 01: 53
          By the way, one more point. The stratospheric balloon gondola can be made bubble-like, similar to the waterproof bulkheads on a ship. And then try to knock it down if it is filled with inert gas.
      2. 0
        28 February 2024 08: 55
        A stratospheric unmanned airship is several times cheaper than an airplane and more efficient than a high-altitude glider.

        Does the fate of the Ginzburg airship mean anything to you?
        1. 0
          1 March 2024 13: 42
          Ginzburg was on hydrogen. Pump in inert helium, Shura.
    2. +1
      28 February 2024 13: 44
      The A-100's locator is being redesigned with detection and guidance equipment. There, our scientists came up with and developed something based on something. which allows the equipment to dramatically increase its detection and guidance capabilities in terms of range, accuracy and altitude levels. And the locator itself is fundamentally different. They are now testing on board. Moreover, all the units are of a modular design, which implies quick installation on the sides of even conventional Il-76.
      1. 0
        29 February 2024 12: 39
        It all started with the lack of military transistors.
    3. 0
      1 March 2024 18: 17
      Stupid... To detect low-flying air targets and missiles...
  8. +1
    27 February 2024 12: 59
    It is better to abandon such bulky structures and choose something more compact and cheaper. Yes, and you won’t be able to buy pilots, and you won’t learn from your own mistakes.
  9. 0
    27 February 2024 13: 44
    Yes. This is the most important article published in February 2024. This article provides a solution.
    Not only AWACS, China can supply stealth aircrafts, transport aircrafts, helicopters, sophasticated high altitude research aircrafts etc to Russia.
    China can also help Russia in AI based arms, ammunitions, vehicles & equipments.
    Moreover China can handover any weapons to Russia to test their (a) efficiency (b) accuracy (c) lethality etc.
    Thus valuable combat experience could be shared, and would be helpful for China to deal with Taiwan in the near future.
    It's a 'win-win' deal for both Russia & China.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. 0
    27 February 2024 14: 53
    These planes must be given up. It's like Zeppelins in 1 MV are very vulnerable. They will be hunted until everything is destroyed, no matter in the air or on the ground. AWACS will face the same fate if something happens. Databases showed that they cannot be hidden or protected anywhere. We need alternative unmanned aircraft with data transmission to the ground, or based on the MiG-31/Su-34
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. DO
      0
      27 February 2024 16: 44
      Caruso, I support every word of yours in this post!
      On my own behalf, I will add that the Su-34 with the Sych suspended container radar is a quick solution to the problem.
      But it would be nice to upgrade the old Su-27s into drones, and attach the Sych radar under them.
      And in the bright future, equip the unmanned version of the Su-75 with a powerful radar with AFAR combat vision.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    3. 0
      5 March 2024 10: 32
      And come up with air defense/missile defense on the IL-76..IL 96. AN-140T there is no problem...or are you going to ask the Chinese???
  12. 0
    27 February 2024 19: 57
    If the Russians either neutralize the batteries blowing their planes up over the Azov or quit shooting their own planes down over the Azov, they won't be in such dire need.
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. -3
    27 February 2024 22: 01
    Firstly, China takes a neutral position and will certainly not transfer such equipment.
    Secondly, instead of the outdated A100 (A50u), which never made it into series, it is necessary to create a fundamentally new machine from scratch, with antennas inside the fuselage. In case of emergency situations, the mushroom on top does not interfere and the car can be landed in an emergency. All modern Avaks have been building this way for a long time. Russia has carriers. All 4 are suitable: Sszh, MS21, Il114 and Tu214. All that's left to do is to make and certify 3 engines. Layouts and pictures don’t count
    1. +4
      28 February 2024 00: 28
      And they listed 3 non-existent aircraft))) and maybe 4, although Tu214 can and can be ordered individually
      1. 0
        28 February 2024 03: 18
        More than 100 pieces of SSG were riveted. Half of them are now flying. Tu214 are produced approximately 1.5 - 2 per year. He is the only one of them who has, although outdated, his own data generator
  15. +1
    28 February 2024 00: 24
    Author, roll your lips. So the Chinese sold it. They themselves need such a cow.
  16. +3
    28 February 2024 00: 51
    It's just a shame. For such an organization of work, when it turns out that there is nothing, it’s not enough to fire someone, they have to put them in prison for a long time.
  17. -1
    28 February 2024 02: 20
    The idea of ​​airships is good; China, with its Project 63660, continues to follow a strategic path.
    1. +2
      28 February 2024 06: 04
      With airships it will be much like with rocket carriers - everyone will be assigned an epic name and will be included in the parade. And then it blows into unknown lands.
  18. 0
    28 February 2024 03: 25
    Quote: Scharnhorst
    Answer yourselves honestly the question: why does the VKS need a flying radar in the form of the A-50/100? There has not been and is not planned an aerospace operation within the framework of the Northern Military District. For coordinating the actions of attack aircraft and helicopters within the line of contact - redundant. UAVs, cruise missiles and OTR can cope without AWACS. The Su-27/30/35/57 and MiG-31 fighters themselves have decent radars for gaining air superiority and isolating the combat area, but no one assigns them such tasks, and their participation in combat operations is sporadic. Countering the aerial reconnaissance of NATO countries is not politically beneficial. So why???

    What is the air superiority for the Mig31?
    1. 0
      1 March 2024 13: 45
      Radar, in short.
  19. GN
    +6
    28 February 2024 05: 32
    But our main one has a hand-assembled aircraft at the cost of a rocket (assembled not serially but piecemeal); now there is also a limousine, also a piece product. It’s high time to demote all these headless generals, admirals and the minister with the General Staff to the rank and file and to forge victory in the trenches on the front line. Mediocrity, grabbers, drunks
    1. -2
      28 February 2024 13: 53
      Ours has one and Biden's? As many as 3. The presence of nuclear weapons in a country presupposes a command flying post. Both Macron and the British have it. It is difficult to destroy and easy to move the command to the desired point or take it out of the attack.
      There's no point in scolding.
      Have you created anything in your life? Or achieved what? Are you a big leader? No ? It’s enviable that this happens when they themselves scold others for nothing. All our military personnel are at work now, but where are you?
      1. -1
        28 February 2024 17: 10
        Under what? Dele? I’m embarrassed to ask, but who knows when fleet commanders went to sea on combat missions with their fleet? Do they even remember how to moor? And the fact that they are in business is what we see, but what kind of business they have is a big secret.
        1. 0
          1 March 2024 13: 47
          The tasks of fleet commanders have changed greatly since the times of Ushakov and Nakhimov... for everyone who has a Navy.
        2. 0
          5 March 2024 12: 34
          They remember and know everything, and they go on inspections on ships, and believe it or not, even on the land front.
          Well, what are their affairs and where are they, then you need to contact counterintelligence. They will give you a comprehensive explanation.
  20. +1
    28 February 2024 06: 54
    Apparently it will be difficult. All symbols are in Chinese. Until you translate.
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 09: 36
      Google will save them, or at worst - Yandex
    2. 0
      1 March 2024 13: 50
      This is the problem for the Ukrainians on the F-16, however, the problem there is something else - the attitude indicator designation system. For reference, a trained pilot does not read the nameplates.
  21. +4
    28 February 2024 11: 17
    Why write nonsense about China? China will never sell anything even in the slightest degree related to weapons to Russia, but hundreds of thousands of heavy drones to the Ukrainian fascist, please, digital powerful radio stations for him in any quantity, please, even uniforms, please (out of interest, try to buy it yourself) China not in words, but in deeds, he took his position in the same trench with Uncle Sam against Russia (apparently, he hopes to reach an agreement, but for the Amerodemon he is simply next in line for food) So on your own, only on your own. Of course, the loss of three most valuable aircraft is a strong blow to the Enemy. Here, only the full acceleration of work on heavy drones with surveillance radar can help out (will we finally have Altius or will we be done with it?) And, of course, the deployment of a balloon, or even better, an airship system with a radar like Belki N036 ° along the borders. (Yes, we have some experience) But this is not the case, although for two years now many have simply been shouting about it. For a long time they talked about air defense based on data from cell towers (they cost much more than air defense batteries on the territory of Russia), but the wave also died down.... What if soon there are no AWACS aircraft left at all?
    1. -1
      28 February 2024 14: 09
      Everything that is Chinese from the enemy is all from the civilian sphere and not necessarily from China. There are enough others producing similar consumer goods there. Just look at Ali Express for one similar product and how many manufacturers there are. I wanted to buy one thing, it’s in short supply in Europe, I looked, there are 18 manufacturers of this crap with different prices, really.
      If we needed it, we would have purchased it and agreed on the plane.
      But it is possible that the characteristics of these devices do not suit us
      One thing is to declare and another is the actual characteristics. It is possible that they are even worse than our A50. That’s why the Chinese, knowing this, don’t sell to us
      Well, besides this, remember the military tank biathlon. The Chinese, they brought their modern tank and were very proud of it, immediately had a serious problem with the chassis. In addition, in more dangerous directions, where American and Japanese planes appear, they raise not their own Pepelats, but our Sukhoi, to intercept them.
  22. +2
    28 February 2024 11: 20
    And you can ask: in the 2 years of the Northern Military District, what kind of weapons has the PRC already supplied us with? What - nothing? So what makes the author think that an exception will be made for AWACS aircraft?
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 14: 16
      What weapons do they have that are better than ours? Perhaps deliveries are on the way, but they won’t tell you about it. There is such a thing - military secrets or state interests. I think they are selling us electronics
    2. 0
      5 March 2024 12: 49
      Why do we need them, Chinese weapons? If they give us the chips quietly and peacefully, then great. In cases such as this, arms supplies are a military secret and no one will share it with ordinary people and even military personnel below certain positions and without special clearances.
  23. +2
    28 February 2024 14: 20
    Dreamer author.
    He would suggest purchasing more tanks and small arms.
    Three times ha!
    Here the Chinese leadership and business elite are already nervous about the sale and purchase of peaceful products from us. And here the author offers to buy this from them
    1. 0
      1 March 2024 13: 51
      The bandits purchased small arms from China in the 1990s. The entry of the TT and PM bolts into the arrow's forehead was ensured at once.
  24. 0
    3 March 2024 01: 58
    All the options listed by the author must be implemented.
  25. 0
    9 March 2024 03: 10
    I doubt that China will sell us these aircraft; these are not shells and missiles.