Why did Russia build an analogue of the ISS in Antarctica?
Russia has built an ultra-modern wintering complex “Vostok” in Antarctica, which will certainly allow our scientists to conduct a more in-depth study of the coldest continent on the planet. Trial operation of the facility has already started.
The total area of the five modules that make up the Russian research station is about 3 thousand square meters. m. The length of the object reaches 140 m, and the maximum height is 17,5 m. The structure is installed on 36 four-meter supports, which will allow the station to remain free of snow for many years.
In general, the newest Russian wintering complex is a unique structure. It is no coincidence that it is compared to the ISS, only on Earth.
After the station is put into operation, a modern medical block with an operating room, a pressure chamber, as well as a dental and X-ray room, scientific laboratories, technical units for a water purification and storage system, an airfield for military transport aviation, a gym, and garage, recreation areas, sauna and, of course, residential and public spaces for polar explorers.
For 10 months a year, 35 seasonal specialists and up to 15 winterers will be able to stay at the station in comfortable conditions and conduct research activities.
It is worth noting that the presence of such an advanced scientific complex in Russia will ultimately play a huge role for domestic science. However, there is one more important nuance.
Today, Antarctica is considered a neutral territory that does not belong to any country in the world. However, it is difficult to say in modern geopolitical realities how long this status will last.
At the same time, the South Pole is the last unopened storehouse of the planet’s resources, for which a struggle will probably begin in the future. The Russian Federation, having built an analogue of the ISS in Antarctica, is demonstrating its readiness to defend its rights to part of the continent. Moreover, the territory where our station is located is already claimed by Australia.