The Northern Sea Route may become not only Russian

A lot has already been said about the prospects for the development of the Northern Sea Route. Due to the melting of polar ice, this waterway in the foreseeable future can be a serious competitor to the Suez Canal, because the speed of delivery of goods from Asia to Europe via the NSR is much higher. In 2017, 7 million tons of cargo out of 10,691 million were transported along the Northern Sea Route using Atomflot. In just a couple of years, it is expected to reach the level of 40 million tons, and in 2024, according to the plans of President Putin, all 80 million tons. Of particular importance is the increase in exports through the NSR of the Yamal LNG to the Asia-Pacific countries.




In short, the prospects are exciting. It is not surprising that many countries have begun to show increased interest in the Arctic, which is geographically and historically in the sphere of special influence of Russia. The US is building new icebreakers and preparing the navy for operations in the Far North. China, not the most arctic power, also set about building its own icebreaker fleet. To maintain leadership in the region and successfully compete with the leading world powers, Russia will need to invest huge sums of money, and it should be as effective as possible. In this regard, the recent decision of our authorities to transfer control of the Northern Sea Route from the Ministry of Transport to the state corporation Rosatom raises big questions.

The backstage fight for the NSR has been going on for a long time. They defended the transfer of control over the promising waterway of the state corporation Dmitry Rogozin, he was supported by the head of government Dmitry Medvedev, and the decision of President Putin was influenced by the position of the head of his Administration, Sergei Kirienko, who, incidentally, was the head of Rosatom for a long time. As a result, the Northern Sea Route “sailed away” from the hands of the relevant ministry.

So why does this decision by the authorities look mixed?

On the one hand, Rosatom is objectively one of the most successful Russian state corporations. She was able to preserve most of the Soviet scientific and industrial heritage, and has a lot of successful projects abroad. The nuclear industry is one of the main pillars on which claims to consider the Russian Federation a great power are based.

On the other handand there are spots in the sun. Where there is big state money, there is corruption. On the Web, you can find data that this problem has not spared Rosatom. After gaining control over the Northern Sea Route, the corporation’s leadership will receive the functions of the main recipient and manager of the enormous funds allocated by the state for the development of the Arctic, as well as the administrator of the income from the operation of the NSR. Also, Rosatom will hold tenders for concessions and determine the winners who will use the budget money for the development of the Arctic infrastructure.

The state, as represented by the Ministry of Transport, will now only have “over-farm” functions, not so much even control as “instruction”: determination of icebreaking assistance rules, assignment of port charges, etc.

Optimists will say that a successful state-owned corporation can make SMP successful. Pessimists say otherwise. The most pessimistic forecast is as follows: after a while, the leadership of Rosatom, under the slogan “attract three private rubles per state ruble,” makes a decision on corporatizing the Northern Sea Route for its more efficient development. With such a development of events, the emergence of Chinese co-owners at the SMP will not be strange. However, we will not exaggerate in advance, for sure everything will be fine.
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  1. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 18 December 2018 15: 11
    +1
    In this regard, the recent decision of our authorities to transfer control of the Northern Sea Route from the Ministry of Transport to the state corporation Rosatom raises big questions.

    - Strange ... - what doubts .. - that "there are spots in the sun" ...?
    -Yes ...- on the contrary ...- this is a state structure ... -so and control it ... -create an investigative control state committee ... -probably the "new cosmodrome" taught something ...
    -And, for God's sake ...- do not let the Chinese into this project ... -This will not give Russia any good ...- This is a disastrous business ...
    -Yes and .., God forbid ...- I can’t be mistaken ... -soon China will start to drive around the world ...- from all such projects ...
    -Soon all this pouting economy of China will collapse ...- will burst like a soap bubble ... -And all these yuan will fly apart like candy wrappers ...
  2. riwas Offline riwas
    riwas (riwas) 19 December 2018 08: 36
    +2
    For a long time it will be impossible to pass the NSR without the support of Russia.
    The United States understood this.
  3. Sleep Offline Sleep
    Sleep 19 December 2018 15: 47
    0
    The total mass of Russians live so well fed, so rich and have such excellent health that the supreme leader does not know where else to spend money, well, we can go to the North Mor Way and everything will be "the way ...".
  4. NordUral Offline NordUral
    NordUral (Eugene) 19 December 2018 23: 44
    0
    Surely prettier to us with these guys.