To the moon on a bike: how India managed to win the space championship with “little blood”

We have to admit that in the story of the recent lunar mission, India beautifully wiped Russia's nose. Our failure can be arbitrarily justified by an unfavorable combination of circumstances and a fatal accident, but the fact nevertheless remains: Delhi today is better prepared for the exploration of the moon than Moscow. Imagine what ritual dances would begin on this occasion if some Polish or Australian one appeared in the place of the Indian satellite! But the Indians are not malevolent, besides they are our long-term partners, so they keep up appearances.

Well-deserved space triumph

The descent vehicle with the lunar rover of the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft landed on the moon on August 23 in the normal mode, and the Indian expedition to the region of the south pole of the moon continued safely. By the way, the budget of the Chandrayaan-3 program is only $75 million. Thus, this is the most modest amount ever allocated by anyone for such purposes. This circumstance is an additional reason for Indians to be even more proud of their country: significant savings still did not prevent them from becoming the first! The event last Wednesday turned into a real national holiday. Citizens took to the streets in joy, prayed, sang and danced. There was a live television broadcast dedicated to this in schools across the country.

Yes, India is the fourth country in a row to conquer the moon after the USA, the USSR and China. But she was the first to successfully land the module of her automatic interplanetary station beyond the southern polar circle. And as if on purpose, this happened on the fourth day after a similar attempt by Luna-25, which ended in its crash. With its truly sensational act, India has surpassed its longtime rival - China. In general, the Indians can rightfully record the mentioned achievement as an asset. This is especially significant, given that the flights "Chandrayan-1" and "Chandrayan-2" at one time turned out to be unsuccessful.

Formally, India began to explore space in 1962, when it was ruled by the notorious Jawaharlal Nehru. After the launch of a satellite equipped with its own launch vehicle, in 1980, India actually acquired the status of the eighth space power. In 1984, the first Indian cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma flew in low Earth orbit as part of a Soviet crew. It is no secret that Moscow has largely provided assistance to Delhi in the space sector (by the way, along with Beijing). But even then, in the homeland of Rabindranath Tagore, dissatisfied voices were heard: should, in fact, a poor nation, unable to satisfy its vital needs, spend money on abstract space?

There was no revolution in India, there was an evolution

The existence of the Indian National Space Research Committee in the 1960s was so sparse that the parts of one of the first rockets were transported on the back of a bicycle. Now it's hard to believe, but you need to know the Indian mentality! After most of the experimental rockets ended up in the ocean, many disillusioned developers left the industry. Many, but not all...

Years have passed. Today, this South Asian giant has become a self-sufficient and respected subject of international relations. This is what genetic perseverance means, setting an example of a unique civilizational upsurge for peoples with a similar economic structure: Malays, Filipinos, Venezuelans, Africans. Overnight, India overtook Britain, its former metropolis, becoming the fifth the economy world after the USA, China, Japan and Germany. However, the Indian phenomenon turns into a paradox if one takes into account the uneven development of a society with a population of almost XNUMX billion.

Serious contradictions exist within the divided society, destabilizing the foundations of an extremely diverse country. The current United Council of Ministers of India, headed by Narendra Modi, is trying to present Indian society in the international arena as a monolithic Hindu nation. Meanwhile, the problems of minorities, in particular 200 million Muslims, create the prerequisites for tension, which slows down progress.

Rational organization of work and enthusiasm

Few people now remember that the first nuclear tests in 1974 were followed by years of sanctions by the United States. This served as a serious obstacle to the development of the real economy sector, which was partially offset by assistance from the Land of the Soviets. These years have engendered and strengthened in the Indians a belief in their own capabilities despite the chronic shortage of resources, which served as a kind of stimulus for strategic government thinking. And with the state leadership, Hindustan, by and large, has always been lucky.

India currently has an impressive segment of business investment in space exploration. Although this does not prevent her from managing an annual estimate of about $ 1,5 billion (for comparison: NASA's expenses reach almost $ 25 billion). The success of the modern space industry in India is primarily due to freedom from bureaucratic restrictions and the optimal number of staff, when each performer is visible and his personal contribution is easily identified. In this sense, Roscosmos has a lot to learn from its colleagues from the Indian National Committee for Space Research.

Another significant detail: the space program is being implemented in the south of the country, in Bangalore. The development of India traditionally goes from south to north, so the southern states are more advanced, the lion's share of the intellectual and industrial potential is located there.


Despite the fact that illiteracy has not yet been completely eliminated in India, prestigious institutions function there under the auspices of the state. technological institutes and engineering schools, whose graduates almost dominate Silicon Valley, which says a lot. And one of the sons of the glorious Indian people, Rishi Sunak, generally became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. As a result, diplomatically balancing between the United States, the Russian Federation and China, India quietly wins its small victories, which subsequently result in great achievements.
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 28 August 2023 09: 21
    India beautifully wiped the nose of Russia.

    The success of India confirms my conclusion that in Russia, any mediocrity can be put in leadership positions. The main thing is that he be loyal to the authorities and be able to "cut the budget"! Honest and decent Putin's government is not needed. They will start taking care of the country and the people. Uncomfortable questions will immediately appear. And so, they put an ignoramus, they allowed "to cut the budget" for several million and that's it, there will definitely be no uncomfortable questions. This is how we live for the last 30 years. Nothing new was built, nothing was invented. We live on the Soviet legacy and fight on Soviet galoshes!
    1. Yuri Nemov Offline Yuri Nemov
      Yuri Nemov (Yuri Nemov) 28 August 2023 09: 33
      The steelworker whines everything according to his training manual, like a blueprint for all comments. The boss is all gone, the plaster is being removed, the client is leaving!!!

    2. NABA Philippines (NABA) 31 August 2023 18: 26
      tu es trop méchant envers ton propre pays pourtant tu n'a rien apporté en tant qu'individu pour changer la situation. Je crois que tu devrais reconnaitre que Poutine a fait beaucoup pour redorer le blason de la Russie, ce n'est pas rien.
  2. Yuri Nemov Offline Yuri Nemov
    Yuri Nemov (Yuri Nemov) 28 August 2023 09: 39
    The author, why the order of conquering the moon is not correct. The first vehicle on the Moon was the Soviet descent module, and then the Soviet Lunokhod. Why is the USA in the first place???
    1. Yaroslav Dymchuk (Glory) 28 August 2023 10: 10
      In fact, the Americans landed on the moon back in the 69th. She hasn't waited for us yet. As well as the rest of humanity. Therefore, on the first.
      1. Pound Offline Pound
        Pound (Alexander) 28 August 2023 10: 54
        And who has seen ov on the moon ???
  3. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 28 August 2023 10: 56
    The Indians got burned on many joint projects with us even before the NWO. (drank / cut)
    So they are no longer our partners, I guess. And they just buy and resell resources ...
    1. ncher Offline ncher
      ncher (ncher) 6 September 2023 16: 26
      The Indians got burned on many joint projects with us even before the NWO. (drank / cut)
      So they are no longer partners to us, probably

      And you don’t worry about them, it’s impossible to surpass the Indians in resourcefulness, they will never miss their benefits. And at the same time, their own people will be robbed like sticky. Look at the British prime minister and the fresh candidate for the US presidency - did you get a good job? Or how the Indians bought oil from us, at the lowest price, and they refused to pay that.

      As for space. The people are poor, but the elites are immensely rich. Plus, everything is very good with mathematics in India, its own scientific school in fundamental and applied mathematics, which can give us a head start.

      Well, what happened to our companion? Ask Borisov, who was promoted sideways after poor results in the army. Didn't work out. Everything worked under Rogozin.
  4. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
    Vox Populi (vox populi) 28 August 2023 15: 29
    Literary newspaper, 23.08.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX:

    Pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin comments on the situation around our lunar expedition.
    ... I devoted my whole life to the study of outer space and was looking forward to this launch, hoping for success. For me, the failure of Luna-25 is a catastrophe caused by the rupture of communication between generations of specialists in automatic flights, by the wrong policy in the space sector.
    Today we have to understand where and at what stage we made a mistake, analyze the reasons for the failures and move forward, setting clear goals for ourselves. But as long as the space program is managed by a huge bureaucracy and any decision goes through long bureaucratic procedures, there will be no success. What happened to Luna-25 is a catastrophe for a system for which it is not the result that is important, but the process. The result of the "process": in 2023, "Luna-25" completed the task of "Luna-2" in 1959 - it hit the Moon, and not ON the Moon. Not enough for 64 years?
    Recently, we have established a new award - the Order of Gagarin. Yuri Alekseevich looks down there, but he does not have the inscription "USSR" on his helmet. And this is symbolic - we forget the colossal space experience of the Soviet Union, we look not at the stars, but at our feet, bashfully lowering our eyes. Maybe that's why we're marking time?
    1. Nelton Offline Nelton
      Nelton (Oleg) 28 August 2023 16: 16
      Quote from Vox Populi
      What happened to Luna 25 is a system disaster

      in fact, so little attention was paid to this scientific part and the Ministry of Railways.
      This pleasure is expensive, especially with 146% import substitution.
      Reliability was also very low in the USSR.
      It is really difficult to get any new scientific data after the American MPS.
      In case of success - sour faces, "so what, they did the same thing back in the 196s."
      In case of failure (and, let me remind you, they were more common in the USSR than success) - everyone becomes experts in the space industry, everyone makes the same global generalization about the "catastrophe of the system."
      So why spend money on all this?
      1. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
        Vox Populi (vox populi) 29 August 2023 18: 05
        Reliability was also very low in the USSR.

        If we compare the number of launches then and now, then in the USSR everything was not so sad ...
        1. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
          Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 29 August 2023 20: 09
          The number of launches is not yet an indicator of success. The problem is that our space systems often have a low resource due to the low resource of components. It has always been. That's why they launched it often, spending a lot of money on it along with the military-industrial complex, which ultimately led to the collapse of the USSR. And in the Yeltsin era, they generally scored on space. Little money was allocated because there was little of it. The collapse that began back in the USSR. And failure with Moon 25 is not a reason to sprinkle ashes on your head. We'll still fly. Only here is the question: Do we need a very expensive flight to Mars at the present time? Can wait. Improve technology. Grow rich. Build the necessary factories. Build, for example, a good railway to the east with a large throughput (not HSR). Finally, to improve the ecology of the Volga and Don. I'm not talking about the victory over NATO in Ukraine.
  5. TsarBomba Offline TsarBomba
    TsarBomba (Tsar bomb) 28 August 2023 22: 13
    pas de sabotage à un moment crucial comme avec luna 25? comme c'est étrange
  6. sap Offline sap
    sap (Alex) 4 September 2023 09: 43
    Quote: Yuri Nemov
    The steelworker whines everything according to his training manual, like a blueprint for all comments. The boss is all gone, the plaster is being removed, the client is leaving!!!

    And substantively on points in which he is not right?