Billion dollar new space race

On August 11, a Soyuz-2.1b medium rocket was launched from the Vostochny cosmodrome with the Luna-25 station. The project has the status of the first scientific mission in the history of the Russian Federation to a natural satellite of the Earth. The first expedition to the moon in 50 years suggests the attempts of Roskosmos to return to our country the palm in the field of space exploration. We will try to figure out how likely this scenario is and how much money will need to be spent to achieve this goal.

It is worth noting that the last time Russian scientists sent a research mission to the moon was back in the days of the Soviet Union. After the recent launch of the new station, the head of Roscosmos, Yuri Borisov, said that Luna-2027 could be launched in 26, Luna-2028 in 27, and Luna-2030 sometime by 28. Such statements may indicate that in the coming years the state corporation really intends to increase the Russian presence in space, engaging in active research of the celestial body closest to Earth.

Another factor in favor of this assumption may be the financial forecasts presented in the document “Strategic development of the state corporation for space activities Roscosmos for the period up to 2025 and up to 2030”, which was published in 2017. For example, it says that the share of the Russian Federation in the global space market by 2030 should be 9,5%, having increased by 2016% compared to 4,7. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that in April of this year, the President of our country, Vladimir Putin, at a meeting with Yuri Borisov, emphasized that the volume of funding for space activities in Russia in 2023 will amount to more than 251 billion rubles (224 billion in 2022).

In addition, the Federal Space Program for 2016-2025 is currently operating in Russia. The total amount of its financing is 1406 billion rubles, it is also possible to allocate additional funds after 2022. The key areas of this program include ensuring the state policy in the field of space activities, maintaining the required composition of the orbital constellation of spacecraft, as well as the implementation of a manned program and the creation of scientific andtechnical bases for innovative space complexes and systems.

Under the current political conditions, the fate of the Russian segment of the International Space Station is extremely interesting. The ISS is a kind of symbol of the joint exploration of outer space by different states. In 2022, many high-profile statements were made from the lips of prominent Russian politicians and managers about Russia's impending withdrawal from this project. Thus, the ex-head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin stated that the Russian Federation would continue to work on the orbital station until 2024 in accordance with the deadlines set by the government of the Russian Federation, emphasizing that the future of the domestic segment of the ISS would depend on the political conditions in which our country would be . The most interesting thing is that six months later, Roscosmos decided to extend the life of the Russian part of the International Space Station until 2028. It would be extremely interesting to see how Dmitry Rogozin himself commented on these events, apparently, during this time the international situation has stabilized and political pressure on Russia from states unfriendly to our country has decreased.

At the moment, it is known that Roscosmos is going to request 160,4 billion rubles from the Russian government to maintain the work of the domestic segment of the ISS from 2024 to 2028, which indicates a reduction in funding by about 10%. It is also worth emphasizing that the head of the Space Policy Institute, Ivan Moiseev, in his commentary for Izvestia, noted that the costs of the Russian module of the ISS amount to almost 90% of the budget of all manned projects, which are one of the key areas within the Federal Space Program. This situation largely hinders the development of Roscosmos' own projects, in which only states friendly to the Russian Federation will be involved.

The international situation requires the Russian Federation to coordinate efforts in space exploration with countries that are close to us in the modern political system of coordinates. One of these projects can be called the International Lunar Space Station, the main partner of Roscosmos in its implementation will be the People's Republic of China. The construction of the station is scheduled for 2031-2035. The main issue in the implementation of this project will be funding, the creation of a full-fledged station on the Moon is a rather expensive undertaking. For example, the American Apollo space program, which consists of organizing manned landings on the moon, cost the United States approximately 136 billion dollars at the rate of 2005. It can be assumed that the Russian-Chinese project, which is more global in nature, will cost a much larger amount.

In conclusion, I would like to note that recently the Russian Federation has been paying more and more attention to the space program, in many ways trying to oppose it to the projects of countries that have been leaders in this industry for many years (the United States of America and their partners). All these processes are in many ways acquiring political overtones, reminiscent of the space race of the last century, with the era of which the most ambitious achievements of mankind in the field of astronautics are associated. At present, it is becoming clear that the rules of the game have changed in many respects; serious success in this area can be achieved only in close cooperation with other states. Therefore, it is extremely important for Russia to find reliable allies who will be interested in the implementation of joint space programs. To achieve this goal, countries should be as similar as possible to both economicas well as political interests.
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 18 August 2023 11: 56
    At present, I believe that all scientific programs in space should be funded on a leftover basis. All funding should be directed to the military component.

    find reliable allies who will be interested in the implementation of joint space programs.

    Here you see. Our government, on its own, can do nothing! And everyone is trying to show their importance. It is necessary to change the economic policy of the state, then money will appear, and with money, independence. Then, it is others who will be interested in joint projects with Russia, but on our terms.
    1. Muscool Offline Muscool
      Muscool (Glory) 18 August 2023 13: 01
      In space and military satellites are present
    2. prior Offline prior
      prior (Vlad) 19 August 2023 09: 10
      How to understand this country?!
      We don’t have naval aviation, aircraft carriers, and billions are thrown away to bring a kilogram of lunar dust?! Why is she to us?
      It turns out PR, and nothing more. PR and cut. What, the money has nowhere to go?
      Previously, Rogozin "sawed", now Borisov.
  2. Avedi Offline Avedi
    Avedi (Ankh) 18 August 2023 12: 54
    If there are no high-quality color photos, these attempts are worthless, because then there will be evidence that the Moon is not cement, like in pins and they didn’t smell there. Although, in terms of trade, so that they do not twitch for another 50 years .. and we cover their lies, most likely it will be so.
  3. unc-2 Offline unc-2
    unc-2 (Nikolai Malyugin) 18 August 2023 13: 13
    If we take space exploration in the last century, then the whole past is head and shoulders ahead of what is happening now. The military was primarily interested in space exploration. USA and USSR. Those observation satellites that were in the past will not soon appear on the counter. Generations have been replaced by generations. And only due to this and the interest of the state, all the warring countries have achieved high success. Money invested in space always pays off with interest.
  4. Dmitry Volkov Offline Dmitry Volkov
    Dmitry Volkov (Dmitry Volkov) 18 August 2023 18: 05
    I repeat, if there are no color photos of the moon and the Apollo landing sites, the price of this mission is worthless ...
    And water is not needed for development, which is also not needed ..
    We have 70% of the land in Russia is empty, and 5 years of life have been stolen from each person, like you live long, they won’t give you a pension at all, everything is going to this ....
    A trillion for space, yes please laughing
  5. ont65 Offline ont65
    ont65 (Oleg) 18 August 2023 23: 51
    What is considered a success? - Scientific discoveries or spending trillions annually? Cooperation with the Chinese will not reduce this minimum price. The announced return opens a new cycle of studying the satellite and it is possible to transfer part of the space observation instruments to it due to the clutter of space near the Earth. The eternal problem of garbage. Any man-made activity on the Moon will require dozens of times more funds, and here even a tandem with China will have to look for sponsors, and go and find them. In any case, in the East, no one mentions a race in a word, and if we are talking about plans, then they do not carry specifics, and the terms are conditionally measured in decades. There will be tools for the Moon, there will be concrete work for manned flights. There is nothing of this, just as there are no carriers for such tasks, it is not even clear what they should be. Basically there is no basis for discussion. And it is logical to continue research as it was done in the USSR. The first steps are already being taken, and India has also joined. Now it is time to coordinate these programs with each other.
  6. wladimirjankov Offline wladimirjankov
    wladimirjankov (Vladimir Yankov) 19 August 2023 09: 52
    all these launches of lunar stations do not bring anything useful and necessary to the country. Because we already did all this in Soviet times. There is nothing new in this. We just decided to do it again. For what? For PR? Also doubtful. You won't surprise anyone in the world with these stations, and nobody is interested in it anymore. We have no other place to spend budget money? Guys, we are at war. And far from everything that our army needs now, it has. Maybe all the same, it is necessary to allocate funds for this in the first place, and not for costly and dubious in a practical sense lunar missions. It would be better if there were more modern reconnaissance satellites, communications were created and launched. This is more useful.
    1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
      steelmaker 20 August 2023 20: 24
      they bring nothing useful and necessary to the country.

      Completely close, such programs can not be. For one reason - not to lose frames! Therefore, they should be financed, but according to the residual principle, what if the economic policy of the state changes and then money will appear, and for scientific space.
  7. Fizik13 Offline Fizik13
    Fizik13 (Alexey) 19 August 2023 10: 17
    ... It is worth noting that the last time domestic scientists sent a research mission to the moon back in the days of the Soviet Union ....

    The USSR could, but Russia can't do anything!
    Just launched a satellite to the moon .....
    RUSSIA IS GUILTY! Spends billions of dollars for no one knows what!


    There are writers who whine all their lives! If something is bad, it needs to be better. If something is good it should be even better.
  8. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
    Vox Populi (vox populi) 20 August 2023 12: 58
    On August 11, a medium-sized Soyuz-2.1b rocket with the Luna-25 station was launched from the Vostochny cosmodrome.

    Unfortunately, it crashed, as Roscosmos announced today ...
  9. Adm Hts Offline Adm Hts
    Adm Hts (AdmHts) 22 August 2023 13: 32
    the volume of financing of space activities in Russia in 2023 will amount to more than 251 billion rubles (224 billion in 2022). The total amount of its financing is 1406 billion rubles, it is also possible to allocate additional funds after 2022

    Billions down the drain, but they cannot provide satellite intelligence ...