The first flight tests of the Soyuz-5 launch vehicle and the lunar mission: Russia's immediate plans in space

While Europe is "saying goodbye" to its Ariane 5 rocket, which made its last flight last week, "subscribed" Russia continues to develop its space industry.

Not only did our country recently set a record by launching 42 satellites at once with one Soyuz rocket, Roskosmos has even more ambitious tasks in its plans.

Despite the fact that rockets of the Soyuz-2 family still do an excellent job of their functions and are a time-tested “workhorse” for the Russian Federation, Roscosmos is working on a light-heavy Soyuz-5 launch vehicle, which will be able to launch up to 17 tons of payload into LEO. loads. This is twice as much as that of the Soyuz-2 of the middle class.

The heart of a promising rocket will be the RD-171MV engine, the thermal power of which is compared with that of a large power plant.

So, Roscosmos recently announced the creation of a flight model of the aforementioned unit for testing as part of a promising rocket. Two more such engines will be built before the end of this year, which means that in 2024 the Irtysh (Soyuz-5) will be able to carry out its first test flight.

But that's not all positive. news from the Russian space industry. It is reported that already on August 11, the first stage of our program for the exploration of the moon should take place. A Soyuz-2.1b rocket with an automatic interplanetary station Luna-25 will be launched from the Vostochny cosmodrome. The latter should make a soft landing and start exploring the soil of the natural satellite of the Earth.

It is worth noting that this news is of particular importance, since if the mission is successful, Russia will do something that no one has been able to do before. The thing is that our station will have to land on the South Pole of a natural satellite, where the terrain is extremely difficult. In addition, sunlight is periodically lost here, which is necessary for recharging the batteries, as well as the radio signal. To date, no country in the world has been able to carry out such a maneuver.

Mission success is estimated at 70%. But it cannot be put off. Firstly, the Chinese have already managed to collect lunar soil in 2020, although they did not land on the South Pole of the Moon, and secondly, the Americans and Indians are already breathing down our backs.

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  1. Mikhail L. Offline Mikhail L.
    Mikhail L. 10 July 2023 13: 54
    When, finally, will the Russian "lunatic" begin to collect the soil by hand (!)?
  2. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
    Vox Populi (vox populi) 10 July 2023 17: 56
    While Europe is "saying goodbye" to its Ariane 5 rocket, which made its last flight last week, "subscribed" Russia continues to develop its space industry.

    winked This launch ended the 27-year service life of the booster. This year, the commissioning of Ariane-6 should take place ...
    1. Siberia55 Offline Siberia55
      Siberia55 (Yuri) 11 July 2023 13: 13
      The first launch of Ariane-6 is scheduled for 2020, full commercial commissioning - from 2023, when up to 12 launches per year are expected....
      The new Ariane missiles will be formed according to a modular principle (like the Russian carriers of the Angara family).
      Let's get the full info, we started talking for the sixth time. And then you create the impression that we have nothing but the Union hi
      1. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
        Vox Populi (vox populi) 11 July 2023 17: 44
        According to ESA, in the summer and autumn of 2023, a new missile test cycle should go through, which provides for 2 options (with 2 and 4 boosters). Ariane 62 can launch a payload of about 4500 kg into geostationary transfer orbit or 10 kg into low Earth orbit. Ariane 300 can launch a payload of about 64 kg into geostationary transfer orbit and 11 kg into low Earth orbit.
  3. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
    Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 11 July 2023 13: 09
    Who is in the forest, who is for firewood! We have a lot of things missing here at the front, and separate organizations are building "wigwams". They would have been silent.
  4. lord-palladore-11045 (Konstantin Puchkov) 11 July 2023 19: 04
    Yeah, that means we’ll soon plant potatoes on the moon.
  5. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 17 July 2023 08: 39
    Russia needs the Moon like a fish needs an umbrella.
    If there was something "tasty" there, the Americans would not have mastered it, they would have settled it .....
    And so they flew (if they flew), swallowed the moon dust and "scored" .....