Last week passed by someone else revered, and by someone almost forgotten, the former main holiday of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - the next anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. This time it's already one hundred and first. But, nevertheless, it seems to me that with what really happened then, Russian society, and after more than a hundred years, has not yet decided.
In the USSR, everything was simple and clear on this topic. All those who received Soviet education remember this for sure. Lenin is the great and disinterested genius of the revolution, who hatched the idea of liberating the peoples of Russia from the shackles of autocracy almost from childhood, when he was still an inconspicuous gymnasium student, Volodya Ulyanov, and then devoted all his remaining life to it, as a result of which he led and the masses. And the revolution itself, which happened in 1917, is the greatest event of the twentieth century, which changed the course of history and gave mankind a new path of development. That's something like this, in my opinion, it looked then in history textbooks and, of course, in our heads. It was a given axiom, no longer requiring any evidence and not allowing any doubt. And we, the then October people, pioneers and Komsomol members, in fact, in no way doubted this. Moreover, personally and most of the former Soviet children with whom I spoke on this occasion, the October Revolution of 1917 was somehow automatically associated precisely with the overthrow of the autocracy. Yes, the Aurora fired, then there was repeatedly and everywhere praised the storming of the Winter Palace, where a certain “Provisional Government” was sitting, and so on ... But this was somehow blurry. I remember that the February "bourgeois" revolution was somehow passing in passing, as it didn’t seem to change much in the country, that is, it remained bad anyway. But then came Lenin, the party of the Bolsheviks and the crowds of revolutionary sailors, soldiers, workers and peasants, who all together and accomplished all the most important and great. Changed the course of history.
Yes, it was sort of like there was still some kind of World War I, but it was also wrong - “imperialistic”. And if the war was “imperialistic”, and the revolution in February “bourgeois”, then there is nothing to talk about them, there was only one harm from the people. As far as I remember, events such as the Decembrist uprising or the riot on the battleship of the Black Sea Fleet, “Prince Potemkin-Tauride,” each separately in the history curriculum devoted more time and attention than the February Revolution and the First World War combined. But on the other hand, Lenin and his associates promised the people peace, land to the peasants, and factories to the workers, besides the complete expropriation of the expropriators, which then, it seems, happened to the joy of everyone. Well, that is, the truth is not at all for everyone at once - some former expropriators, reactionaries and tsar’s minions, naturally, with the help of foreign capitalist interventionists, resisted for some time, because they could not at all come to terms with the fact that ordinary people in Russia were suddenly it became so good. It was a civil war. We in Soviet schools, too, passed it in sufficient detail, precisely in a larger volume than the First World “imperialist” one. But it all ended again successfully and correctly, that is, the complete defeat of the Belys, the emergence of the USSR, the GOELRO plan, industrialization and the general prosperity of workers and peasants. Naturally, these facts were confirmed by archival materials, a lot of serious scientific works and studies, documentaries and so on and so forth. Not to mention the fiction and cinema on which we were all raised.
All this was an unshakable mantra for seventy years. We grew up on this, sincerely believed in it, were proud of it. The revolutionaries were idols. And the Great Lenin was for us something so great that nothing could ever be greater at all, which proved the mausoleum on Red Square in the center of Moscow and the endless streams of people standing in line to just look at HIM, the great leader the greatest revolution in the world.
Then the Gorbachev "perestroika" began. With her, “glasnost” unexpectedly came to the people, spreading like everything and everywhere. Somewhere in the archives, someone found some new, previously either lost or classified materials, and began to openly and freely publish them. And then it suddenly became clear that everything turned out to be not quite the way we had been told all seventy years before ... Well, that is, Lenin and the Great Revolution are all right, but the tsar, it turns out, was not such a villain and stranglers of the people, and even did something useful. But then he and his whole family were taken and killed by some especially dispersed revolutionaries. Apparently avenged for all the horror that the autocracy brought them. But they killed the royal family, including young children and even some people from the servants, for some reason, when the king himself was no longer a king. Moreover, they killed without trial and investigation, secretly and so brutally, that they decided to put the tsar himself as a martyr and put him on the list of saints. By the way, this is all because the church, which was also considered reactionary and anti-revolutionary, was also more or less “rebuilt”, again came into contact with the people and the authorities and began to coexist in harmony with all of them. It also turned out that among the "White Guards" there were some pretty decent people who even had undeniable services to the Fatherland. It also became known that in the First World War, it turns out, Russia participated very actively, many of our people fell on different fronts, there were real heroes and great commanders, but did not happen this very revolution (namely, the second one, which was October), that was Russia would most likely be one of the victorious countries of this Great War, as it was then called, and would have the right to huge reparations from the Germans, and would also not have lost many of the territories that had then, in the next war, again, with blood and sweat our people back pull out. Yes, and it is not known if there would have been any “next” war at all then.
Then our ideology collapsed, based on the greatest revolution of the twentieth century, and with it the largest and most powerful state in the world called the Soviet Union. It turned out that the path we followed all this time was not quite right. That is, he was generally not bad, he just led not at all where everyone needed to. We began to be actively friends with the West. It turned out that the emigration there, in the West, are also quite normal people and even patriots of their own, already freed from the yoke of communism, the Motherland, and not at all traitors, whom they were almost all considered to be earlier. From them, as well as from our new Western friends and, naturally, from either newly found, or again declassified archival data, the public again and again revealed terrible facts about the revolution, and about the Civil War, and so on ... It turns out , there were repressions, a lot of innocent blood was shed, and what they promised, that is, land to the peasants and the factories to the workers, no one gave to anyone. Moreover, they took even more, often the last one, the famine began, a lot of people died. At the same time, the communist elite quietly plundered and sold abroad the country's gold reserves, royal treasures and precious works of art, which were in Russian funds and museum collections. Economy completely collapsed. The White Army, with the help of its Western allies, tried valiantly and heroically to resist all this, but this was impossible when the Communists simply "drowned them in the blood" of their own people. The civil war ended in such a pitiable way. For many years, the country was torn to pieces by the communist “red terror." And Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin himself, although he was an undeniably successful leader of the masses, but, as it turned out, was in many ways not a very adequate person, they say, a syphilitic, who at the final stage of his life already had a strong influence on his brain activity. And although he personally sincerely and selflessly wanted to improve the situation of his native country and his own people with his actions, some of his steps and decisions were still not correct, which led to many mistakes made during the revolution and the subsequent construction of the new state system. Naturally, all this was also devoted to documentaries, scientific works based on irrefutable archival data, numerous publications in the press and, naturally, a host of new fiction, films, television series, and so on.
And now, in 2018, I, a former citizen of the former USSR, already after all of the above, I read the new Russian press and watch the latest documentaries based on already publicly available (that is, again declassified) on the main federal channels of Russian state television ) archival materials, both ours, and from the west, and again I never cease to be surprised at this "opening new truth." The theme is the same - the First World War, Lenin, the Russian Revolution. And what do I see? If, again, it is very abbreviated and simplified, then I see the following picture:
One hundred years ago, as it is now, the collapse of the Russian Empire was primarily interested in our sworn German-Anglo-Saxon "partners." Germany at that time, the main reason was the desire to alleviate its difficult situation on two fronts so that Russia could somehow take Russia out of the First World War, in which it acted as a powerful player, while at the same time in allied relations with Britain, France and the USA . And the then "allies" of Russia, represented primarily by the British and Americans, the main goal was to completely eliminate both Russia and, in fact, Germany as potential rivals in the "division of the world pie" in the future. Moreover, it doesn’t matter at all in what ways - whether to give them maximum mutual destruction on the battlefield, or to corrupt and make incompetent power structures from within these countries, supporting all kinds of anti-state and anti-government movements. What all, in fact, were doing. Moreover, apparently, quite successfully. Ulyanov-Lenin and the company, in contrast to everything previously said and written, were not at all some silver-laden men who were completely devoted to the cause of the revolution and the liberation of the peoples of Russia from the yoke of autocracy. They traveled abroad, lived on a grand scale, led a rather idle and immoral lifestyle, while constantly being in search of funds for all this. They did not shun openly “dirty” criminal money from bank robberies or financial frauds, or sponsorship of special services of states that were in openly hostile relations with Russia. The ultimate goal of these people seemed to be the overthrow of the regime, but not entirely disinterestedly and simply for the sake of popular welfare, namely, with the coming to power of themselves and in no other way.
That is why when the autocracy in Russia finally collapsed as a result of the February Revolution, which was later called "bourgeois", these citizens did not weaken their "revolutionary" activities in any way, for example, to wait for how things would develop and what new политическая the situation will bring the Russian people, but just the opposite. They realized that as a result of the chaos that began in the state and the weakening of power structures, it might be easier for them to realize their own plans. And at any price. And since even after the overthrow of the autocracy as a result of the February events of 1917, Russia, with a new, more or less democratic government, still did not intend to leave the war, at that moment Lenin was "very along the way" with Germany. And the Bolshevik Communists, under his leadership, concluded an agreement with the Germans. For money. Against Russia - their homeland. While she fought with this very Germany. And this agreement was concluded on very definite conditions, which, apparently, Comrade Ulyanov-Lenin later worked to a fad - and the country's exit from the war on shameful conditions, and the transfer of vast territories, and so on. And the Germans gave him advance money and weapons for the revolution, and also helped to transport him, his associates and everything necessary for this revolution to the territory of the Russian Empire through neutral states. But here, Lenin proved himself to be a good organizer - he insured himself in advance and, in the event of something unforeseen with the Germans, through another ardent fighter for the idea, Comrade Trotsky, secured for himself also reserve funding - from the United States. And on this very money in our country on October 25, 1917 (according to the old style) the justice of the world proletariat triumphed. That is, the workers and peasants, as well as the progressive part of the intelligentsia, whom all, as it turned out, were the “Bolsheviks” for the national welfare, headed by Lenin himself, and “threw” right away without fulfilling any of their pre-revolutionary promises ... How something like this ...
And all this above stated, naturally, from TV screens and from the pages of the press, and the like presented to us by serious historians, high-ranking politicians, famous journalists and artists, like other respected people, sometimes with glasses, sometimes with expensive suits and ties , sometimes without ... And they say that this is all our story. And all this, again, is based solely on historical facts that are undeniably proven, on documents and archives, and on a variety of different ones, and “us” and “them” there, the “partners” have it. Well, how can you not believe them all?
But I personally, against the backdrop of all this, still have some questions. Well, for example, what about the fact that everything is still a little higher in this article, we were told a little earlier, but also very serious and respected people? And sometimes even generally the same ones that today bring to us now this "new truth". Then they also claimed that this is our story, and it is just like that. What, it turns out, then, before, lied? What constantly lied to us throughout the life of three generations?
Personally, I and millions more are just like me, all these serious and respected people first took away everything that we believed and were proud of, something that we respected our country for, and then took away the country itself, along with it ideology, flag and name. And why and why should I believe all this now? Where is the guarantee that in a couple of years, or even tens of years, someone will not find something in some dusty archive, will not declassify it, and all this again will not “turn out” to be completely different? After all, then, not so long ago, everything was also proved by archives, and scientists, and everything else ...
What is all this all about? They tell me this is history, these are facts. But can history and facts change dramatically several times literally exactly the opposite, over a couple of decades? And all this in front of the same people? In many discussions, where I tried to defend the need for an impartial study of historical materials, they opposed me that they should not study history without reference to beliefs and the political situation, without regard to the interests of a country or people, or both. Well, there, all this is a little higher, just there is a story with an eye on beliefs and political interests, admire ... Does it look like history or more like propaganda? In my opinion, the second, and in its purest form.
But let's go further. There are already inconsistencies with reality. If you even believe that it is finally true, then only a hundred years later it crawled to the surface and appeared before us in all its glory or ugliness, who then is Lenin at all? Who in reality was the person who still lies with us in the form of a mummy in the mausoleum on the main square in the capital, still the largest country in the world, which still has monuments everywhere, and is still called by his name? Let us return to the latest facts of the latest version of the development of events and take this as a basis. There is a war with Germany. Our troops are valiantly fighting the enemy on all fronts. And even, as it turns out, in the territory of foreign countries - at the request of the allied French government, the Russian Expeditionary Force was sent to the Western Front, France, where, everywhere, wherever it fell, it showed examples of military valor and heroism in battles with the German army . At the same time, a certain group of people, citizens of Russia (!), Headed by just one Vladimir Ulyanov, with the party pseudonym Lenin, also being abroad, in Western Europe, is actively subversive in order to overthrow the existing system in his country, that is, in Russia.
For the sake of achieving this goal, as well as for their own well-being, this group conspires with the enemy of Russia in the war - the German regime, through its special services. The German special services provide Lenin and his associates with all feasible material, propaganda and logistical assistance, since at this particular moment the goals of Lenin and the Germans in the collapse of the Russian government and the withdrawal of the country from the war, even at the cost of defeat, completely coincide. The methods of action of the Lenin organization: the creation of various schools of propagandists and revolutionary terrorists in Europe with a view to their further transfer to Russia, defeatist propaganda in the troops at the front, calls for surrender or desertion, conducting subversive and degrading activities within the country, espionage in favor of Germany, and then and the implementation of a direct power seizure of power in the state, with the active help, financing and assistance of the direct enemy of Russia - Germany. How can all this be called? ... Is it possible that the country will be freed from tyranny? ... I already see in advance how they mix me, to put it mildly, with excrement for such a comparison, but still I ask the question: what then, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov-Lenin differs from the meaning, principles and methods of his actions from another “fighter for the liberation of the peoples of Russia from the dictatorship” with the help of the Germans and also during the war with Germany, Andrei Andreyevich Vlasov? ... Well, of course, except that the first everything was conceived, to the surprise of many, and even the Germans themselves, it turned out, and at T cerned not. For example, here again, on the basis of the whole truth that has been revealed, it seems to me that there are somehow few differences, if not to say that they are almost absent. Only for some reason, one, in whom all this, in fact, betrayal of the Motherland came out, and he successfully implemented all the enemy plans, and to the very end, we have in the mausoleum and so on, and the second, in which none of all this happened, He was caught in Czech territory in 1945 while trying to leave and be useful to the same Americans, then he was convicted, hanged, and is now considered one of the most heinous and shameful traitors in the history of the country. Where is the logic? Or is it simply that the winner is always right, even if he is a pure traitor to the homeland?
I apologize in advance for all this to those whom my thoughts on this topic have somehow touched or offended, but, you must admit, based on the fact that we are once again offered as a true story, these conclusions and questions are somehow they beg for themselves. That is, Lenin is a traitor? Or can all this be interpreted somehow differently? I can only guess what kind of magicians they are, who every time they search this time in certain bottomless archives and declassify truthful materials that are always suitable for the current political situation. But this time, in my opinion, they were being sought out and declassified to a very unpleasant situation: it turns out that either everything that is being offered to us now as our history is an unscrupulous lie, or a disgusting traitor to our country has been lying all this time in the mausoleum on Red Square. I do not sympathize with V.I. Lenin, nor communist ideas in general, but I still want to believe more in the first option. Firstly, we are somehow used to it, and secondly, as they say, it’s a shame for the state ...
The last, as it now seems, unshakable pillar of the preservation of patriotism in Russia, against the backdrop of all this, today is the Great Patriotic War and the feat of our people in it. And where is the guarantee that after a while someone will also not review this again on the basis of “revealed declassified facts” and that someone like Vlasov will not get into the heroes? You will say no, even shout - “This is impossible!”, And, apparently, accuse me of blasphemy and all other mortal sins. But I remind you that I myself, about thirty or a little more years ago, would have cried out about the same thing if someone tried to present me with Lenin and the revolution, something similar to what we have today shown on television on federal channel. And more recently, it could not have occurred to anyone that our brothers and neighbors, in Ukraine, would be torn down by monuments to Soviet soldiers and commanders, and the heroes would be Nazi Stepan Bandera or natural SS men like Shukhevych and soldiers of the German 14th division of the Waffen-SS “ Galicia ". Could it come to someone’s head in the days of the USSR? Could not, of course, even in a nightmare. And where does all this come from? And this is all nothing but the fruits and direct consequences of the “study” and presentation of history through the prism of certain “national and political interests”. This is the basis for patriotism and love for the motherland. There. Currently. Only no one thinks that with such a repeat on “castrated” or “politically corrected” history, patriotism will be in a couple of years, when someone decides to rewrite it all again for the sake of some new political situation.
Could it be more correct to study history as it is? And to love your country with everything that was in its history, and with exploits, and with mistakes, and even with crimes? And on this build patriotism and love for the motherland? I think that our real feats and great achievements are quite enough for us to be proud of and to sing them. And if you gloss over or embellish the mistakes, then later, when they still come to the surface, it may logically arise doubts in general about everything that we were taught and on which we were brought up. If you lie at the beginning of the story, where is the guarantee that at the end it will be true? In the same way, this happened after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the degradation of its entire ideology - we almost lost everything at once, and national history, and pride, and patriotism, and even universal values. Does someone want a repetition of the moral level of the nineties? I personally do not.
Like this. In my opinion, there is something to think about. And to those who study and read history, and to those who try to write and teach it ...