China in 2022 surpassed the United States in the number of launched military satellites

Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard and Smithsonian Center in Cambridge (Massachusetts, USA) has published a report "Space activity in 2022", which presents the statistics of space launches around the world. Their total number in 2022 again increased significantly - up to 186, of which 182 were successful (2021 launches were registered in 146). The high annual growth continues a trend that began in earnest in 2015.

Of 186 orbital launch attempts: 82 were by governments; 21 commercial companies under contract with their own governments and 83 commercial companies for commercial clients, including foreign governments

McDowell's report says.

According to this report, the United States made 2022 launch attempts in 78, of which 72 were successful. China has made 64 launches, with two failures to enter orbit. Russia has made 21 launches with 100% success rate.

China has firmly replaced Russia as the No. 2 space power

- Jonathan McDowell emphasized in a comment to the American military publication Breaking Defense.

Most launched launch vehicles launched several satellites into space at once. Successful launches have allowed 2022 new spacecraft to be deployed into orbit in 2482, which is largely the result of another actively growing trend - the launch of satellites into low Earth orbit using a reusable platform, as the American company SpaceX most characteristically demonstrates with the deployment of a massive constellation of Internet Starlink satellites.

In terms of satellites classified as military, the McDowell report indicates that in 2022 China launched 45 such vehicles into orbit, the United States 30, and Russia 15. Thus, for the first time, China was able to outperform America in one of the key areas space competition of the "great powers".

However, McDowell explains in his report that it is difficult to be sure about the number of Chinese military satellites, "because of Beijing's veil of secrecy surrounding its space national security efforts." For example, in 2022, China successfully launched eight Shiyan (Experimental) satellites into low Earth orbit with unspecified missions, which the US report described as "cover for various Chinese government satellites."

The McDowell report also specifically noted that China became the first country after the United States to successfully remove its "dead" satellite from the path of active orbiters - in January 2022, using its Shi Jian 21 (SJ-21) satellite to capture a failed navigational satellite BeiDou 2-G2 from geostationary orbit (GSO) and moving it to a higher "graveyard orbit".

This marked the first time that debris had actually been removed from an active GSO.

McDowell clarifies as Northrop Grumman Space Logistics performed a much similar operation in 2020, docking a "mission extension" unit as a new power source and relocating an Intelsat IS-901 satellite from its graveyard to GSO.
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  1. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
    Afinogen (Afinogen) 9 January 2023 21: 48
    I wonder if we have launched at least one satellite? I understand there is no money, the poor oligarchs are starving. There is no bread, they have to put black caviar directly on the sausage. And those crumbs that go to "Roskosmos" Rogozin invested in the robot Fedor.
    1. tkot973 Offline tkot973
      tkot973 (Konstantin) 9 January 2023 23: 03
      In vain you are so on Rogozin, he is good, he may have wanted to launch this Fedor into space, but .... But he just didn’t have time, he had to quit and spank at the front line in the Donbass, Rodina said he was needed there. And he, risking his health, or rather ..., which he was almost torn off by the way, serves his homeland with pride and courage - I saw his photograph in a helmet with a red swollen face, the strap from the helmet was deeply ingrained in his tender cheeks, and he endured. He endured not in order to show off in front of the camera, but in order to save his head for state affairs, this is more important than a wounded ..opa. For Rogozin! Hooray!
      1. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
        Afinogen (Afinogen) 9 January 2023 23: 45
        should have quit

        I'll correct it a bit. Do not quit, but he was asked to put it mildly, giving a kick. He "mastered" too much space money. So much that there was nothing left for rockets. So I had to urgently replace it.
    2. Nelton Offline Nelton
      Nelton (Oleg) 10 January 2023 11: 20
      Quote: Athenogen
      Have we launched at least one satellite?

      Why so much caustic sarcasm?

      The Russian Federation in 2022 had 21 space launches, all successful.
      (+ 1 launch of the launch vehicle Union with the Kuru in the interests of the EU)

      say, the EU with an incomparably larger economy - 6 launches
      (counting the launch of the launch vehicle Union with the Kuru in the interests of the EU)
      one unsuccessful.

      out of 21 Russian launches -
      2 manned (Soyuz-MS)
      2 progress on the ISS
      1 launch of a heavy Proton, launched a satellite (Russian-made) for Angola.
      2 launches of the new Angara 1.2 (light)

      launched the Skif-D satellite, a demonstration satellite for broadband Internet access; the first satellite launched as part of the large Sphere program. (and to it in the load 3 satellites "Messenger")

      2 satellites to support the Glonass constellation

      1 satellite (Russian-made) for Iran, and 14 Russian small satellites for its load.

      11 satellites in the interests of the Ministry of Defense, information on them is fragmentary.
  2. Electric welder Offline Electric welder
    Electric welder 10 January 2023 00: 54
    The phrase of M. Khazin made me laugh:

    The West is not afraid of threats from China, as it does not understand the threats written in hieroglyphs.

    These threats are understood only by the Chinese people, because they studied in Chinese at school.
  3. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 10 January 2023 09: 12
    Alas. We are no longer talking about Russia.
    Even "Hurray-experts" write without a twinkle, they understand that everything, they can no longer do anything ...
  4. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 10 January 2023 10: 33
    In order for Russia to develop, including its space, it needs not Tsar-Leopold, but Tsar-Stalin.
    With weak tsars in Russia, there is always theft and a mess.
    1. Sulla the Glorious (Sulla the Glorious) 15 February 2023 17: 00
      She needs - RUSSIAN Stalin! angry
  5. Siegfried Offline Siegfried
    Siegfried (Gennady) 22 February 2023 01: 54
    China could, however, test its satellites in the conflict in Ukraine. Share intelligence. Of course, they will be afraid to provide us with the coordinates of the targets, but in vain, who knows, maybe in due time the Russian satellite will direct China's anti-ship missiles directly at the US AUG at a decisive moment?