Can Iran help Russia create a "mosquito fleet" in the Black Sea

Unpleasant, but true. The Naval Forces of Ukraine, which until recently seemed ridiculous, were able to create serious problems for the Russian Navy. Fearing "Neptunes" and "Harpoons", Russian warships avoid getting close to the enemy's now dangerous coast. However, even at the main naval base in Sevastopol, as it turned out, our fleet cannot feel completely safe. We need an urgent answer, but how can it be?

Asymmetric challenge to Kyiv

So far, our affairs in the Black Sea are not going as well as we would like. It was not possible to carry out a landing operation near Odessa in the first days after the start of the NMD due to a strong storm, and after that time was already lost. The enemy mined all approaches to their ports in the Black Sea region and aimed Neptune anti-ship missiles at Russian warships holding nearby. Ultimately, the Russian Navy had to leave Zmeiny Island, which could not be kept under constant fire from long-range artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and anti-ship missiles from the coast of the Odessa region. In such conditions, alas, it is worth forgetting about a successful landing operation, so as not to lose our few BDKs with crews and marines.

Even worse, the Ukrainian Navy has moved from defense to attack. With the support of the British military, Ukrainian saboteurs managed to carry out a relatively successful attack on Sevastopol, causing minor damage to two Russian ships. Apparently very inspired, President Zelensky announced the need to create in Ukraine the world's largest fleet of marine drones. The potential threat emanating from them should not be underestimated.

In addition to the risks mentioned above, after leaving the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation of Kherson, additional ones appeared. Now the natural border between Ukraine and our southern Russian lands runs along the Dnieper, but it is not so safe. Kyiv intends to reinforce its Dnieper flotilla with four dozen American armored boats, which will undoubtedly be used for attacks and sabotage activities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the Left Bank.

In other words, the "mosquito fleet" of Ukraine has now become a source of constant headache. We need an adequate answer here and now.

Russia's symmetrical response

Without claiming to be the ultimate truth, I would like to share the following considerations. Even a superficial analysis of the situation in the Black Sea shows that today our Russian Navy can do little against the Ukrainian Navy, and in fact the entire NATO bloc behind Kyiv. Alas and ah, but it is true.

Our admirals were preparing to fight ships and submarines, as well as the aircraft of the North Atlantic Alliance and its accomplices, but not the sea and air fleet, consisting of drones. The fundamentally new nature of the threats to Russia in the Black Sea area, as well as in the river system of Ukraine, requires the creation of a new type of fleet, also "mosquito". Yes, where a frigate or even a corvette will be redundant, vulnerable, a dozen high-speed armed boats will be more appropriate.

It just so happened that Russia is increasingly beginning to cooperate with Iran in the militarytechnical sphere, and therefore the experience of building the Naval Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran can be very useful to us.

The doctrine underlying the development of the "mosquito fleet" by Tehran seems to be quite adequate and commensurate with its economic capabilities. The tasks of the Iranian Navy include gaining dominance in the waters of the Persian and Oman Gulfs and the Caspian Sea by destroying enemy ships and aircraft and disrupting its communications; defense of the territorial waters and sea coast of Iran, including important administrativepolitical centers in the south of the country economic areas, oil fields, naval bases, ports and islands; support of land and air forces in coastal areas; conducting amphibious assault operations and combating enemy amphibious assault forces, as well as conducting continuous reconnaissance at sea. Iran's potential adversaries include the US Navy, Israel, and a number of neighboring Middle Eastern monarchies. Having no resources to create a powerful ocean fleet, Tehran has relied on the development of a "mosquito fleet", which is based on high-speed surface boats of various types, as well as submarines, most of which belong to the "mini" class.

We may be interested in the following types of weapons.

Zoljanah torpedo boat

Zolfaghar missile boat

Tondar missile boat

Ya Mahdi boat with Falagh-2 missiles

Artillery boat Seraj with 107mm or 122mm rockets

Ekranoplan Bavar-2

Midget submarine Ghadir

These small, but "biting" and high-speed surface vessels, as well as mini-submarines, will be able to cover the Russian coast from attacks by the drone and river fleet of the Ukrainian Navy, to ensure the implementation of sabotage and even landing operations on a hostile coast. It is also worth referring to the experience of the Iranian Navy in using reconnaissance and reconnaissance-strike UAVs on their ships, which significantly increases awareness of what is happening and provides data for target designation.
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  1. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
    Vox_Populi (vox populi) 25 November 2022 17: 35
    Our admirals were preparing to fight ships and submarines, as well as the aircraft of the North Atlantic Alliance and its accomplices, but not the sea and air fleet, consisting of drones.

    Here, in general, much is not clear how and with whom they were going to fight. But they made fun of the "mosquito" fleet of Ukraine a lot and ???
  2. Vlad Burchilo Offline Vlad Burchilo
    Vlad Burchilo (Vlad) 25 November 2022 18: 10
    The author is probably not aware that the submarine: Al Ghadir, was built on the model of mini-submarines of the Third Reich.
    After the Second World War, some of these boats were part of the TF of the USSR, our sailors called them: "hard labor". I had a chance to talk with a former sailor from such mini-submarines.
    Missile boats: "Tondar", "Kolat" (?) joint development with China. And North Korean designers learned from the Chinese.
    The Chinese, as you know, are "copymakers", repeating and improving other people's developments.
    "Zulfagar" - Soviet RTOs of the type: "Mirage", "Samum"
    Artillery boat: Serij" is not much different from domestic developments.
    Neither the author nor I know what will be done in the operations department of the General Staff. My sofa prompts: before taking Iranian models. It is necessary to look: domestic developments. There are a lot of things, for various reasons, not passed into the series. In the "Military Program" there was information that a special group of designers: "royal eagles" began to revise many developments of our military-industrial complex in the summer, some have already gone into series.
    As our grandfathers said: "tambourines are good overseas, but look, ours are not bad either"
  3. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 25 November 2022 19: 18
    Firstly, sea drones, especially underwater or submersible ones - BEPLs cannot be caught by a mosquito fleet, they cannot be found in the open sea. It is possible to detect noise and other direction finding with buoys on the approaches to the bases - yes, yes. It is more effective to destroy with sea helicopters - quick approach and destruction. Accordingly, the mosquito fleet is sufficient in the form of various Grachenks. Iran and others from poverty have large mosquito fleets, and tasks only for DRGs. And yet, for protection in a campaign, trimarans are better, because a blow to one float will not be so fatal for a ship. It is possible to provide for the design of a trimaran to undermine one float (crash test, like on cars). So, together with Karakurt, to create trimarans with similar weapons and seaworthiness, it looks promising.
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 25 November 2022 19: 51
    At VO, they convincingly proved several times, with facts, performance characteristics and statistics, that Iranian boats are from poverty. They are much inferior to normal-sized ships, and are destroyed from afar.
    They will be able to fight UAVs only by mass character, tk. weak radars and equipment simply will not detect UAVs from afar.
    But this is already known, Korea, (and we were with torpedo boats until 1941) this is how it is done, the mass of a small obsolete fleet, in the expectation that not everyone will be destroyed quickly ... (you can look at the size and composition of the Korean Navy, this is interesting)
  5. borisvt Offline borisvt
    borisvt (boris) 25 November 2022 23: 27
    The author argues very reasonably, given that we are already in the process, and the IRI is only making threatening preparations for, for example, with Iraq. The fact is that our tambourines, to paraphrase one of the comments to this article, es-no, are also not bad and developments have been made and are being made, but the construction of any ship, even a small one, is a whole story. Set the task - allocate funding - manufacture - equip - arm - conduct sea trials - recruit / train a team - accept into the fleet.
    Buy or exchange for money useful for Iran, this is about a month for the last three points from the sequence, it certainly makes sense!
  6. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
    vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 25 November 2022 23: 30
    It is not possible to fight at sea with drones, in the absence of constant monitoring by satellites, aviation, and reconnaissance ships. The cost of a drone is four orders of magnitude less than a ship. How will the fleet protect Sevastopol if it is attacked by 100 drones at the same time? There will be another Pearl Harbor.