Uzbekistan publishes a bill on a new alphabet in the Latin alphabet


The Uzbek authorities first organized two scripts in their country, and then began to overcome the difficulties that arose. Now they are persistently trying to translate the local alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin script. A new draft law prepared by the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan was published on the portal for discussing draft regulatory legal acts.


The first project appeared in mid-March 2021, but it caused criticism, after which it was sent for revision. The next document, with the changes made, was posted on the specified site on May 19.

Before that, on May 10, the department for the development of the state language under the government of Uzbekistan informed that the discussion of the issue of switching to the Latin alphabet was extended until November 1. This is supposedly necessary for "comprehensive study by specialists and the general public."

According to the bill, the alphabet consists of 28 letters and 1 letter combination. Compared to the previous version, there are major changes.

The letter combinations "sh" and "ch" have been replaced by the letters "ş" and "ç" ("w" and "h"). The letters with an inverted apostrophe "o'" and "g'" ("" and "ғ") were replaced with the letters "" and "ğ".

It is also suggested to leave the combination of letters "ng" and not return the letter "c" for the sound "ts". The designations for the sounds "e", "yu" and "I" will continue to be used by the combinations "ye" (after a consonant or for the sound "e" - "e"), "yu" and "ya".


If the proposal is approved, appropriate changes will be made to the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the introduction of the Uzbek alphabet based on the Latin script".

We remind you that after the collapse of the USSR, Uzbekistan sharply wanted to become on a par with the Turkic-speaking states, where the Latin alphabet is used. Officials in Tashkent suddenly remembered that in 1929-1940 just such a script was used. In 1993, a law was adopted, according to which Uzbekistan had to implement its plans until 2005.

The idea stalled and in 2004 the reform was extended until 2010. After that, for a whole decade, little was remembered at all. But on October 20, 2020, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, before the national language holiday, signed a decree "On measures to further develop the Uzbek language and improve the language policy in the country ”and the reform went into the second round.
  • Photos used: https://pixabay.com/ and https://regulation.gov.uz/
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  1. PokerFace Offline PokerFace
    PokerFace (Kirill) 23 May 2021 18: 45
    +4
    This means that they will take away all the literature published during the Soviet era - young people will not be able to read the Cyrillic alphabet, let alone know the Russian language in general. Although they will go to Russia to make money. Who is richer - they hire Russian tutors.
    1. Captain stoner Offline Captain stoner
      Captain stoner (Captain Stoner) 23 May 2021 21: 41
      -1
      The Soviet era ended 30 years ago. I do not know where and who has preserved Soviet literature there, which has been forgotten for a long time, and why it is needed there.
      Those who work in Russia use a vocabulary of 30-50 words; for movers and janitors, more is not required.
    2. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
      Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 10: 14
      -4
      do they have problems in Russia due to the fact that they have a Latin alphabet in their country? do you have any precedent with other countries? Chinese, Vietnamese? Georgians, Armenians? what does it mean to go to earn money in Russia and the question of attracting migrants to you to work at the state level because of their outflow? in Moscow, 30% of Gaster are from Kyrgyzstan, 25 from Tajikistan. from Uzbekistan 27% of the total number of 700 thousand. and Uzbekistan has 35 million people. and who, in your opinion, supplies you with products, the same cars? cotton?
  2. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk 23 May 2021 18: 54
    +3
    Expected. Tatarstan. Dagestan - there is already in the Latin alphabet. Vladikavkaz is holding on.
  3. Captain stoner Offline Captain stoner
    Captain stoner (Captain Stoner) 23 May 2021 21: 18
    -1
    ... to translate the local alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin.

    ... the alphabet consists of 28 letters and 1 letter combination.

    Strictly speaking, the Latin alphabet has exactly 26 letters. Doubters can open any English-Russian dictionary and count.
    And this should be called Uzbek alphabet based on Latin graphics.
    The Kazakhs, Turks, Moldovans, Poles, Czechs and others have the corresponding alphabets based on the Latin script. And there they draw their dots, hooks and squiggles under and above the letters. But it is no longer the Latin alphabet.
  4. AICO Offline AICO
    AICO (Vyacheslav) 23 May 2021 21: 38
    0
    If you see the letter Y, then just wait #nu !!!
    1. Captain stoner Offline Captain stoner
      Captain stoner (Captain Stoner) 23 May 2021 22: 38
      0
      This is the letter Y [waɪ], polyglot.
      1. GRF Offline GRF
        GRF 24 May 2021 04: 17
        +1
        In Latin, the letter Y is called igrek or ipselon.
        This is how the Uzbeks think that knowing wai, they will begin to live like human beings ...
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. GRF Offline GRF
            GRF 24 May 2021 10: 47
            0
            I understand, problems with the Cyrillic alphabet ... well, write in Uzbek or English, what did you want to say? After all, the main thing is to understand the meaning ...
  5. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 23 May 2021 21: 45
    +1
    The task is simple.
    Squeeze out the still remaining Belarusians, Ukrainians, Russians, Germans, Jews, Koreans, Meskhetians, Uighurs - and heaven on earth will come at once ...
    1. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
      Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 10: 00
      -6
      here is something with the Uighurs, the people closest to the Uzbeks, it turned out to be a bobble. what, why your from china japan america argentina not a rod shaft, from the same turkey? this is where my language and my writing squeezes out like yours? from Uzbekistan? do not forget you have 150 nations and nationalities, the Tatars demand the Tatar language! did not hear, tea?
      1. GRF Offline GRF
        GRF 24 May 2021 11: 51
        +3
        The Ferghana pogroms speak intelligibly about your hospitality, and the languages ​​of the inscriptions on any tablets in Tashkent.
        Why are you here?
        Do you want to prove that ingratitude, volatility and rudeness are progress? Yes, the flag is in your hands, live as you want in your aul or kishlak and make yourself whoever you want, because so far the Afghan faithful gentlemen are not bending you under the correct laws of Sharia, but this business, I really hope, will not be ours ...
        1. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
          Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 12: 39
          -5
          You tell the same to Ukrainians, Balts, Poles, Czechs, Georgians, Moldovans ... Have you forgotten how to live for us, maybe the whole world will be enough to teach?
          1. GRF Offline GRF
            GRF 24 May 2021 18: 27
            +4
            those who have lived life and do not learn the mind from life, no teacher in the world will teach anything

            You called us, we came, put things in order for you and you lived in peace, built schools, hospitals and now in Russian universities, we continue to teach your young specialists. You made it clear that you do not need the Russians (when they start killing Russian soldiers, this is very intelligible) we left, of course you did not chase away, the Russians themselves just took it and left en masse. You can not say, but create conditions, for example, your conversations "why are you buying an apartment from them, they will dump them anyway, and you will get their apartment for free."
            And now you tell me to whom what to say to me on the Russian site, or is it I who went to the Uzbek site and impose something on you?
            Are you giving up what has connected us for more than a century and want us to praise you? Hieroglyphs are awkward to type on a computer, but can you imagine Chinese people giving up on them?
            You are amazing people, you ask to turn the rivers to Central Asia and immediately "without realizing" you squeeze the Russians out of your "hospitable" home ...
        2. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
          Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 12: 40
          -6
          do you have another example besides Afghan? m. in the Caucasus or the Volga region? wait
      2. Bat039 Offline Bat039
        Bat039 25 May 2021 00: 16
        +3
        Who demands ?! In Tatarstan, visitors from the Caucasus and Asia, or half-breeds who have a very distant relationship to the Tatars, are most of all muddied up and the more not a Tatar, the more an alleged Tatar nationalist, but in fact bullshit
  6. isofat Offline isofat
    isofat (isofat) 24 May 2021 01: 15
    +2
    It is not entirely clear why they need the Uzbek language at all, when there are other more popular languages? laughing
    1. The comment was deleted.
  7. Binder Offline Binder
    Binder (Miron) 24 May 2021 04: 30
    -2
    The problems of the language and the alphabet are the business of the Uzbeks themselves, why are outsiders here to interfere? Let them act as they see fit.
  8. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
    Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 24 May 2021 06: 18
    +2
    In general, two generations have developed in Uzbekistan today: the generation of the Cyrillic alphabet and the Latin alphabet, which actively use two versions of the Uzbek script. This is quite consistent with the adopted law "On the introduction of the Uzbek alphabet based on the Latin script", supplemented with the following words:

    With the introduction of the Uzbek alphabet based on the Latin script, the necessary conditions for mastering and using the Arabic script and Cyrillic alphabet are preserved, on which an invaluable spiritual heritage has been created, which is the national pride of the people of Uzbekistan.

    By the way, by 1930 in the RSFSR there was also a draft law on the transition to the Latin alphabet.
  9. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 24 May 2021 09: 34
    +3
    If the Uzbeks want to be closer to the Turks, then they are unlikely to find work for themselves in Turkey. But in Russia you can find a job, but in Russia they write in Cyrillic and then even a literate Uzbek will work in Russia only as an apprentice at best. And he could, with knowledge of the Russian language, work as a master. But this is their short-sighted choice.
  10. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
    Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 09: 50
    -7
    a vam ne kajetsya chto eto ne vawhe delo? vi soobrajaete, chto lezete k uzbekam s imperskimi zamawhkami?
  11. Ozbek Offline Ozbek
    Ozbek (Gapal Ergashev) 24 May 2021 10: 18
    -6
    engage in the development of your language, it is based on the Latin alphabet, half of the letters are Latin, and the rest are altered as R on the contrary I: KENHVAROSMT and no need to be clever, which they took directly from the Sumerians
    1. GRF Offline GRF
      GRF 24 May 2021 11: 10
      +2
      They look the same, but they sound different. And we do not make heaps of several letters for one sound, and therefore the sound of the language is conveyed more accurately and in the USSR the Uzbeks had an alphabet with their own letters to preserve the beauty of the sound of the language. Therefore, the sound of the traditional Uzbek language will change over time, whether it is bad or not, in old age you yourself will find out ...
      1. Cyril Offline Cyril
        Cyril (Kirill) 24 May 2021 16: 21
        -4
        and therefore the sound of the language is conveyed more accurately

        I wonder how accurately the spelling "what" is pronounced "INTO"? And "scrambled eggs" "eggs"? And the spelling "zhi" and "shi" pronounced "zhy" and "shy"?
        1. GRF Offline GRF
          GRF 24 May 2021 17: 49
          +1
          Newans of the Russian language sea:
          "No need to persuade me" means "no"
          "I do not need to be persuaded" means "with both hands for"

          The rules streamline, systematize, traditionalize the language, but if you write zhy shy, they will understand you and pronounce what you have written correctly, because this will not give birth to a new sound, and therefore there is no need to be perverted by saying stskhto or chto instead of that, because we have for this sound there is a letter h or w for sts ...
          1. Cyril Offline Cyril
            Cyril (Kirill) 25 May 2021 01: 52
            -4
            and no one is perverted in the same Germany, France or Britain with letter combinations. There they are simply known from childhood, it is easy to learn. You judge a foreign language by being a native speaker of the Russian language. Any foreigner will give you an example of hundreds of examples of irrational rules in our language, although they will not present any difficulty for you, because you grew up with them.
            1. GRF Offline GRF
              GRF 25 May 2021 04: 32
              +1
              Moscow sounds like Moscow, and Washington Washington, not Washington, because they read it that way, and didn't hear it, hence all sorts of Aivans, etc.
              Many words that sound the same, but are spelled differently and have different meanings
              https://skyeng.ru/articles/sekrety-pravopisaniya-pohozhih-slov-v-anglijskom
              But words that are spelled the same, but pronounced differently, and this is not because, as in Russian, you are too lazy to type an accent
              https://enginform.com/article/raznie-odinakovie-slova
              German and French have a lot of their own "delights"

              And all due to the fact that the British pulled someone else's alphabet (Latin, though they renamed the letters in it and now many consider it English) into their language, well, of course, this is not a perversion, so let everyone else do the same and be a single European family ...
              )
  12. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
    Kofesan (Valery) 24 May 2021 18: 21
    -2
    Yes, changing the alphabet is very, very bad for the country, changing it. But, from the model of Russia, with its feudal oligarchy, they will flee like the plague. Both large and small. If Russia demonstrated success and progress, it would be the other way around.
    1. Miffer Offline Miffer
      Miffer (Sam Miffers) 24 May 2021 19: 48
      0
      If Russia demonstrated success and progress, it would be the other way around.

      Can you yourself name periods of success and progress in the history of Russia (except for the period from 1917 to 1991)?
      1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
        Kofesan (Valery) 24 May 2021 20: 28
        -2
        You are probably waiting for numbers and dates with the names of "Rulers"?

        I will answer like this,
        Never! Never before in the history of Russia has the population decreased for 30 years in a row, as it is now.
        1. Miffer Offline Miffer
          Miffer (Sam Miffers) 24 May 2021 23: 19
          +2
          Never before in the history of Russia has the population decreased for 30 years in a row, as it is now.

          Come on! And under Peter I the Great, the population "grew" :)
          History was not your favorite subject.
          1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
            Kofesan (Valery) 24 May 2021 23: 32
            -3
            What? Did you understand what you asked about?

            to name periods of success and progress?

            And under Peter ...

            The population of the Russian Empire under Peter 1 was up to 15 million subjects and was second only to France in number in Europe (about 20 million).

            According to the calculations of the Soviet historian Yaroslav Vodarsky, the number of men and children of males increased from 1678 to 1719 from 5,6 to 7,8 million. Thus, taking the number of women approximately equal to the number of men, the total population of Russia over this period increased from 11.2 to 15.6 million

            Arivederchi! Sleep well! Your "school" is better!
            Once you have PETER I at your school! ... they equate with Putin.
            1. Miffer Offline Miffer
              Miffer (Sam Miffers) 25 May 2021 09: 09
              +2
              Under Peter the Great, sparsely populated but large territories were annexed. Due to this, the population may have grown. But the lands that were part of Muscovy as of 1700 became very scarce. The Great Northern War, the brutally suppressed permanent riots, the construction of St. Petersburg on a swamp and bones, a multiple increase in taxes and taxes, increased serfdom, which led to the "scattering" of people to the outskirts - the reasons for the decline in population.

              The Soviet scientist Vodarsky saturates his narration with phrases:
              "the sources do not contain direct information", "the population on the Don cannot be counted", "there is no information on the composition of the population", "it is determined approximately", "it is difficult to say." This is his professionalism as a historian - he leaves "room" for other points of view, opinions, nothing is firmly and absolutely asserted.
              Another thing is Internet cheap things, like you, which have been picked up on the Internet by various numbers and are hiding behind the authority of real historians. Select, copy, paste ... your little mind is not enough for more.

              Your "school" is better!
              Once you have PETER I at your school! ... they equate with Putin.

              You are not given anything to know about "my school", so you are not talking nonsense. But I can definitely say - it is much better than yours. And finally: not "equalize", but "equalize".

              Explanatory dictionary Ushakov
              Interpretation Translation
              EQUAL, equal, equal, unsover. (to equalize).
              1. Make equal, equal, equal, equalize. "Death equals everyone." talk The mother is equal to all children.
              2.with someone. Comparing, comparing, to give someone the same, equal assessment, to recognize someone as equal (colloquial).
  13. The Uzbeks are already fleeing to Yamal from Uzbekistan, and the bai-bosses know they are being nursed! The alphabet, you see, did not please them, unwashed rams!