7 years later: what hinders the disclosure of the economic potential of Crimea


Seven years ago, after his reunification with the Russian Federation, many Russians decided to come to Crimea for the first time during the holiday season, ours. However, their impressions were mostly “below average”: the depressing state of roads, beaches, utilities and other hotel infrastructure, which was mainly represented by the private sector, did not fully allow enjoying the sea and beautiful nature. What has managed to change on the peninsula from 2014 to the present moment?


Undoubtedly, the main fault for this state of affairs lay with Kiev, which financed the resort region on a leftover basis. Ukraine did not make any serious investments in Crimea, therefore all the Soviet infrastructure it inherited was steadily worn out and dilapidated. Compared to the 2014 peninsula, the Black Sea coast of the Russian Kuban looked almost like a Riviera. Only large-scale state investments could radically change the situation, therefore, within the framework of the federal target program, in the period from 2015 to 2020, Moscow invested 668,4 billion rubles in Crimea. Since the FTP has been extended until 2025, the total investment in this resort region will amount to 1,374 trillion rubles. Let's see what has already been done and what is still planned for the next five years.

The key problem of the peninsula was its semi-isolated position in relation to the mainland of Russia, transport links and supplies were supported by ferry services. Also, a big problem for the Crimeans was the dependence on the supply of water and electricity from Ukraine, which were stopped almost immediately after the reunification. The turning point occurred in 2018, when several important infrastructure facilities were put into operation at once. The automobile part of the Crimean bridge was put into operation, which allowed Russian tourists to get to the peninsula from the Kuban by their own vehicles. An immediate increase in tourist traffic was recorded, amounting to 6,8 million people. In addition, its increase was positively influenced by the launch of a new terminal at Simferopol airport. The problem with the power supply of the peninsula was solved due to the commissioning of two thermal power plants, Balaklava and Simferopol.

In 2019, President Vladimir Putin opened traffic on the railway section of the Crimean Bridge. Subsequently, the transport connectivity of the peninsula with the mainland of Russia was improved as a result of the launch of the Tavrida highway, which connected Kerch and Sevastopol. After that, the construction of convenient exits from it to the sea coast began. As a result, in the "pre-coronavirus" 2019, a real attendance record was set: 7,4 million tourists visited Crimea during the season. According to tour operators, over a million tourists arrived on the peninsula for the May holidays in 2021, hotels are full. There is every reason to believe that the previous record will be broken. The main traffic goes through the automobile part of the bridge crossing from the Kuban.

Thus, we can summarize that the issue of transport isolation and the replacement of the Ukrainian tourist flow with the Russian one has already been resolved. As a result, over the past five years, in the national rating of the quality of life, the Republic of Crimea has risen from 76th to 42nd line, and Sevastopol - from 71 to 19. What prevents the full potential of this resort pearl from reaching its full potential?

At first, the most difficult problem is still the problem of water supply to the peninsula. Recall that Kiev in 2014 cut off the supply of water through the North Crimean Canal. Artesian wells turned out to be temporary and not the best solution. Now in Crimea, new water intakes are being built at an accelerated pace, military builders are laying pipelines that, as necessary, transfer water from one reservoir to another. The construction of several desalination plants is planned. Work is underway, but it is obvious that the problem will remain relevant for more than one year.

Secondly, great difficulties for the development of the region are presented by the regime of Western sanctions. Because of him, large federal retail chains, gas stations, telecom operators and banks refuse to work directly in Crimea. Restricted competition leads to a general increase in prices, which is especially noticeable at gas stations when compared with the neighboring Krasnodar Territory. Resort property prices are only going up. The situation is complicated by the fact that the average salaries of Crimeans are lower than the all-Russian ones by a third.

Moscow tried to bypass the regime of restrictive measures by the West at the expense of the Free economic zones (FEZ) for investors. However, in reality it was mainly used by representatives of the local Crimean business. The problem was that information about the companies that decided to work in the sanctioned region was initially open. Now officials have developed a new investment mechanism on condition of anonymity, which can be used by companies that have invested in the economy of the peninsula from 150 million rubles, receiving in return tax and insurance benefits. It is hoped that this will lead to an increase in private investment in Crimea.
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  • Photos used: https://www.facebook.com/sanatorii.foros.ru/
17 comments
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 11 May 2021 13: 34
    +2
    For the full development of tourism, Crimea does not have enough year-round workload. To do this, it is necessary first of all: to open inexpensive and qualified medical sanatoriums in winter, to build winter pools with warm sea water, to decide on the water supply of the peninsula. The development of greenhouses will also help.
  2. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk 11 May 2021 16: 23
    -1
    Let's take a look at Crimea from a different point? Most payments for services rendered are in cash. What does this give the state, which has invested colossal funds in the peninsula? Practically nothing - taxes are not collected in full, therefore the money does not work, but settles in the private sector. It is necessary to correct this imbalance, and then the Crimea proper will have a healthy budget of its own - there are many tourists there, only there is no sense from them.
  3. gorenina91 Online gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 11 May 2021 16: 39
    -6
    7 years later: what hinders the disclosure of the economic potential of Crimea

    - Yes, rent out the whole Crimea ... mmmm ... - Yes, even Japan ...
    - And the Japons and water will lead to the Crimea and tourism will be promoted as ... as ... as in ... in Hawaii ... - all kinds of exotic fruits will start growing there ... - whole plantations ... - half of Russia will rush there for permanent residence ... - you can't expel ... - Hahah ...
    - They (Japons), at a time when half of Sakhalin Island was temporarily under them ... - they even managed to build warm airfields there (warm all-weather runways to build) ... - not to be confused with warm toilets ... -Hahah .. - Yes, and from the Kuriles ... - The Japanese would have made a "candy" long ago ...
    - Everything depends on the owners ... - whose hands grow from "the right places"; and not from such owners, who ... - well, of course ... where did the "Crimean owners" get their hands from ...
    - That's all ... -Hahah ...
    1. Binder Offline Binder
      Binder (Miron) 11 May 2021 19: 25
      -5
      Quote: gorenina91
      lease the whole Crimea ... mmmm ... - yes, even Japan ...

      Madame, you are missing one circumstance - neither Japan, nor even some kind of dry Honduras to rent the occupied peninsula will not even be a gift - it will be more expensive for itself. lol
      1. gorenina91 Online gorenina91
        gorenina91 (Irina) 12 May 2021 14: 43
        -3
        you are missing one circumstance - neither Japan, nor even some kind of dry Honduras to rent the occupied peninsula will not even be a gift - it will be more expensive for itself.

        - What do you mean ... - it turns out ... -that's where the dog is buried ... - And then ... personally I really thought that the Jews "if something happens" could "lease" Israel ... - and ... and ... and - to go somewhere "to rest" ... - or even for permanent residence ... - The world is great ... - and they don't get used to it ... - to wander around the whole world .. - Thank you for at least ... "explained" ... - to me ...
        - Hahah ...
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 11 May 2021 17: 29
    +1
    It was there that the President of Genius described the situation in the immortal:

    There is no money, but you are holding on, good mood ???
  5. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
    Kofesan (Valery) 12 May 2021 05: 13
    -4
    As far as Crimea itself is concerned, changes for the better there are proceeding at a colossal pace. Perhaps this dynamic is more important than many "complexities". As a result, many people dream of living there.

    Water ... Interestingly, when this problem became acute, the Kremlin took up its solution. If the "Crimean Bridge" and power supply were obvious solutions and began to be implemented almost immediately after the return of Crimea, then ... they seemed to have forgotten about water. They let it go "at random" and drift. Something stirred, but did not receive close attention.

    This is the main problem, not even of Crimea, but of Russia in general. Namely:

    Until the king does it himself, nothing will move. Loses interest - everything freezes ...

    At least freezes ... The reasons for this are clear. If you want to be the eternal Koschei, trample around you the "system" and lock everything on yourself, your beloved. It is always easier to be the king of the swamp than the king of the jungle.
  6. tatiana korzhenko (tatiana korzhenko) 12 May 2021 08: 13
    -2
    Interestingly, until 2014, the same Russians traveled in droves to Crimea, which is not ours, and somehow did not bother with this fact, and did not particularly complain. The low price justified the inconveniences. Now these "inconveniences" are incomparably greater, and the price of all this much higher. Not to mention the fact that the whole country suffered from the sanctions. Well, was it worth it? And, well, yes, the Americans would put a naval base in Crimea. True, now the bases will inevitably be near Kharkov and Sumy, 3 times closer to Moscow. But the main thing is that not in Crimea :)))
    1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
      Bulanov (Vladimir) 12 May 2021 09: 37
      0
      And there was no need to blame the USSR. Now they would deploy, like China, and in Nikolaev they would build ships for the USSR, and space rockets in Dnepropetrovsk. And the vaccine would spread freely throughout the USSR so that ordinary people would not die from foreign contagion. And the American military biological laboratories would not arrange a suspicious fuss with pathogenic microbes in the USSR.
      1. tatiana korzhenko (tatiana korzhenko) 12 May 2021 11: 11
        -2
        But what does the USSR have to do with it? It's about the fact that in practice both the residents of Russia and the Crimeans in practice became much worse after the "Crimeanash".
    2. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 12 May 2021 21: 06
      0
      Of course it was worth it! When they save OWN, they don't look at the price.
    3. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 12 May 2021 21: 06
      +1
      tatiana korzhenko
      ... Was it worth it? ...

      Of course it was worth it! When they save OWN, they don't look at the price. It is different for "you", everyone knows that. Well, don't judge others by yourself.
      1. tatiana korzhenko (tatiana korzhenko) 13 May 2021 06: 09
        -1
        What did you "save" them from?
        1. Pivander Offline Pivander
          Pivander (Alex) 13 May 2021 09: 00
          -1
          From the fascists. You can find photos on the net yourself.
          1. tatiana korzhenko (tatiana korzhenko) 13 May 2021 16: 46
            -1
            Fascists are only in the fevered brains of zombie consumers of "Nightingale droppings." The Ukrainian Armed Forces are not much less ethnic Russians than ethnic Ukrainians. Some kind of strange fascism. Maybe your Kremlin-controlled media are simply shamelessly lying?
            1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
              Kofesan (Valery) 13 May 2021 20: 36
              -1
              What are you asking me so "modestly"? You might think that you do not know from what and from whom you saved ...! Ask Turchinov, Ask around in Odessa, ... ask the grave of the "Donetsk Madonna", at her grave and at the grave of her tiny daughter. Ask ...

              Better ask the Crimeans themselves. What he was so selflessly happy about then. In large numbers - "EVERYTHING AS ONE" ... The holiday of the soul was just how people rejoiced then, they even came up with a term - "Russian spring", Bandera's people cannot remove this, even if they want to. I would look at them now and more than once.

              Bandera can only hate and ride with hatred. Their whole essence is built on hatred ... And also on the pathological desire to lie and dodge. Not admitting obvious facts. Small mischief.

              Here's how to distinguish Bandera. And on a word to believe them, that there is no fascism in Ukraine - there are no fools.
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  7. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) 17 May 2021 19: 56
    -1
    If they could have disclosed it long ago. Or are people so stupid that they have not seen such a nugget as the Crimea before?
    Putin needed Crimea to strengthen his authority.
    Now Crimea is 73% of the budget funding from the Center.