Closing the military base in Port Sudan: the US aimed at the PRC, but ended up in Russia?


A few days ago in the outside policy The Kremlin has suffered another symbolic failure. The implementation of the project for the construction of a Russian military base (MTO point) in Sudan was suspended by official Khartoum. Chances are good that it will be forever or for a very long time. Why did it happen, and why did our triumphant "return to Africa" ​​end without even beginning?


In the old days, our country was considered the main friend of Africa, and there were Soviet naval bases on the coast of the Indian Ocean. Alas, after the collapse of the USSR, all these positions were lost. In recent years, against the backdrop of escalating confrontation with the collective West led by the United States, Moscow seems to be trying to return to the "black continent." Structures belonging to the near-Kremlin oligarch Yevgeny Prigozhin operate in several African countries at once. But the problem for the Russian leadership is that the place has long been taken by other players in a much heavier weight category, and they are waging a fierce war among themselves for the redistribution of spheres of influence, which is still "cold".

The main neo-colonial "predator" in Africa, of course, is now China, and there are a number of reasons for this. First, a huge production economy The PRC needs more and more natural resources, which the continent is rich in. Secondly, large Chinese companies have become cramped in the domestic market, where they have to compete fiercely with each other, and they have to carry out external expansion. Third, they are interested not only in siphoning resources, but also in creating a solvent market for their products in African countries. This is where Beijing differs very favorably, alas, from Moscow. What can Russia give to the "black continent" today? Yes, our weapons, which represent the best value for money. Rosatom and KAMAZ are looking for new sales markets. VTB opened an office in Angola. In return, Rosneft and Alrosa are ready to work there, extracting natural resources. Now let's compare this with the scale of Chinese expansion. In the period from 2005 to 2015, the PRC came in third place after the United States and the Russian Federation in the export of weapons to Africa, where everything is sold: from attack UAVs to large warships. The armies of two-thirds of African countries are already running around with weapons produced in the Middle Kingdom. A Chinese military base has been opened in Djibouti. But that's not all.

According to Ernst & Young, over this decade, Beijing has invested $ 66 billion in the black continent, creating more than 130 jobs. The PRC builds roads, ports, schools, hospitals, and invests in mining. African students now travel to China to study. By 2018, the aggregate trade turnover of the Celestial Empire and its "colonies" amounted to $ 220 billion. The facts are that today it is China that is Africa's main business and trade partner. It is clear that all this is very much disliked by the "hegemon", which is actively hindering the further expansion of the PRC. But it is even more difficult than just a confrontation between two superpowers.

In addition to traditional interests on the continent of France and Great Britain, two more large regional coalitions have formed in the Middle East, competing fiercely among themselves for spheres of influence, natural resources and access to sales markets. The core of the first block is the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which are adjacent to Morocco, Chad, the territories of the eastern part of the former Libya, as well as "our" Sudan. The basis of the second block is Turkey and Qatar, as well as Azerbaijan, Tunisia and Tripoli with the western part of the former Libya. Thus, a real "cold war" is going on in Africa between a whole conglomerate of countries with opposing interests. And now Russia with its MTO point in Sudan tried to get into this "snake nest" outright. Kind of like a "triumphant return", cut through the "window to the Indian Ocean" and so on. What did the United States do in response?

It will be recalled that President Omar al-Boshir spoke about the possibility of deploying a Russian military base on the territory of Sudan, although he soon suddenly lost his post. Nevertheless, in September 2020, President Putin signed an order on the preparation of the opening of an MTO for the Russian Navy in Port Sudan. Everything was rather modest: the possibility of placing several ships for their repair and maintenance and up to 300 personnel of the base. However, the new "Maidan" government of Sudan decided to meet the United States halfway. It agreed to pay a large sum to the relatives of the victims of the 1998 terrorist attacks, and in response, Washington removed Sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism. This happened in December 2020, a few months after reports of the opening of our base in Sudan. And away we go ...

US special envoy Donald Booth arrived in Khartoum, who resolved the issue of providing the country's pro-Western government with a loan that went to pay off the debt to the World Bank. After that, the "formation of the investment climate" began in Sudan with the help of American and European banks. In early April 2021, with the filing of the United States, the World Bank allocated a loan of $ 2 billion to this African country. Turkey immediately became more active and promised to increase mutual trade. Sudan's Commerce Minister warmly thanked Ankara:

Sudan expresses its hopes for the development of economic relations with Turkey. Our country can greatly benefit from cooperation with Ankara, which will help us develop our economy, thereby contributing to increased trade ties.

As expected, the military followed the diplomats with suitcases of money. On February 24, 2021, the USNS "Carson City" amphibious assault ship, the US Navy, ostentatiously entered Port Sudan a few days before the scheduled arrival of the Russian frigate "Admiral Grigorovich", and on March 1, she was visited by the USS USS "Winston S. Churchill" URO destroyer. Washington and Khartoum have begun negotiations on a security agreement that could include a US African Command (AFRICOM) naval base. And after that, the Sudanese authorities suspended the implementation of the agreement on the construction of a Russian MTO point in Port Sudan.

It is very difficult not to notice a direct causal relationship between all these events. The US casually "demolished" our base on the Red Sea, without even allowing it to appear. And the most offensive thing is that, most likely, we were only a secondary target, and China with its expansion was the primary one. By buying out the Sudanese government, Washington can force it to terminate an agreement with the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) on the extraction of uranium ore, whose reserves are estimated at 1,5 million tons. Having become the "main friend" of Khartoum, the United States will be able to squeeze Chinese exports to this country: weapons, equipment, Technology and so on. In addition, by closing the road to Port Sudan for Russia and opening a new AFRICOM operations center on the Red Sea, the Americans will put obstacles to Beijing's possible ambitions.

It’s unpleasant, but what can we oppose to this? The modern Russian Federation does not have the resources and opportunities to act using the same expansionist methods as the PRC and the United States. Too much of the Soviet legacy has been ingloriously surrendered, too much time has been ineptly wasted - this is the natural result. The main thing now is to draw the right conclusions.
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  1. Santor Offline Santor
    Santor (Viktor) 2 May 2021 13: 35
    +4
    Not only the Russian Foreign Ministry, but also the Government of Sudan has denied this fake of the Arab TV channel. But a huge one has already been born
    American ships called on their base in Sudan.
    1. Fourth Horseman Offline Fourth Horseman
      Fourth Horseman (Fourth Horseman) 2 May 2021 16: 54
      +1
      - Listen, did you hear? They build a city under the ground,
      They say in case of a nuclear war ...
      - Have you heard? Soon the baths will all be closed everywhere,
      Forever and ever. And this information is correct ..
  2. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
    Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 2 May 2021 14: 36
    +1
    The main thing for Russia is to get up off its knees
  3. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
    Kofesan (Valery) 2 May 2021 15: 46
    +3
    The modern Russian Federation does not have the resources and opportunities to act using the same expansionist methods as the PRC and the United States.

    I also followed with interest this widely publicized scam (unprepared, unprofessional and ultimately failed attempt) of the Russian leadership to play in the Mediterranean. Very disappointing. One consolation - did not have time to make a big investment. So the loss is not that great.

    Meanwhile, Russia has all the necessary tools to compete with the PRC almost on an equal footing. Yes, and the United States.
    For example, because from China, with its strategy of "diplomacy of debt traps," Montenegro, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and others are howling like a wolf. Central Asia is growing clear. Russia has no less pluses. To list - the topic is not enough.

    This is not the problem. The West cuts off everything that Russia can touch. And he will sort it out with China later. It is important for NATO to crush us. Without deciding the main thing, it will not work even in small things. And in the Kremlin they will die, everyone will hope for "cooperation with partners." It's stolen retention syndrome. Having stolen and become the largest owners of everything, they thought they had done 99% of the "business." But no. Not even 10% or even 5%. It turned out that most likely the Anglo-Saxons would take it away from them. Later. In favor of themselves, of course, and not in favor of Russia. Not with them, so with their children. Therefore, there is no desire to resist, but it is clearly visible "and what would such a bribe to buy from the United States and other bawlers?"
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 2 May 2021 17: 05
      +1
      In favor of myself, of course

      Yes, as always, only promises ... As Chichvarkin lived and other crooks in London, and he lives. And he does not deny himself anything ...
      1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
        Kofesan (Valery) 2 May 2021 18: 59
        +1
        And not only Chichvarkin. And those who fled in the 90s and early 2000s ...? Those-yes ...
        The Anglo-Saxons threatened them, and they, pretending to be fighters ... began to spend part of their capital on the fight against Russia. That would somehow keep the leftovers. It would be their will - they would sit quietly, enjoy the stolen, but it was not there.

        Old story. Chichvarkin, Khodarkovsky, ... Berezovsky was about to kick up, but the kingdom of small Brits immediately strangled him. Everything is as old as the world.

        As the Saxons fumbled through the pockets of those stealing in their homeland and escaped to the "Shining City on the Hill", so they fumble. What is 70 years ago, what is 100, what is now. All repeats. And mind you, Israel didn’t even fooled ..

    2. 123 Online 123
      123 (123) 2 May 2021 19: 02
      +4
      I also followed with interest this widely publicized scam (unprepared, unprofessional and ultimately failed attempt) of the Russian leadership to play in the Mediterranean.

      When you watched the map, did you try to look? Sudan and the Mediterranean are slightly different regions.

      Without deciding the main thing, it will not work even in small things. And in the Kremlin they will die, everyone will hope for "cooperation with partners." It's stolen retention syndrome. Having stolen and become the largest owners of everything, they thought they had done 99% of the "business."

      What does this have to do with Sudan and the base? Did our bourgeoisie sell it to the Americans?
    3. Alexey Sergeev Offline Alexey Sergeev
      Alexey Sergeev (Alexey Sergeev) 4 May 2021 12: 44
      0
      Meanwhile, Russia has all the necessary tools to compete with the PRC almost on an equal footing. Yes, and the United States.

      What, I wonder? In what field?
      Voucher for someone at the World Bank? Give loans for amounts comparable to those of China or the United States?
      1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
        Kofesan (Valery) 5 May 2021 02: 19
        0
        There are many areas. Highly. One argument, "for example" I have already tried to convey to you. Not "ride". You haven't noticed him. There is no confidence that the rest will "ride" for you ...
        1. Alexey Sergeev Offline Alexey Sergeev
          Alexey Sergeev (Alexey Sergeev) 5 May 2021 09: 02
          0
          It's about a specific episode from Port Sudan.
          How to "interrupt" the proposal of the United States or China? Can we offer more?
  4. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 2 May 2021 17: 29
    +2
    The Sudanese authorities have suspended the implementation of the agreement on the construction of a Russian MTO point in Port Sudan.

    Fake from Bloomberg.
    This is not the first time the agency has been convicted of lying.
  5. 123 Online 123
    123 (123) 2 May 2021 18: 50
    +6
    I wonder if you still have hair, or have you pulled everything out in moaning?
    Ah, the Americans gave them $ 2 billion, how regrettable crying
    What can we do request These Americans and Chinese have so much money fellow and we are so small recourse
    Do you want to give them more than the Americans? It's not better to see how they compete there who will invest more money? We then learned the rules from the times of the USSR, set up something on the "black continent".
    Firstly, nothing is clear about the base yet. Let's see.
    Secondly, you should not run after buses, girls and, apparently, African leaders. If it’s gone, it’s not yours. There will be no base there, it will be elsewhere. All Africa and Asia will get tired of printing 2 billion each.
    And finally, on uranium, if the contract with the Chinese is terminated, we will of course be sad crying but not for long. In my opinion, today this is Rosatom's main competitor, and then we'll see who gets the field. Are the Americans going to develop it? Are they ready for this? In the United States, a Russian company produces uranium.
  6. Alsur Offline Alsur
    Alsur (Alexey) 2 May 2021 23: 09
    0
    Too much of the Soviet legacy has been ingloriously surrendered, too much time has been wasted ineptly - this is the natural result. The main thing now is to draw the right conclusions.

    The author apparently is not aware that the USSR collapsed, many production chains were disrupted. Take, for example, the Zaporozhye PO Motorostroitel named after the Great October Socialist Revolution (Motor Sich), the Lenin Forge and the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau named after M.K. Yangel. If only these enterprises are considered, one can understand what was lost for Russia. And there are still quite a few key industries. Therefore, it is not logical to say that time has been wasted. If only the United States missed, did not attack Russia immediately after the collapse.
  7. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 3 May 2021 07: 01
    +2
    Quote: ALSur
    The author apparently is not aware that the USSR collapsed, many production chains were disrupted. Take, for example, the Zaporozhye PO Motorostroitel named after the Great October Socialist Revolution (Motor Sich), the Lenin Forge and the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau named after M.K. Yangel. If only these enterprises are considered, one can understand what was lost for Russia. And there are still quite a few key industries. Therefore, it is not logical to say that time has been wasted.

    The author has written quite a few articles about this. Why is it illogical? How many years have passed since the collapse of the USSR? How many years have we been "getting off our knees"? twenty? Have many import-substituting factories been built in OUR country over the decades? Or at least there was a real attempt in 20-2014 to return these enterprises located in the South-East of Ukraine? Now the Turks are taking Motor Sich away.
    This is about grossly missed opportunities. So what's the illogicality? Where did you see the internal contradictions specifically?
  8. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 3 May 2021 07: 03
    +2
    Quote: 123
    I wonder if you still have hair, or have you pulled everything out in moaning?
    Ah, the Americans gave them $ 2 billion, how regrettable crying
    What can we do request These Americans and Chinese have so much money fellow and we are so small recourse
    Do you want to give them more than the Americans? It's not better to see how they compete there who will invest more money? We then learned the rules from the times of the USSR, set up something on the "black continent".
    Firstly, nothing is clear about the base yet. Let's see.
    Secondly, you should not run after buses, girls and, apparently, African leaders. If it’s gone, it’s not yours. There will be no base there, it will be elsewhere. All Africa and Asia will get tired of printing 2 billion each.
    And finally, on uranium, if the contract with the Chinese is terminated, we will of course be sad crying but not for long. In my opinion, today this is Rosatom's main competitor, and then we'll see who gets the field. Are the Americans going to develop it? Are they ready for this? In the United States, a Russian company produces uranium.

    You are kind of not a stupid person, why such stupid mockery and distortion?
    1. 123 Online 123
      123 (123) 3 May 2021 22: 51
      +3
      You are kind of not a stupid person, why such stupid mockery and distortion?

      And what is the distortion?
      Has it been officially announced that there will be no base?
      By the way, the purchase of engines for helicopters and the enterprise itself is not the same thing. Is it the same for you? Then you know that Pratt & Whitney is ours. We take their engines, Pro Boeing and probably not worth mentioning. And also all sorts of iPhones ... How is it that the Americans do not show concern about this, amazing carelessness.
      And also something has been done on import substitution. There are plenty of examples, the same helicopter engines make themselves.
      And to "return" enterprises that do not belong to you and are not located in the territory of another country, the idea is so-so. This is usually called another word.
  9. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 3 May 2021 07: 04
    +2
    Quote: Santor
    Not only the Russian Foreign Ministry, but also the Government of Sudan has denied this fake of the Arab TV channel. But a huge one has already been born

    There is no fake. There is only verbiage regarding the official wording. The essence of the question is the same.
  10. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
    Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 3 May 2021 08: 00
    +3
    Non-Vovka hat
    1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 3 May 2021 09: 04
      +1
      Internet meme.

      He recently told a tale of Saltykov-Shchedrin. So even the ear cut - "so this is he about himself ?!". And then I made a kind of - like, I'm the only mulberry "big-headed" ... Hmmm ... The main thing, as they say, is to be the first to crow ...

      God be with them, the Europeans, but here he is, for which he will not undertake (economy with rising prices, Ukraine with SP-2, import substitution with the defense industry (for me there are so few missiles and planes, too few)) the result is so-so ... so that would be really bad, but rather worse than better. Builds with one hand, breaks with the other.

      You cannot elect "siloviks" as leaders. The guys there, of course, are good, but self-confident to the point of mediocrity.
      1. rotkiv04 Offline rotkiv04
        rotkiv04 (Victor) 3 May 2021 11: 36
        +1
        he still wanted to become a hockey player, the result is also so-so, I suspect that he is a fig judoka, but the PR man turned out to be excellent and knows how to talk on the right topics
        1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
          Kofesan (Valery) 4 May 2021 02: 40
          +1
          That's right! As some good event, well, there the tanker will be lowered, or where the ribbon needs to be cut, right there. I would like to ask him, is it "thanks" to you or "in spite of" that something is still moving ??? But he does not want to lean against the negative. Well, there are prices. I haven't seen it since the Kursk. Or the roads are narrow - people are fighting in cars ... Then the retinue is released, for which it (the retinue) is fed. For slaughter, I guess.
          And reading from a piece of paper, especially what he himself did not write, is not tricky.
  11. Igor Berg Offline Igor Berg
    Igor Berg (Igor Berg) 3 May 2021 09: 02
    0
    over this decade, Beijing has invested $ 66 billion in the Black Continent, creating more than 130 jobs. The PRC builds roads, ports, schools, hospitals, and invests in mining.

    Here we, not so long ago, have invested in Venezuela more than one billion dollars. What was built, how many places were created? And in general, where is this money now?
  12. gorenina91 Online gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 3 May 2021 09: 06
    -1
    Closing the military base in Port Sudan: the US aimed at the PRC, but ended up in Russia?

    - Ha ... - Yes, the Americans were aiming at Russia ... - and they didn't miss ...
    - Yes, and with "Motor Sich" ... -Americans also "did not miss" ... - "Sovereign and independent Ukraine" itself would never have dared to do any "daring actions" against China ... - How is this so ... - to take and suddenly nationalize the practically Chinese company Motor Sich (de jure and de facto owned by China) ... - Well, under the auspices of the United States and Ukraine "got brave" ... - and how! !!
    - But when will Russia be "brave" ??? - Russia really ... - everywhere bummer ...
    - Well, Africa is practically closed for Russia ... - No --- well, no one is stopping Russia from further supplying medicines to Africa, deploying Russian medical and other centers in Africa to provide assistance to the poor population of Africa ... - It is possible there and to build hospitals and schools, and so on ... - This is a voluntary business and very ungrateful for Russia ...
    - If you leave all this "lyrics"; then ... then ... then in reality the United States is quite clearly and concretely preparing China so that China itself would voluntarily begin to regard the United States as ... as ... as a real "predatory subject"; with whom he (China) ... - also a "predator" who considered Russia "prey", belonging exclusively to him (China) ... - still come to terms with the fact that Russia will have to be divided with this "other predator" (from the USA) ... - Like this ...
    “It’s obvious that ... that ... that old man Biden isn’t such an idiot loser as Trump was; and quite a successful American president ... - Personally, I am sure that if you became President Biden in the United States (a time ago - instead of Trump), then China would have had a pretty hard time ... - and China would not be as insolent as he is " became insolent today "... - Yes, and Russia ... - would finally get off the" dead center "and would be able to show itself quite decisively (I would simply have to) .... - And now Russia has nothing but to do, what to guess ... - how soon China will "hand over" it ... - Alas ...
  13. Dust Offline Dust
    Dust (Sergei) 3 May 2021 09: 42
    0
    If everything is so grim, a cup of coffee with polonium delivered by Petrov and Bosharov will help solve the problem of the President of Sudan.
  14. Cucumbers Offline Cucumbers
    Cucumbers (Cucumbers) 3 May 2021 10: 58
    0
    Talk less and you will get results. And then la la la la, and overseas friends keep their ears open
  15. Pishenkov Offline Pishenkov
    Pishenkov (Alexey) 6 May 2021 16: 58
    +1
    Too much of the Soviet legacy has been ingloriously surrendered, too much time has been wasted ineptly - this is the natural result.

    - it's all true. But from the missed something they have already caught up and even surpassed. I think that Sudan or something nearby will not go anywhere either ...
    And the article is correct in general - otherwise somehow we have become accustomed lately that everything seems to be working out - Syria, Crimea, etc.
    You need to cool down and do your job with a cool head - the enemy is also awake, and until his complete defeat, oh, how far away.
    And in Africa, we need to interact with the PRC, offering them in return some benefits in the Arctic, for example, where we have no competition. We will not pull everything ourselves - the Union did not pull it, and the Russian Federation has even less resources. Soberly we need to assess the situation.