The connection of the Caspian and Azov seas will make Russia the ruler of transport routes


The coincidence of the "adventures" of the container ship Ever Given in the Suez Canal with the signing of a strategic partnership agreement between Iran and China will inevitably lead to increased interest in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), as well as in all interconnected corridors of Eurasian integration. Asia Times.


There are many land corridors passing through Eurasia connecting Europe and Asia. The symbol of the IPP is the Chongqing (PRC) - Duisburg (FRG) railway. The length of the route from China to the European Union is 11179 km, partly passing along the Trans-Siberian Railway (Transsib) in Russia. After some time, a high-speed railway should start functioning in this direction.

Overland corridors are gradually increasing their cargo traffic, and their competition with sea transportation routes is increasing. Some IPP trade routes are directly related to hydrocarbons. They are alternative routes that the United States cannot control.

For example, in the foreseeable future, oil and gas from Iran will begin to flow to Xinjiang (China) through a pipeline system that will be built across the Caspian Sea and Kazakhstan. In addition, Tehran is badly needed to create a transport corridor from the Persian and Oman Gulfs to the Black Sea and further across the Danube to the EU. Therefore, the United States regularly increases tensions around Iran and arranges "color revolutions" in the post-Soviet space, because Washington is extremely not interested in ending its hegemony.

The main problem remains the construction of a canal from the Caspian to the Persian Gulf through Iranian territory. This requires at least $ 7 billion. Another pressing issue is the transition to container shipping in the Caspian. The SCO believes that this will increase Russia's trade with India through Iran and become an additional route for China's trade with Europe. In Beijing, it has already been called the Sino-Iranian Economic Corridor (KIEK).

At the end of 2020, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan agreed to build a railway, which will be a major step towards expanding the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), in which Moscow is really interested.

Another important project is the International North-South Transport Corridor (ITC). Iran, Russia and India have been discussing the difficulties of building this 2002 km sea / rail / road trade route since 7200. The ITC starts in Mumbai (India) and runs through the Indian Ocean to Iran. Then through the Caspian it goes through the territory of the Russian Federation to Moscow. Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Oman and Syria have also expressed interest in the project. MTK is cutting the delivery time of goods from western India to the European part of Russia from 40 to 20 days, while reducing costs by 60%.

Iran has already announced that the next step will be an agreement on strategic cooperation with Russia. At the same time, India wants to conclude a free trade agreement with the EAEU.

In turn, Russia is considering the possibility of building a canal between the Caspian and Azov Seas. In the Caspian Sea, the construction of the seaport of Lagan (Kalmykia) is already underway to transship 12,5 million tons of cargo per year. The initiators of the mega-project for the construction of the Eurasia navigable canal (Kalmykia-Stavropolie-Rostov Priazovye), 780 km long, are China and Kazakhstan. The port of Lagan will become a hub connecting several corridors of the IPP of China, the Russian Trans-Siberian, the countries of Central Asia, Iran, Turkey and Europe. In Iran, the port of Amirabad on the Caspian coast will be connected to the port of Chabahar (Strait of Oman), through which communication with India will be carried out. Therefore, China, India and Iran want to invest in Lagan.

When the Caspian Sea is connected to international waters, an alternative trade route to the Suez Canal will appear. The new architecture of the XNUMXst century is already taking on visible outlines. China creates many trade routes for continued economic development. At the same time, Russia provides security and is a reliable supplier of energy resources. Moscow already controls the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Northern Sea Route and other trade routes. In the future, a channel from the Caspian to the Sea of ​​Azov will be added to them, this will make Russia the ruler of transport routes and help implement the concept of Greater Eurasia, the media from Hong Kong summed up.
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  1. Alexander Betonkin April 8 2021 14: 56
    +1
    It turns out from China to Iran - by sea, across Iran by piece of iron, then the Caspian - the Azov - Black canal. Now the branch is working: China - Kazakhstan - Russia, which is improving. Than digging a canal, it is easier to make a good railway branch to Azov and to remake the port.
    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) April 8 2021 15: 07
      +1
      The SCO believes that this will increase Russian trade from India through Iran and will become additional route for China's trade with Europe
      1. Alexander Betonkin April 8 2021 15: 47
        -1
        We are talking about a canal; India and Russia do not need it. And China with Europe - I wrote above. It's just that 780 kilometers of the canal seems very expensive and unrealistic to me. And so let them build for their own money, I think it will not be worse.
        1. rjpthju Offline rjpthju
          rjpthju (Lev Atyasov) April 8 2021 18: 56
          +3
          And what will you allow strangers to manage in your house, albeit with your own money? Do you think China will just invest money like that? And the Kazakhs are already looking askance, the nationalists are getting stronger with them. Read how Russians live there. This idea is a betrayal of Russia's national interests. For what and for whom? Russia is doing fine without him. For China and Kazakhstan, we will withdraw the most fertile arable lands from circulation, soil salinization is ensured and many other problems.
          1. Alexander Betonkin April 8 2021 20: 24
            0
            Nobody will be in charge here, especially Kazakhstan (they simply have no money). Do you go to shops like Leroy? Please find out which countries are shareholders. Even in Gazprom, American depositary receipts - 25.20% of the shares. And good money will be paid for transit. Although they will not succeed with this channel. In any case, in the next decade.
            1. rjpthju Offline rjpthju
              rjpthju (Lev Atyasov) April 9 2021 14: 54
              +1
              I live in a taiga village. We have no shops like Leroy here. But test underground nuclear explosions were nearby. They wanted to turn Pechora to Kazakhstan. Already a new criminal code was ready, increasing punishment. Free labor is needed. Thank God, bold scientists were found. Although in the 2000s, Luzhkov and Nazarbayev again ran around with the idea of ​​turning our northern rivers. Nonsense. To destroy nature for the sake of another country. The Irtysh has become shallow enough. The Chinese redirected their land to themselves, the Kazakhs take water for themselves along the Irtysh-Karaganda-Dzhezkazgan canal. We have what remains of them. Therefore, I am categorically against, for the sake of someone, to rot nature.
              1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 9 2021 20: 22
                0
                Are Pechora and Irtysh nearby?
                I'm confused...
        2. Piramidon Offline Piramidon
          Piramidon (Stepan) April 9 2021 22: 57
          +2
          Quote: Alexander Betonkin
          India and Russia don't need it

          Moreover, Russia has had a channel for a long time, the Volga-Don channel.
  2. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) April 8 2021 15: 54
    0
    And won't the Volga-Don Canal connect the Caspian Sea with Azov?
    1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) April 8 2021 17: 16
      +1
      It is not suitable for navigating container ships and tankers.
      1. Piramidon Offline Piramidon
        Piramidon (Stepan) April 9 2021 22: 58
        +1
        Quote: Kristallovich
        It is not suitable for navigating container ships and tankers.

        It is easier to expand it than to dig a new one.
  3. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 8 2021 15: 58
    0
    All this is very exotic (c) expression of a partner from Belgium on a different occasion, but to this article to the very point laughing
  4. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) April 8 2021 18: 19
    0
    It is regrettable that it is not the Russian Federation, but the PRC that moves the initiatives, forms the world trade infrastructure and the political map of the world - invests, builds trade routes, develops the production base, implements Its standards, management system, etc. for the purpose of its continuous economic development, and thus reorients the economy of all participants in its mega-projects, which in their essence are no different from people bought on the labor market who agree to work for a small share of the master's super profits.
    The capacity of the Transsib is already at its limit today, and BAM needs investments. The Northern Sea Route requires huge financial investments to create infrastructure, which the Russian Federation cannot master without attracting foreign capital, and the participation of foreign capital is stipulated by property and management rights - the topic for the Russian Federation is extremely painful, almost all neighboring states have certain claims, it is worth giving in to one and everyone will attack. The channel through Manych-buzzing is predetermined by nature itself and it is not only of interest to the Russian Federation, and therefore has good chances for implementation.
  5. Panikovsky Offline Panikovsky
    Panikovsky (Mikhail Samuelevich Panikovsky) April 9 2021 19: 09
    +2
    Until hundreds of scientists calculate this, it is pointless to even talk about it. How many of the most fertile arable lands of the Don and Krasnodar regions will have to be destroyed, how many hundreds of thousands of people will have to be resettled!
  6. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 9 2021 20: 39
    0
    For evening after-dinner jokes and relaxation.
    When I was partnering with Iran, a broker came to serve our cargo in Anzali and Nowhar.
    Between a beer he drank and went to the circus (for some reason they love both), he was interested in how to conduct Iranian ships from Astrakhan to St. Petersburg.
    He declared about the possible displacement, ice support to Astrakhan, the navigation season and the prohibition of foreign ships to sail along our rivers / canals.
    And a canal through Kalmykia, one edge and one region, well, probably it is possible, in any way easier than digging through the Alborz ridge in Iran ...
  7. ctckfqrb Offline ctckfqrb
    ctckfqrb (Evgeny Korolev) April 11 2021 14: 28
    0
    Yes, dig, and even turn the northern rivers back, in a joke America will die of laughter.
  8. Valeria Mukharev (Valery Mukharev) April 19 2021 03: 07
    0
    Once in the backyard of the United States, it will not be left like that.