Unique Russian ekranolet will become a thunderstorm for the US Navy in the Arctic


The recent "Suez plug" has drawn increased attention to the Northern Sea Route. Despite the great potential of this waterway, its opening requires considerable time and huge investments in infrastructure. This route with a total length of 14 thousand kilometers, running in harsh Arctic conditions, also needs to be guarded and regularly patrolled, to be able to quickly carry out a search and rescue operation, so that sea carriers feel themselves under reliable protection from Russia. And our country has something to offer them.


Perhaps the best solution would be to create a series of ekranoplanes, a kind of hybrids of aircraft and ships, which took most of the advantages of both types of transport, but, unfortunately, some disadvantages. What are ekranoplans, and why will they be in their place on the Northern Sea Route?

An ekranoplan is a multi-mode vessel that, in its main operational mode, flies using the "ground effect" over a water or other surface, without constant contact with it, and is maintained in the air, mainly by the aerodynamic lifting force generated on the air wing (wings) , body or parts thereof due to interaction with air reflected from the underlying surface.

The Soviet ekranoplan "Lun" had a length of 74 meters with a wingspan of 44 meters, its speed was 500 km / h, and it was able to travel a distance of 2000 km. The maximum take-off weight was 380 tons. The ekranoplan can fly both over the sea and over flat land. From the plane, he took a high speed, and from the ship - a high carrying capacity. "Lun" was the first and, alas, the only one in a series of combat ekranoplanes ordered by the USSR Ministry of Defense. They were all supposed to be armed with Mosquito anti-ship missiles, 6 pieces on board. The high, in comparison with the ship, the speed of movement, multiplied by the low flight altitude (up to 5 meters above sea level), in theory, should have made "Lun" and its brothers "killers of aircraft carriers." Unfortunately, ekranoplanes had their own rather serious shortcomings. Perhaps the most serious of these include very low maneuverability, as well as the danger of flying at extremely low altitudes, which can lead to disasters. It is enough to "strike" the wing on the water, and the emergency is provided.

Why is the RF Ministry of Defense returning to this old idea today? The fact is that in our country several interesting projects are being developed at the same time, which may be in demand in the conditions of the Northern Sea Route, as well as perform a lot of other useful tasks.

"Orlan"


This is an ekranoplan, developed for the conditions of the Arctic by order of the Russian military by the Nizhny Novgorod Central Design Bureau. Alekseeva. Its exact tactical and technical characteristics are unknown, but it can be assumed that domestic designers took into account the Soviet experience. Most likely, "Orlan" will be much smaller and lighter than "Lunya", thanks to the possibility of using modern composite materials and other equipment. Instead of six Moskit anti-ship missiles weighing 4500 kilograms each, either the lighter Caliber cruise missiles or the Onyx anti-ship missiles will be used. Due to the reduced mass of the ekranoplan, it will be possible to install fewer engines, which will lead to fuel economy and an increase in the flight radius.

Thus, the combat ekranoplan will be able to safely patrol the Northern Sea Route, as well as attack sea and ground targets with missiles, in fact, functionally replacing naval aviation. Probably, these unusual aircraft can be attracted to anti-submarine warfare. In addition, the Eagles will be able to be used in search and rescue operations, freely landing on land, on the ice cover, and on the sea surface.

Be-2500


This is an even more interesting and promising Russian project of not a simple ekranoplan, but an ekranoplan. The Taganrog Aviation Scientifictechnical The Beriev complex describes the potential for using an unusual hybrid vessel as follows:

The concept of a super-heavy seaplane provides for flights both in the screen, over the ocean surface, and in high-altitude modes. The Be-2500 will become an ideal platform for delivering spacecraft to the upper atmosphere of the Earth's equatorial zone.

Unlike Orlan, the Be-2500 will be able to lift off the surface and take off to an altitude of several kilometers, overcoming any obstacles and at the same time increasing its fuel efficiency. With a take-off weight of 2500 tons, the ekranolit should lift up to 1000 tons of cargo into the air. The flight range of this device is estimated at 16 thousand kilometers, that is, it will be able to overcome the entire length of the Northern Sea Route in a non-stop mode in one patrol. In fact, this will be a kind of both long-range and naval aviation, ideally adapted to the harsh Arctic conditions. At the same time, the increased carrying capacity will make it possible to fill the ekranolit to the eyeballs with a huge number of anti-ship and cruise missiles, as well as means of fighting enemy submarines. Well, the possibility of using the Be-2500 as a carrier for spaceships will be an additional pleasant bonus.

It remains only to wish domestic developers patience to bring these aircraft to the series. They will definitely not be superfluous.
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  1. Alexzn Online Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) April 5 2021 17: 45
    -6
    The stupidest project has been presented as a super breakthrough for 30 years. A worthless monster is buried because it was originally worthless.
  2. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 5 2021 18: 04
    +2
    With a take-off weight of 2500 tons, the ekranolit should lift up to 1000 tons of cargo into the air

    Almost 17 cars. Fine... fellow
  3. av58 Offline av58
    av58 (Andrei) April 6 2021 01: 48
    +2
    The ekranoplan / ekranolet has a high efficiency in terms of cargo transportation, flies at a height that is practically unattainable for radars. This is an almost ideal means of delivering troops to the United States, including heavy military equipment.
    1. rotkiv04 Offline rotkiv04
      rotkiv04 (Victor) April 6 2021 07: 25
      +2
      No landing is needed for the Pindos, there is only mbr
  4. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) April 6 2021 06: 56
    -6
    Unique Russian ekranolet will become a thunderstorm for the US Navy in the Arctic

    - Personally, I've been writing about these ekranolots for two years already ...
    - The most beautiful "thing" !!! - Just an irreplaceable "thing" !!! - Just a necessary "thing" !!!
    - And for Russia ... - with its endless expanses ... - huge forest, steppe, tundra, swampy, lake, river, sea and so on ... - gigantic spaces .... - this "thing" is simply irreplaceable !!!
    - Of course ... - in our criminal-capitalist time ... - who will do this in Russia ... - who needs it today ... - Here the Russian Space is already in agony and Russian civil aviation is bent with might and main ... - Until Whether ekranoplanov ... - Yeah ...
    - But on these "screens" you can "carry" anything you want ... - even pipes for gas pipelines; even containers with LNG; even tanks; even submarines (from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin and to Vladivostok ... -Hahah) ... -However, even a round timber to transport ... - anything ...
    - But, Russia was not lucky with "today's time" ... - What is it ... here ... you can do it ...
    1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
      Ulysses (Alexey) April 6 2021 21: 44
      0
      - Personally, I've been writing about these ekranolots for two years already ...
      - The most beautiful "thing" !!! - Just an irreplaceable "thing" !!! - Just a necessary "thing" !!!

      Useless thing.
      I understand why you are drowning for her like that.
  5. Ivanovich2021 Offline Ivanovich2021
    Ivanovich2021 (Igor) April 6 2021 09: 44
    +2
    Internet connoisseurs love to find a shadow on the fence without figuring out the issue. In the early 80s, a group of officers was transferred from Kachi (Crimea) to the positions of flight and technical personnel in Kaspiysk, where the ekranoplanes were based. After a couple of years they returned, I curse this venture. The technique turned out to be crude, difficult to operate and, as time confirmed, unpromising. I served 18 years on Novaya Zemlya. Most of the Mi-8T. So after the blizzards zamakhaeshsya turntable for the flight to prepare, and only the flight itself is almost always on the extreme. Now imagine the difficulties with the work of this BARN! Just imagine that the three-point roughness of the sea in the North is calm. How to take off from such a surface? Stupidity and idle talk, not an article. Learn materiel, author.
    1. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
      gorenina91 (Irina) April 6 2021 19: 29
      -6
      Internet connoisseurs love to find a shadow on the fence without figuring out the issue. In the early 80s, a group of officers was transferred from Kachi (Crimea) to the positions of flight and technical personnel in Kaspiysk, where the ekranoplanes were based. After a couple of years they returned, I curse this venture. The technique turned out to be crude, difficult to operate and, as time confirmed, unpromising. I served 18 years on Novaya Zemlya. Most of the Mi-8T. So after the blizzards zamakhaeshsya turntable for the flight to prepare, and only the flight itself is almost always on the extreme. Now imagine the difficulties with the work of this BARN! Just imagine that the three-point roughness of the sea in the North is calm. How to take off from such a surface? Stupidity and idle talk, not an article. Learn materiel, author.

      - Ah, that's what it turns out to be ... - "The technique turned out to be raw" ... - And what was not "raw" in Russia today ???
      ??? - Domestic UAVs - were not "raw" ??? Or our strategists ... - Tu-22, Tu-160 turned out to be "raw" ??? - Or the spacecraft "Buran" - was not "raw"; passions for which today suddenly resumed and in Russia today they scratch their turnips and think ... - how can they buy it back from the Kazakhs ... - And the T-80 and T-72 tanks suddenly turned out to be "not damp" for more than 40 years old...
      - But the ekranoplanes are not yet "ripe" ... - They turned out to be "raw" ... - It turns out that they can only be used on Novaya Zemlya and only where strong winds blow and storms rage ... - In tiny Russia in general there is no place for such giant birds ... - Russia's territory is too small ... ... And what about Antarctica ???
  6. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 6 2021 11: 24
    +1
    Again this old topic. For a long time already everything, both the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Defense, and the rest abandoned ekranoplanes as ineffective. Even the idiotic ideas of dropping missiles from the rear of the Chaeks were voiced only in the media.
    And here again.
    Nothing, but already "the storm of the US Navy."

    Spectacle rubbing and hating.
  7. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker April 6 2021 21: 34
    -4
    will become a threat to the US Navy in the Arctic

    Will, someday, but not under Putin!
  8. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) April 6 2021 21: 59
    +1
    Super heavy concept seaplane provides for flights both in the screen, over the ocean surface, and in high-altitude modes. The Be-2500 will become an ideal platform for delivering spacecraft to the upper atmosphere of the Earth's equatorial zone.

    Mr. Marzhetsky, what are you?
    Advertise this:

    The seaplane smoothly turns into ... an ekranoplane for .... "delivery of spaceships to the upper atmosphere." belay belay

    I've read anything from you, but here you really broke through the bottom, reaching the core of the Earth. yes

    PS Guys, do not be so carried on with all sorts of nonsense. lol
    And then we will fly to Alpha Centauri even with this generation. wassat
  9. Denis Malygin Offline Denis Malygin
    Denis Malygin (Denis Malygin) April 7 2021 12: 18
    +2
    Will not become a Thunderstorm. The technology is good, but the design is so unstable that they will no longer be used.
  10. ctckfqrb Offline ctckfqrb
    ctckfqrb (Evgeny Korolev) April 18 2021 22: 10
    0
    Don't tell my tomatoes.