Russia may be left with nothing in the battle for the sixth continent


Due to its geographical location, Russia is a great Arctic power, whose rights are currently being challenged by the United States. However, our affairs at the opposite pole of the planet are not in the best way, despite the fact that it was the Russian sloops Mirny and Vostok who discovered the sixth continent in 1819. In such cases, the British, Spaniards and French stuck their flags and declared new lands the property of their crown, but with Antarctica it turned out differently.


Why is this ice-covered mainland even needed? According to geologists, its depths may contain large reserves of minerals: copper, zinc, nickel, lead, iron ore, coal, etc. But the most important thing is that the Antarctic shelf is extremely rich in hydrocarbons: in the "Australian sector" in the Ross Sea alone, the total volume of oil fields is estimated at 50 billion barrels, and gas - at 100 trillion cubic meters. For comparison, in our country these figures are 74 billion and 33 trillion, respectively.

It is not surprising that there are many contenders to tear apart the deserted Antarctica. The UK, New Zealand, Australia, France, Norway, Chile and Argentina have stated their claims. At the same time, the Argentines and the British are clearly outlining a future territorial conflict caused by the disputed status of the Falkland Islands. Russia is not among this seven, despite the status of a pioneer, not. In order to avoid international conflict, in 1959, under pressure from other countries, the Antarctic Treaty was signed, according to which all participants pledged not to place military bases on it, to test weapons, limiting themselves only to peaceful research. His Sixth Article froze all territorial claims, postponing them for later.

However, in 1998, the Madrid Protocol was signed on the development of natural resources, which banned them until 2048. After the 50-year period, the document will either be prolonged or canceled, and then the redistribution of Antarctica will begin. Applicants for a "no-man's" continent will lay claim to it, and those who are not so lucky with geography or discoverers will be forced to "wipe away" or otherwise declare their claims. The not "Antarctic" USA and China are investing hundreds of millions of dollars in research programs and building new stations. And here our country does not look very good yet.

At first, unlike other competitors, where this issue is carefully dealt with through the ministries of defense, our Antarctica is managed by Roshydromet. Roshydromet, Karl!

Secondly, the Antarctic projects of this department are underfunded in comparison not only with the PRC or the USA, but also with neighboring Chile and Australia. A dozen of existing scientific stations on the continent (5 permanent and 5 seasonal) were built in the 60s, outdated and dilapidated. The Vostok station generally had to be modernized at the expense of businessman Leonid Mikhelson, who explained:

I personally visited that Antarctic complex. It is very difficult, almost impossible, to live, work, conduct important scientific research there.

Thirdly, we have big problems with the ocean-going fleet, able to provide free access to Antarctica. There is a research vessel "Akademik Alexander Karpinsky", but it is now in quarantine in South Africa. Last year, the nuclear-powered lighter Sevmorput had to be chartered to deliver those same complexes to Vostok, but a unique civilian ship damaged the propeller halfway through and had to return to St. Petersburg for repairs, never reaching Antarctica with a valuable cargo. At present, the supply of Russian polar explorers is carried out by the ship Akademik Treshnikov.

Russia desperately needs a developed specialized fleet capable of working without problems in the conditions of both the Arctic and Antarctica, and a large Antarctic aviation, so as not to end up at a broken trough by 2048.
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  1. 123 Online 123
    123 (123) 8 February 2021 12: 45
    +3
    Russia desperately needs a developed specialized fleet capable of working without problems in the conditions of both the Arctic and Antarctica, and a large Antarctic aviation, so as not to end up at a broken trough by 2048.

    Well, if you think that Russia has problems with this, name the country that does not have them smile
  2. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 8 February 2021 13: 22
    -7
    Russia may be left with nothing in the battle for the sixth continent

    - Yes, of course it will ...
    - Russia has already remained without its Space ... - And here ... here ... here - some kind of Antarctica ... - just think ...
    - If something happens, we will buy from Chile the "Antarctic natural resources" extracted by it ... - We will carry them from Chile or directly from the "Chilean Antarctic mines" on Greek ships ... - That's when all this will cost Russia "a pretty penny "... - Well, what ... - Russia is no stranger to ... - to drive itself into a" similar position "...
    - Now the main thing ... is if only Russia and Chile do not spoil relations; otherwise everything will get very complicated ...
  3. Scharnhorst Offline Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst) 8 February 2021 13: 59
    -1
    The topic of the development of Antarctica must be entrusted to the Ministry of Justice! Let the Americans and Chinese be dragged through the courts, who already want to lay their paws on the moon. Well, but seriously, we cannot really master our dear and dear northern Arctic. There is no need to spread out over the South Arctic Circle. Such non-poor countries as Canada, Denmark, Norway do not get much benefit from their polar possessions.
  4. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 8 February 2021 14: 39
    +1
    By and large, Roscosmos most likely needs to deal with Antarctica! There you can work out new space suits, modular housing for the Lunar Station, a greenhouse, rovers for moving on the surface of other planets, and much more.
  5. Valentine Offline Valentine
    Valentine (Valentin) 8 February 2021 14: 48
    0
    And what, one wonders, have we forgotten in Antarctica, when we have enough of our unsettled North, we are within reach of the Arctic, and there are three bast shoes on the map to the southern continent, and there are enough of our masters there, and we go with horns to where we are not expected , although we are no longer expected anywhere. The Yankees have already occupied the Moon, leaving their golf ball there, so to speak, their label for reigning on the Moon, and let's stake out the Sun for ourselves, and let Europe and the United States pay us for sunlight and warmth. They made a mess on Earth and wed ..., but no one wants to put it in order, but even the Balts are rattling with weapons, and give them the Arctic too.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 9 February 2021 07: 58
      0
      Quote: Valentine
      And what, one wonders, have we forgotten in Antarctica, when we have enough of our unsettled North,

      Securing promising deposits for the future.
  6. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 8 February 2021 15: 06
    +3
    First of all, the Russian Federation needs a military fleet that is capable of putting in place not only syavoks, such as Argentina, which are not as brave as they are impudent, but also a more serious adversary if he misses the coast and begins to climb into the pocket of the Russian Federation. Without a navy, civilian courts will not be able to defend the interests of the Russian Federation anywhere. It is time to raise the issue of building Leader-class destroyers, both in nuclear and turbine versions. On the Soviet-built cruisers Orlan, of which there will soon be 2 at best, we will not go far, and landing ships without escort of destroyers and frigates are targets for the enemy, nothing more. Financing the construction of warships should be undertaken not only by the state, but also by businessmen-beneficiaries of oil and gas developments. They want to make money, let them invest in the project.
  7. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 8 February 2021 19: 53
    0
    ... we have Roshydromet in charge of Antarctica. Roshydromet, Karl!

    So what? We do not have a functioning government. There are some results where Putin's zone of influence is.
    Aren't you surprised that Rosatom is responsible for coordinating and managing the development of the Northern Sea Route? What does Rosatom have to do with the NSR? And in Rosatom, by definition, there remains a school of long-range planning and work with a huge number of collaborators. The NPP is initially planned from the beginning of design to disposal. 80 years old. And Rosatom is engaged in coal mining in the Far East. Need coal miners along the way? We bought a license from the French and began to produce. Then we developed our own.
    And Roshydro is engaged in integrated renewable energy in Yakutia and to the north. Solar and wind power plants in Verkhoyansk (yes, the same one) and Tiksi. International conferences on the integrated use of renewable energy are gathered there. Many come.
    Mastering not according to ESovsky manuals a la Khrushchev (come on, come on), but according to the mind.
    The Egyptians went and began to build gas stations near their solar power plants in order to compensate for the drop in electricity generation at night.
    There is no State Planning Committee, and Rosatom is definitely not enough for Antarctica.
    But there is a basis for the creation of the State Planning Committee, when the liberals are kicked out.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 9 February 2021 08: 01
      -1
      Quote: boriz
      So what? We do not have a functioning government. There are some results where Putin's zone of influence is.

      Sorry, but this government was appointed personally by Putin. Don't you see some kind of contradiction?

      Aren't you surprised that Rosatom is responsible for coordinating and managing the development of the Northern Sea Route? What does Rosatom have to do with the NSR? AND

      How surprising. My assumption is this: Rosatom was transferred to the NSR from the Ministry of Transport for its privatization together with China.

      But there is a basis for the creation of the State Planning Committee, when the liberals are kicked out.

      But who will throw them out if the president himself appoints them, and this is through one of his personal friends?
  8. Ulysses Online Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 8 February 2021 21: 10
    +1
    Firstly, unlike other competitors, where this issue is carefully dealt with by the defense ministries, our Antarctica is managed by Roshydromet. Roshydromet, Karl!

    Russia has no military interests in Antarctica, and Roshydromet will do the same for research purposes.

    Secondly, the Antarctic projects of this department are underfunded in comparison not only with the PRC or the USA, but also with neighboring Chile and Australia. A dozen existing scientific stations on the continent (5 permanent and 5 seasonal) were built in the 60s, are outdated and dilapidated.

    Explain what projects ??
    We have no interests there, except for research.

    Thirdly, we have big problems with the ocean-going fleet capable of providing free access to Antarctica.

    We have an Arctic with no less resources than Antarctica, but with normal logistics, a constantly updated fleet and prospects for the development of natural resources at their side.

    Mr. Marzhetsky, try to explain, why should we build an "Antarctic fleet" and drive it to the south pole, if we have everything in the north ??
    I do not understand your logic. request
  9. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 9 February 2021 08: 03
    0
    Quote: Ulysses
    Explain what projects ??
    We have no interests there, except for research.

    To secure for Russia as a discoverer of the territory on which there are promising deposits of natural resources.

    Mr. Marzhetsky, try to explain, why should we build an "Antarctic fleet" and drive it to the South Pole, if we have everything in the North ??
    I do not understand your logic. request

    First, do not distort my name.
    Secondly, do not confuse the Arctic and Antarctic.
    Thirdly, everything was explained and chewed up in the article. Reread.
    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 9 February 2021 15: 45
      +1
      I read it three times and did not find any logic either ... Russia and closer have deposits that, due to difficulties in development, were postponed for a distant later. why the hell to go to the penguins? Can Uranus and Neptune also "stake out" for the sake of methane deposits? This is the logic of children in the toy department.
    2. Ulysses Online Ulysses
      Ulysses (Alexey) 9 February 2021 19: 19
      +1
      First, do not distort my name.
      Secondly, do not confuse the Arctic and Antarctic.
      Thirdly, everything was explained and chewed up in the article. Reread.

      I apologize for the last name.

      You confuse the Arctic with the Antarctic.

      The article is at least strange.
      Main message "For the sake of the memory of our discoverers of Antarctica, we must leave the Arctic and for some reason sail to Antarctica, for the sake of fossils."

      Over 16 kilometers! (this is in a straight line).

      Without any economic, logistical and other justifications, we are invited to spend a lot of money on the Antarctic fleet, put forward territorial claims and what's next??

      "The ice shell of the continent, with an average thickness of 1720 meters. Exactly enough to drill to get to the topsoil. So mining in Antarctica is too expensive and technologically difficult." belay

      Mr. Marzhetsky, what kind of battle?
      For what?