What technologies of desalination of water for Crimea does Russia have?


And again we return to the topic of water supply in Crimea. The authorities are increasingly attracting military builders to the solution of this most important problem, and they, I must say, work quickly enough. Is it worth using the resources of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation to the maximum in order to provide the peninsula with water, and what state corporations are still able to contribute to this?


Recall that the defense department has its own structure, which is engaged in the construction of housing for military personnel, houses of culture, medical centers, sports complexes and even temples. The army has already made its contribution to the solution of the Crimean problem by connecting the Taigan and Simferopol reservoirs with a water conduit. Now the military has taken up Sevastopol, where a water intake on the Belbek River is hastily being built, which will save up to 50 thousand cubic meters of water every day. Deputy Defense Minister Timur Ivanov reported on the progress of work:

Work is progressing according to schedule. Satisfied with the progress of the work. Water will be guaranteed by March 1.

The summer of 2021 is also expected to be dry, so all this construction work, designed to repair worn-out networks, optimize and save water consumption, is urgent. The involvement of military builders is welcome. However, such construction does not change the total volume of water on the peninsula, and it can only be increased by desalinating the sea. Our Israeli "friends and partners" point out that Russia has no of technologies desalination, no relevant experience, but this is not entirely true.

Or rather, not at all. I would like to remind you that back in 1972, Soviet nuclear scientists launched a desalination plant in the city of Shevchenko (now Aktau) in Kazakhstan, which operated from a fast neutron reactor (BN-350). The Shevchenko nuclear power plant was built on the coast of the Caspian Sea on the Mangyshlak peninsula, its tasks included simultaneously supplying the region with electricity, heat and fresh water. The electric power of the reactor was 350 MW, 100 MW was spent for heating and another 100 MW for water desalination. The fast neutron reactor has demonstrated its efficiency and ease of operation, there was not a single radiation incident, and the Mangyshlak NPP became the world's first power plant of its kind.

Unfortunately, the project was killed by the "anti-nuclear" initiatives of independent Kazakhstan. BN-350 had the ability to produce weapons-grade plutonium 239, so in 1997 Astana decided to shut it down. The fast breeder reactor, or breeder reactor, which is capable of producing more fuel than it consumes, was decommissioned in 1999. The fuel was transported to the Baikal special storage facility in Semipalatinsk; Rosatom specialists are taking part in liquidation. In return, sovereign Kazakhstan received funds from the United States to purchase new heating and desalination equipment.

On the topic of the fact that in Russia allegedly there are no technologies for desalination of water at all, I would like to add more information for reflection. All in the same arid Aktau, specialists from the Keldysh Center (part of Roskosmos) are now helping Kazakhstan with the expansion of the desalination plant's capacity, explained in the past 2020 the general director of the enterprise Vladimir Koshlakov:

We once built the largest plant in the CIS in the city of Aktau in Kazakhstan, its capacity is 20 thousand cubic meters per hour. Now we are modernizing this plant, doubling the productivity - up to 40 thousand.

Russian desalination technologies were also used in the construction of the Moscow oil refinery and the Avtotor automobile plant in the Kaliningrad region. This means that two domestic state corporations have the relevant competencies at once: Rosatom and Roskosmos. And we are told with the most serious air that Russia has nothing.
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  2. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 25 January 2021 13: 46
    +4
    Underground freshwater sources are limited and therefore can be considered a temporary solution.
    The electrolysis option requires a lot of energy and is expensive; moreover, the output is practically distilled water.
    The water pipeline from the Kuban is not more complicated than oil pipelines and is much shorter, but it requires a scientific justification of the possible withdrawal of water and the consequences for the region.
    To make a mess as V.V. Zhirinovsky suggested - to build a diversion canal on the Dnieper in the Bryansk province and lower the drainage and the level of the Dnieper downstream.
    1. oderih Offline oderih
      oderih (Alex) 25 January 2021 19: 42
      0
      Not electrolysis. Simple distillation of binary mixtures (boiling conditionally) which requires much less energy.
    2. Dear sofa expert. 26 January 2021 11: 38
      +1
      Shit as V.V. Zhirinovsky suggested - to build a diversion canal on the Dnieper in Bryansk

      By the way, the idea itself is not bad.
      Of course, you don't need to set goals for anyone to shit. But a pragmatic approach: using water in other regions of Russia that need water is quite viable.

      The water pipeline from the Kuban is not more complicated than oil pipelines and is much shorter, but it requires a scientific justification of the possible withdrawal of water and the consequences for the region.

      Yes exactly. And technically it is quite doable. The ancient Romans built aquaduks. Everything is real.
  3. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 25 January 2021 17: 51
    0
    Kuwait, KSA, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan through it ... that's it, offhand ...
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) 25 January 2021 21: 07
    -2
    This means that two domestic state corporations have the relevant competencies at once: Rosatom and Roskosmos. And we are told with the most serious air that Russia has nothing.

    Again, yes. When will CASE be? There seems to be everything for this.
    1. Binder Online Binder
      Binder (Miron) 25 January 2021 21: 27
      -5
      Quote: Vladest
      When will CASE be?

      Here, after all, this is the kind of thing that comes out: you can tell the electorate for a long time about unprecedented, unparalleled new weapons in the world, show advertising cartoons, but for some reason it is impossible to desalinate even a glass of sea water using animation.
      1. Vladest Offline Vladest
        Vladest (Vladimir) 25 January 2021 21: 33
        -5
        Quote: Bindyuzhnik
        Here's the thing: you can tell the electorate for a long time

        Well, this is how it works in Russia!
        1. Binder Online Binder
          Binder (Miron) 25 January 2021 21: 42
          -4
          It works because the electorate wants to believe it, like in Pushkin:
          Ah, it's not difficult to deceive me! ..
          I'm happy to deceive myself!
          1. Vladest Offline Vladest
            Vladest (Vladimir) 25 January 2021 21: 50
            -4
            Quote: Bindyuzhnik
            Works because

            Maybe a little off topic right now they are preparing the launch of the second prototype of Starship SN9. Here you can see



            Here's how to work.
            1. Dear sofa expert. 26 January 2021 11: 14
              0
              Maybe a little off topic right now they are preparing the launch of the second prototype of Starship SN9. Here you can see

              Here's how to work.

              Are they preparing the launch in Estonia?)
              1. Vladest Offline Vladest
                Vladest (Vladimir) 26 January 2021 11: 17
                +1
                Quote: Dear sofa expert.
                Are they preparing the launch in Estonia?)

                Yes, they are building a huge data center. Almost ready. Coming soon.
  6. marciz Offline marciz
    marciz (Stas) 26 January 2021 05: 46
    -2
    Stupid people, they did not think about anything until 2014, now after Minsk they made a lot of problems for themselves and having alienated Ukraine from themselves every year the pro-Russian ones are getting smaller, as a result, later, a simple Russian soldier will still die (((((
  7. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 26 January 2021 12: 12
    -1
    as suggested by V.V. Zhirinovsky - to build a diversion canal on the Dnieper in the Bryansk province and lower the drainage and the level of the Dnieper downstream.

    - What exactly is ... - inconveniens errorem (unacceptable misunderstanding) ???
    - Yes, personally, I am absolutely sure that "water wars" will begin in this century; those. the struggle for water sources ... - And the states from which the beginning of the river (water natural streams) are taken will find themselves in the position of dominating ... - And no one will hesitate to dictate their conditions to "waterless states" ... - The case with Ukraine ... - this is the precedent ... - this first (or one of the first) bells, after which very soon many will use "such methods" (the water blockade of Crimea) ...
    - Very soon, Turkey will begin to cut off the water of Syria and create a "water blockade" for Syria ... - You can give more "examples", but everything is clear anyway ...
    - And water, fresh water ... - can very soon become much more expensive and more valuable than oil and gas ...
    - That will be Brazil; the most abundant country in the world with fresh water ... - through the "underwater canal" laid along the bottom of the ocean, to supply water to Europe ... - Hahah ... - Joke ...
    - As for Russia, today it is worthwhile for Russia to "separate out" and on a state basis "separately" secure for itself all sources of fresh water and constitutionally (through "separately" created articles of the Constitution) ... - to consolidate the right ... - to prohibit the use (for their own purposes) and the impossibility of transferring (by purchase, acquisition) to individuals (oligarchs, entrepreneurs and "other owners") ... - these water resources ... - Only this way ...
  8. oderih Offline oderih
    oderih (Alex) 26 January 2021 18: 13
    0
    Why is everyone modestly silent about the laying of the second floating nuclear power plant? It is only interesting to whom. Can someone tell me?