NI: What lessons did Russia learn from the Kursk sinking


Two decades after the Kursk submarine disaster, this tragedy remains one of the darkest in the history of the Russian navy. The National Interest writes about what conclusions the country has drawn from the death of a combat submarine.


Kursk was one of the last Project 949A Antey nuclear submarines equipped with cruise missiles. The boat was intended to attack the United States aircraft carrier groups. In total, it was planned to build 20 such submarines, but until the end of the Cold War, only 13 copies left the stocks. "Kursk" replenished the composition of the ships of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Federation in 1994 - in the era of severe underfunding of the army and the Navy in particular, as a result technical the state of many submarines and surface ships fell into decay.

On August 12, 2000, the submarine went to sea as part of a large-scale exercise, during which the Kursk was supposed to hit the nuclear missile cruiser Peter the Great with a practical torpedo. However, there was a delay in firing, and with an interval of a couple of minutes, two explosions were heard on board the submarine, as a result of which the Kursk sank, becoming a grave for 118 crew members of the submarine.

According to the conclusions of the government commission, the catastrophe occurred due to the explosion of a torpedo type 65-76A, which occurred due to a leak of hydrogen peroxide. The resulting fire led to the detonation of several more torpedoes, which eventually led to the death of the entire ship.

An investigation into the tragedy revealed many violations of safety regulations and job descriptions. Thus, "Kursk" went to sea with a damaged rescue buoy, the equipment and machinery of the boat were used with a number of violations, there were no timely inspections of the readiness of the submarine and the crew.

The main cause of the explosion, according to the commission, was leaks in the torpedo due to poor-quality welding of its body. The main negative role in the death of submariners was played by the systemic problems of the Russian fleet, which were not eliminated after the collapse of the Soviet Union, as well as non-observance of the rules for servicing equipment. The tragedy was compounded by the Kremlin's conflicting reports of data and victims of the disaster, as well as the refusal to accept help from the British and Norwegians.

The sinking of the Kursk became for Moscow not only a lesson in resolving crisis problems, but also a wake-up call about the poor condition of many ships of the Russian navy.

- NI experts note.

For a radical restructuring of the Russian Navy by the beginning of the 2010s, the military department announced a large-scale program for the modernization of the Russian fleet.
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  1. Xuli (o) Tebenado 13 January 2021 16: 02
    10 th
    An interesting formulation of the topic: "The National Interest" writes about what lessons Russia learned from the sinking of the boat.
    And the locals do not care too much about this topic.
    Again, "there are no prophets in their Fatherland ...".
    1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
      Ulysses (Alexey) 15 January 2021 15: 26
      0
      And the locals do not care too much about this topic.

      I didn't put a minus, there they piled on you anyway.

      Xuli (o) Tebenado , and what do you know about the Russian Navy rescue service?

      Are you really aware of what is being done in the Russian fleets on this topic ??
  2. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 13 January 2021 16: 12
    11
    And what lessons has Russia learned? What is the article about?
    In addition to a brief retelling of the chronology of events in foreign interpretation, there is also this one ..

    For a radical restructuring of the Russian Navy by the beginning of the 2010s, the military department announced a large-scale program for the modernization of the Russian fleet.

    Very informative .... smile do we now know that 10 years ago we announced a fleet modernization program? winked That's all? Will there be no continuation?
    1. cmonman Offline cmonman
      cmonman (Garik Mokin) 14 January 2021 19: 06
      0
      That's all? Will there be no continuation?

      If a new Kursk happens, there will be a continuation ...
      Actually - this is (original) informative in the article, as you rightly pointed out. And it says:

      The Kursk catastrophe was not only a lesson in crisis management for Moscow, but also a painful wake-up call about the dilapidated state of too many Russian warships.

      And as you quoted, the article says Moscow has made the right conclusions.
      That's all, blah blah, the magazine filled up blank pages ...
      1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
        Ulysses (Alexey) 15 January 2021 15: 30
        +1
        Yesterday one of their Virginias signaled an accident.
        The crew is struggling.
        And the silence on the air.
  3. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
    Afinogen (Afinogen) 13 January 2021 16: 14
    +2
    According to the findings of the government commission, the disaster was due to the explosion of a torpedo

    So who to believe ??? request I watched a movie on YouTube, the version is completely different.

  4. Tamara Smirnova Offline Tamara Smirnova
    Tamara Smirnova (Tamara Smirnova) 13 January 2021 17: 35
    +1
    What is this article for? What is it about? About the fact that Russia did not accept "the help of sworn enemies? Or that the state of the fleet in the 90s was bad? There we know better about the 90s than any NI. The entire aggregate west is to blame for the catastrophe, the Great Country does not die, killed by this west, the disaster may not have happened.
  5. Cucumbers Offline Cucumbers
    Cucumbers (Cucumbers) 13 January 2021 19: 14
    +4
    Drowned our boat "Memphis". For what? Kursk surfaced during a NATO exercise in the immediate vicinity of their group. They understood what this meant to them. He remained unnoticed all the time, and they frolicked like children. This frightened them greatly. They do not forgive this ... Eternal memory to our heroes
    1. rotkiv04 Offline rotkiv04
      rotkiv04 (Victor) 13 January 2021 20: 22
      -4
      And the balding guarantor said something different
  6. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 13 January 2021 23: 09
    -2
    Uh ... but about the lessons, almost not a word. What about the GDP: drowned. that's all.
  7. Dimy4 Offline Dimy4
    Dimy4 (Dmitriy) 14 January 2021 06: 06
    0
    ... a submarine

    The submarine is probably all the same.
  8. Praskovya Offline Praskovya
    Praskovya (Praskovya) 14 January 2021 23: 55
    0
    I talked with people from Severomorsk. No lessons were learned. "Kuzyu" was almost drowned recently. Optimization. savings, government purchases. And in simple words, theft and mess.
  9. cmonman Offline cmonman
    cmonman (Garik Mokin) 15 January 2021 17: 01
    0
    Quote: Ulysses
    Yesterday one of their Virginias signaled an accident.
    The crew is struggling.
    And the silence on the air.

    Indeed - silence! I checked it on the Internet - no one knows!
    Apparently Russian super-duper devices caught something like that ...
    Share at least infoy !!!
    1. Miffer Offline Miffer
      Miffer (Sam Miffers) 15 January 2021 17: 39
      0
      Many Russian devices are designed in such a way that even if everything is in perfect order with all the Virginias, they catch even what cannot be caught at all.
      And if vile enemies, as usual, will maliciously slander, then they can always be told: "You yourself are fools!"