The difficult 2020 year was marked by the revival of the civil aviation industry in Russia


2020 was very difficult for Russia. Despite all the difficulties caused by Western sanctions, the coronavirus pandemic and low oil prices, this year can reasonably be considered the beginning of the revival of the national aircraft industry. In December, two significant events took place at once.


The first to please us was the Irkut corporation, which successfully tested its promising MC-21 liner with a Russian-developed PD-14 engine. This is the most important step in the revival of the civil aircraft industry in Russia, about which we will discuss told earlier. The problem of replacing a number of electronic components has yet to be resolved, but in a few years our country will close the niche of medium-haul liners on its own. At the same time, the MS-21 may well become a real competitor to American and European corporations in the market of a number of foreign countries.


It is very gratifying that Russia will now have its own new player in the segment of short-haul liners. The revived Il-114-300, which also made its first flight, will compete with the Superjet on local airlines. The Il-114 was developed during the Soviet era to replace the An-24. This is a twin-engine turboprop aircraft designed to carry 64 passengers over a distance of up to 1500 kilometers. Thus, it practically closes the market niche of 65-75 seats, which in an amicable way the Superjet-100 should have originally claimed. The liner will be able to take off and land on relatively short runways, it can be used on poorly equipped airfields in the Far North and the Far East.


After the collapse of the USSR, the enterprise remained in Tashkent, where the liner was produced in small batches until 2012. In 2019, it was decided to resume production of the IL-114 already in Russia, in the city of Lukhovitsy. At the same time, the modernized liner is equipped with Russian TV7-117ST-01 engines developed and manufactured by UEC JSC, part of Rostec, with an increased power up to 3100 hp. The domestic power plant turned out to be powerful, but economical and easy to operate. It is assumed that up to 100 such aircraft will be produced over the next decade. Oboronlogistics, Polar Airlines and KrasAvia have already shown interest in the IL-114.

The Russian military is also looking forward to its "old new" Il-112V from Ilyushin. This light aircraft, designed for operation at poorly equipped airfields, is urgently needed by our Military Transport Aviation. At one time, it was developed to replace the An-26, which have practically exhausted their resource. The resumption of production could have happened much earlier, but with the submission of the previous leadership of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Ukrainian An-140 crossed its path. The revived plane made its first flight in March last year, but it brought a number of unpleasant surprises.

It turned out that constructive miscalculations were made, due to which the weight distribution was formed, the nose part turned out to be lighter than the tail. Instead of lightening the tail, the developers went for weighting the nose. The result was a significant increase in the weight of the aircraft, which led to a decrease in the declared payload of 5 tons to 3,5 tons. The chief designer of IL, Nikolai Talikov, with obvious displeasure explained these shortcomings by the change of generations and by the fact that young specialists are still “weak”. It’s unpleasant, but it’s more important to draw the right conclusions.

The customer sent the Il-112V for revision, where experienced designers are now engaged in it. The weight of the aircraft has already been reduced by improving its weight distribution. Facilitation is achieved through the use of composite materials, optimization of navigational equipment, the ramp and doors of the cargo hatch must be replaced. The Samara plant "Aviaagregat" has manufactured new chassis for the transporter. It is reported that by November 2019, the weight of the Il-112V was reduced by a ton, and after completion of the work - by all 2 tons.

In general, the revival and deep modernization of Soviet developments in our realities is the right step.
10 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Vadim Ananyin Offline Vadim Ananyin
    Vadim Ananyin (Vadim Ananyin) 18 December 2020 13: 30
    0
    Well, if it goes on like this, it will be very bad, the main thing here is not to stop the process as it was in the 90s.
  2. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 18 December 2020 13: 44
    +1
    Now it remains, at the right time, to impose sanctions on Boeing and stop supplying titanium parts to it for Boeing 737 parts (to begin with). You can also close the Boeing design departments in the Russian Federation. And to accept people in our design bureaus (providing a normal salary).
    The Americans will be able to master the production of these parts. But not fast. In addition to purely technological problems, there will be a lot of tests. This will result in more than one year. When (and if) they master, the train will already leave.
    1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
      igor.igorev (Igor) 15 January 2021 10: 41
      -1
      And what will it give? They will buy elsewhere, and our hard workers will lose their jobs. Will you pay them?
  3. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
    ODRAP (Alexey) 18 December 2020 15: 50
    -2
    About poorly equipped airfields, it is unlikely. Low-wing aircraft with huge propellers .... In the certificate, for that still, Soviet, Vika writes that it is forbidden to use from ground.
    At our airfield, before the start of the L-39 flights (training from some Vaul), the runway was blown through the TM59 and vacuumed ...
    1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 18 December 2020 19: 23
      +4
      There is no need to tell tales about a low-wing airfield, because there is any airfield - there is always an even field and no cobblestones, and there is also bullshit about dust ... And as with dust in desert regions, there is solid dust in any wind, IL-114 will not fly there? ... Why is this a lie, for slops? The low-wing aircraft creates a screen effect, which lowers the landing speed, and thus the safety, and as well as takeoff., And this is a big plus.
      1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
        ODRAP (Alexey) 18 December 2020 20: 51
        -2
        Dear Vladimir!
        It is, of course, bullshit. lol
        But I, unlike you, served for several years at the airfield, in the Long-Range Aviation. (since then, I really hate snow. Guess why? bully )
        And before this very service, I worked for a couple of years at a plant (specifically, 171 in \ plant), where they repaired airfield special equipment. In the neighboring workshop, they were repairing "vacuum cleaners", a hefty rattletrap that could suck in a half-brick from a height of a meter ....
        Guess why this is? laughing
        1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 19 December 2020 12: 07
          0
          That's right, this is all called runway maintenance, to remove everything, sometimes accidentally falling objects, snow drifts, dust. More than once accidents occurred due to the loss of parts by other sides, the famous supersonic Concorde ran into such a loss in La Bourget and a disaster ...
          1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
            ODRAP (Alexey) 21 December 2020 00: 40
            0
            Well, so what am I? wink
            So there is dust and foreign objects on the runway, eh?
            And also, snow, ice and accidentally wandering cows ... lol
            For Leburg I will not say, I have never been, but Tu22, in front of my eyes, sat on the belly.
    2. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
      igor.igorev (Igor) 15 January 2021 10: 42
      0
      Have you ever heard of an aircraft like the Il-14? He, too, was a low-wing aircraft with healthy propellers, he is still remembered in the Far North, and in Antarctica too.
  4. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 18 December 2020 16: 23
    +4
    Here's another in small aircraft to launch a new maize plant as soon as possible, so that it is like a flying minibus! And then the endless North and the Far East will thank the Russian industry very much.
    1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
      igor.igorev (Igor) 15 January 2021 10: 44
      0
      Why is it needed? A single-engine aircraft in the Extreme Sevres is to doom people to death in advance. You have not been able to get out of the 50s of the last century.
  5. Wanderer039 Offline Wanderer039
    Wanderer039 19 December 2020 02: 28
    +3
    While there is no effective mass production, it is too early to talk about victory, but the movement is going in the right direction !!! Domestic industry, providing at least key areas, is a guarantee of national security!
  6. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 19 December 2020 04: 54
    +2
    Here's another tanker went good

  7. The comment was deleted.