How Europe's largest river turned into Russia's ecological disaster


The Volga, the largest river in Europe, has turned from Russia's national treasure into its misfortune. If last year the Volga became disastrously shallow, now it can quite officially be considered a gutter. The river water is not drinkable, and the fish are almost gone. According to the Accounts Chamber, most of the reservoirs and watercourses of the Volga are classified as “dirty” or “polluted”.


To understand the scale of the disaster, it is necessary to recall that half of Russia's agricultural production, 45% of the national industry, and 40% of the country's population live in the great river basin. 6 million tons of cargo is transported along the Volga annually. 70 species of fish are under the threat of extinction due to the appalling state of water, of which 40 belong to the category of commercial fish. Who is to blame and what to do?

If we evaluate the problem in retrospect, it turns out that the Volga fell victim to market transformations. Since the Soviet period, it has been customary for us to take into account the state of the river on the basis of data on discharges of industrial enterprises into it. After passing into the hands of "effective owners" the factories began to pour their raw waste into the Volga around the clock. Why spend money on it, if you can not spend money, right? It cannot be said that the authorities did nothing to combat this phenomenon.

From the second half of the nineties to the beginning of the two thousandth, a special program “Revival of the Volga” was in operation. Wastewater treatment modernization was carried out, the construction of factories and settlements on its banks, but this was clearly not enough, and a new program had to be introduced. Why then?

At first, as experts point out, the measures taken can only give a result in a complex. For some reason, the efforts of officials are concentrated only in the Middle Volga, out of 40 regions located in its basin, only 16 participate in the program. But you need to clean both the Upper Volga and the river mouth, right?

SecondlyFor some reason, the fight is only against industrial discharges, but by now this is far from the main factor of pollution. Environmentalists argue that liquid diffuse runoff (chemicals and fertilizers), which seeps into the water from the soil of agricultural land, where "aggressive" land use is carried out, is much more dangerous for the Volga. In addition, storm runoffs from cities, which collect various oil products, phenols, compounds of iron, zinc, manganese, copper from streets, gas stations, parking lots, cafes and restaurants, cause huge harm. The authorities prefer to go the simplest way and deal not with liquid waste, but with solid household waste. This is good, but not enough.

Thirdly, the fish population, in addition to the appalling quality of water and pollution of channels-fish passages, which are not cleared all, are extremely negatively affected by the activities of fishing cooperatives. Having received plots for fishery, they practically uncontrollably rake out all river animals from them with nets, exceeding all the established limits. The result is an abnormal lack of fish for the Volga.

At last, there are legitimate questions to local officials responsible for environmental protection. So, according to the Accounts Chamber, in Volgograd, the profile committee on ecology spent 8,6 million rubles allocated for the clearing of water bodies on the purchase of new furniture, cleaning the premises, staff salaries and the purchase of a domestic-assembled SUV. This is necessary, of course, but it should not be done at the expense of earmarked funds, right?

If everything continues in the same spirit, the Volga will soon finally turn into a great sewer.
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 3 December 2020 15: 09
    -3
    And the Desna needs to transfer water to the Volga. Then there will be more water.
    1. Piramidon Offline Piramidon
      Piramidon (Stepan) 3 December 2020 16: 22
      +2
      Quote: Bulanov
      And the Desna needs to transfer water to the Volga.

      What's the use of that? And this water will be dirtied as well.
      1. orange Offline orange
        orange (ororpore) 3 December 2020 19: 23
        -1
        There are dozens of national projects in Russia. I am sure that there is no national project for the preservation of the Volga's ecology, otherwise the problem would not have been so acute.
        1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
          Marzhecki (Sergei) 4 December 2020 08: 50
          -2
          Several years ago, they resumed it, just about its effectiveness, the Accounts Chamber was extremely critical and spoke out.
        2. Bitter Offline Bitter
          Bitter (Gleb) 8 December 2020 00: 43
          +1
          I am sure that there is no national project for the preservation of the Volga ecology ...

          Well, it means that not everything is lost, we have to wait a couple of years or five-year plans, and then there will be something to revive and money will be dumped by anyone.
          Although, on the other hand, if the supervisory authorities properly perform their duties, you can not spend too much, and also find those who will pay for cleaning.
    2. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
      ODRAP (Alexey) 5 December 2020 11: 46
      -3
      Straight from White Birch, oga. There it is just comfortable, not wide, it will be convenient to take it away. You can go straight to the Crimea.
  2. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 3 December 2020 15: 29
    +6
    With widespread corruption, of course, not only the Volga became a gutter. The demand to start with the responsible services, such corrupt officials are possible every second, to punish with fines and not co-operative, but who should be imprisoned ... What will be surprised, the whole state is so arranged, to change the main ones first ...
    1. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 3 December 2020 16: 21
      -2
      With widespread corruption, of course, not only the Volga became a gutter. The demand to start with the responsible services, such corrupt officials are possible every second, to punish with fines and not co-operative, but who should be imprisoned ... What will be surprised, the whole state is so arranged, to change the main ones first ...

      Changed in 1991, did not help request
      1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 3 December 2020 19: 44
        +4
        What a substitution of concepts, you really do not confuse different things ... They purposefully destroyed the entire state in order to rob, and then there is a reward for poisoning the environment ... Of course, this also fits into the looting of the state ...
        1. 123 Offline 123
          123 (123) 3 December 2020 21: 35
          +2
          What are the podnames of concepts, you really do not confuse different things ... purposefully destroyed the entire state in order to rob, and then there is a reward for poisoning the environment ...

          What does the substitution of concepts have to do with it? belay All these "scrapes" as a rule are not beneficial, they destroy the economy and throw the country back. And it doesn't matter for what purpose they are made. In 1917, too, you know, life did not become more fun. Devastation, famine, civil war.
          What is the pay for environmental poisoning? What do you mean? That someone is getting money for the poisoning of the Volga? I hope not. then what is the conversation about? Industry? so you are sure that it is only destroyed under this power. winked What's left? Agriculture and urban wastewater? Do you want to say that more attention was paid to this under the Soviet regime? In Crimea, everything is still flowing directly into the sea, and this has been going on since Soviet times, and Crimea is no exception. I myself observed tons of chemicals in the fields, once I even literally experienced it on my own skin. Agricultural aviation, you know, generously watered from above. I also personally observed tens of kilometers of oil-flooded roadsides. You know, I was born and raised in this country, it is useless to tell me fairy tales, the age is not the same. hi
      2. Akuzenka Offline Akuzenka
        Akuzenka (Alexander) 4 December 2020 12: 07
        +3
        To the point! The terrible Bolsheviks were unable to "ditch" the Volga in 70 years. Effective property owners, ditched in less than 30! Hooray! Victory for democracy !!! And no one is to blame!
      3. Bitter Offline Bitter
        Bitter (Gleb) 8 December 2020 00: 51
        0
        Changed in 1991 ..

        Where and to whom? They didn't change it, they sold it and handed it over to the derban, and there at least the grass won't grow.
  3. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 3 December 2020 16: 21
    0
    If we evaluate the problem in retrospect, it turns out that the Volga fell victim to market transformations. Since the Soviet period, it has been customary for us to take into account the state of the river on the basis of data on discharges of industrial enterprises into it. After passing into the hands of "effective owners" the factories began to pour their raw waste into the Volga around the clock.

    Well, of course laughing In Soviet times, the water was crystal clear, the sky was blue and the grass was green, and then the bourgeois came and dirtied everything. smile In my opinion, this problem was familiar to people and the Soviet era. Not to say that they bother so much on cleaning, and how much of all chemistry they poured and fell into the little land I saw enough yes



    In general, the problem of ecology is becoming more acute and not enough attention is paid to it.
    1. boriz Offline boriz
      boriz (boriz) 3 December 2020 20: 16
      +3
      Well, it wasn't that bad. With a large volume of production, there was some kind of supervision, the bottom of the rivers was constantly cleaned (under the new government - I don't remember something).
      In the 80s, my friend directly in Kaluga fished (sometimes) a sterlet with a fishing rod or spinning rod (but not with a net).
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 3 December 2020 21: 54
        +2
        Well, it wasn't that bad. With a large volume of production, there was some kind of supervision, the bottom of the rivers was constantly cleaned (under the new government - I don't remember something).

        And I'm not saying that everything was so bad. I just don't see much of a difference. I can’t say that under the Soviet regime we were very concerned about ecology, but now the bourgeoisie is mercilessly destroying nature. A pulp and paper mill on Lake Baikal was built under the USSR, and the military is still taking garbage out of the Arctic. I suppose the death of the Aral Sea could have been prevented, but everything began at that time too.
        And cleaning the bottom alone will not solve anything. We need water treatment facilities, change the attitude in agriculture, and re-grow forests in the coastal zone.

        In the 80s, my friend directly in Kaluga fished (sometimes) a sterlet with a fishing rod or spinning rod (but not with a net).

        It may very well be that we are still catching, although the waters of the shallow Irtysh from China bring many things of little use from the Celestial Empire. In the 90s I came across a dried fish, beautiful, transparent amber, like the Astrakhan vobla, but ..... with a characteristic smell of oil products winked And that water reservoir was dirtied in Soviet times.
        The load on nature is constantly growing, the detrimental effect of human life is not beneficial.
    2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 4 December 2020 08: 52
      -3
      Quote: 123
      Well, of course In Soviet times, the water was crystal clear, the sky was blue and the grass was green, and then the bourgeois came and dirtied everything. In my opinion, this problem was familiar to people and the Soviet era. Not to say that they bother so much on cleaning, and how much of all chemistry they poured and fell into the land

      The bourgeois came and dirtied everything that was left.
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 4 December 2020 11: 46
        +1
        The bourgeois came and dirtied everything that was left.

        After other journalists, there are not many left. smile We still need to figure out who harms the most winked
    3. Bitter Offline Bitter
      Bitter (Gleb) 8 December 2020 01: 05
      +1
      ... the water was crystal clear, the sky was blue and the grass was green, and then the bourgeois came and dirtied everything.

      That's exactly what it is, literally and figuratively. Russian bourgeoisie are more efficient everywhere, especially in this respect, only they don't want to invest in infrastructure and they carry their salaries in convertible currency. For a long time, I had an internship at a Soviet chemical plant, on the Volga River, the treatment facilities were working and their supervision was serious. Of course, there were also problems, but for this they did not iron on the head.
  4. Dmitry S. Online Dmitry S.
    Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 3 December 2020 18: 50
    0
    Greta, where are you? Here Sergey took your place ...
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 4 December 2020 08: 46
      -3
      Quote: Dmitry S.
      Greta, where are you? Here Sergey took your place ...

      As a matter of fact, there is nothing to say, I suppose?
      1. Dmitry S. Online Dmitry S.
        Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 4 December 2020 14: 45
        +2
        I recommend going to the Selenginsky or Solikamsky pulp and paper mill (Kama and Selenga) and see how it is with wastewater treatment and is there any? Most of the enterprises today operate in a closed cycle. They have no flow into the river. If you are only sitting at the computer, write on the computer. The problem is that you yourself are poorly versed in the topic: somewhere you typed one-sided material and made an article. to write about everything - to write about nothing.
  5. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 3 December 2020 20: 08
    +1
    Back in USSR!
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. SliwaSergey2017 Sliwa 5 December 2020 01: 10
    +1
    Every day, based on information from all over Russia. I understand that Russia from my once beloved country is becoming a dump.
  8. George Davydov Offline George Davydov
    George Davydov (Georgy Davydov) 5 December 2020 03: 43
    +2
    This is the result of a predatory attitude towards the Motherland on the basis of market relations, where individual or corporate interest is aimed at obtaining maximum profit, if we have capitalism. And it is profit, and is created due to the merciless exploitation of people and nature. And if you can talk about the Volga in different ways, then take, for example, the Siberian taiga, or even the oceans, which will soon turn world capital, if not into sewers, then with fetid garbage islands. In this regard, the valiant Duma members are not lagging behind, on whose behalf Zhirinovsky recognizes the collapse of the pension fund. After all this, all that remains is to say: D O R U L I L IS L!
  9. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
    ODRAP (Alexey) 5 December 2020 11: 48
    -3
    What a pity. And I already, was making plans, like the Volga water, to throw through the Volgodonsk canal, to the Don, and from there through a pipe, directly to the Crimea. Instead of the poisonous, at the mouth, the Dnieper water ... and here is such an ambush.
  10. cmonman Offline cmonman
    cmonman (Garik Mokin) 8 December 2020 03: 11
    -1
    Well, it's good that it's dry! Now it will be easier (and cheaper!) To lay a concrete channel, close it on top with the same concrete, and build a highway on it! There is no need to dig the ground, there is no need to cut the wood - the Rottenbergs are already making an estimate !!!