Solution of Crimea's water problem will hit the Ukrainian coast


The situation with the Crimean water supply has assumed the status of a full-fledged disaster. Guests and residents of the resort region are forced to open taps for several hours a day and use on the eve of the start of the heating season technical water from batteries for their household needs. The head of the republic Sergey Aksenov announced the exhaustion of all underground water reserves on the peninsula. If this is not a disaster, then what is a disaster?


Less than six years have passed since Ukraine closed the North Crimean Canal, when Moscow decided to build desalination stations on the peninsula. Prior to that, they preferred to dig artesian wells, mineralized water from which makes the soil sterile, as well as to hold prayers, calling on the "heavenly office" to shed rain on the dry Crimea. The snowless 2020-2021 winter and dry summer showed the complete bankruptcy of this frivolous approach. Governor Aksenov actually admitted defeat:

Strategically, of course, without desalination, we will not provide Simferopol in full. I say this if there is no precipitation and we are taking the worst pessimistic forecast now.

So, after all, desalination of sea water, the need for which has been said and written so much in recent years, including on the "Reporter". But what will this “pour out” into in practice, in every sense of the word? It is reported that there will be two desalination stations. The first will appear in the village of Nikolaevka, which is on the coast of the Simferopol region, the second - in the village of Frunze, Saki region. It's a good thing, but two legitimate questions arise at once.

At firstwhere do the authorities intend to get so much electricity for this? The Israelis somehow managed to do without nuclear energy at their desalination plants, but Russia is not Israel, if they do something in our country, then they do it on a large scale, for a long time and expensive, so you can't do without a nuclear power plant. According to a number of domestic media outlets, specialists from the Kurchatov Institute Research Center will be involved in the project. Perhaps we will talk about the resumption of the Crimean NPP project. About this option, we wrote back in 2018, when Rosatom was involved in assessing the problem of water supply to the peninsula. However, since then a lot of water has flowed into the sea from the North Crimean Canal, but things are still there.

How will the Kurchatovites be surprised? Will they drive our world's only floating nuclear power plant "Akademik Lomonosov" from Chukotka to the Black Sea? Are reactors with nuclear submarines adapted to the operation of desalination plants? This, of course, will be faster than rebuilding the Crimean nuclear power plant, but it will still be a rather slow process. If the authorities planned to desalinate seawater, then it was much earlier to get puzzled about obtaining electricity for this process. Six years have passed after all.

Secondly, it is not clear what to do with the waste. It is reported that the plants will operate on the principle of reverse osmosis, resulting in waste in the form of concentrated salt brine. From two cubic meters of seawater comes out one cube of fresh and one cube of salt solution, which must be put somewhere. The construction of desalination plants is planned on the resort coast near the two main cities of the peninsula, Sevastopol and Simferopol. If concentrated salt solution in huge quantities begins to flow into coastal waters, the entire ecosystem of the Crimean coast will be destroyed. It is also called the option of dumping waste into existing salt lakes, but ecologists rightly object, pointing out that their healing properties will be destroyed.

At this stage, there is an opinion that it will be necessary to build a kind of large-scale branch pipe, which will begin to discharge the saline solution into the Karkinitsky Bay, from where a view of the Ukrainian coast of the Kherson region opens. There is also the Razdolnoye district, famous for its natural reserve of world importance. More than 240 species of waterfowl live on the Swan Islands. For six years now, due to the discharge of water from the North Crimean Canal by Ukraine, the sea has been constantly desalinated here, which leads to the transformation and destruction of the local ecosystem. This is where it is proposed to pour Russian waste from the desalination process.
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 2 November 2020 15: 46
    +3
    Salinity of water in the Black Sea: at the surface 17-18, in the northwestern part 8-13, at the bottom 22-22,5 g per 1 kg. water.
    The Mediterranean Sea belongs to the seas of medium salinity, its mineralization is 39 g / l (39 parts of salt per 1000 parts of water). Recently (since 2008) desalination plants, throwing out waste water with a content of 51 to 66 parts of salt per 100 parts of water, increase the salinity of coastal waters.
    So before the salinity of the waters of the Mediterranean Sea still grow and grow. And so far everything is in order with the animals! In addition, a lot of fresh water flows out of the coastal rivers of the South Coast during precipitation, which will quickly dilute the salinity of the sea water.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 3 November 2020 08: 48
      +1
      Quote: Bulanov
      So before the salinity of the waters of the Mediterranean Sea still grow and grow. And so far everything is in order with the animals!

      So the ecosystem is different everywhere
      1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
        Bulanov (Vladimir) 3 November 2020 09: 15
        0
        Until 2014, fresh water was constantly discharged from rice paddies in Karkinitsky Bay, and the water was significantly desalinated. Now the ecosystem is being restored there that was millions of years before the North. Crimean channel.
  2. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 2 November 2020 15: 53
    -1
    Desalination plants + nuclear power plants = long and expensive.
    The solution is seen in laying a water pipeline from the Kuban. It is close and fast, but it is required to calculate the resources of the river and underground sources of the Krasnodar province.
    1. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) 2 November 2020 16: 02
      0
      The solution is seen in laying a water pipeline from the Kuban.

      How do you imagine that?
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
      Bulanov (Vladimir) 3 November 2020 08: 50
      0
      Electricity for desalination plants can be used at night, when the main facilities are not working.
  3. nov_tech.vrn Offline nov_tech.vrn
    nov_tech.vrn (Michael) 2 November 2020 17: 10
    +2
    It is enough to simply estimate the volume of desalinated water, which is equal to the resulting weak brine, approximately the same salinity as in the bottom layers, in relation to the total volume of seawater off the coast, as it becomes clear that the problem is out of hand. But the mining should be dumped not into estuaries, but directly into the sea.
  4. Valery Valeriev Offline Valery Valeriev
    Valery Valeriev (Valery Valeriev) 2 November 2020 17: 35
    +1
    Again about the water problems of the Crimea. The information sometimes needs to be corrected. Today and yesterday it rains in the Crimea, vacationers have long sprinkled from the peninsula, it is dark, damp and cold by local standards, the heating has already been turned on.
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 3 November 2020 13: 39
    +2
    It is quite obvious to me that the water for the Crimea must be taken from the Russian rivers that feed the Ukrainian Dnieper. The Russian Federation is not obliged to supply water to Ukraine, and there is not enough water both in the Don and the Volga. There are serious problems with water supply in a number of Volgograd districts. The Volga-Don Canal already exists. It is necessary to dig a number of channels to solve the problem. The task can be assigned to the engineering troops of the Russian Federation, I am sure they will cope with it.
  7. Dmitry Malikov Offline Dmitry Malikov
    Dmitry Malikov (Dmitry Malikov) 3 November 2020 14: 47
    0
    And surely they will need a whole nuclear power plant for this? This is a distiller and less energy is required there. Did anyone make preliminary calculations? And let them dump into estuaries, salt resorts will open.
  8. 24042007 Offline 24042007
    24042007 3 November 2020 18: 09
    +1
    We will solve this problem too! How we solved the problems of power supply of Crimea, construction of a bridge and a road! And the article is, nevertheless, biased!
  9. Truly Faithful Offline Truly Faithful
    Truly Faithful (Alex Korban) 4 November 2020 20: 37
    +2
    There is a law of communicating vessels. If you transfer part of the water from the gums to the Kuban using canals, and then through pipes laid along the bottom or in a tunnel. It can be one big pipe.
    As a result, the water itself will come to the surface already in the Crimea. This technology was used by the Romans in their aqueducts.
  10. Tazhetdin Offline Tazhetdin
    Tazhetdin (Farit) 9 November 2020 09: 02
    0
    For six years now you have been simply shouting about the disaster in Crimea. Do not shout. There is a proverb - no matter how much you shout halva halva in your mouth will not become sweeter. You better talk about Ukraine. Maybe it will get easier