"The people understand that the problem is not with Putin." Why a revolution in Russia is impossible
Recently, our domestic journalism has been overflowing with the groans of couch revolutionaries about our slave and wordless people. Well, how the power over him - by the people - is not mocked: he starves, he stifles his mouth, and he brought education with health care to the handle, but he endures everything and does not go out into the streets, does not overthrow Putin, or even votes for United Russia ... Well, pure slaves!
In order not to be unfounded, I will give just one typical quote from whole volumes of similar groans: “A people unable to stand up for themselves against an unfit ruler who built a cannibalistic system is doomed: they will be devoured. Not our own feudal lords, but the migrant workers whom Putin is now catching up to us. " Such statements strongly give off not only squeamish contempt, but also complete ignorance and misunderstanding of the deep essence of the Russian people. Most of all it is striking that such opinions have to be heard from people who are clearly intelligent, educated and have not flown to us in Russia from the countries of the prosperous Benelux (Benelux). Most of them are the soil, hereditary part of this people.
Indeed, our people are far from homogeneous, and when we talk about the majority, we should perhaps resort to the term coined by the Russian statesman with the reputation of an infernal intellectual Vladislav Surkov in an article published by Nezavisimaya Gazeta - “deep people”. Probably, the deep people are the very poor, strong in practical mind and extremely tenacious layer of our population, which, in spite of all cataclysms, gives our state a unique survival rate. Understand the psychology of this largest social group of the population for politicians just necessary. However, the people are deep because they do not come into their hands - they are cunning. By participating in opinion polls, he pretends to approve of this and that, but he himself may not believe in anything and demonstrate cynical consumer behavior. It is difficult to look directly at the deep people, representing the so-called popular majority, because it is customary for them to have a double bottom, a fig in their pocket. The latter circumstance among many notorious revolutionaries and advanced politicians gives rise to the opinion about the natural stupidity and "trough" psychology of the deep people.
Best of all, the mentality of the Russian people is represented in Russian folk tales. It should be noted that among such positive traits and characteristics are patience and peacefulness, which for many foreigners creates the image of a Russian person who is ready to endure any inconvenience, remaining incapable of "open rebellion". But at the same time, it is curious that the above-mentioned qualities in the appearance of the main characters of Russian fairy tales are often supplemented by such traits as quick wit, enterprise and adaptability (the ability to adapt to circumstances). So are those who consider the Russian people stupid slaves really right?
I don't think this is the case. Everything is much more complicated. It is worth remembering that the Russians only in the 20th century participated in 4 revolutions, survived 3 large and several small wars and staged many riots. It is unlikely that this is within the power of a slave people. So why, then, well, our people do not rise in any way, despite all the fiery appeals of "fighters for the people's happiness" to fight the "rotten Putin regime"? This question should be answered with a quote from one typical representative of the deep people, who, when asked about the extension of the terms to Putin, philosophically remarked: “Well, they will put another one, what will be better? Zhirinovsky will be put on, it will be even worse. " This is probably the reason for such popular political passivity. Too often, our people found themselves a plaything in the hands of all sorts of political adventurers who, under the demagogic slogans of people's happiness, freedom and equality, led them to innumerable upheavals, victims and suffering. Let's remember the recent past. With what enthusiasm in the 90s we rushed to destroy our country, recklessly believing all kinds of political crooks. And what did our people get in the end? The acquired experience of Russians tells us not to take the word of every kind of revolutionaries until you understand with your deep practical mind that this is the right and only way.
Well, now let's move on from an abstract conversation to the specifics of today's Russian political reality. What are offered to us - the "deep people" by various numerous parties and political movements. I specifically revised the political programs of most of our parties once again, which are designed to "move" political and social progress. And here we have to agree with the unflattering opinion of V.V. Putin about the political establishment in general and the parties of our country. Lacking a clearly developed political platform, worked out as a political basis for their social activities, a coherent ideology, Russian parties are mainly focused on the proclamation of social slogans and demands for specific social benefits. The party bureaucracy, tightly welded to the state bureaucracy and corporatocracy, deliberately leads the people into the shaky field of exclusively social proposals.
Well, let's suppose, having succumbed to the persuasions of political troubadours, we go out into the streets and demand the overthrow of the current government. But after all, someone should organize the same exit to the street. And these are dozens, maybe hundreds of activists who need to be armed with convincing arguments and hellish patience, that is, the belief that their cause is just. Have any of those fiery revolutionaries who are spreading hot slime across our media in accusatory anger about the slavish obedience of the people, have they even touched a finger to do something in terms of organizing popular protests? And here again one should refer to the above quote: "Well, they will put another one, what will be better?" The interview of the famous politician Maksim Shevchenko is very indicative as an example of such political shortsightedness. To the question: “What should be done in the current situation in the country?” Shevchenko replies that it is necessary to remove the Government and appoint other “good” (personally known to him) people.
We often hear the opinion that the inefficiency of the management system in our country is only a consequence of the extremely erroneous tactics of its organization and the unsuccessful selection of specific executors. It is believed that the problem of the effectiveness of the existing management system can be solved by reforming it only on a different political and ideological basis (Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the movement "For New Socialism"). But is it? I want to remind those who yearn for the socialist people's past about the shooting of the workers of the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant in 1962 only because they fought for their economic rights. This is perhaps the most shameful page in the history of the CPSU and the USSR. Such a harsh use of force against the people - the true master of the country, took place in both Novocherkassk and Tbilisi in 1956. There were interethnic protests in Grozny, and a pogrom of the regional committee in Krasnodar, and Temirtau, and Biysk. Why did the "people rebelled"? Maybe, as the party and economic nomenklatura claimed, they were "hooligans and criminals." Did the workers have reasons to protest? Certainly. The most compelling. The Politburo decided to raise labor production rates at the same salaries. Apart from prices and scarcity of everything, workers were most outraged by the way of life of the party and economic elites.
Summing up everything that has been said, it should be stated that, unlike the notorious revolutionaries, our deep-seated people understand very well that the problem is not in Putin or personally in this or that member of the Government. The problem is in the system that was created in the country a long time ago. Let us finally frankly admit that despite the fact that we live in Russia today under capitalism, even now a wide class of national producers is not really allowed to power. We live in a pseudo-democratic society of manipulative democracy, where through the media, manipulation of social benefits and electoral technology, power is usurped by the bureaucratic class and a narrow group of oligarchs and corporatocrats consolidated with it (eng. corporatocracy - the appointed or elected joint-stock corporate bureaucracy of transnational monopolies, which influences and forms the political system and the system of government in personal and corporate interests). Precisely a class that has all the class characteristics according to Lenin's definition (Lenin V.I. The Great Initiative // Poln. Sobr. Soch. T. 29. S. 388.), and an international character (cosmopolitan corporate bureaucracy). The class of "distributors" will objectively always solve all managerial issues (consciously or intuitively), proceeding primarily from their class interests.
Look, in whose interests these or those laws are being adopted in Russia. While the class of bureaucracy was not so wealthy, the country had a progressive scale of taxation. But as soon as the bureaucratic class became "prosperous", a law was immediately dragged through to abolish the progressive scale. Why don't the laws on natural rent or on the nationalization of infrastructure-significant industries (oil, gas, energy) "pass"? Because quite a few top government and party officials have substantial stakes in the raw material monopolies, and their nationalization would cause financial harm both to them personally and to the entire class of bureaucracy. And corruption cannot be defeated, since the latter is a bureaucratic administrative rent collected according to objective economic laws by the class of bureaucrats. The conflict of private, group and class interests of the state bureaucracy and corporatocracy with the interests of the entire people in the absence of effective mechanisms of public control will always be resolved not in favor of society.
The eternal mistake of the elite is to keep the people in political ignorance and away from government, arguing that management and decision-making require special knowledge, experience and the necessary level of awareness. Yes, this thesis is correct. But Lenin's statement, deliberately perverted beyond recognition that “any cook can rule the state” (in the original, “... any laborer and any cook are not able now to take over the government, but we demand an immediate break with the prejudice that to rule the state, to bear everyday life, the daily work of management is only able to be rich or officials taken from wealthy families ”) is used by the ruling elite as a sarcastic commentary on calls for the formation of mechanisms of true democracy. And therefore, those who are avidly nostalgic for the USSR are very cunning. Yes, the command-administrative system in the USSR until a certain point was very effective, but, in the end, the party-economic nomenclature, in essence - having usurped power in the country, removed the broad masses from the process of management and decision-making. That is why the USSR collapsed so easily.
Summing up all of the above, it should be said that the true state of affairs is perfectly felt (precisely felt, not realized) by our deep people. That is why the largest and most active part of our population openly and defiantly ignores the elections, not wanting to participate in the fraudulent game of the system against its people. And the people understand very well that a simple change of power personnel cannot radically change the situation, and it may well be worse.
But what should the noted fighters against the regime do in this situation? Shut up and focus on discussing the glamorous adventures of our creative elite? No! The people themselves are unlikely to be able to spontaneously realize the deep essence of the necessary reforms and effectively self-organize. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to understand that calls for protest alone cannot improve the situation. A deep reform of the entire political system of the country is required. Its revolutionary demolition, which will inevitably lead to serious social and political upheavals, is inadmissible. Our "friends-partners" abroad will not fail to take advantage of this. There is no doubt that the reform must be carried out on a fundamentally new political and ideological basis.
Today, there is a growing crisis of capitalism and the collapse of liberalism, as the ideological formulation of the classical capitalist socio-economic model of society. V.V. Putin in his 2019 interview with the Financial Times: “The liberal idea is outdated. It came into conflict with the interests of the overwhelming majority of the population. " As you know, ideology is not only a theoretical formulation of ideas about the laws of development of society, but also a system of values and norms that set guidelines for social development and state building, since the concept of a public administration system is largely determined by state ideology. We must consistently and persistently, without political chatter and noisy social slogans, educate and convince the people of the consistency and lack of alternatives of the proposed ideological constructions and structural models of the state government system. It is required to gradually involve and convince the most active part of the population to permanently work on the implementation of the elements of the proposed system in the social and political life of our country.
But these proposals concern not only political parties and movements, but also all thinking people. The main thing is to learn to think independently and, keeping in mind the precepts of Ilyich, one should say: study, study and once again learn to be responsible citizens. We must learn to listen and understand who and what logically sound and correct organizational things are proposing. We must learn to be responsible citizens and not to hand over our fate and the fate of our children thoughtlessly into the hands of all political movements there, no matter how beautiful slogans their banners are gilded with.
- Author: Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor A.S. Medvedev
- Used photos: http://kremlin.ru/