What could be the turn of Putin's attempt to save the Russian forest from destruction


A campaign to save the forest from destruction begins in Russia. Finally. But why only now did the authorities manage to clear up the problems that they themselves have created? And, most importantly, will the war with the "black lumberjacks" have the desired result?


Last week, President Putin ordered to deal with the lawlessness that is happening in the domestic timber industry. According to the head of state, this "does not fit into any gate":

Far Eastern regions of Russia are not yet able to increase their capacity for deep timber processing. At the same time, our neighbors in East Asia have a growing demand for Russian sawn timber and other, not "raw", but already processed wood.

The point is that, since 2007, “effective private owners” and simply “black lumberjacks” have been neglected in the Russian taiga. They demolish valuable wood species on an industrial scale under the guise of sanitary felling or simply "out of bounds", and then export clean round timber or wood with minimal processing to neighboring China, where there is a great stable demand for them. At the same time, in the Celestial Empire itself, they are actively restoring their own forests, forbidding their deforestation. At the sites of illegal logging, "black loggers" set arson to hide them, which annually lead to terrible forest fires.

Vladimir Putin ordered from January 1 next year to introduce control over export contracts for timber, and from 2022 - to completely ban the export of round timber from Russia. Sounds great. It is assumed that our country will establish its own wood processing industry, create new jobs, and increase the receipt of taxes and customs payments to the budget. In general, this initiative can only be welcomed. However, several fair questions immediately arise.

Why only now? The answer suggests itself. The federal budget is rapidly losing revenues due to falling oil prices and lower demand for Russian gas. The Kremlin is seeking to plug the hole by converting plain round timber into processed timber, which must pass through a more expensive customs position. The point, as always, is about money.

Will it be possible to solve the task at all? The problem of "black loggers" and annual large-scale burnings of the taiga is largely man-made. It was created in 2007 by the federal authorities themselves, having adopted a new Forest Code in the interests of “effective private owners”. The single centralized Forest Service was liquidated, its powers were transferred to the regions without proper funding and materialtechnical base. The result is logical: there was no one to protect and restore forestry, paradise times have come for outright crooks who, without paying any taxes, demolished our taiga, setting fire to the felling sites, and then drove wood to the PRC according to all sorts of "gray schemes", deceiving customs. Representatives of local law enforcement agencies, who preferred to look aside, having their own "gesheft", also made money on this.

So, for all the optimism of President Putin's proposals, the main thing was not voiced in them - on the restoration of a single federal forest protection structure, which will be returned powers from the regions. The country needs tens of thousands of professional foresters, a modern material and technical base (for example, a UAV to monitor the vast taiga), and sufficient budget funding. Systematic work is needed to restore the already barbarously cut forests.

So far, we are only talking about "tuning" the work of the customs authorities and the selective confiscation of equipment from unlucky lumberjacks. In the absence of an integrated approach, all these good undertakings may turn into a banal increase in bribes for officials and law enforcement officers who will simply continue to drive the "left" round timber to China.
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  1. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
    Afinogen (Afinogen) 21 October 2020 11: 33
    0
    Somehow he woke up late, a little more and there would be nothing to save.
  2. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 21 October 2020 12: 30
    -1
    It's clear that those who protect poachers are not going to be punished.

    And the oes will save without problems. In 10 years it will grow itself, without any investment.
  3. Dimy4 Offline Dimy4
    Dimy4 (Dmitriy) 21 October 2020 13: 59
    +1
    Vladimir Putin ordered ...

    Command? I am the king! It was too late for him to "command", will anyone listen to him, or, as usual, will they not even sneeze?
  4. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline Oyo Sarkazmi
    Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) 21 October 2020 14: 40
    +1
    The author will probably be interested to know that 15 million cubic meters of unprocessed timber is exported to China. But 35 million cubic meters of unprocessed timber is exported from New Zealand to China. Now let's compare the territory of Siberia and New Zealand ... recourse
    In addition, the ban only covers softwood round timber. Birch, aspen are not subject to the restriction. And how many of these 15 million cubic meters of conifers? Hardly a quarter, for the paper industry needs hardwoods.
    So moaning about the death of the taiga is from the same category that we eat hedgehogs from hunger. By exchanging them for coupons for the Internet.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 22 October 2020 12: 06
      +2
      Quote: Oo sarcasm
      The author will probably be interested to know that 15 million cubic meters of unprocessed timber is exported to China. But 35 million cubic meters of unprocessed timber is exported from New Zealand to China. Now let's compare the territory of Siberia and New Zealand ...

      What about the restoration of deforested forests in New Zealand and Siberia? Are they cut down there by "black lumberjacks" or companies that pay all taxes and fees? How many forests are burned out by the antipodes to hide clearings? Is their forest protection working normally or has it been optimized?
      1. Pivander Offline Pivander
        Pivander (Alex) 22 October 2020 13: 00
        0
        And why forest protection in NZ, if everything that is exported from there, at most through a couple of ports and everything is in plain sight?
      2. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline Oyo Sarkazmi
        Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) 22 October 2020 13: 42
        0
        Quote: Marzhetsky
        What about restoring deforested forests in New Zealand and Siberia?

        I remembered the TV show "Theme" with Listiev, the end of Soviet times. Then, foaming at the mouth, environmental activists accused the state farms of producing food poisoned with herbicides, citing Holland as an example of "clean" production. To the agronomist's remark that in the USSR 40 kg of pesticides are used per hectare, and in Holland - 400 kg, the activists responded instantly: they use pesticides correctly, but ours poured out at random!
        In New Zealand, araucaria, which grow to a marketable state for 800 years, are correctly cut, while here they haphazardly cut pine and cedar trees, which reach marketability in 50-100 years. laughing
  5. Sergey Novitsky Offline Sergey Novitsky
    Sergey Novitsky (Sergey Novitsky) 21 October 2020 18: 59
    +1
    How will round timber be exported to China if a complete ban is introduced on its export?
  6. Jozhik_2 Offline Jozhik_2
    Jozhik_2 (Jozhik) 21 October 2020 19: 04
    0
    If you wish, you can quickly put things in order in forestry and restore the Soviet system of forest management and harsh punitive measures with the simultaneous restoration of forests. It would be nice, as at one time in England, the entire population took part in the annual planting of forest seedlings.
    1. cmonman Offline cmonman
      cmonman (Garik Mokin) 21 October 2020 19: 35
      0
      ... the entire population took part in the annual planting of forest seedlings

      Under capitalism, such Soviet methods do not work. The one who pays for the removal of timber also pays for its planting. In the USA, wood has not been cut for paper / furniture for a long time - wood is brought from Canada. In Canada, forests are sawn, roots are uprooted (they are processed), and new trees are immediately planted in the place of a bald meadow, so that in 20-30 years they can be cut down again. By the way:

      Americans use 85 million tons of paper a year; about 400kg per person. The average household throws away 13 separate sheets of paper every year. These are mainly packaging and junk mail. 000% of this paper is recycled into cardboard or newsprint. About 86 BILLION boxes are produced annually in the United States, and then 100 percent of them are recycled. That's a lot of boxes!

      Collecting paper is free of charge, no fees from citizens. But each state has its own rules. In our state, you can take paper / plastic / glass in one container (collecting plastic bags is prohibited). How they are divided at processing - I have no idea. Collection - once a week.
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 21 October 2020 20: 42
        +1
        The story of US forest conservation and recycling is impressive good That's just ....

        In the USA, wood has not been cut for paper / furniture for a long time - wood is brought from Canada.

        It may not be cut into paper, but round timber for export please winked
        Or has everything changed dramatically in two years? The USA, together with Canada, exports exactly the same amount of round timber as Russia laughing

        The largest exporting countries of forest products:
        Business roundwood: New Zealand (16%) Russian Federation (14%); United States of America (9%); Czech Republic (6%); Canada (5%); Germany (4%); Poland (4%); Australia (3%); Papua New Guinea (3%); France (3%); Norway (3%).

        http://www.fao.org/forestry/statistics/[email protected]/ru/

        And among the importers of round timber is the same Canada (3%). I suspect that you drive them round smile

        By the way, for those who like to grumble, they say it's only Russia that sells round timber, and neither light-faced elves ... the list includes Germany with France and all sorts of Czechs with Poles .... do not hesitate to do it. And by the way, they grow smaller forests. repeat
        1. cmonman Offline cmonman
          cmonman (Garik Mokin) 22 October 2020 02: 56
          -1
          Thank you 123 for an interesting topic that I knew nothing about!
          Indeed, a lot of round timber is cut down and exported. Our houses, 2 or 3 storey, have ALL wooden beams / bulkheads. By the way - hardwoods only for home. No brick / concrete. Rather, concrete for the foundation only and the base of the house. Yes, the forest is being cut down, but not barbarously, like yours!
          Interesting numbers (2018):

          “Booming housing and furniture manufacturing and even the demand for whiskey are driving the growth of hardwood exports to North Asian markets. Every third board coming off the assembly line is destined for the People's Republic of China. Companies across the country supply customers in China, Korea and Japan with a variety of hardwoods.
          One third of the United States is forested, covering 751 million acres, second only to 766 million acres in Russia. In 2017, the value of industrial wood shipments in the US was $ 95 billion... Asian markets depend on sustainable sources of temperate hardwood (ash, cherry, maple, oak, walnut), and the US can increase exports through careful management of its forests. In fact, according to International Timber, based in the United Kingdom, the United States grows more hardwood every year than it supplies for a reliable supply. Moreover, the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) confirmed to AJOT that the United States has surpassed Russia as the largest exporter of temperate hardwood to China. ”

          https://www.ajot.com/premium/ajot-us-forests-reach-new-heights-with-wood-exports

          123, you must be able to trade timber, as you can see from my link. The forest must be cut and grown!
          And if Putin, during his 20 years of rule, did not bother to establish the circulation of timber, then he was busy with something else, a more important matter. When you run a country alone, you can miss a lot ...
          1. 123 Offline 123
            123 (123) 22 October 2020 11: 57
            +2
            Our houses, 2 or 3 storey, have ALL wooden beams / bulkheads. By the way - hardwoods only for home. No brick / concrete. Rather, concrete for the foundation only and the base of the house.

            Not surprisingly, they burn like matches. Here your "foresters" write that over 50 years the number of buildings burned down annually increased by 1400%, from 207 to 2915. This is the trend ... The data is true for 2000. Has anything changed since then?

            https://www.fs.usda.gov/speeches/state-forests-and-forestry-united-states-1

            Of course, we also use wood in construction, but more often in a different way, you know the climate is not the same (two days like the snow lies), living in a panel box is not entirely comfortable.

            Interesting numbers (2018):
            Every third board coming off the assembly line is destined for the People's Republic of China. Companies across the country supply customers in China, Korea and Japan with a variety of hardwoods.

            ABOUT! Are you a raw material appendage of China? belay To what Trump has brought the country. It is probably difficult to manage alone, Ivanka does not help at alllaughing Seriously, the board is the same raw material and so far, unfortunately, we are sending boards to the Chinese even more than you. We export about 70%

            One third of the United States is forested, covering 751 million acres, second only to 766 million acres in Russia. In 2017, the value of industrial timber shipments to the United States was $ 95 billion.

            I have to disagree with your data, we have a little more forest.

            https://ru.theglobaleconomy.com/rankings/forest_area_sq_km/

            The United States can increase exports through careful management of its forests. In fact, according to International Timber, based in the United Kingdom, the United States grows more hardwood every year than it supplies for a reliable supply. Moreover, the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) confirmed to AJOT that the United States has surpassed Russia as the largest exporter of temperate hardwood to China.

            Congratulations drinks You will soon be a logging country good This is what it means to make America great again winked

            you must be able to trade timber, as you have seen from my link. The forest must be cut and grown!

            Exactly yes I propose to return to this topic in a year or two.

            And if Putin, during his 20 years of rule, did not bother to establish the circulation of timber, then he was busy with something else, a more important matter. When you run a country alone, you can miss a lot ...

            Apparently yes yes enough worries fellow ... Hypersonic missiles, nuclear and shipbuilding industries ..., hands do not reach everything at once. You probably have no problems with this, right? request And there are enough assistants and nuclear power is flourishing, super-duper missiles are flying ... By the way, here the intolerable British calculated that in terms of volume in civil shipbuilding, Russia came to second place, slightly moving the Chinese. How are you doing with this? smile
  7. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 21 October 2020 19: 18
    0
    For those who have never practiced. There are two Gostas for sawn timber - 83 ... and 26 ... The sizes are the same. The sawmills are the same, only for 26 you also need container drying. The difference is humidity 18 and 12. For formwork, 83 is needed. For furniture 26.
  8. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 22 October 2020 12: 06
    +1
    If I wanted to, I would have saved it now, and not from January 1, 2022. YouTube is full of videos of how our timber is taken to China.





    - etc. Ponty is everything. This year, China, with its own equipment, will be able to cut down all of Siberia.

  9. sad1940 Offline sad1940
    sad1940 (serge) 22 October 2020 16: 51
    +1
    .... according to all kinds of "gray schemes", deceiving customs ....

    Bullshit. Customs can be deceived only in one case - if it itself is vitally (monetary!) Interested in this. This is where you need to start, adding to the list to the landing and local authorities with law enforcement officers. Lawrence Palych is not enough, he would have finished these ... leaders at these piles without snot. This is the only way to deal with this scum. They understand nothing else.