Domestic aircraft engines guarantee the future of Russian aviation


Western sanctions and the severing of industrial ties with Ukraine have seriously damaged Russian industry. However, every cloud has a silver lining. External restrictive measures have become a "magic pendel" that forced to develop their own production. This is most clearly noticeable in such a technologically capacious segment economicsas aircraft construction.


At a recent meeting with President Putin, the head of the UAC YA Slyusar gave a report on the work done. It was about two domestic aircraft, which should gradually begin to replace foreign counterparts.

IL-114-300


This is a forced "return of the legend" caused by the deterioration of relations between Moscow and Kiev. The twin-engine turboprop aircraft is intended to replace the Ukrainian An-24. Its flight range is 1500 kilometers, and its capacity is 64 passengers (increased to 68). It can safely take off and land on short runways and is unpretentious to regional airfields, including those with little equipment. It is an excellent short-haul winged aircraft designed to operate in practically the same segment for which the Superjet was originally designed with a capacity of 65-75 seats.

The plane flew for the first time 30 years ago, 18 of them were produced. The aircraft building plant remained in Tashkent after the collapse of the USSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, carriers stopped paying due attention to the Soviet liner, focusing on foreign analogues. Interest in the resumption of production already in Russia reappeared in 2014. The short-haul market requires just such a simple and unpretentious aircraft. The process of transfer from Uzbekistan and revival began in 2019. The upgraded version with the IL-114-300 index will fly at the turn of 2020-2021. Annually Aviation Complex named after SV Ilyushin ”intends to produce 12 aircraft each.


There is already a pre-order from the State Transport Leasing Company for 50 short-haul liners. In general, the Il-114-300 has a good future, since it will occupy a very popular market segment. In addition to the passenger version, a medical, patrol, reconnaissance and even anti-submarine warfare will be created. However, some possible difficulties should be mentioned.

The liner can be equipped with a choice of domestic TV7-117S engines or Canadian PW127H engines from Pratt & Whitney Canada (an independent division of the American Pratt & Whitney). Also, at the request of the customer, the aircraft can be equipped with Western avionics. Why they turn to Western engine builders, it is clear - to facilitate their export. But here it is important not to "stick in", like the "Superjet" with low-quality power plants of the French design. Evil tongues say that even Airbus itself could have suffered from unfair competition: the American Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engine for the A320neo model is harshly criticized by experts.

MS-21


This is another Russian aircraft with a good future. In the medium-haul segment, it will be able to compete with Boeing 737 MAX, Airbus A220, Airbus A320neo and Comac C919. Unfortunately, he has already suffered from Western sanctions. Due to US restrictive measures, Irkut has problems with suppliers of composite materials for the black wing and the keel of the aircraft. The process of import substitution is gradually underway, but the release dates have shifted to the right.


In the future, the above-mentioned difficulties may arise with power plants. Two engines will be installed on the liner: the domestic PD-14 and the PW1400G Pratt & Whitney. You shouldn't be surprised at the choice in favor of an American company, since it is one of the world leaders in this area. With imported power plants, the MS-21 will be able to be exported. However, one should remember about the risk of new restrictive measures on their supply, as well as about the "conspiracy theory" regarding low quality products for direct competitors of American and European corporations.

It is very good that the PD-14 was developed in our country, which guarantees that the MS-21 will be able to fly in any case. Technologies the production of such power plants allows Russia to remain in a very narrow club of aircraft-building powers to this day. Let today our aircraft are considered outsiders in the West, but this is the first and very important step in restoring domestic aviation production.
Used photographs: PJSC "IL"
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16 comments
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  1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 13: 12
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    No engines, no aviation?
    1. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 August 2020 14: 00
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      There are no engines, there are promises!
      "In the long term ... there will be ... a good future .... will take ... should ...."
      1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 14: 04
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        You know, I don't always agree with you.
        But in this one .... Unlike many local commentators, I am a little in the subject, I served in Long-Range Aviation, and even now I am in the know, in aircraft engines, in all postsovka.
        No matter how puffed out the cheeks, there are no civil engines in the Russian Federation, and it is not expected.
        The military, however, too. Sawing the Soviet groundwork.
        1. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 August 2020 14: 08
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          Since it's not special, I don't go into the jungle. But the tone of the article immediately explains everything.

          At VO, by the way, "Rostec: saw the century or a percussion instrument?" - comparison of the groundwork for aircraft engines with modern ones.
          Sad, but understandable enough.
          1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 14: 18
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            I read it, of course.): It doesn't say everything. For comparison, read who supplies the Chinese with the Ai-222-25 aircraft engines, and how much, and for what. And also, to the Turks for Akinchi. And also, engines for the BE-200 for the Russian Federation ...):
            1. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 August 2020 14: 22
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              Naturally. But the main idea is clear ...
          2. Max taylor Offline
            Max taylor (Max Taylor) 9 August 2020 07: 38
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            Yes article tryndets. Most importantly, not a single fresh photo from the slipway.
        2. 123 Offline
          123 (123) 7 August 2020 19: 57
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          You know, I don't always agree with you.
          But in this one .... Unlike many local commentators, I am a little in the subject, I served in Long-Range Aviation, and even now I am in the know, in aircraft engines, in all postsovka.

          Are you not the officer's daughter?

          No matter how puffed out the cheeks, there are no civil engines in the Russian Federation, and it is not expected.
          The military, however, too. Sawing the Soviet groundwork.

          You shouldn't tell everyone about your wet dreams, eat up your Motor Sich in the ravine. winked
          1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 9 August 2020 14: 08
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            Not even a relative. laughing Nope, your dreams. About engines. Is it difficult to name the models of NEW aircraft engines developed (and produced!) In the Russian Federation for thirty years? Both military and civilians? The Soviet groundwork should not be offered.
            About Motor Sich, tell the Chinese how they got screwed trying to buy our scraps.
            And if WE finish eating? Where will you get the engines? For AN-tones, or there, the Be-200? tongue
            1. 123 Offline
              123 (123) 9 August 2020 14: 43
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              About engines.
              Is it difficult to name the models of NEW aircraft engines developed (and produced!) In the Russian Federation for thirty years? Both military and civilians? The Soviet groundwork should not be offered.
              Tell the Chinese about Motor Sich how they got screwed trying to buy our scraps.
              And if WE finish eating? Where will you get the engines? For AN-tones, or there, the Be-200?

              What does it mean not to offer Soviet groundwork? If you do not offer the backlog of those times, which of the world's manufacturers has done something new? Name five so that the assessment criteria are clear.
              You probably sell the latest Ukrainian engines to the Chinese, right? laughing
              As soon as Motor Sich is finished, they will buy the same Ai-222-25 in Russia, since 2015 they have been produced from domestic components.

              http://nevskii-bastion.ru/engine-ai-222-25/

              If we talk about new developments, then really not a lot, so far only PD-14.

              https://ria.ru/20200330/1569332215.html

              Be patient a little longer, the PD-35 and PD-10 are on the way, the latter will go to the Be-200 and the Soviet Antonovs.
        3. Marzhecki Offline
          Marzhecki (Sergei) 8 August 2020 10: 36
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          Quote: Alexey Semenenko
          You know, I don't always agree with you.
          But in this one .... Unlike many local commentators, I am a little in the subject, I served in Long-Range Aviation, and even now I am in the know, in aircraft engines, in all postsovka.

          Intuition tells that you are from Ukraine. Right?
          1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 9 August 2020 14: 10
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            Take the pie from the shelf. (C)
            Correct - FROM Ukraine. It is a shame for a person who writes to write with errors.
            Where are you from, I already know.
        4. The comment was deleted.
  2. Max taylor Offline
    Max taylor (Max Taylor) 9 August 2020 07: 28
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    Another propaganda mouthpiece.
    All aircraft factories are located in Voronezh, Kazan, and Irkutsk. The slipways are empty.
    Il-114 will never replace An-24 because not the upper plane and with the "passability" he has trouble.
    Airfields will have to be specially remodeled. Mc21 does not and never will.
    And the An-24 is not Ukrainian, but Soviet! plane. Fake news article, obviously.
    1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 9 August 2020 14: 11
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      Certainly NOT Ukrainian! Here are just the heir to the USSR, she does not know how to repeat it ...
      And the 178th is already certified.
  3. Max taylor Offline
    Max taylor (Max Taylor) 9 August 2020 07: 41
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    Quote: Alexey Semenenko
    You know, I don't always agree with you.
    But in this one .... Unlike many local commentators, I am a little in the subject, I served in Long-Range Aviation, and even now I am in the know, in aircraft engines, in all postsovka.
    No matter how puffed out the cheeks, there are no civil engines in the Russian Federation, and it is not expected.
    The military, however, too. Sawing the Soviet groundwork.

    Yes, there is nothing to saw. Take a look at the vacancies of factories.
    1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 9 August 2020 14: 14
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      Specifically, it's too lazy to look at the pages of factories. Although mailings sometimes fly in ... I am an aviation instrument operator by education and service ... winked
      But for the money that they offer (and people are spreading it), it is more profitable for me to continue working as an injector.
      They all saw through. As we say, "force the injectors" (C)