Russian aviation industry returns to "home harbor"


Another new SSJ 100 recently made its maiden flight, and its forced "Russification", caused by the sanctions pressure from the West, continues. In particular, the PD-2023 engine must be certified by 8. Further, other components will be replaced until the aircraft gets rid of foreign components.


However, the Sukhoi Superjet is a Russian project that simply returns to its home harbor. But there is a more interesting story about the Czech L-410, which was chosen as an alternative to the aging An-28 from the Ukrainian Antonov design bureau.

It would seem, again on the same "rake". But, if you look at it, it becomes clear that the aforementioned plane is no longer the Czech one.
The acquaintance of domestic civil aviation with the L-410 "Turbolet" took place back in the 1970s, when the Czechs delivered the first hundred inexpensive short-haul aircraft to the Soviet Union. Subsequently, the USSR purchased 862 more vehicles.

However, the "Czech luck" did not last long. The enterprise barely kept afloat after the collapse of the USSR. And who knows what would have happened if the Russians had not returned.

In 2008, the domestic UMMC acquired a controlling stake in the Czech company. After another 5 years, the company was completely bought out.

The assembly of the L-410 was deployed in Yekaterinburg at the Ural Civil Aviation Plant, and new aircraft began to arrive at the address of Russian airlines. In the future, the aircraft is planned to be equipped with the latest Russian VK-800S engines.

In conclusion, it is worth recalling that Russia is not alone in the SSJ 100 and L-410. Work continues on the regional Il-114-300 and long-haul Il-96-400M. A short-medium narrow-body MS-21 is on its way.

At the same time, the Government continues to subsidize the process of returning our aircraft industry to its home harbor. Another 3 billion rubles were allocated last week. In total, more than 2020 billion rubles are provided for these purposes in 8.

  • Photos used: Stradalova / wikipedia.org
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 6 August 2020 14: 01
    -6
    Something strange.
    Okay, SSJ-100, with its breakthrough in about 3 years ... Many will live to see that.

    But to collect someone else's 50-year-old old man L-410? It is necessary, so it is necessary, if there are no own ...
    1. PROXOR Offline PROXOR
      PROXOR (Sergei) 7 August 2020 10: 01
      +2
      Boeing 737 doesn't bother you. Which actually remains unchanged, only the avionics change and the engines with a large fan are crammed. But they screwed up with the 8th generation. 737-8Max sat firmly on his ass.
      The Czechs did not stand still either, the cockpit was originally for 2 pilots. Modern avionics. Certified in Europe.
      Replace engines and norms. We have a lot of work for him in the country.
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 August 2020 12: 32
        -2
        Not. They do it right. Themselves:

        avionics are changing and engines with a large fan are crammed.

        Your own plane. Successful model. What else do you need?

        Here is someone else's plane, about engines - "planned", about avionics - the article is silent, according to you - normal.
        Needed so much, despite being older than most readers. How lucky ??? God knows, not a single bald expert around.

        Surely the main thing:

        the company was bought out in full

        - on the verge of ruin, those are cheap, no one needs but us.
      2. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 12: 59
        -2
        Replace engines - what?
        1. antibi0tikk Offline antibi0tikk
          antibi0tikk (Sergei) 9 August 2020 18: 15
          0
          Yes, we have something to change. And here's your time to build a sailing fleet!
      3. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
        Ibuprofen (Novel) 7 August 2020 15: 34
        0
        Quote: PROXOR
        Boeing 737 doesn't bother you. Which actually remains unchanged

        By the way, the 737 was designed on the basis of the fuselage as much as another 707 Bobby.
      4. Natan bruk Offline Natan bruk
        Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 8 August 2020 00: 24
        -3
        The 8th generation is, first of all, NG, which has no problems, and which, together with the A-320, roughly halves the medium-haul world sector.
    2. Kuzmich Sibiryakov (Kuzmich Sibiryakov) 16 August 2020 22: 46
      +1
      Quote: Sergey Latyshev
      Something strange.
      Okay, SSJ-100, with its breakthrough in about 3 years ... Many will live to see that.

      But to collect someone else's 50-year-old old man L-410? It is necessary, so it is necessary, if there are no own ...

      Behold at the root (Kozma Prutkov). You need to look not at the date of approval of the general arrangement drawing and Specifications, but at the technical and other parameters of the product. For some reason, you do not blush from the fact that you use the wheel, fire, open for human use for tens and hundreds of thousands of years. What is the main thing for you? Exactly. Does the car suit the buyer? Passenger? Price? Facilities? If everything is fine, especially since the factory is now Russian, then what else is needed? How many years has your dad been driving an Italian car? Make your face more modest. However, you can walk, so as not to give the foe a profit.
  2. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 6 August 2020 14: 57
    -1
    .. about the Czech L-410, which was chosen as an alternative to the aging An-28 from the Ukrainian Antonov Design Bureau.

    Of course, a very new model:
    An-28 - first flight on January 29, 1973
    L-410 - first flight on April 16, 1969
    1. PROXOR Offline PROXOR
      PROXOR (Sergei) 7 August 2020 10: 02
      0
      Ukraine is farther for us than the Czech Republic. Alas. And Antonov AN-28 has not really modernized the plane since the moment of production. The L-410 was updated all the time.
  3. Digital error Offline Digital error
    Digital error (Eugene) 6 August 2020 19: 44
    -2
    In total, for these purposes in 2020, more than 8 billion

    Everything is relative:

    The court sentenced him to 13 years in prison and a fine of 117 million rubles. Colonel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Dmitry Zakharchenko, who became widely known because of 8,5 billion rubles found with him and his relatives.

    https://www.rbc.ru/society/10/06/2019/5cf666929a7947ce194162ae

    As some commentators say on Voennoye Obozreniye (there is no desire to check, but there is confidence), the Tu-144 program cost the USSR 10 billion rubles in the 1970s. In 1975, 73 kopecks were given per dollar.
    1. Natan bruk Offline Natan bruk
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 8 August 2020 00: 27
      0
      Even 68 kopecks per dollar was. But this is the official course. The real one in those years was not less than 5 rubles per dollar.
    2. polev66 Offline polev66
      polev66 (Alexander) 8 August 2020 06: 53
      -1
      ... and how many dollars could you officially buy at the bank for 68 kopecks? 200-250 maximum.
      1. Digital error Offline Digital error
        Digital error (Eugene) 8 August 2020 09: 04
        0
        Quote: polev66
        ... and how much could you

        What does an individual citizen have to do with it if I spoke about the capabilities of the state? Did it also buy for 200 rubles? Even now I do not buy dollars abroad at the rate of the Central Bank, but in the nearest bank.
  4. LeeSeeTsin Offline LeeSeeTsin
    LeeSeeTsin (Stas) 7 August 2020 00: 33
    +1
    Junk. He almost killed me in 1984 at the Batumi airport. Who knows this airport will understand what this is about.
  5. LeeSeeTsin Offline LeeSeeTsin
    LeeSeeTsin (Stas) 7 August 2020 00: 37
    +2
    The assembly of the L-410 was deployed in Yekaterinburg at the Ural plant ...

    Work continues on the regional Il-114-300 and long-haul Il-96-400M.

    All products are from "Soviet power". And nothing new.

    On the way is a short-medium narrow-body MS-21.

    Tomorrow, or maybe the day after tomorrow. Or maybe ...
  6. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 12: 58
    0
    Judging by the fact that there is only assembly in E-burg, the components are 100% Czech.
    And how is the monument to Konev? Forgot - forgive?
    1. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
      Ibuprofen (Novel) 7 August 2020 15: 33
      +1
      What are components? Aluminum sheets, profiles and rivets?
      1. Alexey Semenenko (Alexey Semenenko) 7 August 2020 16: 13
        -1
        Whose engines?
        Lumin, I think so, is American. Former Deripaskovsky.
        1. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
          Ibuprofen (Novel) 7 August 2020 23: 12
          +1
          The engines on the original Turbo Let were Czech Walthers, licensed copies of PWC. Now they are putting on GE.
          They want to install VK-800 motors on our new ones, but it is not yet clear how it is with serial production.
          Aluminum is still ours, no matter to whom Deripaska is reporting. The government will change and the plant will be nationalized. In the meantime, he works, pays taxes to the treasury, pays salaries to employees. Stop - turn into ruins instantly. So let it be so for now.
    2. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 8 August 2020 01: 40
      +1
      Judging by the fact that there is only assembly in E-burg, the components are 100% Czech.
      And how is the monument to Konev? Forgot - forgive?

      What do you have to do with it? You now have your own monuments. Traitors. Punishers. To the executioners.
  7. Vitaly Sitnikov Offline Vitaly Sitnikov
    Vitaly Sitnikov (Vitaly Sitnikov) 7 August 2020 19: 01
    0
    There are only 8 billion rubles for the entire aviation industry, don't you think, friends, that these are mere pennies. With such funding, only Czechs can be collected. Everything new requires money. In our country, the maintenance of the State Duma and the President's administrator costs the budget more.
  8. This L410 is a spitting image of the Yak-40, it was an excellent car, but now even the manufacturing plant has been demolished.
    1. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
      Ibuprofen (Novel) 7 August 2020 23: 20
      +1
      Elka is leaky, unlike the little "Yashka". Therefore, it does not fly above 3000, and much slower (because on propellers, and again, because it is not high).
      But it is more economical.
    2. Natan bruk Offline Natan bruk
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 8 August 2020 00: 30
      -1
      You would at least not be too lazy to find out that the L-410 is a turboprop, and the Yak-40 is a turbojet. Yes, you still cannot be called a thinking machine.
    3. EdSky Offline EdSky
      EdSky 8 August 2020 20: 52
      0
      These are incomparable, completely different aircraft.
    4. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 11 August 2020 16: 45
      0
      You're not lying, the Yak-40 is a completely different machine both in terms of airframe and engines ... It looks like you really are a robotic bot ....
  9. sasha197220 Offline sasha197220
    sasha197220 (sasha shevtchenko) 8 August 2020 07: 24
    -2
    Yes, you're right, the SSJ 100 is returning to its home harbor! Everyone has abandoned it and no one wants to buy it!
  10. EdSky Offline EdSky
    EdSky 8 August 2020 20: 47
    +1
    I read the article and got an unpleasant aftertaste.
    L-410 will replace the "old man" An-28)).
    And they are the same age. And the funniest thing: the first flight of the L-410 in 1969, and the An-28 in 1973 !!!
    It looks like the author has nothing to do with aviation ...
    For reference: An-28 has the world's best glider in its class. And like all aircraft and helicopters, the USSR suffered from weak and ineffective engines. In the Union, engine building was strangled, however. Avionics also lagged far behind the bourgeois.
    Concern Sikorsky bought out production in Melitsa, where the An-2, An-28 and Mi-2 were produced. The equipment for the production of the Mi-2 non-helicopter was scrapped, the An-2 was left (!) In production, and on the basis of the An-28 airframe (modern avionics, Pratta motors), an amazing and reliable airplane was built, calling it the Sikorsky M-28. The US Coast Guard immediately ordered 40 of them. And my colleague managed to fly it. There is no need to put the L-410 in comparison with it. Sadden.
    The aviation industry suffered greatly after the collapse of the Soviet Union. An example of the Il-112, which is not mentioned in the article ...
    Looking over the import-substituting movements in the Russian Federation, it is easy to come to the conclusion that the enemies are at the helm of the garbage topic.
  11. Denis K Offline Denis K
    Denis K (Denis K) 2 September 2020 14: 17
    0
    Well, the Czechs have a modernized L-410, since you can change the engines on it, then you can put avionics with the Il-114, it will still be cheaper.
    Well, from it the generator, and other systems, up to the seats and upholstery.