Why cobalt is important and why Russia is rapidly increasing its production


Russia has launched an isotope business development program that will increase the presence of our cobalt-60 producers from 15% to 30%. This is an important and timely decision, since the aforementioned isotope has become extremely popular all over the world.


Despite the efforts of science fiction writers who call cobalt-60 the stuffing for the “dirty cobalt bomb,” this isotope has found a very worthy application. For example, in a cobalt gun - a medical device that helps in the fight against malignant tumors, or in gamma knives used for radiosurgery of tumors in the brain.

But today, the demand for cobalt-60 has increased many times over. And the reason for this was the new type of coronavirus pandemic.

Now in our country all the free capacities are involved in the production of masks, gloves and protective suits. However, before all these products reach medical facilities, they must undergo thorough sterilization. The latter is carried out using special emitters and the aforementioned isotope. This mission was undertaken by Rosatom, which today has already disinfected 20 million masks and 300 thousand transport systems.

The radioactive nuclide of the chemical element of cobalt is extracted using special reactors located mainly in nuclear power plants. In Russia, the Kursk, Leningrad and Smolensk stations are involved in isotope production.

However, soon Beloyarsk NPP will join them, the reactor of which provides a large neutron flux and allows you to get isotopes faster. Thanks to her, we plan to double our share in the global market of radionuclides.

It is worth noting that the development of the isotope business means not only the production of cobalt-60, but also many other radioactive nuclides used in various industries. At the same time, our country has enough experience to crowd out competitors in this market.

  • Photos used: https://www.piqsels.com/
4 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. AICO Offline AICO
    AICO (Vyacheslav) 19 May 2020 20: 16
    0
    In "Poseidon" add a cobalt shell - "frying" will be what you need, for two hundred years the grass will not grow !!!
  2. Dmitry S. Offline Dmitry S.
    Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 20 May 2020 12: 47
    0
    Quote: AICO
    In "Poseidon" add a cobalt shell - "frying" will be what you need, for two hundred years the grass will not grow !!!

    The most unpleasant thing is the ocean currents and the water cycle in nature. All this cobalt shell will spread evenly over the entire globe ... Have you ever thought about the concept of "purity of a nuclear explosion"? Why do they strive to make the stuffing of atomic bombs so that the decay products are short-lived isotopes? Think before proposing such radical solutions.
    1. AICO Offline AICO
      AICO (Vyacheslav) 20 May 2020 22: 11
      +2
      The proposal, in fact, is not mine, but academician Sakharov. And the fact that it’s time to put them in a stall for a long time, even by such radical methods is a fact, the banks have long been lost, only there is nobody to put, since there are no tights !!!
  3. GRF Offline GRF
    GRF 21 May 2020 06: 57
    0
    Great achievements.

    To the delight of people and enemies in spite.

    We go further ...