What is the uniqueness of the Russian A-100 Premier aircraft


The dates of arrival of the AWACS A-100 Premier aircraft to the aerospace forces became known. This should happen in 4 years, although earlier this event was expected in 2020.


What are the reasons for these delays, and why is Premier so important for the Russian Defense Ministry?

Long-range radar detection and control (AWACS) aircraft are vital in the troops, because with their help surface and air targets of the enemy are detected, coordination and control of fighter and attack aircraft is carried out.

In the Russian Aerospace Forces, the main "workhorse" is the A-50 LISKA (Mainstay - "Hold"), still Soviet-made. They are reliable, but very small: 10 aircraft are in service, another 14 are in storage. In comparison, the US Air Force has 33 AWACS Boeing E-3 Sentry aircraft. Due to the outdated Bumblebee radio complex and the element base, the capabilities of the Russian A-50 are very seriously inferior to the Boeing E-3 Sentry.

This prompted domestic defenders to modernize the aircraft to the A-50U version, which entered the troops in 2011. The characteristics of the Bumblebee-2 radio complex were improved by 15-20%, its weight decreased, which had a beneficial effect on the duration of the patrol, which increased to 11 hours. Fighter detection range increased by a third, missile launches can now be fixed at a distance of over 1000 kilometers. The survivability of the aircraft is increased due to the system of radio countermeasures and reset false thermal targets. And in everyday life, everything has improved: for the crew, a lounge for many hours has been equipped with a lounge and a kitchen.

But this highly improved AWACS aircraft is considered only an intermediate option. The Russian Aerospace Forces are waiting for the long-promised A-100 Premier. In addition to traditional goals, he will have to deal with new challenges: small UAVs, low-flying cruise missiles, inconspicuous fifth generation fighters, etc. For this, Russian aviation needs a new generation reconnaissance aircraft.

The performance characteristics of the A-100 are mostly classified. It is known that it will use a radar with an active phased array, the aircraft will be able to simultaneously track up to 300 targets at a distance of up to 650 kilometers. Premier will give target designation not only to aviation, but also to land and sea-based air defense systems. By the way, this is the world's first heavy aircraft AWACS with AFAR.

Such a plane has long been needed in the Russian troops, so why are its delivery deadlines delayed? If you look carefully, the problem lies in the components and the "media" themselves.

"Premier" is created on the basis of IL-76MD-90A. This modernized aircraft is now in great demand, but the production capacities of the Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant still allow it to produce only 3 such winged aircraft per year. It turns out a deficit that requires choosing what is in priority: the needs of the VTA, tankers or AWACS. The second problem is the degree of readiness of the updated radio complex. Due to the rupture of industrial ties with Ukraine and Western sanctions, domestic defense companies have to hastily develop and produce their own analogues of components, and this is not an easy and quick task.

Nevertheless, work is ongoing, and by 2024 the A-100 Premier is expected to be operational.
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  1. Rus Offline
    Rus April 11 2020 13: 11
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    Moreover, not a single promise has been fulfilled on time! (Stability) Airplane fire.
  2. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) April 11 2020 14: 12
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    "Premier" is created on the basis of IL-76MD-90A. This modernized aircraft is now in great demand, but the production capacities of the Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant still allow it to produce only 3 such winged aircraft per year. It turns out a deficit that requires choosing what is in priority: the needs of the VTA, tankers or AWACS. The second problem is the degree of readiness of the updated radio complex. Due to the rupture of industrial ties with Ukraine and Western sanctions, domestic defense companies have to hastily develop and produce their own analogues of components, and this is not an easy and quick task.

    - Well, then why didn’t they entrust this task to the Omsk Production Association "Flight" ???
    - Omsk "Flight" is one of the largest machine-building enterprises in Russia ...- a branch of GKNPTs named after MV Khrunichev ...- specializes in the production of rocket and space and aviation equipment ... - The most powerful software - with its design bureaus, laboratories, the latest test benches, experienced qualified personnel ... - Or ... like Lope de Vega ... "Dog in the Hay" ...
    1. Dart2027 Offline
      Dart2027 April 11 2020 16: 59
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      Quote: gorenina91
      Well, why didn’t they entrust this task to the Omsk Production Association "Flight"?

      Does he have free capacity?
      1. gorenina91 Offline
        gorenina91 (Irina) April 11 2020 18: 06
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        The main products of the production association "Flight":

        • Aviation products (An-3T, An-70, An-74);
        • Space products (launch vehicle Cosmos-3M, Angara, spacecraft Nadezhda, Sterkh, Universitetsky);
        • Civilian products.
        More than 250 different spacecraft have been created at the Flight: 87 GLONASS navigation system devices, the Nadezhda spacecraft (the main element of the COSPAS-SARSAT international satellite system, 1982 spacecraft have been launched since 10).

        A small new spacecraft, the Sterkh, has been developed at PO Flight, which is intended to replace the Nadezhda spacecraft and ensure further development and more efficient use of the COSPAS-SARSAT system. The device was launched into orbit in July 2009. The second similar device was launched into orbit in September of the same year. The declared term of their active existence is five years. In reality, the Siberian Cranes regularly worked for less than one year.

        In January 2005, the Universitetsky small spacecraft was launched to study the Earth’s radiation belt and solar activity.

        PO "Flight" became part of the Center. Khrunicheva in 2007. The first stage of reconstruction and modernization of Polet software was launched in 2009, at this stage investments amounted to 6 billion rubles (according to other sources - 7 billion rubles). The second stage provides for investments of 10 billion rubles. The costs of the third stage are still unknown, it should end with the transition to the production of more than 20 universal missile modules for Angara per year.

        In June 2015, a decision was made to re-equip the production facilities of Polet software to produce rocket modules for the new family of Angara launch vehicles, components and structures for Proton-M and Rokot launch vehicles.
        Also, Polet software will continue to provide spacecraft launches using the stock of Cosmos-3M launch vehicles.

        In 2023, Roscosmos plans to launch serial production of the Angara launch vehicle at Polet, which will completely replace Protons in 2024.
        1. Dart2027 Offline
          Dart2027 April 11 2020 22: 57
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          Quote: gorenina91
          Main products

          I do not mean that. The fact that he can basically build them is one thing, but does he have the opportunity (that is, free workshops, people, etc.) to do it right now, or is he also busy.
          1. gorenina91 Offline
            gorenina91 (Irina) April 12 2020 07: 45
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            - Maybe that's all ...- here and now ... - The capacities are absolutely not loaded ...- both the capacities and the possibilities are simply fabulous ...
            - No matter how many "guests from Moscow" came (Rogozin also came) ... - everyone praised, admired; and everyone promised huge orders, contracts ... - But beyond this, things still have not gone ...
            - But Tatarstan is loaded ...- already to the eyeballs ... and Siberia is kept in a black body ...- she is in disgrace ...
            - Here, approximately ... You yourself can look at the cons that they got on my post ...
            1. Dart2027 Offline
              Dart2027 April 12 2020 10: 17
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              Quote: gorenina91
              The capacities are absolutely not loaded ... - and the capacities and possibilities are simply fabulous ...

              Then really weird.
            2. weddu Offline
              weddu (Kolya) April 15 2020 16: 45
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              Omsk "Flight" - a branch of JSC "State Scientific and Technical Center named after MV Khrunichev", it is not a member of PJSC "United Aircraft Corporation" ("UAC").
  3. Orange big Offline
    Orange big (Max) April 11 2020 15: 24
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    By the way, this is the world's first heavy aircraft AWACS with AFAR.

    Intrigued. Although it turns out that the photo is clearly not A-100, but A-50U. The aircraft will look like our reconnaissance Tu-214R, it also has an AFAR.
    1. Kristallovich Offline
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) April 11 2020 18: 17
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      In the photo A-100
  4. Orange big Offline
    Orange big (Max) April 11 2020 15: 28
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    Due to the rupture of industrial ties with Ukraine and Western sanctions, domestic defense companies have to hastily develop and produce their own analogues of components, and this is not an easy and quick task.

    I am glad that we are betting on our own strengths and developing our research and production base. There would be no happiness, but misfortune helped.
  5. Sergey Latyshev Offline
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 11 2020 19: 00
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    Another promise. IL in flight thanks to the Rogozins. The plane was waiting and will wait further. About the amount of silence in general ...
    It was possible not to write an article, you never know what they promised by 2024.
  6. Zenon Zenon Offline
    Zenon Zenon (Zeno Zeno) April 12 2020 09: 19
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    Quote: gorenina91
    -Just the weak little men are very afraid of me ... -Well, here too -without comments ...

    You have too much hype. They are not afraid of you, but deeply despised, expressing their contempt for the "minuses."
    1. 321 Offline
      321 (321) April 12 2020 10: 22
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      Quote: Zeno Zeno
      Quote: gorenina91
      -Just the weak little men are very afraid of me ... -Well, here too -without comments ...

      You have too much hype. They are not afraid of you, but deeply despised, expressing their contempt for the "minuses."

      I doubt that even such a thing, expressed in plain text, will reach her - it has already been written more than once that even hatred needs to be earned, the result is zero, well, madam does not understand that the same thing, regularly repeated, can just get bored. And about the semantic content - this is generally a separate issue ...
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