The renewal of Russia's nuclear icebreaker fleet has become a problem


The other day, Rosneft presented to President Putin a megaproject for the development of Arctic fields called Vostok Oil worth 10 trillion rubles. The extracted resources will be exported through the Northern Sea Route (NSR), which will require an efficiently functioning icebreaker fleet. But, as it turned out, we are planning serious problems with its modernization.


Today, Russia has the most powerful icebreaker fleet in the world, inherited from the USSR. However, most of its vessels are very old, and they need to be gradually replaced in order to guarantee entry through the NSR. A significant part of the Atomflot icebreakers has already been decommissioned, so great hopes are placed on the nuclear powered icebreakers of Project 22220 Arktika.

The Arctic is a series of icebreakers of the future LK-60YA, that is, 60 megawatts with a nuclear installation. They are capable of breaking through ice three meters thick and must navigate caravans along the Northern Sea Route. The big advantage of the vessel is its two-draft design: the icebreaker will be able to work both in the ocean and in river beds, replacing two types of existing icebreakers at once. The lead ship of the series is the Arctic of the same name, laid down in November 2012. It will be followed by similar Urals and Siberia.

This is where the positive ends, and our realities begin. The deadlines for the "Arctic" are regularly broken: it was supposed to be commissioned back in December 2017. As of the end of summer 2019, the readiness level of the first vessel of the series was 87,7%. And now, during mooring tests of the icebreaker, an emergency occurred with damage to the electric motor. In the worst case, the repairmen will have to cut the hull and dismantle the equipment, which obviously will not shorten the time for acceptance of the vessel into Atomflot.

Representatives of the United Shipbuilding Corporation reassure in the spirit that malfunctions are the norm, nothing extraordinary happens, you should not worry about “trifles”. However, a careful examination of the problem reveals that the cause of endless delays and malfunctions is the notorious inefficiency of the management system.

The decision in itself to create a series of modern icebreakers is welcome. It is also encouraging that the order was given to the Baltic Shipyard, which in recent years has been quietly bending, standing on the verge of bankruptcy. The company received funds (the tender was estimated at 47 billion rubles), leased equipment, and began to pay workers a decent average salary. But then everything went awry.

Vyacheslav Filyurin, the trade union leader of the Baltic Shipyard, names the following reasons for the delay:

At first, no matter how wild it may sound, the shipyard, which has been building construction for seven years, to this day does not have the full documentation for it developed by the Iceberg Central Design Bureau.

Secondlysuppliers continuously fail, leading to downtime and longer lead times. According to Filyurin, Kirovsky Zavod shuttled the delivery of engines for the icebreaker. There are big problems with other suppliers, which either drag out the deadlines, or even provide low-quality materials, which in the future have to be replaced. The union representative attributes this to the imperfection of federal law governing public procurement. According to him, preference should be given to those who offer the lowest price. Often, a low price translates into low quality.

Thirdly, Filyurin complains about the very “effective managers” who came to the plant together with the United Shipbuilding Corporation. Their high salaries make it possible to show a good average salary for workers easier:

On average, yes, about 82 thousand rubles a month. But this is taking into account the salaries of the white-collar workers. The corporation has imposed on the plant many different structures involved in, as we are told, management. Their “creativity” is paid more than generously. There is only little sense from her.


Together, these factors led to a delay in construction from five to eight years and a corresponding rise in the cost of the project. The result was that the plant was even more bogged down by a debt quagmire, a union representative explains:

The plant is in great debt. We survive mainly through loans. Loaned already "above the roof."


And now there have been serious engine problems on an almost-built icebreaker, which may have to be cut. In general, "efficiency" is off the charts.
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  1. 123 Online
    123 (123) 13 February 2020 12: 09
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    Representatives of the United Shipbuilding Corporation reassure in the spirit that malfunctions are the norm, nothing extraordinary happens, you should not worry about “trifles”. However, a careful examination of the problem reveals that the cause of endless delays and malfunctions is the notorious inefficiency of the management system.

    To evaluate how efficiently the system works, it is necessary to compare the results of its work with something. Since no one is building nuclear icebreakers anymore (China has not built anything yet), nuclear carriers are the most suitable for comparison. We do not have such aircraft carriers, there are in England and America. For comparison, the latest HMS Queen Elizabeth and Gerald R. Ford are suitable. Those who wish can themselves compare with what difficulties the commissioning of new ships is taking place. In my opinion, USC representatives are somewhat correct in assessing the problems of the new icebreaker, which, however, does not mean that there are no problems in the industry.
    By the way, it would be nice to compare how they are doing with “creativity”, “effective managers” and average salary in comparison with the incomes of “white-collar workers”. recourse And then draw conclusions.
    1. Ahmed Markhud Offline
      Ahmed Markhud (Ahmed Makhhud) 14 February 2020 13: 47
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      England has no atomic aircraft carriers and they never built them. Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier with a conventional power plant.
      1. 123 Online
        123 (123) 14 February 2020 13: 59
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        England has no atomic aircraft carriers and they never built them. Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier with a conventional power plant.

        You are right, Queen Elizabeth is not atomic, it was remembered that the initial project was "simplified." I am ill. crying However, the essence of the issue does not change from this; problems with it have been "grabbed by the tonsils." With the head ships of a series of problems is a common thing.
    2. Some one Offline
      Some one (Some One) 14 February 2020 19: 13
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      When others come, it will be too late to develop yours. With resources and effective management, when necessary, those who come overtake and leave far behind brakes and revelers. There is an example with the same Mask. When stupid people (this is a very accurate word) laughed at him and rejected an order with a carrier, in the end he decided that making his own was more profitable. Only thanks to the empty “show-offs” will Roscosmos get into a puddle in 13 years without having besieged its fateful rival in time. Musk will gather resources on private launches, the Internet, hyperloop electric transport and alternative energy, and move on. It will also overtake Apple in profit, the profit of which, for a second, 0.7 profit of the Russian Federation. What and with what efficiency to develop on these resources, Elon Musk has already demonstrated.
      1. 123 Online
        123 (123) 14 February 2020 19: 31
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        When others come, it will be too late to develop yours. With resources and effective management, when necessary, those who come overtake and leave far behind brakes and revelers.

        As I understand it, are you for all the good versus all the bad? It seems that there are words, they form sentences, but the meaning of what was said is vague .... What did you mean by that?

        There is an example with the same Mask. When stupid people (this is a very accurate word) laughed at him and rejected an order with a carrier, in the end he decided that making his own was more profitable.

        I understand these stupid people in NASA?

        Roscosmos in 13 years will sit in a puddle, in time without besieging its fateful rival.

        After 13 years, we’ll talk about this topic and see how your forecast will come true. hi

        Musk will gather resources on private launches, the Internet, hyperloop electric transport and alternative energy, and move on. He will also overtake Apple in terms of profit, whose profit, for a second, 0.7 profits of the Russian Federation.

        Let me ask, why is everything in the future tense? It seems that he has not been working for the first year, but everything “beautiful”, as before, is ahead. laughing That's when Apple overtakes, then compare with the Russian Federation. In the meantime, ride your hyperloop from Kiev to Zhytomyr. hi
        1. Some one Offline
          Some one (Some One) 16 February 2020 16: 21
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          Quote: 123
          Let me ask, why is everything in the future tense? It seems that he has not been working for the first year, but everything “beautiful”, as before, is ahead. That's when Apple overtakes, then compare with the Russian Federation. In the meantime, ride your hyperloop from Kiev to Zhytomyr.

          You do not know much, against this background you are a very stupid person with the habits of the Internet troll.

          Quote: 123
          I understand these stupid people in NASA?

          Roskosmos

          Quote: 123
          When others come, it will be too late to develop yours. With resources and effective management, when necessary, those who come overtake and leave far behind brakes and revelers.

          Private corporations will take the market.
          1. 123 Online
            123 (123) 16 February 2020 16: 34
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            Let me ask, why is everything in the future tense? It seems that he has not been working for the first year, but everything “beautiful”, as before, is ahead. That's when Apple overtakes, then compare with the Russian Federation. In the meantime, ride your hyperloop from Kiev to Zhytomyr.

            Some one
            - You do not know much, against this background you are a very stupid person with the habits of the Internet troll.

            I see, you know a lot? Maybe you came by hyperloop from watching the launch of astronauts on the Mask ship? So it turns out that everything is in the future tense. Musk will build fellow Musk will do it. fellow Musk will revolutionize this. fellow In essence, do you have something to report or will you just be smart? smile Against this background, you are an Internet troll with the habits of a stupid person. hi

            I understand these stupid people in NASA?
            Roskosmos

            True? Probably Rogozin personally did this?

            There is an example with the same Mask. When stupid people (this is a very accurate word) laughed at him and rejected an order with a carrier, in the end he decided that making his own was more profitable.

            It was he who gleefully giggled at the brilliant Mask, and then, probably driven by envy, he decided to take revenge and rejected the sketch with the media. laughing Can you tell us more about the collaboration between Mask and Rogozin? sad

            Private corporations will take the market.

            You can’t reach this point, green men with horns will come and take your liver. hi
    3. A.Lex Offline
      A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 19: 57
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      123, the problem is not the "complexity of building equipment" of this class. The problem is SYSTEM. And the system is a model of the economy, in which the borrowing of the “foreign experience” of economic construction, in addition to problems, does not bring ANYTHING to Russia, in addition, this “type of economic development” was initially designed to DESTROY the competitor’s economy (for this, these elements of LIBERALIZATION were introduced into the Russian Federation and "free-hand market").
      There is one more point, because of which the economic development of “ala USA”, which our “reformers” took up in the “holy 90s” in Russia, with its extreme climate. Even looking at a globe map, we see that most of the territory of Russia - (2/3 of its area) belongs to areas of extreme environmental conditions with increased risk and costs for economic activity. Therefore, the economy should be based on state development and planning. And for "descent of steam" - private enterprise, to single out ONLY a part of the economic niche ... let them TEST themselves ... maybe something suitable for the country will turn out.
      The whole economy in Russia should be STATE, because private ownership "feats" in the field of building economic achievements have proved their complete failure. Especially in strategic areas.
      1. 123 Online
        123 (123) 14 February 2020 20: 11
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        A.Lex
        I talked about the fact that when introducing the lead vessel, "childhood diseases" are not uncommon, and it is strange to bring them as an indicator of imperfection.

        The problem is SYSTEM.

        I do not deny the problems of the system, but such shortcomings are not unique to domestic shipbuilders. Someone gets better, someone worse. There is no ideal anywhere. Further in the text I have no objections. hi
  2. Sapsan136 Offline
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 13 February 2020 12: 40
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    This once again proves that all the people of Yeltsin need to be driven from all leading posts to the neck ... And it’s tough to ask the leaders for the result, up to boarding the bunks, so that they work and don’t wipe their pants, grabbing millions every month that they supposedly earned ...
    1. AICO Offline
      AICO (Vyacheslav) 13 February 2020 20: 00
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      On the bunks - it will be too easy, but under the bunks in the holes - the very thing, or even sprayed on fertilizer, along with family members !!!
    2. A.Lex Offline
      A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 21: 38
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      Peregrine Falcon ... But this is Stalinism ... soldier
      1. A.Lex Offline
        A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 22: 07
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        PS ... "STALINISM" - as our demshiza say.
      2. Sapsan136 Offline
        Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 15 February 2020 11: 22
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        And the fact that Chubais and the company stated that driving 20 to 30 million people into the coffins in the Russian Federation is nothing, is that so? I will tell you that this is - This is a genocide and fascism in one bottle!
  3. Upmost Offline
    Upmost (Innocent) 13 February 2020 14: 33
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    Article plus.
    He opens his eyes to reality behind the screen of standard "federal-television propaganda."
    But in fact - it’s the same Putin’s “mess” when the cheeks are inflated, and behind them is a small crock. Everything is fragmented and lumpy again. It is not clear who owes what to anyone, and who is to blame. And when will it end.
    And all that is, mass is an inheritance from the USSR. But only.
    1. Some one Offline
      Some one (Some One) 14 February 2020 19: 16
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      I agree with the beginning, no conclusions. If we talk about inheritance, this is a symbiosis of slowness of the leadership of the USSR and the 90s.
      1. A.Lex Offline
        A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 21: 39
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        .... and you don’t know what is worse ....
  4. Anchonsha Offline
    Anchonsha (Anchonsha) 13 February 2020 23: 39
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    Here, Beria would have been needed, corruption and bribes would have ended. And everything would work in at least 2 weeks. Who oversaw all these enterprises and did not take measures to eliminate all this bacchanalia?
    1. A.Lex Offline
      A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 22: 00
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      And they only submit IDEAS - there is such a position - creative (manager, director ... or someone else). This creature only gives out ideas, and the fact that as a result of their creativity everything begins to crumble is for them ... on the side. The main thing for them is IDEA. And the fact that most of these creaks have a very distant idea of ​​how this or that industry works is a fact long confirmed. And this fact is that the ships break down, rockets fall or explode, clothes for the military burn and melt ... you can continue to infinity.
      This OFFICE does not imply RESPONSIBILITY.
      As long as we have a disregard for production in particular and for the economy in general, we will stagnate.
      In Russia, only then did the industrial boom begin when the person responsible for the production (director) HEAD was responsible for the output of the product, while he had an official from some kind of “secret order” or NKVD.
  5. Dzafdet Offline
    Dzafdet (Sergei) 14 February 2020 16: 32
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    They destroyed all the experts, drove them to the traders and the cemetery, and now we are crying. It’s not a wave of magic, here it takes time for the engineers to grow and restore production ... I won’t write further, or they’ll either ban or delete the comment ..
  6. Some one Offline
    Some one (Some One) 14 February 2020 18: 46
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    It's time for managers to change to automated systems and programs. Do e-government verbatim. They will interpret the law verbatim, without delay, with instant decision-making without corruption and kickbacks. If the system shows inefficiency or failure, correct the code by rolling back to the latest stable version. It will be hundreds of times more effective, maybe then anxiety will go away, with all these fifth wheels in the form of a purulent layer, some problems and insignificant efficiency. It's time to send the old systems to the scrap and develop what eventually will become the standard.
    1. 123 Online
      123 (123) 14 February 2020 19: 36
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      It's time for managers to change to automated systems and programs. Do e-government verbatim. They will interpret the law verbatim, without delay, with instant decision-making without corruption and kickbacks. If the system shows inefficiency or failure, correct the code by rolling back to the latest stable version. It will be hundreds of times more effective, maybe then anxiety will go away, with all these fifth wheels in the form of a purulent layer there are some problems and insignificant efficiency. It's time to send the old systems to the scrap and develop what eventually will become the standard.

      You, frankly, are the captain of evidence, to say the least .... I almost started to applaud. For the full effect, the speech could be completed with this:

    2. A.Lex Offline
      A.Lex (Secret information) 14 February 2020 22: 01
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      Yeah ... and who will manage the electronics?
      1. Some one Offline
        Some one (Some One) 16 February 2020 16: 30
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        Data centers. The work will be provided by accredited programmers, engineers, and technicians at the FSB.
        1. 123 Online
          123 (123) 16 February 2020 16: 41
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          Data centers. The work will be provided by accredited programmers, engineers, and technicians at the FSB.

          Maybe then immediately the FSB? Why are these intermediaries? I understand that this falls under the definition of "police state"?
  7. Alexander Morgunov (Alexander Morgunov) 18 February 2020 09: 01
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    The main idea of ​​the author is hiding between words, as it used to “happen” in the Soviet press. It is simple - everything in Russia is systemically inefficient; it was not worth it to start such truly global projects. They do not master modernization due to various irremovable reasons - there is nothing to rock the boat. Everything is lost. Tick, lads!
  8. krokodil25 Offline
    krokodil25 (Gennady) 18 February 2020 17: 57
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    They are engaged in Herobor; long ago these fictitious managers would be shot.