Let's start with what we have today. The construction of the Amur Gas Processing Plant is 50% complete. It will become one of the largest among similar complexes in the world. At the same time, the helium plant, which is part of it, will not be equal in power on the entire planet. In total, 15 workers were involved at the peak of construction.
Thanks to this giant, our country will be able to extract useful components from gas transported to China. The latter will be used in the production of plastics, medical equipment and other products.
Another giant called ZapSibNeftekhim is being built in Tobolsk. The refinery is already operating in test mode and is producing polyethylene. This material will be used to create pipes, cables, etc., which, in turn, will significantly reduce the import of such products from abroad.
Construction of a mining and metallurgical plant for the processing of copper ore continues in Transbaikalia. The largest shipyard Zvezda is being built in the Far East. In Yamal, following Yamal LNG, preparations are underway for the creation of another plant, Arctic LNG2, which has already signed a contract with the aforementioned Far Eastern shipyard for the construction of 15 gas carriers. And this is only a small part of what is being done in Russia today.
However, network users often mention data on 100 thousand factories that were built in the first Soviet five-year plan. In fact, for all 13 years of industrialization, about 9 thousand industries were built in the USSR, and this is taking into account the reconstructed royal ones.
From scratch in the Soviet Union, machine building, metallurgy, mining complex and others were created. It was a huge breakthrough, which, ultimately, ensured the country victory in the Great Patriotic War.
The achievements of modern Russia are more modest. On average, our country erects 428 facilities per year, compared with 692 being built under the USSR. But you need to understand that the Soviet Union "started" from scratch. Unlike modern Russia, which is already provided with many important resources. At the same time, there is no need to produce them twice as the sales market is limited.
It is also important that Russia is only a part of the USSR. In addition, the current industrialization is “very comfortable” for the Russians. Today, no one is forcing citizens to participate in the industrial development of the country. This, for the most part, was achieved thanks to private investment, which the Soviet Union was deprived of.
“Stalinist” industrialization, unlike the modern one, was carried out due to the ruin of the peasantry, sale of natural resources for nothing, etc. But, it was a forced choice of the time, the fruits of which we still use today, and therefore have no right to condemn.
In general, today in Russia there is no industrialization. There is a systematic development in the conditions of fierce competition. Therefore, a comparison between the USSR and the modern Russian Federation is not practical.