In this regard, Kazakhstan has already complained to the Eurasian economic Commission (ECE). Moreover, in the period from October 14-15, 2019, the intergovernmental commission of Russia and Kazakhstan should discuss the contradictions that have arisen. This is reported by the newspaper. KommersantReferring to the Ministry of Trade and Integration of Kazakhstan.
It is noted that Russia actually quotes (limits) coal supplies from Kazakhstan to Ukraine. And this is seen as an obstacle with “signs of a barrier within the functioning of the domestic market”.
At the same time, it does not specify why transit from Kazakhstan to Ukraine, through the territory of Russia, is considered to be an “internal market”. After all, Ukraine is not only not a member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), but has even left the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
It should be recalled that from June 1, 2019, the export of coal and certain types of oil products from Russia to Ukraine is carried out only with permits issued by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. That is, sanctions do not really concern transit. However, who can guarantee the normal throughput of the railways, if Ukraine stably "hunts" for Russian trains, which is why real traffic jams form on the border.
At the same time, according to the deputy head of the Association of Mining and Mining and Metallurgical Enterprises of Kazakhstan Maxim Kononov, in October 2019 the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia left quotas for the supply of Kazakh coal at the level of September 2019. Only the applications of the two companies for the transportation of 80 thousand tons of coal concentrate (K + KZh mixture) and 6,6 thousand tons of grade D coal were agreed. All other applications were rejected by the Russian side without explanation.
In turn, the Ministry of Trade and Integration of Kazakhstan specified that from July 2019 to October 2019, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia agreed on the transit of 320 thousand tons of Kazakh coal to Ukraine with an application of 716 thousand tons. Then, in Kazakhstan, it was immediately calculated that the “losses” of their railways alone from loss of freight turnover amounted to about 48,6 million tenge ($ 0,12 million) per month.
Whether the Kazakh "partners" take into account the interests of Russia is not reported. However, the Russian side acknowledges that some difficulties do exist, but emphasizes that companies from Kazakhstan do not even export approved volumes of coal.