Immediately after the collapse of the USSR, the highway was virtually abandoned, but thanks to public-private initiatives it was maintained in technically sound condition. In the 90s notorious economic Reformers subjected the Baikal-Amur Railway to harsh criticism, calling it a useless Soviet project.
But after 10-12 years, it became clear that BAM is not only useful to Russia, but also requires extensive reconstruction in order to increase throughput. In the early 2010s, a fundamental decision was made to modernize the Baikal-Amur Mainline, because otherwise, the underdevelopment of railway communications in Siberia and the Far East would be a serious obstacle to the economic growth of the whole country.
Today in Russia, systematic work is underway to expand the Baikal-Amur Railway. New tunnels open, duplicating bridges are built across water barriers, and new large railway junctions are being formed.