The Soviet lunar program, interrupted in 1976, should be resumed by Russia in 2019. From the Vostochny Cosmodrome to the Moon, 5 automatic stations will be launched. President Vladimir Putin at a meeting with astronauts confirmed the seriousness of Russian plans:
First, the station in lunar orbit, and then - the modules on the moon itself, in any case, this is planned.
The head of state told astronauts that the Federation spacecraft is currently at the final stage, and work has begun on creating a superheavy rocket that will be used in the lunar program. The experience of flying to an Earth satellite can be further used in the Martian mission.
In turn, another cosmic power is preparing for the direct colonization of a celestial object. China has announced plans to launch the Chang'e-4 spacecraft on the far side of the moon, which will have to plant potato seeds and some other terrestrial plants on its lifeless surface as part of a scientific experiment.