New spaceship: the United States leaves Russia far behind

American billionaire Jeff Bezos seriously intends to return the Americans to the moon. Now he introduced his new brainchild - the spaceship Blue Moon.




In space, no one will know about your billions


Jeff Bezos is a man of the era. No, it would be more correct to say that he is a man-era. In 1994, a little-known entrepreneur founded the online store Amazon.com, which sold books. Soon it will be possible to order audio and video products in it for every taste and color. And much more. Careful attention to competitors has led to the fact that now Amazon is the largest e-commerce market and cloud computing platform in the world. And in 2018, Forbes magazine estimated Bezos’s fortune at $ 135 billion: thus, the founder of Amazon is the richest man on the planet.

At the same time, Jeff Bezos is not alien to the romance of space flights. Back in 2000, he founded the private aerospace Blue Origin, which is now in full swing experiencing a suborbital tourist complex (reusable rocket + ship) New shepard, and in the foreseeable future, the company wants to build a heavy space rocket New glenn, which will be able to challenge the very Ilon Mask.


In general, the analogy with the most famous inventor of our time suggests itself. Moreover, they are not averse to "pinning" each other.

My friend who wants to go to Mars? Do me a favor: try to live on top of Everest for a start at least a year, and see if you like it. Everest is a garden of paradise compared to Mars,

- Jeff Bezos reacted to the mask's Martian ambitions.

In this case, in fact, Mask and Bezos are completely different people. And their approaches to work vary. SpaceX succeeded in a good low start, but do not discount Blue Origin. Now Ilona is compared with a hare, and Jeff Bezos - with a turtle. And as was the case with the heroes of the famous short animated film, the first may remain out of work. SpaceX companies generally often accuse excessive ambitions and senseless spending, and the desire to be the first often ends in accidents, such as in the case of the Dragon 2 ship. We recall, recently exploded during the tests.

Can repeat


However, let's get down to business. As we know, SpaceX focuses on Mars, where the company plans to deliver colonists on its Starship. Bezos has more modest plans, and he does not hide this. The creator of Amazon is not against flying to the Red Planet, but first wants to put all his strength to save the Earth and explore the Moon, which is incomparably closer to the distant cold Mars.

In May, Blue Origin held a press conference in Washington, sharing with the world new details of a large-scale plan for the colonization of the Moon. The main novelty was the presentation of the concept of the Moon Moon lunar landing module, which the company has been developing since 2016. A model of the device was demonstrated, which in the cargo configuration will be able to transport up to 3,6 tons of cargo to the satellite of our planet. Another option, more lifting, will be able to deliver to the moon up to 6,5 tons. Finally, the manned version will deliver astronauts, performing approximately the same function that the Apollo spacecraft once performed, on which Americans landed six times on Earth’s satellite. The “heart” of the Blue Origin concept is the innovative BE-7 jet engine, created specifically for Blue Moon. He will use liquid oxygen and hydrogen as fuel, developing thrust up to 40 kilonewtons. In the manufacture of BE-7 intend to widely use three-dimensional printing. Blue Origin intends to conduct the first fire tests this summer.


It’s worth a little distraction and recall that Bezos’s company, oddly enough, has vast experience in developing rocket engines. The company has already built and tested the revolutionary BE-4 in many respects, which they want to use for several future American missiles at once: the aforementioned New Glenn and Volcano. A distinctive feature of the engine is the use of liquefied natural gas as fuel. This, in theory, will create a reliable and relatively inexpensive to use engine, which, unambiguously, adds chances for the successful implementation of what was planned in the framework of the new Bezos project.

At the same time, both BE-7 and the entire Blue Moon complex are part of a much more ambitious plan.

We decided to use liquid hydrogen for the simple reason that, ultimately, it will be possible to extract it directly from water ice and to fill the apparatus directly on the surface of the moon. It's time to get back to the moon. This time to stay

- noted Jeff Bezos at the conference.

Journalists also drew attention to the fact that the concept of Blue Moon can also be considered in the context of Donald Trump’s intentions to return astronauts to the moon, making this a merit of the current government. Blue Origin names the year 2024 as the estimated date of the manned flight to the moon, which agrees with the plans previously announced by the White House. Back in 2017, Donald Trump signed the “Directive No. 1”, which implies the return of the United States to the satellite of our planet, and they want to do this (they didn’t say it directly, but de facto it is) due to the “reduction” of Martian ambitions, which now shifted indefinitely.

Spaceship Racing


However, for the time being, it is not worth equating NASA’s “lunar” ambitions with the Blue Moon project, because the US space agency has long linked the exploration of deep space, primarily with the new superheavy rocket Space Launch System and the Orion spacecraft, which are also considering in the context of the creation of the lunar orbital station Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway. That is, it may turn out that NASA is not on the way with either SpaceX (and its semi-fantastic ideas), or with Blue Origin (and its "Blue Moon"). Only time will tell which of these projects really deserves to become a tool for the exploration of the moon by humanity.

In this case, do not worry much about the Americans. Other countries, including Russia and China, can only dream about the opportunities that NASA or private owners have. One example: Europe still does not have its own manned spacecraft at all and it is not known when they will appear.


Russian experts, however, responded to the Bezos project in their own manner, by voicing plans for the distant future. Anyway, RIA News referring to an informed source the other day, it stated that the engineers of the Lavochkin NGO are considering the possibility of creating duplicates of the Luna-26 and Luna-27 research devices under the name Luna-26/1 and Luna-27/1. They may appear after 2030. In practice, we will probably have another version of the "fable" about the launch of the "Science" module or bringing the "Angara" to a working state.
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  • Photos used: https://www.elgrafico.mx
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  1. Port Offline Port
    Port 13 May 2019 09: 31
    0
    When they lie down then we'll see.
    1. r.job Offline r.job
      r.job (Ilya Rusanov) 13 May 2019 10: 20
      +2
      Funny you)

      Especially for you:
      That's when Falcon 1 flies them, then we'll talk.
      That's when there will be customers, then we'll talk.
      That's when there will be a contract with NASA, then we'll talk.
      That's when Falcon 9 flies them, then we'll talk.
      That's when they build their ship then we'll talk.
      That's when he reaches the ISS, then we'll talk.
      When we launch geostationary satellites, then we'll talk.
      That's when they figure out how to plant missiles, then we'll talk.
      That's when they put at least one, then we'll talk.
      That's when they put on a barge, then we'll talk.
      That's when they start to plant after the withdrawal of the GPO, then we'll talk.
      Here when the second-hand rocket will fly, then we will talk.
      That's when they launch their Falcon Heavy, then we'll talk.
      That's when they make their Dragon 2, then we'll talk.
      -------- Now we are here --------
      That's when they start to carry people, then we'll talk.
      That's when they launch the device to the moon, then we'll talk.
      That's when they learn to land a ship without parachutes, then we'll talk.
      That's when they launch Red Dragon, then we'll talk.
      That's when he sits on Mars, then we'll talk.
      That's when they make their Martian transport, then we'll talk.
      That's when people land on Mars, then we'll talk.
      That's when Mars is colonized, then we'll talk.
      That's when Mars is terraformed, then we'll talk.
      1. melting baria Offline melting baria
        melting baria (melting baria) 13 May 2019 11: 53
        -6
        Ilyusha, as usual, all the Russian crap! He is a very big expert in astronautics, as well as weapons, aircraft, navy and many other things !!!
        1. Cyril Offline Cyril
          Cyril (Kirill) 13 May 2019 18: 59
          +2
          What does he "scum"? “Science” is not yet in space, “Angara” is not working yet - Ilya just told the truth.
      2. Oleg RB Offline Oleg RB
        Oleg RB (Oleg) 13 May 2019 13: 07
        0
        Explanatory selection. good
        1. Gunter prereen Offline Gunter prereen
          Gunter prereen (Gunter Preen) 11 June 2019 21: 57
          0
          But what about the father on the moon ne eventaets? Otherwise, I would have plowed it up, you’ll catch it, sow it, plant a bully!
          1. Oleg RB Offline Oleg RB
            Oleg RB (Oleg) 12 June 2019 09: 25
            0
            And what does your dad have to do with it? On the topic have something to say?
  2. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 13 May 2019 09: 45
    +1
    If they succeed, then we will simply re-sound our deadlines.
    It is much cheaper!
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  5. Port Offline Port
    Port 13 May 2019 12: 25
    0
    Quote: r.job
    Funny you

    Forgot about Challenger and Colombia, or is it not customary to recall about these hegemonic achievements of the liberda?
    1. Cyril Offline Cyril
      Cyril (Kirill) 13 May 2019 18: 57
      +1
      I forgot about Challenger and Colombia

      - no one forgot about them. But these are just two accidents with 133 successful shuttle flights. By the way, the “Unions” also suffered a catastrophe twice with the death of the crew. They just hold much less people.
  6. jekasimf Offline jekasimf
    jekasimf (jekasimf) 13 May 2019 15: 23
    +2
    Blue Moon?!!! I'm afraid to even guess what the crew will be .....
  7. Ygm Offline Ygm
    Ygm (Yuri) 14 May 2019 20: 04
    0
    America is very risky - now, ONE catastrophe is enough and they will bury their space FOREVER. There will be no third chance ..
    1. r.job Offline r.job
      r.job (Ilya Rusanov) 15 May 2019 14: 17
      +1
      Space is a risky business. And they won’t bury anything. They do the job, not cartoons show at the government level.
  8. aries2200 Offline aries2200
    aries2200 (aries) 14 May 2019 20: 49
    +1
    money is not even the basis of the project .. it's just a component ... the basis of the constructor .. they count in the fall ... forward to the moon gentlemen Americans. .
  9. zenion Offline zenion
    zenion (zinovy) 17 May 2019 18: 39
    -1
    Somewhere on which the Americans flew for decades to the moon? Did the mice eat?
  10. Syoma_67 Offline Syoma_67
    Syoma_67 (Semyon) 25 May 2019 23: 07
    +1
    leave Russia far behind

    - It’s late, they have already left it for a long time and it’s unlikely that it will be possible to catch up, at least in the next hundred years.
  11. healthy lucky Offline healthy lucky
    healthy lucky (lucky healthy) 26 May 2019 15: 04
    +2
    For 23 years now (23 years old, Karl !!!) they have been trying to create the Angara rocket capable of putting 35 tons of payload into orbit of the earth. In its heavy version, "Angara" is even tested! Once - in 2014. The next test is planned to be carried out in 2021. And 5 billion dollars have already been spent on this rocket.
    Having spent $ 500 million in seven years, Elon Musk created and successfully tested the Falcon Heavy rocket, capable of putting 65 tons of payload into low Earth orbit.
    Moreover, at Ilon Mask, 2 thousand people were engaged in the creation of a rocket, and in Russia 40 thousand highly talented employees feed only in the center of Khrunichev, and 220 thousand people feed in the entire Roscosmos.
    As a result, Musk has 10 times less cost!
    1. YUG64 Offline YUG64
      YUG64 (Yuri) 4 June 2019 20: 02
      0
      And can you link to the 5 billion dollars already spent on the "Angara"?
  12. Rinat Offline Rinat
    Rinat (Rinat) 31 May 2019 11: 13
    +2
    This is not the first time we have listened to amers' fables about the "return" to the moon. They once already "flew" to the night star. At the same time, state resources were spent. Now there are two private traders, one of them is definitely a swindler, with a limited budget trying to do what was beyond the power of the US economy. They will pull individual elements of a large-scale project, but they will not master the whole project.
    1. Gunter prereen Offline Gunter prereen
      Gunter prereen (Gunter Preen) 11 June 2019 21: 51
      +1
      Yes, let the Americans or the Chinese fly wherever they want. Moon, Mars, even on the Sun. Manned astronautics are needed only by astronauts! Like heavy missiles only to their designers. Suitcases without handles. And Roskosmos is an organization in need of an enema. However, there are many of these in Russia. I offer a megaproject !!! "Roscosmos will create a superheavy rocket with engines based on controlled thermonuclear fusion to launch 500 tons of cargo into orbit!" Does that sound ))))))))) And you can safely cut the budget for another hundred years, hanging noodles to the leadership and population!
  13. Alexey Antonov Offline Alexey Antonov
    Alexey Antonov (Alexey Antonov) 10 July 2019 21: 14
    0
    "Blue Moon" - "Blue Moon"?