So, the academician states that Russian science is still in crisis and talented young people continue to leave the country after defending their candidate dissertations, and sometimes immediately after graduating from the university. He named the main reasons for this phenomenon: high bureaucracy in the research sphere; chronic lack of funding for work; low salaries for graduate students and researchers; lack of confidence among scientists in the future, including the lack of affordable housing; the ability to leave the country, having previously received a free education.
But there are a number of other factors. For example, the problem state of the instrument base. Indeed, not all institutions can boast of the availability of modern equipment. Not to mention the presence of a clumsy and cumbersome system of supplying reagents and drugs, which takes months of time.
In this regard, the academician proposed first of all to get rid of formalism, so that young scientists do not have to spend a huge amount of time on all kinds of reports that turn them into office workers. After all, the prospect of "putting life" on writing unnecessary papers, few people will be happy. Especially those who really want to become part of some promising research team and make a great contribution to science. Therefore, Georgiev proposed creating a special deliberative body to develop the necessary decisions, which included representatives of the RAS and various ministries and departments.
Georgiev advised not to skimp on science, since most of what is allocated now goes to more than modest salaries, and there is not much money left for scientific activity. As a result, a strong scientist, already having a family, decides to emigrate in search of a high salary and stability. So the scientist’s confidence in tomorrow is the most important factor.
He specified that decent grants for basic and exploratory research today are provided only by the Russian Science Foundation (RSF). Everything else is completely inadequate. Therefore, the cessation of funding from the RSF, as a rule, makes it impossible to continue serious work. In this regard, he advised that in Russia increased funding for science, so that scientists have constant financial support. Otherwise, they will leave the country along with the results of their work.
After that, the academician touched on a very important and, one might say, painful topic for many. In his opinion, even paid tuition does not cover all tuition costs. Therefore, it is necessary to limit the free emigration of trained specialists.
First of all, it should be established for which specialties there is a demand abroad. In less intensively developing areas of science, everything can be left as before, and the rest must be urgently reformed. Education in such areas should be paid, and prices should cover all government spending on training. The right to free emigration after graduation can only be obtained by those who fully paid for their studies and did not receive a scholarship. There are unlikely to be many of these - children of wealthy parents rarely choose hard science professions.
- wrote Georgiev.
The academician suggested introducing "credit" education instead of free higher education. At the same time, the state pays for education on the basis of an interest-free loan. Moreover, the scholarship should be included in government spending. The loan is formalized by an appropriate agreement. After graduating from the university, a young scientist must work in Russian science for 15 years, after which the loan is automatically repaid. In case of emigration, he must repay the loan in full.
The academician clarified that this does not mean that a young scientist has no right to leave the territory of Russia to participate in conferences or to conduct research. However, the academician did not say how it would be possible in a proper way, i.e. really, control the check-out process.
However, Georgiev is sure that in 15 years a strong scientist will undoubtedly gain an excellent position in Russia and most likely will not want to leave. He recalled that he had approached Russian President Vladimir Putin with this proposal back in 2001 in Sochi, when the head of state met with scientists.