Russia is losing its forest: is China to blame?

The situation prevailing in the forestry sector of the Russian Federation is so disastrous that it was actively discussed at the highest level. The forest burns, it is eaten by pests, "black loggers" are illegally chopped. In recent years, it is customary to blame the appetites of the Chinese, who are the main consumers of the Russian "round timber" and actually encourage its illegal logging and export to China. There is a fair amount of truth in this, but is there only a problem in the Chinese alone?




In fact, the Russian taiga and other forests disappear not only from the saw and ax, but from the fire. Every year in our country due to fires burns from 1,5 to 3 million hectares of forest. In the last 2018, all 4 million hectares were burned. And these are the forests that are being monitored and can be taken into account. If you believe the data of international organizations, over a year in Russia burns about 14 million hectares of forest! Moreover, there is no substitute for landing there simply because there is no one to do it.

Each such major fire is a real environmental disaster for the nature of Russia. The question is why the situation has become so catastrophic?

All familiar with the history of the issue are sent back to 2007, when the new Forest Code was adopted. His goal was “liberalization” of forest legislation with the aim of introducing market relations into it. The powers to manage forestry under the new law were transferred to “effective” private owners and regional authorities. Member of the Federation Council Sergey Ryabukhin commented on this situation:

The regions were given powers that were not backed by finances, as a result of which the number of foresters and leshozes was reduced tenfold. And the forest was left to its own devices.


The result was not slow to affect. In 2008, a year after the adoption of the new Forest Code, the number of forest fires increased by 40 times! As of the beginning of 2019, the number of employees of the Forest Guard is two times lower than the lowest norm and five times lower than the level of 2007! There is simply no one to work. Even worse, fire extinguishing began to translate into the "liberal" plane of "profitability." Judge for yourself.

Last year, fires burned in the Krasnoyarsk Territory on the territory of almost five hundred square hectares. But the regional authorities "washed their hands", refusing to extinguish with the following wording:

The projected costs of extinguishing these fires will exceed the potential damage that they may cause.


Very modern, right? Extinguishing fires is unprofitable! As a result, understaffed Krasnoyarsk foresters saved only 17,2 hectares of forest. But is it possible to blame those who were placed in similar conditions?

In 2007, many opposed the adoption of the “liberal” Forest Code. Regions gave a negative assessment of the bill, some deputies wrote an open letter to President Putin asking them not to sign a dangerous law. Even business representatives warned that they were not ready to invest in forest conservation and renewal. But nothing helped. The State Duma and the Federation Council adopted the bill, and President Vladimir Putin signed it. Exactly three years later, he courageously extinguished a burning forest from a Be-200 amphibious aircraft, when about 2010 million hectares were burned in 8.
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  1. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 28 January 2019 13: 20
    -1
    .. in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, fires burned in an area of ​​almost five hundred square hectares.

    I am losing weight with these all-proslavers. lol
    The territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is 2 million 366 thousand km². And almost all of it is covered in forests. What is five hundred square hectares of such an area?
  2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 28 January 2019 13: 31
    -1
    Quote: gorbunov.vladisl
    .. in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, fires burned in an area of ​​almost five hundred square hectares.

    I am losing weight with these all-proslavers. lol
    The territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is 2 million 366 thousand km². And almost all of it is covered in forests. What is five hundred square hectares of such an area?

    Well yes, right. Do not care, let it burn.
    1. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 29 January 2019 14: 34
      0
      Well yes, right. Do not care, let it burn.

      Is there anything about "don't care" in my comment? Or did I approve of the burning of forests somewhere? Or do we see what we want, and not what is written?
      You just don’t need to inflate an elephant from a fly.
  3. Dan Offline Dan
    Dan (Daniel) 29 January 2019 08: 39
    +1
    10 years to decipher the subject - for some time, our authorities analyze the condition and the reasons contributing ... Matvienko, too, well done. First, everyone signs the bill together, and then they look for the extreme minister, who is also "neither steal - nor watch over." In short, all the good fellows!
  4. Yuri Nikonov Offline Yuri Nikonov
    Yuri Nikonov (yuri) 29 January 2019 09: 28
    +1
    Quote: gorbunov.vladisl
    .. in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, fires burned in an area of ​​almost five hundred square hectares.

    I am losing weight with these all-proslavers. lol
    The territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is 2 million 366 thousand km². And almost all of it is covered in forests. What is five hundred square hectares of such an area?

    You are not by any chance from "United Russia" with such a mood in 20 years we will live in the Sahara desert, or you think they will meet you over the hill.
    1. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 29 January 2019 14: 48
      0
      ... in that mood ...

      In what mood?

      ... in 20 years we will live in the Sahara desert ...

      20 years ago, those who consider themselves "the conscience of the nation" said the same thing. The same was said about Soviet lumberjacks. Say the Soviets are destroying nature. You will decide on the terms. When will the Sahara be?

      by any chance you are not from "EP" ...

      The party in which it was the last time was called the CPSU. And no one is waiting for me over the hill.
      The author picked out the "problem" in the article obviously from his nose. Yes, the forests are burning, and that's BAD. But this is not critical. The figures clearly show that there is no such problem. But liberals and their sympathizers stubbornly continue to pull a condom on the globe.
  5. Yuri Nikonov Offline Yuri Nikonov
    Yuri Nikonov (yuri) 30 January 2019 10: 04
    0
    Quote: gorbunov.vladisl
    20 years ago, those who consider themselves "the conscience of the nation" said the same thing. The same was said about Soviet lumberjacks. Say the Soviets are destroying nature. You will decide on the terms. When will the Sahara be?

    and you are not too lazy to look at satellite maps of forest fires in the Russian Federation. the picture there is rather sad, mostly logging sites are burning, which the so-called "black" lumberjacks leave.