IL-114: the most “popular” aircraft will change air travel in Russia

One of the important stages of the revival of the Russian aircraft industry should be the large-scale production of IL-114. Does it make sense?




Dwarves and Titans

For loud statements about the new passenger aircraft MS-21 and dreams of a huge IL-106 transporter, we began to forget about another very important domestic aircraft construction project. We are talking about a passenger turboprop aircraft for local airlines Il-114. Dmitry Kozlov’s material “The creation of the Il-114-300 received a new strong impetus”, recently published in AviaPort, made him speak again. The specialist dismantled the planned progress of work on the new machine: I must say, in some detail. However, it is better about everything in order.

The project itself, unlike the Sukhoi Superjet 100 and MS-21, with all the desire, cannot be called new, which was one of the reasons for the relatively low interest from the media. The aircraft began to be developed in the late 80s, and the first flight he made on March 29, 1990. They wanted to produce it in series in Uzbekistan, at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association. The company produced several dozen cars, but political uncertainties stalled further production.

Perhaps even more important was the very limited interest in the car on the part of Russian customers. And not only them. Most of the machines operated by the state airline Uzbekistan Airways - six aircraft. But in May last year, commercial operation was completed. This would have been the end of the history of the aircraft, if it had not been for the plans announced by the leadership of the Russian Federation to give the country new domestic “wings”.

Flight technical characteristics of IL-114:

Crew: two people
Length: 26,877 m
Wingspan: 30,00 m
Passenger: 64 person
Carrying capacity: 6500 kg
Weight empty: 13 700 kg
Maximum takeoff weight: 23 500 kg
Powerplant: two gas turbine engines TV7-117
Maximum speed: 685 km / h
Cruising speed: 625 km / h
Practical range: 6500 km

New life

From the material of “AviaPort” it follows that the head of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Aisen Nikolaev, directly stated at the meeting of the State Council Presidium in September last year that all Yakut An-2022s will be written off, not the last role in the degeneration of the car. The latter was developed in the distant 24s, but even in the 60s it remained the main plane of local airlines. The reason for such popularity lay in the extreme unpretentiousness of the machine: it could land on very small airfields and unprepared for landing soil. A total of 2000 such machines were built.

In general, the developer of a new machine represented by PJSC Aviation Complex named after S.V. Ilyushin ”felt a cardinal change in interest in the aircraft from the regions. Negotiations with potential customers began, plans were announced to demonstrate the aircraft at MAKS-2019. Perhaps in 2017, the appointment of Alexey Rogozin, the son of the current head of the Russian Space Agency, Dmitry Rogozin, played the role of the Director General of the S.V. Ilyushin Aviation Complex. However, it is worth saying that not all of Rogozin Jr.’s ideas were recognized as successful. So, for example, experts almost unanimously criticized the concept of “airplane” return of the first stage of a promising Russian launch vehicle voiced by him. They pointed to technical the deadlock of the scheme, and the lack of the necessary experience for the company "Il".

However, all this is "fiction." What do we have in fact? AviaPort announced a “firm contract” for the supply of 50 Il-114-300 aircraft for the State Transport Leasing Company. However, they only have to sign it - presumably in the first half of 2019. To do this, the company must receive budgetary funds allocated to support the promotion of IL-114.

It turns out the picture that we previously saw, only in the case of the same Sukhoi Superjet 100. When the state itself buys cars, according to previously reached agreements. Recall that Ilyushin is part of the United Aircraft Corporation, over 90% of the shares of which belong to the state in the person of the Federal Property Management Agency.

Good or bad is another matter. We will not consider it in detail now. However, it is clear that now the Russian aircraft industry will not be able to survive without the constant support of the state. On a global scale, it is simply uncompetitive, with the possible exception of a very narrow market for combat aircraft and helicopters. The remaining aspects of the project, in general, are characteristic of any new type of aircraft: long tests and improvements. There is no doubt that we will face a non-Soviet IL-114. It is known that for the first of the IL-114, new TV7-117ST-01 engines, new on-board equipment, systems and complexes are used. From the invariable - the machine control system, the hydraulic system and a number of other systems and subsystems. In any case, each of the new airborne systems will have to be completed for many years. And all this needs money.


The biggest risks are seen with engines. Let's remind that domestic TV7-117S had very big drawbacks: low reliability, small resource, general “dampness” of the product. That is why the Uzbek Il-114 was supplied with the American Pratt & Whitney. What will happen in the case of TV7-117ST-01 is hard to say. However, it is worth noting a general trend - the transition of the post-Soviet aircraft industry to Western engines. This can be seen both in the case of Russia and in the case of Ukraine. The reason for this phenomenon is also understandable: even Soviet engines for civil aviation were much inferior to the best Western models. So there is little reason to believe in a "miracle" now.

Recall that both the Sukhoi Superjet 100 and the MC-21 use European and American engines. At “Superjet” it is a “Russian-French” SaM56 created on the basis of the French CFM International CFM146. In the case of the main hope of domestic aviation - MS-21 - everything is much more interesting. Especially for him in Russia they are creating a new PD-14, which they want to install on "half of the first 630 serial MS-21s." But, firstly, these 600 production cars need to be built to begin with: we recall that just over 270 have been ordered now. And, secondly, Russian experts now directly recognize that the installation of the PD-14 engine can lead to an increase in the price of operation of the winged cars.

On the other hand, the requirements for the power plant for local aircraft are not as high as in the case of large airliners, designed for operation around the world. Therefore, a purely hypothetically new IL-114 can see the native "engines". In conclusion, I want to say that the IL-114 is seen as an important and necessary aircraft, which can really change the domestic air transportation for the better. But time will tell how it will turn out in practice.
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  • Photos used: Diiiiiiiiib / wikimedia.org
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  1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 25 January 2019 09: 03
    0
    I always envied those in power. It is clear that in order to be at the top of the social ladder, remarkable abilities are required in all respects. Well, given, given! But so that their children turn out to be so talented, extraordinary and successful, so that, of course, absolutely justifiably, to find themselves in high positions, there is a double, almost "black" envy. Although, of course, the genes, apparently responsible for the inheritance of outstanding abilities, have not been canceled, everything is clear and understandable.
    1. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
      A.Lex (Secret information) 26 January 2019 17: 20
      0
      Hmm ... I do not envy anything. Although I live, consider it in the village ... I value my family and the place where I live.
  2. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
    A.Lex (Secret information) 26 January 2019 17: 34
    +2
    What is most interesting is that with total sanctions, engines (as well as all other imported components) of foreign companies for domestically produced aircraft will become unavailable. Since the ENTIRE aircraft fleet of Russian airlines consists of aircraft manufactured outside our country, ALL of our civil aircraft WILL immediately STAND UP. (well, not immediately, but within 3 years for sure) And our own (for the sake of foreign corporations) we do not make (or make, but - piece by piece, which is almost NOTHING). That's when it will come) I (oops ... I certainly understand that the leadership of our country is asleep and sees itself in integration with the "world community" ... But it is clear that this "world community" does not see Russia as its INTEGRAL part. ..It sees Russia by its PRODUCT, torn to pieces, and the population ... that the population ... it was not lucky. Unlucky to be born on the territory of Russia. This is what the Russian leadership cannot understand ... or does not want ... And it's pointless to blame Putin for this. He is a product of this system. The system is capitalist, misanthropic. He just tries to adapt to it, instead of creating his own, relying on a SIMPLE people, and not on a "stratum" of those who managed to rob this very people.
  3. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
    A.Lex (Secret information) 26 January 2019 17: 55
    +1
    Whatever the engines of our production are, they are ours. And the school of domestic engine building is not yet completely ditched. Engines are not so economical, not so perfect? Well then - let it be. For Russia, this is (so far) not critical. Over time (if you do not engage in garbage) will be everything. But if you do not produce, then there will be nothing to improve! Not for nothing MILITARY engines we have one of the best (if not the best). What is the problem? And the fact that the institute of military acceptance does not allow to fool around. What does our leadership need to introduce similar for the civilian sphere? I don’t know - I don’t have an answer to this ... Maybe until a Tough PERSONAL responsibility for the Ongoing work, on which the country's security, its prosperity and independence depends, is made, nothing will change? Once again, I do not know. But something like this is about to happen. Otherwise, we’ll lose everything.
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 4 February 2019 17: 11
    0
    Is it in IL that they are currently investigating the supply of titanium with false certificates?
  5. Cat Offline Cat
    Cat (Sergei) 26 December 2020 13: 27
    +1
    It would be nice if he did appear on local airlines. Of course, he is not without flaws, he needs a strip or asphalt or concrete, on the ground, like the An-24, he will not sit down, due to the low location of engines and propellers. Therefore, he will not close the entire niche of the high-wing An-24, but at least something. Probably, in addition to it, it is also necessary to make a civil version on the basis of the Il-112, for unpaved airfields. If you look now that we have foreigners flying on local lines, so everyone, without exception, is highly ambitious. Well, he doesn't care "seven feet under the keel!"