The Chinese expert community has sent a proposal to the Russian leadership regarding the construction of a giant conduit that would allow water to be transferred from the Altai Territory to Chinese areas suffering from drought.
China has large water reserves, but because of the huge population they are not enough. Fresh water often has to be delivered by tankers from Thailand and South Korea.
The supplier of this resource could be Russia. Moreover, the Altai Territory has an oversupply of water resources. This is not only not useful, but also harmful, since huge amounts of money have to be spent on liquidating the consequences of floods.
It turns out that the project is beneficial to Russia. Firstly, it will be possible to receive money for a resource that the country has in abundance. Secondly, the metallurgical industry will be loaded with orders, since the project will require the manufacture of a large number of pipes. Thirdly, along the way, it would be possible to establish water exports to Kazakhstan, which also suffers from a shortage of water resources.
But there are pitfalls. It is not yet clear how this will affect the environmental situation in Russia. In addition, fresh water is a resource, and the economy it is beneficial that they sell not the resources, but the processed products (for example, bottled water).
Involved in this issue and policy. According to the World Bank, by 2050, water scarcity will reduce China's GDP by 6% per year or more. If there is enough water, the situation will change in the opposite direction - GDP will grow by 2% per year. It turns out that the future of the Chinese economy is highly dependent on this project.
Not everyone in the world benefits from China's economic growth. First of all, this is contrary to the interests of the United States. Of course, they will create obstacles for the implementation of the project.