The opposite effect: China faces a severe demographic crisis


After the Great Chinese Famine, which broke out in the PRC in 1959-1961 and claimed millions of lives, a baby boom occurred in the Celestial Empire. It is worth noting that such phenomena are often observed after the end of wars, epidemics, as well as other large-scale and extremely negative factors for humanity.

In turn, global advances in medicine, which have sharply reduced child mortality, have led to the average Chinese family raising 5-6 children.

To limit population growth, which, according to the Chinese authorities, posed a serious threat to the further development of the country, leading to excessive stress on its land, water and energy resources, a variety of measures were introduced in the Celestial Empire, which were not implemented until the end of the 70s. influenced the problem.

As a result, in 1979 an unprecedented policy "One family - one child." As part of the strategy, urban residents of China were allowed to have one child per family (with the exception of multiple pregnancies), and two in the countryside, provided that the first child in the family was female.

The fine for violators was 4-8 average annual income in the region of birth. In some cases, more stringent measures were used, including sterilization and forced abortion.

It is worth noting that the “one child” policy has borne fruit. However, the Chinese leadership realized that this strategy had become redundant and decided to adjust it.

According to the new rules, each couple could have two or three children, with each child replacing a parent. This was called the "replacement rate."

The above attempt did not bring results, and in 2016 all birth restrictions were completely abolished.

However, the new “baby boom” that the Chinese authorities expected did not happen. On the contrary, the country's population is rapidly declining.

China has already lost its lead in population to India. Moreover, in 2022, the death rate in China exceeded the birth rate for the first time in six decades.

One of the main reasons that modern Chinese do not want to start large families is precisely the above-mentioned one-child policy.

The thing is that many Chinese born after 1979 today have two parents and four grandparents to care for alone. There is no time for the birth of a large number of children here anymore.

And poverty in China, no matter how paradoxical it may sound, is much higher today than in other developed countries. the economy. This fact also does not favor high birth rates.

As a result, according to scientists, by the end of this century the population of China may be reduced by almost half. At the same time, taking into account the fact that the Celestial Empire is a “global manufacturing superpower”, which it has become largely due to the huge population, its sharp reduction is a serious threat to the further development of the country.

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. 0
    13 May 2024 10: 41
    Apparently the birth rate is low. Mortality among the older generation can be immediately dismissed. The age limit in China is 10 years higher than ours. During wars or in anticipation of war, the birth rate falls. Poverty only affects rich countries. In poor countries, birth rates are still high. When parents in a society strive for comfort, the birth rate falls. With frequent divorces, one should also not expect a high birth rate.
  2. 0
    13 May 2024 10: 41
    What is more harmful: fasting or overeating?
    Chinese demographic experience has shown that people are not able to predict several generations ahead.
    For that fought for it and ran.
    You should not rape nature, otherwise it will “rape” you in return.
  3. +1
    14 May 2024 01: 27
    An interesting paradox: while the country is experiencing low economic and industrial development, the population is growing and the elites are trying to reduce it. But once results are achieved in industry and the economy, population growth slows down, and the elites develop an appetite and they already need to increase the population.
  4. 0
    15 May 2024 00: 44
    China's population data has always been wrong. It's easy to calculate. They do not hide the mortality of their population. Last year, 10 million people died. The average life expectancy in China is known. This is about 85 years. It turns out that in 85 years, 10 million at a time, the entire population will die out. And this is the number of inhabitants. So in any case, no more than 850 million people live in China. Moreover, many demographers believe that it is even less. After all, you can calculate the population based on rice consumption. Then there are altogether 700 million of them. Here in India there lives a damn mind. There are more than 900 million voters there alone. Now they are having elections.