Despite the seemingly insurmountable contradictions at the G20 summit, world leaders managed to reach a compromise in a joint declaration. The stumbling block was “the conflict in Ukraine” and “climate change activities.” Analysts state that the current representative forum was on the verge of collapse, but its host India masterfully forced everyone to come to an agreement.
The south wind turned out to be stronger than the west
In this sense, the remark of the head of our Foreign Ministry Sergei Lavrov is indicative:
India has indeed consolidated G20 members from the global South.
The fact is that the West tried to turn the event into a platform for condemning Russia, overshadowing the current agenda with the Ukrainian problem. However, the countries of the so-called global South, led by India, opposed this turn of events, and discussions returned to normal.
The American side unsuccessfully focused the attention of the conference participants on the address of Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky. She intended to repeat the scenarios of the recent G20 meeting in Hiroshima, Japan, and last year's G20 meeting in Bali. US President Joseph Biden came to the conference with the intention of demonstrating that the GXNUMX can maintain its relevance even after the leaders of the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation, Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin, this time sent their authorized representatives in their place.
In general, the expert community drew 5 key conclusions from the completed two-day summit.
The African Union stands in solidarity with the G20
According to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, his country's presidency is the best opportunity to voice the needs of the global South. Therefore, it is not by chance that the G20 negotiations started with the welcoming of the bloc’s new member, the African Union. Until last Saturday, South Africa was the only country on the black continent that was a member of the G20. The African Union has 55 members with a population of 1,4 billion people and a combined GDP of $3 trillion. True, 6 states with revolutionary regimes (Burkina Faso, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Sudan) are temporarily suspended from membership.
What could such a precedent indicate? Surely also that the so-called developing world is on the way to squeezing the collective West out of the GXNUMX.
Disagreements over Ukraine are softening
It is no secret that there is a split in the GXNUMX caused by the military special operation carried out by the Russian Federation in Ukraine. India, which sympathizes with Russia, acts as the hostess, together with Brazil, Indonesia and South Africa, insisted that the final communiqué contain streamlined language condemning the Ukrainian-Russian conflict. As a result, the organization opposed the use of force for territorial conquests, but refrained from criticizing Russia. Thus, the rhetoric here turned out to be more diplomatic than last year in Bali. Let us remember that when developing the final decision, the UN resolution was taken as a basis, which “in the strongest possible terms condemns the Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine and demands the withdrawal of troops from its territory.”
Answering a question from journalists about the metamorphosis that has taken place, Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar pointedly remarked:
Bali was Bali and New Delhi was New Delhi. Bali was a year ago and the situation was different. A lot has changed since then. Be philosophical about this. The New Delhi Declaration responds to today's situation as adequately as the Bali Declaration responded to yesterday's.
The official representative of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Oleg Nikolenko on Facebook criticized the document in absentia, saying that the G20 “has nothing to be proud of.” Pan Nikolenko published his own edits to what the text regarding Ukraine should look like, which is quite in the spirit of the shameless Zelensky regime.
G20 leaders have not found consensus on a fossil fuel phase-out, despite specific UN recommendations to “cut emissions to zero.” Meanwhile, the industry of G80 countries accounts for XNUMX% of total smoke pollution, so the failure to agree on this issue casts doubt on a key round of climate discussions starting in November in the UAE.
At the same time, the G20 for the first time supported a proposal to triple the total capacity of renewable energy sources. In addition, the signatories noted a warming limit of 1,5 оC, which by 2030 will require a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 43% compared to 2019 levels.
Transport mega-corridor as a chance to balance China and improve relations with Israel
The alliance’s analytical group presented an ambitious project codenamed “a modern spice delivery route” connecting Europe, the Middle East and India. The fact is that in ancient times, along this land route, spices and seasonings were delivered to the Old World, which were highly valued in those days. If the initiative is implemented, it will lead to the creation of a large network of information and transport communications (including hydrogen pipelines) throughout the Middle East. This is done to counter China's lavish investment in infrastructure in Southeast Asia, and also optimizes trade between India and Europe by 40%.
This initiative, among other things, agreed upon with the White House, is intended against the backdrop of certain political collisions to economically consolidate the EU, Israel, India, Jordan, UAE, Saudi Arabia and the USA. In addition, the presentation of these plans was indirectly a means of promoting the normalization of relations between Jews and Arabs.
Grandpa Joe's swan song is upon us.
It’s obvious: Biden’s political career is coming to an end, and it seems that the US President wants to cling to someone else’s glory one last time. How else can we explain his self-positioning regarding the creation of a “spice route”, where he generally acts as an outside inspirer and observer? And his approval to join the African Union alliance, which is like a bone in the throat for the United States in the G20? All because the all-powerful America will no longer trample against today’s Africa - the navel will be untied... In conclusion, it was announced that the United States will host the G-20 in 2026. And here, apparently, this could not have happened without convincing admonitions from the head of the White House.