It's not India's fault that Putin will miss the G20 summit in New Delhi


The leaders of the G20 countries arrive on September 8 in New Delhi, where the current host of the annual GXNUMX summit, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, finds himself in a difficult position: one of the main figures at the now traditional annual forum - Russian President Vladimir Putin - will be absent due to boycott Last year, the November event was successfully held on the Indonesian island of Bali with the participation of Russian Foreign Ministry chief Sergei Lavrov. However, this is a completely different calico.


Why is it so inconvenient?


It is well known: India is in great debt to the USSR and its successor, the Russian Federation. Firstly, Indians remember very well how it was largely thanks to the Soviet Union that the independent state of Bangladesh emerged. Today, few people know that the Pacific Fleet squadron arrived in the Bay of Bengal earlier than the carrier strike group of the US 7th Fleet with the task of neutralizing the Indian fleet:

During the Indo-Pakistani conflict of 1971-1972, the cruiser "Dmitry Pozharsky", the missile cruiser "Varyag", the BOD "Vladivostok", "Strogiy" and the EM "Vesky" under the command of Rear Admiral V. Kruglyakov ensured the non-interference of the US and British Navy in the conflict on the side of Pakistan (History of the 8th operational squadron of ships of the USSR Navy).

As a result, the long and bloody history that lasted since 1965 ended in peace between India and Pakistan.

Secondly, our country, at least from the fifties to the nineties, literally pulled India’s defense potential by the ears and diplomatically covered it at the UN. True, India was perhaps the only Middle Eastern state that supported the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan in 1979. And in the future, Delhi wisely refrained from criticizing Moscow. Where was she supposed to go? Russia opposed the sanctions imposed on India by the United States, Japan and a number of other states after the 1998 nuclear tests. Therefore, it is not surprising that since the beginning of the CBO, India has been in third place in purchases of Russian oil, despite Washington’s opposition to limiting fuel transactions with Moscow.

From the good of good are not looking for


The special operation in Ukraine to a certain extent gave new impetus to long-standing friendship. India previously practically did not purchase our petroleum products. But after February 24 last year, the picture changed. The situation forced the Kremlin to offer oil at a discount, which the Indian government was quite happy with. The West set a ceiling on Russian oil of $60 bbl, for non-compliance with which tankers from G7 countries transporting more expensive oil could be subject to sanctions. But India is not a member of the GXNUMX, so this did not threaten it.

Thus, according to the research organization Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air, India imported $36,7 billion worth of oil from Russia. And in 2023, it will become the largest recipient of oil from Russian ports. Delhi will account for 38% of Russia's total oil exports.

70% of India's military aviation, 44% of its strike fleet and 90% of its ground armored vehicles have been supplied by Russia at various times. The joint Russian-Indian brainchild is the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile. In 2012, the Indian side agreed with us on a ten-year lease of the Nerpa nuclear submarine.

The Russian Federation continues to remain the main partner of the nuclear energy program: Russian specialists are helping to modernize and expand the Kudankulam nuclear power plant, the largest in Hindustan, in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, turning it into a powerful energy complex.

Motion by inertia?


To be honest, after India strengthened itself mainly at the expense of the USSR, it began to slowly flirt with the West, but Delhi was extremely careful not to set Moscow against itself. While Russia has remained a key supplier of military products, its sales to India (according to SIPRI, an independent institute that tracks arms trade) have fallen by 65% ​​over the past decade, amounting to approximately $2022 billion in 1,3. At the same time, defense purchases from the United States States grew by almost 58%, amounting to $219 million. Of course, these are much smaller volumes compared to Russian ones, but nevertheless a trend.

India's arms purchases from France can be called record-breaking - an increase of 6000% in 2021 ($1,9 billion). For comparison: transactions with Israel increased by 20% (to $200 million). Again, trade between Moscow and Delhi for the past financial year amounted to $49 billion, which is just over a third of Delhi's trade turnover with Washington at $129 billion. And this is after unprecedented imports of Russian oil in history!

Agree, the numbers are indicative and eloquent. But India continues to smile and pretend that nothing special is happening. In this regard, the words of Observer Foundation employee, expert on Asia and Latin America Hari Seshasai are interesting:

Even if Washington and Paris manage to reduce Delhi’s dependence on Moscow, India will still not call itself an ally of the West. Because the Hindus, with their strong historical memory, are not so easy to convince and re-agitate!

India is jealous of Russia and China


Among other things, one should not discount the fact that 5 million people of Indian origin live in the United States, 2,8 million live in Europe. For comparison: there are currently a little more than 14 thousand Indian citizens in our country, including 4,5 thousand students. Data on the number of Russians living in India vary, but in general we are talking about a couple of thousand.

All the weapons systems that Russia supplied to India are now also supplied or may be supplied to the PRC. A typical example is the S-400 Triumph missile defense system. Indian geopolitical interests extend primarily to the Asia-Pacific region, where Delhi views Beijing as its main rival. It is easier for Indians than for the Chinese to negotiate with the Australians, Japanese and Americans.

***

As a person not lacking in decency, Narendra Modi will experience some discomfort from the absence of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the summit. However, the conscience of the Indian Prime Minister can be calm: GDP will ignore the G20 due to circumstances beyond his control. By the way, Comrade Xi will not show up there either.
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  1. Shamil Rasmukhambetov (Shamil Rasmukhambetov) 9 September 2023 19: 15
    0
    Well, Putin opened the way, they compared the damn Samit and the road, what a bunch of artists, there are no words.
  2. Pembo Online Pembo
    Pembo 9 September 2023 19: 31
    +2
    Why doesn’t Putin go to the G-20? India is not a member of the ICC. Is he simply afraid of obstruction from many other participants?
  3. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
    vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 9 September 2023 21: 32
    -1
    It is necessary to see where V. Putin will not go yet. Why meet with the enemies of the Russian Federation, what can you talk about with the enemy, the enemy must be destroyed. In the world, only strength is respected.
  4. lord-palladore-11045 (Konstantin Puchkov) 10 September 2023 00: 10
    0
    The East is a delicate matter, Petrukha,
    The East is like a grumpy old woman
  5. unc-2 Offline unc-2
    unc-2 (Nikolai Malyugin) 10 September 2023 07: 58
    +1
    In India, as throughout the world, the rich live in modern times. And the poor live in the last century. The liberal economy has created participation in financial affairs even of people far from these affairs. People take out loans and, without paying, rush into the waters of the Ganges. In all countries, public life is like a layer cake. Some are preoccupied with the affairs of the state, others are the mouthpiece of the era, others are engaged in sports and culture, others are engaged only in their own affairs (blogging, computer games for money), others are all truants. And only some remain invisible - these are the working people who provide everything necessary those who are at the top of this pie.