What Russian operating system can replace American Windows

After February 24, 2022, "Western partners" with varying degrees of success began to consistently squeeze Russia out of the US-centric world economics. One of the most painful blows has been the denial of access to modern technology, in the development of which foreign transnational corporations are objectively leading. Will we be able to avoid sliding from the digital age to the stone one?

Are the windows closed?

A few days ago unpleasant for Russian corporate clients news noted the American IT giant Microsoft:

Dear user! Microsoft can no longer receive transactions from Russian banks, so the company imposes restrictions on the renewal of license keys for software products. According to the EULA, we notify you 60 days before the restrictions start that it will not be possible to renew the license from September 30, 2023. However, all current subscriptions that have not expired will remain active until the specified date.

This means that the Bill Gates company will no longer sell new software products to them, and the existing ones will become valid until the license expires. After that, updates will not occur, and then errors and internal vulnerabilities of the operating system will begin to accumulate, which some attackers can take advantage of. Let's make a reservation that so far only corporate clients are under attack, the queue has not yet reached private ones.

In fact, Microsoft continues the process of gradual exit from the Russian market, which began in February last year. Considering the volume of its presence, this is a really huge problem. It so happened that, if we take into account the adherents of the "apple cult", the vast majority of our compatriots have the Windows operating system on their computers, and Android on smartphones and other gadgets.

It is clear that the sanctions pressure on our country will only increase further. And what then to do?

"Smart Penguin"

Let’s say right away that we definitely won’t be left without software for hardware, for which we should thank the Swede Linus Torvalds, who created the kernel of the Linux operating system, the symbol of which is a penguin, distributed under the GNU General Public License. This means that its author has transferred to the public property the rights to copy, modify and distribute (including on a commercial basis) his program, and also guarantee that users of all derivative programs will receive the above rights.

A great many operating systems have already been created based on the Linux kernel, for example, Android, Tizen and KaiOS mentioned above. Fans of "soft" and "hard" can remember the operating systems Ubuntu, Mint, Elementary, Fedora, OpenSUSE and others. The ideas laid down by Linus Torvalds are used around the world in operating systems on supercomputers and servers. In order to reduce technological dependence on the United States, China recently released a new open source operating system called OpenKylin, based on the Linux kernel.

In general, the way to solve the problem of software import substitution is clear. The corporate sector is faced with a choice: either "pirate" American products, or switch to Russian. The good news is that work in this direction did not start yesterday or even on February 24, 2022, but many years ago, and therefore the market has more than a dozen domestic solutions of varying degrees of readiness to choose from.

Obviously, they are all developed on the basis of the Linux kernel, and therefore carry all the features inherent in it. Of the advantages, one should indicate the high performance, speed and stability of the operating system, as well as the relatively small number of malicious viruses that Microsoft products suffer from. The disadvantage is compatibility problems with a number of specialized programs, which can complicate the translation of corporate document management, as well as with some popular computer games. However, already after 2014, the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation was seriously puzzled by stimulating demand for national software products and working out appropriate measures to support domestic developers. Restrictions were approved on the admission of foreign software in the implementation of state and municipal purchases, as well as the rules for the formation and maintenance of a unified register of Russian programs.

To date, there are more than three dozen Russian operating systems based on the Linux kernel, included in the Unified Register of Domestic Software. Among them, the most popular operating systems in the professional community are ALT Linux, Astra Linux, ROSA Linux, RED OS, AlterOS, Atlant OS, and a number of others. If you wish, you can find a detailed overview of each Russian OS, compare them with each other and choose according to your needs.

Also important is the initiative of the leaders of the domestic IT industry - VK, Yandex, Sberbank and Rostelecom - to jointly develop a national mobile operating system, which should repeat the success of the Chinese company Huawei, which was under US sanctions.
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  1. Paul3390 Offline Paul3390
    Paul3390 (Paul) 14 August 2023 11: 39
    In fact, it is still possible to make an acceptable operating system out of Linux, only this should be done either by the state or by a mega-corporation such as Microsoft .. For teams of at best a couple of hundred employees are, by definition, only capable of crafts. Maybe not bad - but obviously not suitable for mass use in all areas. Simply because of the lack of resources for full-fledged development.
  2. new.ad Offline new.ad
    new.ad (Alexander Draka) 14 August 2023 11: 51
    Linux is, but it is necessary to rewrite a lot of programs on it.
  3. yuriy55 Offline yuriy55
    yuriy55 (Yuri) 14 August 2023 12: 24
    And shoot down satellites and cut Internet cables AFTER you can? So that all windows close to hell and people become free from this bondage ...
    1. goncharov.62 Offline goncharov.62
      goncharov.62 (Andrei) 14 August 2023 17: 47
      Need to! But after. When Sam decides to take off those fucking white gloves...
      1. imjarek Offline imjarek
        imjarek (imjarek) 29 August 2023 10: 27
        ... it's a pity, only to live in this beautiful time,
        neither me nor you will have to ....

        NA Nekrasov
  4. depavel Offline depavel
    depavel (Pavel Pavlovich) 14 August 2023 13: 25
    An insurmountable problem in the field of new technologies, the introduction of new scientific developments, has become the replacement of a scientifically based organization of managerial work with management, that is, management is "not planted" on a medically and mathematical scientifically based organization of managerial work. I do not know how many inventions, discoveries, over the past 40 years, have sunk into oblivion in the tables of scientists and inventors. As for managers-"managers", when faced with using the opportunity to work on a patent in Uzbekistan, whether it is possible in Russia, I don't know. But there was the author of the invention Kalashnikov, today the brand is in the hands of a private trader, and not the state has a brand for the reason described. Our capitalism is headed by the idolaters of Mammon, that is, the authorities, it is difficult to combine their activities with the defenseless "wise men", so they are being squeezed out to the USA, to the West. As for Linux, we look at Red Hat, how much is parasitized, the same Microsoft is not fools for free. And the brake is lobbying for your products, isn't this the reason for not creating an operating system in our country? The government cannot be trusted!
  5. TsarBomba Offline TsarBomba
    TsarBomba (Tsar bomb) 14 August 2023 14: 33
    Je serais un conseiller influent du Président je convoquerais tous les industriels du numérique Russe et Chinois ainsi que la branche numérique liée aux 2 armées puis je présenterai en une seule phrase et en guise de cahier des charges: dans un dix maximum, tous nos équipements numé riques sont d'origine Eurasiatique! dans un an, sino russe, du cpu gpu quantique en veux tu en voila et l'OS qui va bien, avec. Dans 3 ans interdiction d'utiliser du non quantique nationaux et peine capitale pour les contrevenants!
  6. Alex20042004 Offline Alex20042004
    Alex20042004 (Alexey) 14 August 2023 14: 41
    Scared the hedgehog with his ass!!!
  7. guest Offline guest
    guest 14 August 2023 14: 51
    And not to whom did not come to mind to use software without the license? Pirated versions often work even better than licensed ones.
    1. Mish Offline Mish
      Mish (Misha) 16 August 2023 10: 04
      Quote: guest
      And not to whom did not come to mind to use software without the license? Pirated versions often work even better than licensed ones.

      Our government is hoping with all its might that a little more and everything will settle down, therefore it does not want to spoil relations with foreign companies. Otherwise, you will have to pay for copyright infringement later
      1. guest Offline guest
        guest 20 August 2023 00: 07
        Quote: Mish
        And then you have to pay for copyright infringement

        Come on, even in the 90s, the violation of the so-called copyright of the West was the norm and you didn’t have to pay anything.
  8. svoroponov Offline svoroponov
    svoroponov (Vyacheslav) 14 August 2023 15: 27
    Yes, in general, there is nothing to worry about if the Americans stop cooperation. It is enough to cancel the penalties for piracy in relation to this software.
    Well, with the restriction, we have a lot of our Kulibins. Quickly, by the way, they are doing it now, they will write or adapt developments for Russian operating systems or Linux-based operating systems. There will be an extended request and there will be programs. You won’t believe it, but already where I work, Windows practically remained on one machine and this is with us, not on Russian territory. More than three dozen machines are running the version of Ubuntu. There are practically no viruses and, accordingly, there is no need for different security programs. In any case, this misfortune has not happened for 3 years. In general, the work is stable. We were promised by the way to bring and try a purely Russian operating system for civilian use. Its shortened version is used by the military. So what are we waiting for, interesting.
  9. Tektor Offline Tektor
    Tektor (Tektor) 14 August 2023 15: 50
    I heard that some schoolboy about 20 years ago put together a team to create a complete copy of Window XP on his source code. And that after 15 years he made a quite decent working version. Moreover, I heard that someone leaked the source code of the same Windows to the Internet.
  10. calligrapher Lev_Nikolaevich (Dmitriy) 14 August 2023 17: 21
    In addition to Linux, there is another alternative - KasperskyOS
    https://dzen.ru/a/ZM-WGrAcEQTdTgS9 - вот здесь про эти вопросы подробнее.
    As for Windows updates, this is their way of being. A raw version is released, and based on feedback, it is finished to a decent state, with the help of "updates". And then the next "raw pie" is produced. Users of the old, run-in version are trying by all means to pull it off with the help of "updates" too .. By the way, the last version of Windows, in which you could refuse updates on your own, was Windows 7. After that, it became impossible. Moreover, cases are now being recorded when a computer with version 8 is independently "updated" to ten. Here is such an unobtrusive service).
    1. Requiem Offline Requiem
      Requiem (Anton) 15 August 2023 19: 38
      yes i agree; I have three computers (main + two spares) and they are all with Windows 7. Be aware that from 8.0 onwards it can also be deactivated remotely by Microsoft (they will switch it off and that OS will no longer start). it is an option that concerns "weapons of surprise" (such as some directed energy or psychotronics) and which have a surprise effect but limited in time and therefore are waiting for the right moment.

      Switching to Linux is a good idea; Windows is very snooty after all, I know they read the movement of your aircraft parts from remote terminals using Windows and so they have a pretty good idea about that sector. Switch to Linux and use Windows for counter information.
      In order not to automatically upgrade to Windows higher than 7, I use GWX. I DON'T use antiviruses, which are useless and also quite snoopy; but you have to keep your brain active and updated.
  11. DO Offline DO
    DO (Dmitriy) 14 August 2023 17: 25
    The leaders today are two Russian Linux:
    - RedOS 7.3.2 "Murom" is a well-rebuilt popular server operating system CentOS-8; the .rpm repository of the open RedOS is regularly updated;
    - Astra - these are rebuilt packages of the father-Debian + own graphical shell Fly + own security packages; the public .deb repository is updated infrequently (every few months); in the last year and a half, unexpected errors appeared in the open distribution and repository of Astra, which were not there before; errors are gradually corrected.

    It would be nice if there was a Russian team and funding for it, which would rebuild Ubuntu with high quality and organize an updated Russian repository.

    There are professional software packages that work only under Windows, and their acceptable counterparts under Linux will appear no one knows when. Therefore, it would be nice if, one way or another, a non-updatable (or updated according to a special procedure from a server of a trusted Russian company) “pirated” Windows (versions 10 and 11) free of malicious bookmarks of the collector appeared. It is clear that one cannot do without the unadvertised participation of the state budget and the state order.

    However, if Russian operating systems are more or less available, then things are much worse (or rather, not at all yet) with Russian processors for PCs and servers. For there are Russian developments of universal processors (Baikal, R2000 from MCST and others), but because of the sanctions there is nowhere to manufacture them. We look forward to the Russian semiconductor technology 28 nm.
  12. Artificial Intelligence (artificial intelligence) 15 August 2023 00: 20
    thanks for the info, it just became interesting to me why we use Windows, but where are the domestic OS !?
    it turns out that they are available, but not one, but a whole bunch. but the fact that most users do not know about them must be considered a very strong strategic failure of public policy. after all, if the government in propaganda has long begun to talk about some kind of sovereignty, then it was high time to put an end to dependence on beat geys. especially since after Windows 7, starting from 10, their corporation began to become impudent and deteriorate.
    if there is a growing OS, but most do not know about them, it means that they are either not good enough, or good PR of the company with the support of the state was not produced. most likely there was a flaw in both.
    instead of a bunch of all this, any different set of operating systems, it would be necessary to make one, or several, but qualitatively, soundly bring to mind, with the help of the state, and then begin to re-advertise, publicize and sometimes, by obligation, put into use the domestic OS. It's strange that this hasn't been fully implemented.

    I still think it is necessary to partially legalize piracy in the Russian Federation. if the West imposes sanctions against us, then you need to answer in your own way - steal, hack all the software, and distribute it for free. If you need to modify it, remake it under the Russian OS.
  13. Platon Verdictov 15 August 2023 01: 00
    For a quarter of a century, nothing has been done in any vital area, and no one sees an alternative to the ruler.

    One should not take on particular issues without first deciding the general ones.

    V.I. Lenin
    1. svoroponov Offline svoroponov
      svoroponov (Vyacheslav) 15 August 2023 10: 08
      Russia is being created by the collective West a huge opposition from wars and other things, including harm to our economy. If this were not the case, then Russia would have finished a lot in its endeavors. And so you have to divert huge resources to counteract and cover the damage. Yes, not one country would not have withstood even 10 parts of what Russia withstood at all. And not one of the countries in the world has an ideal leadership. Everyone has their failings. Only here you know about some and others are hushed up. This largely depends on who owns the media or on who pays for them and who is used to fighting using vile methods.
      Just an example. About the Holodomor, they say a lot in the USSR and they attribute to it such losses that really didn’t exist and for which the reasons are not the ones that actually were, but this is a three-year drought and shelter of grain by producers in which it deteriorated and if it later gets into food, it’s just poisoned people. America also had its own famine , starting in 1932 . But there was overproduction and products were simply destroyed to prevent falling prices. So, the human losses from this were such that the US government banned the census for many years. And for some reason no one scolds this government, although the loss of people from hunger exceeded the losses in the USSR.
  14. Victor M. Offline Victor M.
    Victor M. (Victor) 15 August 2023 12: 32
    the vast majority of our compatriots

    The author somehow strangely shifted the arrows from corporate clients to individuals. This "majority" doesn't give a damn what the small-soft ones came up with. And they don't care about updates. With the accumulation of errors, you can rearrange the system on a new one. The rest is on topic.
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  16. Olive Offline Olive
    Olive (Oleg) 15 August 2023 16: 24
    None will replace
  17. Dmitry Volkov Offline Dmitry Volkov
    Dmitry Volkov (Dmitry Volkov) 16 August 2023 08: 43
    And why not take Windows XP, the rights and patents for which are long gone and not make a reliable and secure system that can be installed on all the hardware left over from Microsoft products?
    1. Flight Offline Flight
      Flight (voi) 18 August 2023 01: 51
      Quote: Dmitry Volkov
      And why not take Windows XP, the rights and patents for which are long gone and not make a reliable and secure system that can be installed on all the hardware left over from Microsoft products?

      Because, apparently, it is easier and cheaper to return Chubais than to puzzle over the incomprehensible and live like sheikhs.
  18. anclevalico Offline anclevalico
    anclevalico (Victor) 28 August 2023 08: 23
    Is this the domestic Yandex?
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