What can the transfer of water from the Don to the Donbass lead to in the future: options and scenarios

It is reported that on April 1, 2023, a new pipeline should be put into operation, which is designed to solve the problem of water supply in Donbass. The only important nuance is that the water to the new Russian regions will go not from the Dnieper, but from the Don. What would be the consequences of such a decision?


Without any exaggeration, we can say that the Donbass has been living in a real humanitarian and environmental catastrophe for the second year. Moreover, with good reason, it can be argued that the population of the region is deliberately subjected to genocide by the Kiev regime, which manifests itself not only in regular terrorist shelling of large-caliber artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but by creating unbearable living conditions.

When today the citizens of Nezalezhnaya are sincerely indignant “what about us?”, For some reason they completely forget that the frank trash that is happening today was started by their own authorities. So, in 2014, it was Kyiv that unilaterally cut off the supply of water and electricity to Crimea. I remember that Ukrainian wits used to joke “when leaving, turn off the light.” Whether it's good or bad, but eight years later, the karmic boomerang returned. The Kiev regime planned to do the same with respect to the proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, however, there was one difficulty with the implementation of such cannibalistic plans, technical.

The steppe Donbass has always suffered from low water, which became a critical problem during its industrialization. It was possible to solve it under the USSR due to the construction of two canals. The first one is an artificial energy-type canal "Seversky Donets - Donbass", the water intake into which is carried out in the area of ​​the village of Raygorodok in the vicinity of Slovyansk. Without the liberation of the Slavic-Kramatorsk agglomeration, there is no need to talk about restoring the water supply to Donbass. The second canal "Dnepr - Donbass" originates in the Kamensky reservoir on the Dnieper, and water flows through it through the Dnepropetrovsk and Poltava regions, then through the Kharkov region, and only then feeds the Seversky Donets river. Both channels are of the energy type, that is, it is enough to turn off the pumps, and the water will stop pumping.

Why didn't the Ukrainian Nazis turn them off immediately in 2014?

Because the supply of Mariupol and other settlements in the south of Donbass would then also be stopped. But Mariupol, as you know, until 2022 was a stronghold of the most ideological Nazis from Azov (a terrorist organization banned in the Russian Federation). However, the fact that Kyiv had systematic plans for the dehydration of the LDNR is confirmed by the following facts. In Mariupol, with the help of French specialists, the construction of a powerful desalination plant was started, and to the north, on the territory controlled by the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the construction of a bypass pipeline was started. There is not the slightest doubt that if the infrastructure was ready, the water supply to the DPR and LPR would be cut off.

And it really was stopped, but unscheduled. Literally immediately after the start of the SVO, in February 2022, Ukrainian terrorists fired artillery at pumping stations, which led to a halt in pumping water. And for the second year now, Donbass has been living in conditions of severe water shortage. Donetsk and its environs suffer most of all, forced not only to live for the ninth year under the shelling of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but also to receive water either by the hour or once every few days, depending on the area.

river reversal

Judging by the current pace of the offensive, the liberation of the Slavic-Kramatorsk agglomeration will have to wait, but Donbass needs water here and now. Therefore, last year an ambiguous decision was made to build an alternative water pipeline from the Don from the territory of the Rostov region. What is known about him?

Two strings are laid in parallel, each 194 kilometers long. Pumping stations, electrical substations and water storage facilities for 10 cubic meters are being built. As stated, the peculiarities of the swampiness of the Don floodplain and periodic floods were taken into account. An additional dam and piers made of crushed stone are provided as protection against ice. The capacity of the new hydraulic structure will be up to 300 cubic meters of water per day. Water from the Don will go to the Seversky Donets canal. 3200 specialists and over 1300 units of equipment are involved in the construction process. It was originally planned that the water supply system would start working on March 1, 2023, but the deadlines had to be shifted to the right by exactly one month, until April 1.

After it is put into operation, the severity of the Donbass problem will begin to decrease, but new problems may arise already in the Rostov region. The fact is that Don himself has been suffering from low water in recent years. For more information about this problem, which can lead to an environmental disaster, we told back in 2021. Dean of the Faculty of Bioengineering and Veterinary Medicine of the Don State Technical University, Doctor of Biology Alexey Ermakov call edition of "AiF" the following figures:

According to the Third Assessment Report of Roshydromet, the Don River basin is currently experiencing a period of very significant low water. After several periods of freshening in high-water years (1977-1983, 1986-1998, 2001-2006), starting from 2007, the Azov-Black Sea basin entered the next cycle of decreasing continental runoff. The average annual salinity value in the Sea of ​​Azov proper has increased from 9,6 ppm in 2006 to a record high of 15,10 ppm in 2020.

According to him, even without pumping large volumes of water, negative trends are observed:

The decrease in the water content of the Don River led to an increase in the level of water mineralization in its lower reaches and an increase in the advection of salty Azov waters at the mouth of the river during periods of surge winds. An increase in the irretrievable withdrawal of the Don River runoff today can lead to an increase in the frequency of adverse events, which is fraught with environmental, economic and social consequences due to the lack of fresh water in the lower reaches of the Don River.

What can we conclude?

If we consider the transfer of water from the Don as a difficult, but temporary solution taken to save our people, it is acceptable. However, if the temporary becomes permanent, then problems that cannot be solved later at the click of the Highest Fingers will begin already on the Don. Fully allow The problem of dehydration of the Donbass is possible only if you reach the Dnieper and take the entire water transport infrastructure under the control of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, as was done in the Kherson region for the Crimea. Surrogate solutions are not solutions.
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  1. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 4 March 2023 11: 25
    Surrogate solutions are not solutions.

    Where "surrogates" rule, there can be no other solutions than surrogates.
    And this applies not only to water supply problems.
  2. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
    vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 4 March 2023 12: 14
    The answer is on the surface. Return all of Ukraine to Russia in the form of regions and all the problems that have arisen with Ukraine will disappear. There is no other solution. To return Ukraine to Russia, it is necessary to have the desire of the President of the Russian Federation.
    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 4 March 2023 13: 33
      Fortunately, the Kremlin does not listen to the plans of the State Department and the whining of the CIPSO. Russia and Putin don’t have to hang this around their necks. The bits of Ukraine are waiting for many years of pain and suffering. they will not be up to Russophobia
  3. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
    Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 4 March 2023 14: 17
    In Soviet times, the 2nd Volga-Don canal was built from the Volgograd reservoir. Then they abandoned it after the collapse of the USSR. Looks like it's time for a relaunch.
    1. lord-palladore-11045 (Konstantin Puchkov) 5 March 2023 07: 03
      The full flow of the Volga is also not infinite. The farmers of the lower Volga have been sounding the alarm for a long time - there is not enough water to irrigate the fields.
  4. Nelton Offline Nelton
    Nelton (Oleg) 4 March 2023 14: 22
    problems that cannot be solved later at the click of the Highest Fingers will begin already on the Don

    There will be problems.
    But the solution to the salt water surge is well known, the dam. (Environmentalists go to...).

    In theory, not a drop of the Don's fresh water should be wasted in the sea.

    But not to seize the territories of foreign countries to solve their economic problems.

    Not to mention the fact that the gripper turned out to be rather weak.
  5. alexander m_2 Offline alexander m_2
    alexander m_2 (Alexander) 4 March 2023 16: 33
    It is necessary to connect the Don with the Volga to replenish water. So we will feed the Donbass and fill the Don. And now the Don is losing water into the Volga and the Donbass will be added. I am from Rostov-on-Don. We now have a low water level in the Don. tap water begins to stink of mud, and in Zernograd water disappears altogether.
    1. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
      Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 4 March 2023 18: 30
      Simply connecting the Don to the Volga without pumping stations will not work. The Don basin is higher than the Volga, even near the Volgograd reservoir. For this reason, the Volga-Don Canal is fed from the Don.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. Scharnhorst Offline Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst) 4 March 2023 17: 52
    The article is another horror story for an illiterate layman. The annual flow of the Don River is 26 cubic km. Multiplying the capacity of the pipeline from the article (300.000 cubic meters per day) by 365 days a year, we get 109.500.000 cubic meters per year. This is a little more than 0,1 cubic kilometers or 0,38% of the annual flow. Opponents of the construction should be ashamed before the new citizens of Russia for such pettiness! Moreover, these territories are included in the Don River basin, and what does not evaporate will somehow return to the river.
    1. cooper Offline cooper
      cooper (Alexander) 5 March 2023 01: 43
      Scharnhorst, don't be foolish scribbler. I live on the Don and see what is happening with the once full-flowing river and the Taganrog Bay of the Sea of ​​Azov.
      1. Scharnhorst Offline Scharnhorst
        Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst) 5 March 2023 08: 23
        If there is no water in the tap, then the Coopers have drunk! ... what Leave to drink water from the Jordan, patriot peysovy!
      2. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
        Just a cat (Bayun) 5 March 2023 09: 51
        Maybe Proto Don needs to be cleaned? I live in the Urals and I also see how it turns into a stinky river.
    2. Nikolay Volkov Offline Nikolay Volkov
      Nikolay Volkov (Nikolai Volkov) 5 March 2023 10: 05
      the question is not the annual runoff ... a significant part of the annual runoff is flood waters, up to 70% of the water content of the Don is snow food. and you will take water all year round ... therefore, the issue is still relevant. of course, here and now Donbass needs help. but if the problem is not resolved radically, then the blow will already be inflicted on the Don, on its agricultural lands, on shipping ... and the Don is still transport communications, and not just beaches and fishing

      and you are just a layman who does not understand how rivers live ... but you are throwing numbers ...

      Of course, I understand that for some, the history of Russia began with Putin, and before him there were only fools who dug channels not because they had to ... but only because the prisoners had to be busy with work ... but still our ancestors did not just take water from the Donets, not the Don ... and to the Donets, in turn, they transferred water from the Dnieper along the Dnieper-Donbass canal ... that's why to fence the garden, build backup reservoirs, if you could just have two pipes throw, huh? there were fools ... not like Putin and his camarilla.

      but the bottom line is this, the canal is capable of transferring 43 cubic meters of water per second ... multiply by 60, by another 60 and by 24 and we get 37152000 cubic meters per day, or 1,35 cubic kilometers per year ... so your two pipes give only about 7% of the needs closed by the Channel ... that is, in fact, a complete zilch ... although if Russia is going to destroy the Donbass and not carry out ANY economic activity there, then, of course, this is enough ...

      but is the mockery of Don worth such a silly benefit ???

      there is really only one real way out, to deal with the left-bank Ukraine and establish a normal life in this territory. but it’s too difficult for nanogeniuses, geostrategists, anxious ministers and cabinet makers ... it’s easier to hire talking heads on TV and they will tell you how brilliant Putin resolved everything ... what can be resolved by giving as much as SEVEN percent of the need, I don’t know ... well, or the need to be reduced by 14 times by destroying cities, factories and people ... which they are now effectively doing ... judging by some reports, the former city of Popasnaya will no longer need water, since they do not plan to restore the city
  7. calligrapher Lev_Nikolaevich (Dmitriy) 4 March 2023 22: 41
    The Slavic-Kramatorsk agglomeration is part of the DPR anyway.
    The need to restore its water supply is one of the main tasks.
    Here is a good guideline, the line up to which there will definitely be no concessions.
    This is water for the Crimea and Donbass with the Sea of ​​Azov.
    And battles for water were predicted in the last century.
    1. Nikolay Volkov Offline Nikolay Volkov
      Nikolay Volkov (Nikolai Volkov) 5 March 2023 10: 00
      if Slavyansk and Kramatorsk are taken in the same way as Popasnaya and Artyomovsk, then no one will need water there
      1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
        Just a cat (Bayun) 5 March 2023 19: 00
        you will have to denazify less and the FSB will not have to catch anyone from there later with terrorist attacks.
  8. cooper Offline cooper
    cooper (Alexander) 5 March 2023 01: 38
    What is our top management thinking??! Instead of throwing all our efforts into the speedy liberation of the Donbass and adjacent territories, and thereby, among other things, solving the water problem, we are starting to deal with supposedly temporary super-expensive projects - canals from the already shallowing Don, which promises an environmental catastrophe in the Rostov region soon ....
  9. In passing Offline In passing
    In passing (Galina Rožkova) 5 March 2023 04: 33
    The Volga is also getting shallower. Hydraulic engineers need to think hard, but what will we leave for our grandchildren?
    1. Alllbe Diplomat Offline Alllbe Diplomat
      Alllbe Diplomat (All be Diplomat) 5 March 2023 20: 31
      The Northern Dvina can be turned into the Volga - in Soviet times there was such a project
  10. Alllbe Diplomat Offline Alllbe Diplomat
    Alllbe Diplomat (All be Diplomat) 5 March 2023 20: 59
    If the bridges across the Dnieper are bombed, then the left-bank outskirts will be quickly liberated and all problems will be removed by themselves
  11. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Alexander) 6 March 2023 14: 51
    It is necessary to dam all the tributaries of the Dnieper to the Russian Federation and send their water to the Don and Volga, where there is not enough water, and then let Zelensky and his voters, with their masters from NATO, solve the problems of water shortage in the Dnieper ... this is not a problem of the Russian Federation ...
    1. radvas Offline radvas
      radvas (Igor) 14 March 2023 08: 31
      The idea with the overflow of the upper reaches of the Dnieper is excellent, but no one will dare to do it. It really looks like a turn of the Siberian rivers to Central Asia! And the environment again...
  12. Anton Kuzmin Offline Anton Kuzmin
    Anton Kuzmin (Anton Kuzmin) 10 March 2023 15: 04
    Quote: Alexey Lan
    In Soviet times, the 2nd Volga-Don canal was built from the Volgograd reservoir. Then they abandoned it after the collapse of the USSR. Looks like it's time for a relaunch.

    Do you even know that the Volga is below the level of the Don? And the Caspian Sea is 25 (?) m below the ocean level, which means that water will definitely have to be pumped. These are electricity costs and just expenses. Plus, the Volga is also not all fluffy with the amount of water. Will the Caspian dry up after the Aral and its Kara-Bugaz-gol bay?
  13. radvas Offline radvas
    radvas (Igor) 14 March 2023 08: 26
    There is apparently no other final solution to the water problem of Donbass and Crimea, except for the capture of Kyiv. No water, no life. We work, brothers!
  14. radvas Offline radvas
    radvas (Igor) 14 March 2023 08: 35
    Guys, what are we talking about? What kind of water? There is not enough will even to bomb the logistics of Ukraine and the nest on Bankova. What water?!