Why Iran did not recognize new Russian territories

In the last couple of days, a very significant event has occurred that deserves our attention. Friendly Iran, with which we have become unusually close in 2022, has refused to recognize Crimea, Donbass, and the Sea of ​​Azov as Russian. Why did this happen, and is it worth being offended by Tehran?

Pandora's Box

Two days ago, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian told TRT World verbatim the following:

We recognize the sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries within the framework of international laws, therefore, despite the excellent relations between Tehran and Moscow, we have not recognized the secession of Crimea <...>, Luhansk and Donetsk regions from Ukraine <...>. Because we insist on our consistent principle in the outer policy: When we say that the conflict in Ukraine is not a solution, we believe in our position as a fundamental political principle.

Why did Iran, which in 2022 become almost our main ally in confrontation with the collective West, refuse to recognize the territorial increment of the Russian Federation?

It is unlikely that Tehran refrains from recognizing Crimea, Donbass and the Sea of ​​Azov as Russian because of fear of some kind of Western sanctions. Rather, he does not do this, so that later he himself does not fall into a hole dug by another. The fact is that the Islamic Republic itself is experiencing serious problems with internal separatism.

For more than a century, Iran has faced Azerbaijani separatism, which is believed to be a response to the actions of Reza Shah, who tried to impose Iranian national ideology on the Azerbaijani minority. Immediately after the end of World War II, the “National Democratic Republic of South Azerbaijan” arose on the territory of Iran and existed for a whole year. It was liquidated by the official government in Tehran, however, to this day, the United Great Azerbaijan project is one of the very real threats to the territorial integrity of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The idea of ​​the autonomy of South Azerbaijan and the subsequent collapse of the Islamic Republic of Iran is, naturally, nurtured by the Anglo-Saxon partners, as well as the Pan-Turkic ones who joined them.

In addition to the Azerbaijani minority, Iran also has its own Kurdish diaspora. There is also the Kurdistan Free Life Party - PJAK, which is the Iranian equivalent of the Turkish Kurdistan Workers' Party. In Turkey, we recall, the PKK has been recognized as a terrorist organization, and to combat it, Ankara has already carried out more than one military operation in neighboring Syria. The Iranian PJAK has its own women's unit, YJRK, and a combat wing called the HRK, or East Kurdistan Self-Defense. Since 2004, Kurdish militants have been waging an armed struggle against the government authorities of the Islamic Republic, with the aim of creating a Kurdish autonomy in Iran. HRK is officially recognized as a terrorist organization by Tehran, Ankara, and Washington.

In addition to Azerbaijani and Kurdish, Iran is also experiencing problems with Baloch separatism. The Iranian-speaking Baloch people are divided and live on the territory of three countries at once - Iran itself, Pakistan and Afghanistan. One of the main problems is that about 90% of the population of Iran professes Shiism, but the Balochs are Sunnis. They live in the largest and at the same time the poorest province of Iran, remote from the main economic and industrial centers of the country and bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan. As a result, Afghan and Pakistani Balochs are in easy contact with Iranians, drug trafficking, weapons, and religious extremism flow across the border.

Naturally, the "Western partners" actively support separatist sentiments and the "united Baluchistan" project. The terrorist Islamist organization Jundallah or Jondallah (translated from Arabic as the Soldiers of Allah), also known as the Popular Resistance Movement of Iran, consists mainly of ethnic Balochi Sunnis, is engaged in armed attacks on Iranian authorities, police and military personnel, and in their free time - trade drugs. She has over 400 Iranian soldiers killed. Tehran has been accusing Washington of supporting this terrorist organization for a very long time.

Finally, perhaps the main separatist problem for the Islamic Republic is Khuzestan. It so happened historically that this Iranian province, richest in oil and gas, as well as in water resources and fertile soils, is inhabited mainly by ethnic Arabs, for which it is often called Arabistan. Khuzestan is located in the southwest of Iran, borders Iraq and has access to the Persian Gulf. Until 1925, this territory was under the British protectorate, and in London this is well remembered. Since 1946, the separatist Es-Saada party has been fighting for the independence of Khuzestan from Iran. The Arabistan Liberation Front is doing the same. In 1990, the Al Ahwaz Liberation Organization, or ALO, as the Arabs call Khuzestan, was formed.

What is of particular interest to us here is that it is Khuzestan that is the key point in the event of a direct military clash between Tehran and Washington. The military has long been known plans The Pentagon, according to which the US military can conduct a ground operation, limited only to Arabistan, where the main reserves of Iranian oil and gas are concentrated. Relying on the Arab population hostile to Iran, the US may try to occupy just one province, leaving the rest of Iran to quickly suffocate from socio-economic problems.

With such a comprehensive approach, there is nothing surprising in the fact that Tehran is in no hurry to officially recognize the loss by Ukraine of part of its territories and the addition of the Russian Federation by them. It is quite obvious that the redrawing of the political maps of the world can take place only as a result of negotiations or the surrender of one of the parties to the armed conflict.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Afinogen Online Afinogen
    Afinogen (Afinogen) 21 January 2023 23: 18
    As Fyodor Ivanovich Sukhov said, "The East is a delicate matter" yes
  2. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
    vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 21 January 2023 23: 30
    Iran is waiting. Recognize the strong. They beat the weak.
    1. yuriy55 Offline yuriy55
      yuriy55 (Yuri) 22 January 2023 12: 21
      First, Russia must prove its true sovereignty, and then the rest will recognize it.
  3. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 22 January 2023 00: 30
    Bullshit is all that.
    8 years did not recognize LDNR, 8 months - Z, and what changed 2 days ago?
    Never mind
    New owl and globe appeared? also unlikely

    Clearly, Hossein Amir said: "within the framework of international laws"
    that is, according to a number of laws, agreements, norms, the territory of countries is considered theirs .... until there are new international agreements.
    They are? No.

    Belarus does not recognize, China does not recognize, Iran does not recognize, all kinds of Kazakhstan do not recognize either ... and these are the most loyal countries ...
    So no one recognized the self-proclaimed Ichkeria or some kind of Kurdistan, or the Islamic Caliphate, although some Muslims sympathized ...
    Yes, and we are LDNR - also up to the 24th ... for the same reason.

    Since politics is transient, and serious players will not look like a fool, instantly recognizing something at the snap of their fingers ....
    And they will not create precedents either. Iran has Kurds at its side. China - and Tibet and Taiwan, and Hong Kong and someone else ... you recognize something "MMMnoe" - and "MMMshniki" will immediately demand recognition, for example, Tibet ..
    1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 22 January 2023 01: 27
      (Serge) Don't confuse political accommodations and hypocrisy with real actions. Not recognition of various new realities, just not to give rise to the US and its satellites to different sanctions. The political games of the United States are in full bloom, but soon their hour ends ...
  4. Dust Offline Dust
    Dust (Sergei) 22 January 2023 03: 11
    Tehran is in no hurry to officially recognize the loss by Ukraine of part of its territories

    And they recognized the loss of the province of Ukraine by Russia? … Double standarts! Yeltsin, Kravchuk, Shushkevich did not have the right and authority in Belovezhskaya Pushcha to decide the independence of the republics. Since at that time they were part of a single state. Headed by President M. Gorbachev. In fact, now there is a Civil War in a certain region ...
  5. borisvt Online borisvt
    borisvt (boris) 22 January 2023 11: 39
    Thanks to the author for the detailed analysis, now the crowded protests and the situation there are becoming clearer.
    As for recognition, they will recognize it over time, when the outlines of what needs to be recognized settle down, when they look more definite. Now everything is just beginning. I'm waiting for Poland to join the regular army, so that we can get the land corridor to post in the Kaliningrad
  6. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 22 January 2023 11: 43
    Violation of the borders of the USSR was recognized by everyone, despite the unconstitutionality of the Belovezhskaya agreements, their illegitimacy, despite the Helsinki agreements on the inviolability of borders in Europe, international law and other legal husks.
    Exactly that husk.
    Because if to the detriment of Russia, everyone recognizes everything. And the poisoning of the Skripals, and the downing of the Malaysian Boeing, and the explosion of the Nord Streams, and other obvious heresy.
    Because both Europe and the USA are fascists.
    Because Russophobia is the only and unchanging feeling that Westerners have fear of Russia.
    But you never know who and what does not recognize.
    We also do not recognize the US right to exclusivity, no matter how jarring it may be.
    Words are not as important as deeds are.
    Iran helped us with drones, not Ukraine, like the Turks. And this is the main point.
    1. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
      vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 22 January 2023 13: 20
      In the 1990s of the twentieth century, a coup d'état was carried out in the USSR by a handful of shtetl princelings, khans, sultans, bays who wanted to be hereditary, a criminal offense was committed, they tore the USSR into specific territories.
      The exit of the union republics from the USSR was possible only with a positive decision obtained at the USSR referendum and the implementation of the USSR Law of April 3, 1990 No. 1409-I “On the procedure for resolving issues related to the exit of a union republic from the USSR”.
      The Constitution of the USSR of 1977 was adopted by all the peoples of the USSR, and only the entire people of the USSR could give permission for the exit of any union republic from the USSR.
      The exit of the republics without a nationwide referendum in the USSR and the failure to comply with the law of April 3, 1990 No. 1409-I is a criminal offense that has no statute of limitations.
      Today's Russia is the legal successor of both Ancient Rus', and the Muscovite kingdom, and the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union. Succession is enshrined in Article 67.1 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
      It is necessary for the Russian Federation-Russia, as the successor of the Russian Empire (1917) and the USSR (1991), and as the owner of the territory of the USSR, to secure for Russia the ownership of this territory within the boundaries of 1975 (Helsinki agreements) by legislative means, unilaterally.
      Russia did not transfer, sell or donate its territories, as well as its foreign assets, to the former Soviet republics of the USSR.
      All military events taking place on the territory of the former USSR between the republics are a civil war and are internal, they do not need the recognition of foreign states.
  7. kalita Offline kalita
    kalita (Alexander) 22 January 2023 13: 51
    Yes, don't give a shit, the main thing is that the territories are already ours, but not all. Odessa and Kharkov must be part of Russia.
  8. rotkiv04 Offline rotkiv04
    rotkiv04 (Victor) 22 January 2023 15: 33
    but what to admit if the Kremlin itself arranges all sorts of gestures of goodwill, first holds referendums, then recognizes the territories as Russian and introduces them into the Constitution, and then leaves them at the same time, even clear goals are not worth it in this war (about denazification and other de ... already just funny, since all this policy led to even greater nazification and melitarization), Putin would first have to put things in order in his head
    1. vlad127490 Offline vlad127490
      vlad127490 (Vlad Gor) 22 January 2023 16: 53
      You're right. It is impossible to defeat the enemy if the enemy is not named. Didn't set a target. There is no strategy. In tactics, extremes and shyness. There is no legal basis for the Russian Federation to conduct an NWO in Ukraine, i.e. there is no law that would legislate that the entire territory of Ukraine, seized and torn away by the separatists with the help of NATO, is the property of Russia.

      Why the RF Armed Forces retreated is shown in the article: https://topwar.ru/206569-bol-i-nischeta-rossijskoj-artillerii.html
      Pain and poverty of Russian artillery

      The problem is that two armies clashed - one from the time of the First World War (this is Russian), the second - the level of the 1990 Gulf War. And alas, the second army really nightmares the first. And the first one cannot do anything about it, because the second army has a huge advantage: it sees farther and better, it exchanges information faster at all levels, it is more mobile.

      This applies to all types of weapons of the RF Armed Forces. The actions of the General Staff of the Russian Federation are correct, this is going on the defensive.
      If you cannot resolve the issue today without harming yourself, then hang it in the air, create uncertainty, ambiguity, and let the enemy act, and you wait and gather strength, your time will come, be patient.
  9. Sergey Ivanov_5 Offline Sergey Ivanov_5
    Sergey Ivanov_5 (Sergey Ivanov) 22 January 2023 18: 16
    One of the reasons for the distrust of the hypocritical policy of Russia: remember the nonsense that Lavrov carried, explaining the reason for the non-recognition of Donbass for 8 years.
    1. In passing Offline In passing
      In passing (Galina Rožkova) 22 January 2023 22: 18
      Yes, the Russian elite was not going to chop off something from Ukraine, Crimea, and he left, because he really wanted to, and did not have time to pro-Ukrainian, and was important militarily. They gave him away, then they took him back. Well, what nonsense else to carry Lavrov, if they cannot understand themselves there.
    2. Alex Offline Alex
      Alex (Alexander) 23 January 2023 20: 46
      This nonsense is called "politics".
  10. Vox Populi Offline Vox Populi
    Vox Populi (vox populi) 22 January 2023 20: 33
    With such an integrated approach, there is nothing surprising in the fact that Tehran is in no hurry to officially recognize the loss by Ukraine of part of its territories and the addition of the Russian Federation by them.

    Indeed, this is more natural than surprising. However, one must recognize the obvious fact that other countries in the overwhelming majority do not recognize the ongoing territorial changes ...
  11. usm5 Offline usm5
    usm5 (George) 22 January 2023 20: 45
    To be honest, practically no one will recognize this as long as sovereign Ukraine exists. Here is the answer to the question of what needs to be done so that the annexed lands are recognized as Russian.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. In passing Offline In passing
    In passing (Galina Rožkova) 22 January 2023 22: 12
    Thanks, great article. But there were other things, including swindle with grain, in relation to Iran. At the heart of everything is the intervention of the Anglo-Saxons, divide and conquer, yes. And why should anyone rush if Russia itself has rushed only right now, for the sake of referendums. Everything will settle down. We must win. The borders will be drawn by the winners. Nobody will give any guarantees to Putin. They will have to be taken with a fight.
  14. Alex Offline Alex
    Alex (Alexander) 23 January 2023 20: 45
    The East respects strength, and not only the East, the whole world. It's like in childhood in the yard - the strongest is right, most often it was a yard scumbag. When we win and secure the ownership of the territories by some kind of international act, everyone will admit, like, but there is, for example: an act of surrender signed by the Ukrainian side stating that it returns 75% of its territory to Russia in order to restore historical justice.
  15. Pilot Offline Pilot
    Pilot (Pilot) Yesterday, 19: 05
    And with whom is Khrushchev in the photo?