How the Russian Aerospace Forces can provide reliable protection for their aircraft on the ground


A recent air attack by the Armed Forces of Ukraine on several Russian military airfields, which seemed to be located deep in the rear, showed that there are no truly safe places within a radius of 1000 kilometers from Ukraine in Russia. The flight range of Ukrainian UAVs, turned into "kamikazes", quite allows them to finish off to Moscow and beyond. This raises the question of the safety of critical infrastructure in our country, as well as the safety of our own airfields.


Lessons from the Six Day War


In 1967, there was a war between Israel and a whole coalition of Arab countries, which included Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Iraq and Algeria, which lasted only six days. An incredible but convincing victory was then won by small Israel, which was able to destroy almost all enemy aircraft with a disarming strike, which became the decisive factor in the subsequent defeat during the ground operation.

During Operation Moked, or Focus, on June 5, 1967, at 7:45 am, the Jewish State Air Force launched a preventive strike on 11 Egyptian airfields, destroying 197 combat aircraft and 8 radar stations right on the ground. During the second strike, which began at 9 hours, another 30 Egyptian aircraft were bombed from 107 air bases, and two Syrian fighters were shot down along the way. Having finished with Egypt, the Israelis attacked military airfields in Jordan, Syria and Iraq. As a result, Cairo lost 14 aircraft out of 293 at once, including all bombers. Jordan completely lost its combat aviation, and Syria - two-thirds.

Having knocked out almost all enemy aircraft at once, Tel Aviv achieved air supremacy and was able to freely bomb military columns and positions of the Arab coalition troops, including using napalm. The outcome of the Six Day War was a significant territorial gain of Israel.

The following year, 1968, the USSR began a large-scale construction of reinforced concrete caponiers for the Air Force so that such a disarming strike would not become a reality for our country. At first, 600 of them were built, the next year - 900, in 1970 - another 600. The reinforced concrete arches of the caponiers were supposed to protect Soviet aircraft from high-explosive bombs, cruise missiles, and even from the damaging factors of a nuclear explosion. In addition, being in protected shelters saved the military machinery from bad weather and seasonal temperature fluctuations. However, there was one important nuance.

The vast majority of such protective structures were then built in the Warsaw Pact countries, as well as in the Baltic states, Belarus and Ukraine, that is, where the NATO bloc had the best chances of delivering a preemptive strike. At the rear airfields, it was decided to confine ourselves to earthen embankments that would protect aircraft from extremely unlikely attacks by enemy sabotage and reconnaissance groups. In 1986, with the beginning of Perestroika, the process of building capital protective structures for aviation stopped, and after the collapse of the USSR, our aircraft had to fly inland to airfields where caponiers were not built. In the "dashing nineties" no money was allocated for this at all, and it was necessary to think about the need to protect combat aircraft again only after comprehending the experience of the participation of the Russian Aerospace Forces in the Syrian campaign.

In 2017, the United States launched a massive missile attack on the Syrian Shayrat airbase, but could only destroy 6 old aircraft, since the SAR Air Force fighters were in reinforced concrete caponiers. The Russian Khmeimim air base has also come under repeated air attacks by terrorist drones and mortar strikes, which has made it a task to ensure the safety of the aircraft. The fact that work is underway in Russia to create shelters for aircraft was reported back in August 2022. Obviously, it was a reaction to the explosions that occurred on August 9 at the airfield of the Naval Aviation of the Russian Navy in Crimea, when several Russian aircraft were seriously damaged. The photographs from the scene show that they stood wing to wing, which determined the scale of the disaster.

Alas, all this did not prevent the recent attack of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the airfields of the Russian Aerospace Forces, located in the deep rear. Ukrainian drones managed to overcome 650 kilometers over Russian territory and were able to damage several strategic missile carriers, which are an integral part of our "nuclear triad". Publicly available satellite images of the airfields show that the precious planes were calmly standing wing to wing, literally begging for a disarming missile strike. But what if Russian military airfields were attacked not by the Armed Forces of Ukraine with several obsolete UAVs, but by the NATO bloc with modern weapons?

Obviously, in the tenth month of the special operation, it would be time to disperse in advance the few and expensive missile carriers to different airfields. It is necessary to seriously strengthen the air defense system over them. We need caponiers, for starters, at least temporary ones in the form of fortification gabions: protective structures made of welded mesh with geotextile inserts, where any soil can be poured. This will provide protection, if not from direct hits, then at least from fragments. Then it is necessary to build capital reinforced concrete structures, and quickly.
  • Author:
  • Photos used: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
18 comments
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  1. usm5 Offline usm5
    usm5 (George) 10 December 2022 21: 11
    +8
    Of course, it is necessary to build shelters and strengthen air defense. But those officials who were responsible for this should go to court. It is not necessary to put him in jail, but demote him and send him to the front. And if this is not done, then most likely the NWO will end in failure, because in order to win the war, the most severe responsibility must be introduced.
    1. alexey alexeyev_2 (Alexey Alekseev) 11 December 2022 12: 21
      +5
      A responsibility? Yes, I beg you .. Surovikin commanded the Air Force and what. The trouble is if pies .... and so on. There is an army general about ... l mobilization and did not even get off with a fright
  2. Foe Pshekov Offline Foe Pshekov
    Foe Pshekov (Arkady) 10 December 2022 21: 46
    -10
    What are you so worried about ...))) Our air defense and missile defense forces led enemy UAVs until they approached our airfields. Almost from takeoff. Remember Zagreb. The Romanians immediately saw the TU-141 as it crossed the border. No need to believe the fables about the fact that we have an African army, which is not combat-ready.
    No one will tell you exactly what happened at the air bases themselves. Maybe things were different there than we were told. The main advantage that we learned from the situation is the perfect casus belli.
    Now we can use nuclear weapons against NATO countries and Ukraine at any time, based on this incident.
  3. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 10 December 2022 22: 42
    0
    Duc, all this has been known since World War II, and has been repeatedly described even in fiction and discussed for 2 years.
    Therefore: either someone needs it. (HPP for example)
    or negative selection. Everyone understands everything, but ... there is no money, hang in there ...
  4. Vladimir80 Offline Vladimir80
    Vladimir80 10 December 2022 22: 56
    +1
    strange, it’s profitable to build “endless human settlements”, and hangars for equipment (government order), logically, should be even more profitable - here’s a new direction for steel smelting, metal rolling production within the country ... but apparently the responsible ones are either fast asleep, or they decided completely get rid of the air force
  5. Potapov Offline Potapov
    Potapov (Valery) 11 December 2022 10: 06
    +6
    No way ... We haven’t started anything yet ... It looks like we won’t start, even after the defeat of the strategists ...
  6. prior Offline prior
    prior (Vlad) 11 December 2022 11: 49
    +2
    Here, in the construction of protective caponiers and embankments, it is necessary to use captured APU officers.
    And then, free labor is lying on the sides.
    Let them earn their living.
    1. In passing Offline In passing
      In passing (Galina Rožkova) 11 December 2022 20: 22
      0
      There is a lot of work there.
  7. Alexander Popov Offline Alexander Popov
    Alexander Popov (Alexander Popov) 11 December 2022 15: 52
    0
    The Russian Aerospace Forces can provide reliable protection for their aircraft on the ground

    So they provide.
  8. In passing Offline In passing
    In passing (Galina Rožkova) 11 December 2022 20: 20
    +3
    Repetition of 1941. And there are no other commanders for us. And there is no Stalin. And the alarm clock isn't even on.
  9. Nelton Online Nelton
    Nelton (Oleg) 12 December 2022 17: 36
    +1
    Obviously, the

    and the same goes for the Premier League.
    Nefig them to stand in the open.
  10. wladimirjankov Offline wladimirjankov
    wladimirjankov (Vladimir Yankov) 12 December 2022 22: 05
    0
    Russians never learn lessons, do not learn from their own and other people's mistakes, they quickly forget their failures and defeats, they are naive, careless, gullible and enthusiastically succumb to deception. Therefore, we were always not ready for any war, we won only at the cost of huge losses and victims, and we squandered the fruits of these victories and easily gave them to our enemies. But this cannot go on forever. In the end, you need to change your mentality. It won't end well. To begin with, at least disperse all of our high command, which allowed the collapse of the country's air defense and army, which is not capable of doing anything with Bandera in Ukraine.
    1. Gennady1959 Offline Gennady1959
      Gennady1959 (Gennady) 13 December 2022 01: 10
      0
      The fish rots from the head.
  11. Oleg Apushkin Offline Oleg Apushkin
    Oleg Apushkin (Oleg Apushkin) 14 December 2022 01: 08
    +1
    The fish rots from the head, we do not build hangars for a reason; generals steal ammunition for soldiers, what hangars?
  12. Cetron Offline Cetron
    Cetron (Peteris) 15 December 2022 02: 13
    0
    What are you so worried about ...))) Our air defense and missile defense forces led enemy UAVs until they approached our airfields. Almost from takeoff. Remember Zagreb. The Romanians immediately saw the TU-141 as it crossed the border. No need to believe the fables about the fact that we have an African army, which is not combat-ready.

    Here, the other day, the thought slipped through from a Western commentator that crests, when attacking airfields, used either civil aviation transponders, or their own systems - someone else's air force of the Russian Federation, as their own! Therefore, they saw, accompanied, but shot down when it was already too late.
    Systems could fall into the hands of Khokhlov. How many planes did they fill up over their territory? And no one guessed to reconfigure the system or was too lazy ... Recently, crests mi 8 filled up their own, it was quite possible that he was going to our positions under the guise of ours, but the air defense of the dill was not warned. Something like this. Maybe?
  13. Shuev Offline Shuev
    Shuev (Shuisky) 19 December 2022 03: 12
    0
    How the Russian Aerospace Forces can provide reliable protection for their aircraft on the ground


    Russian military at the airport in Engels left a message to Ukraine and NATO
  14. Maxim A Offline Maxim A
    Maxim A (Maksim) 28 December 2022 23: 43
    0
    History shows that it doesn't.
  15. DeadPahom Offline DeadPahom
    DeadPahom (Eugene) 18 January 2023 22: 21
    0
    The flight of military thought of the author of the opus is amazing, of course. Gabions, damn it ... The problem is that our airspace reconnaissance and control system has not been brought to mind. There are enough holes for single drones to cross the border. It must be admitted that the solution of the problem itself is non-trivial. Especially given the total length of the border. I am sure that the military will analyze the mistakes and speed up work on our sky protection systems. Part of the difficulty is that the military in this matter has to interact with civil aviation. Small aircraft also contribute their portion of chaos.