NVO pushed Russia to create tactical unmanned aircraft and a new VUS


Literally from the first days after the start of the special operation, it became clear that the Russian army approached it not quite ready. The weak point, which was ultimately recognized at the very top, was the component of unmanned aircraft, reconnaissance and reconnaissance-strike, as well as "kamikaze" drones. As it sometimes happens with us, we had to rebuild along the way.


Blinded from what was


Formally, we have all types of drones - from small ones like Orlan to the heaviest ones like Altius-U and Okhotnik. The problem is that the last two have been in the testing stage for many years, so you should not expect them on the battlefield in the near future. There are enough reconnaissance "Orlans" at the front, but the problem is that their filling is a combined "hodgepodge" of Chinese components from civilian drones. What to do if the channel of their supply is blocked is not entirely clear. The fact that the majority of UAVs assembled in Russia do not meet the tactical and technical requirements of the RF Ministry of Defense precisely because of the lack of a domestic component base, was recently stated by a representative of the department, Colonel Igor Ischuk.

In the meantime, volunteers are buying ordinary civilian quadrocopters, known as Mavik, for reconnaissance and adjusting artillery fire in China for the needs of the “militiamen” of Donbass. Craftsmen in the Russian army make handicrafts of ordinary reconnaissance Orlans into warhead carriers and try to use them as shock weapons. On the positive side, it can be noted that the Kronstadt enterprise opened a new plant for the production of UAVs of aircraft and helicopter types in Dubna near Moscow, which switched to a three-shift operation, as explained by its CEO Alexei Belykh:

The new plant for the production of unmanned aerial vehicles will soon switch to a three-shift operation in order to fulfill the orders received.

The main "workhorse" of domestic production for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation so far is the reconnaissance and strike UAV "Pacer", also known as "Orion". It belongs to the class of medium-altitude, having a long flight duration and is capable of carrying up to four air-to-ground missiles. "Pacer" is a direct competitor of the Turkish "Bayraktar" and our "Great White Hope" on a par with "Altius-U" and "Hunter".

But this is all a matter of the foreseeable future, and the war, heavy and bloody, has been going on for almost eight months. Our military urgently needs reconnaissance drones to correct artillery fire, strike and reconnaissance drones to destroy enemy armored vehicles with anti-tank missiles in real time, kamikaze drones to instill fear and awe. And then friends from Persia came to our aid behind the scenes.

"Flower business"


It should be noted that neither Tehran nor Moscow officially confirm the delivery of Iranian drones to Russia, but you and I are not small children either. Judging by the nerve-wracking “buzz” in the sky over Ukraine, the information of the American intelligence services and Western media affiliated with them about the acquisition of Iranian UAVs for the needs of the RF Armed Forces turned out to be correct. And it's beautiful news for us and bad for the Kyiv regime.

"Geraniums", or "Shahids", began to be used at the front at the end of August, and the activity of their use is constantly increasing. These primitive, at first glance, kamikaze drones proved to be exceptionally effective. Assembled from the simplest components, with a simple motor, which gave them the name "flying mopeds", the mass-produced and inexpensive Iranian "Shaheeds" with the Russian name almost irresistibly carry a powerful explosive charge to the target. At first, Ukrainian propaganda made fun of them, Aleksey Arestovich commented on their effectiveness as follows:

The Iranian drone is a machine of a much previous generation, made on its knee, but it can solve some part of its task, because in this war, children's quadrocopters also solve problems - with improvised grips and throwing grenades.

However, soon Arestovich himself was forced to admit that with these cheap "kamikaze" drones, the RF Armed Forces were able to literally "hammer" the air defense system of Nezalezhnaya:

They have found the key to our air defense, and this key is to force us to fire the entire missile stock, fighting the drones, of which 2,4 thousand have been chartered ... For two or three months they can nightmare us in such a mode as today.

Things could soon get worse for the Kyiv regime if Iran does supply Russia with its latest heavy-duty kamikaze drones called the Arash-2. According to open data, their flight range is from 1000 to 2000 kilometers, the weight of the warhead is 200 kilograms, which allows them to be classified as strategic. The drone has a dual control system, anti-interference, self-guided by an electronic pulse. In fact, this is a cruise missile, only many times cheaper. What the Russian army needs now, which has already decently spent its Caliber and needs time to restore its missile arsenals.

"Arash" was developed specifically for a swarm attack on Israeli territory, covered by a layered air defense / missile defense system. Ideally, these drones should fly in conjunction with Shahab ballistic missiles and Meshkat cruise missiles, penetrating any Iron Dome. If they really get into service with us, they will pose a threat not only to the Kyiv regime, but also to the Eastern European countries of the NATO bloc. I wonder what we'll call them? "Robber"?

Meanwhile, in Russia, a new military registration specialty is being formed in fact - “pilot - UAV operator”. Drone control is taught both in civilian universities and in the military, which the Russian Defense Ministry is now paying special attention to, Deputy Minister Yunus-Bek Yevkurov explained:

Unmanned aerial vehicles play an important role in solving the combat tasks of a special military operation, which gives the training of UAV operators a special status.

The decision to form special drone companies in the RF Armed Forces was made only in 2013. The highest school for UAV operators today is the 924th State Center for Unmanned Aviation of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, located in Kolomna, where UAV operators, mechanics and technicians are trained for operation. Also, the promising VUS is trained at the Zhukovsky and Gagarin Air Force Academy in Voronezh and on the basis of the Ryazan Higher Airborne Command School. Future officers will be trained to command unmanned units in one of the combined arms command schools of the RF Ministry of Defense.

Thus, with the friendly help of Iran, Russia is rebuilding itself on the move and, in fact, creating effective unmanned tactical aircraft from scratch, while simultaneously training professional personnel. The lessons learned during the NMD proved to be cruel, but our army will eventually become stronger.
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  1. soloist2424 Offline soloist2424
    soloist2424 (Oleg) 18 October 2022 11: 12
    0
    Good article, I liked it.
  2. Pavel Mokshanov_2 (Pavel Mokshanov) 18 October 2022 11: 25
    +8
    Due to the stupidity and corruption of the senior command staff of the Russian Federation, our army in this seemingly elementary military operation was in the span. There are no modern means of nicknamed UAVs. And those that are, then up to them as up to the mountain with cancer. It's funny and at the same time disgusting that because of some creatures with general's epaulettes, we endure problems when conducting our own. How long will this continue?
    1. Nelton Offline Nelton
      Nelton (Oleg) 18 October 2022 12: 27
      +1
      most of the UAVs assembled in Russia do not meet the tactical and technical requirements of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation precisely because of the lack of a domestic component base

      x / s, what is the elemental base of Iranian drones.
      Turkish ones seem to have imports from all over the world.
      In the Russian Federation, the problem with electronics has been dragging on since the days of the USSR.
      Some efforts have been made, but clearly insufficient.
      And they are outside the competence of the generals and close.

      there is no easy solution here, because everything rests on the equipment of the Dutch ASML (which depends on the supply of optics from Germany and Japan), which was not sold to us until 2014, and which, in order to pay off, must produce chips in huge batches.
      1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 18 October 2022 12: 58
        +9
        In the Russian Federation, the problem with electronics has been dragging on since the days of the USSR. some efforts were made, but obviously insufficient.

        Efforts were made and huge amounts of money were given out. Let's remember Chubaisovskoye RUSNANO and others. The allocated state budget billions have been plundered, the results are about zero. The Investigative Committee collected materials on the huge theft in Rosnano, so everything was hushed up, the perpetrators are abroad with all the billions. A cover for theft from the very top, that's why there are such failures in armaments .. Conclusion: a change in the paradigm of corruption and theft in the state is possible only with a change in the "liberal" layer of officials in most of the upper echelons of power, from the Central Bank of the Russian Federation to the RF Ministry of Defense ... The same Shoigu The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the main person responsible for armament and support, Gerasimov NGSH, despite the glaring failures in maintaining the NWO and under-armament with modern means, there is not even a hint of inconsistency with the positions held. Conclusion: state interests are not protected and there is no one to protect them. Under the President, a vicious circle of trusted persons in senior positions has been created, which clearly does not meet the requirements of the times.
        1. Nelton Offline Nelton
          Nelton (Oleg) 18 October 2022 13: 46
          +1
          Quote: Vladimir Tuzakov
          the money was huge.

          Yes, straight .... Rosnano was allocated ~ $ 5 billion (130 billion rubles in 2007).

          The US Senate approved a bill providing for the allocation of 280 billion dollars in aid to the chip industry

          and this is the USA, which already has a bunch of elements of all chains, only the production capacity is not enough.
          And American high-tech companies themselves invest a lot

          Intel has unveiled plans to build two integrated circuit manufacturing plants in Ohio. The company's initial investment in this project will amount to $20 billion.

          https://regnum.ru/news/it/3484403.html

          Quote: Vladimir Tuzakov
          with the change of the "liberal" layer of officials in most of the upper echelons of power

          I will refrain from commenting. Let me just remind you that since the XNUMXth century it has been known:

          The mind of a ruler is first judged by what kind of people he brings closer to himself; if
          these are devoted and capable people, you can always be sure of his
          wisdom, for he knew how to recognize their abilities and keep their devotion.
          If they are not such, then they will conclude about the sovereign accordingly
          1. voznesensky Offline voznesensky
            voznesensky (Oleg Petrovich) 18 October 2022 20: 44
            +3
            On the POLITNAVIGATOR portal, for quoting a wonderful, very correct thought "about the ruler's mind" you would be 100% banned for the rest of your life! It was enough for me just to mention there the second commandment of Moses "Do not make for yourself an idol ...", as in fact I was deprived of the opportunity to express out loud anything even remotely resembling criticism of those in power. These are pseudo-patriots ... Therefore, many thanks to the real patriots and simply smart people of the REPORTER portal, who are not afraid of such publications. And to you, Nelton, special thanks for the very relevant today mention of what was "known since the XNUMXth century."
            1. voznesensky Offline voznesensky
              voznesensky (Oleg Petrovich) 19 October 2022 00: 13
              +1
              And “it has been known since the XNUMXth century” is a judgment about the power of Niccola Machiavelli (the book “The Sovereign”) and it ends with the words: “If they are not like that, then they will conclude about the sovereign accordingly, because he has already committed the first mistake by choosing bad assistants.”
        2. sap Offline sap
          sap (Alex) 18 October 2022 15: 46
          +7
          I dare to inquire! Created by yourself? Or did someone create it for themselves? But then it's scary to think! You essentially lead to the idea that the Most Serene One is the reason for failures in NWO.
    2. Dingo Offline Dingo
      Dingo (Victor) 18 October 2022 13: 01
      +2
      How long will this continue?
      Until we restore the Soviet industry, plundered and plundered by the nouveau riche oligarchs and their accomplices "effective managers". Who was talking about "galoshes" there? Oh well...

      1. Nelton Offline Nelton
        Nelton (Oleg) 18 October 2022 18: 21
        -2
        Soviet industry

        Products of the Soviet industry did not painfully show themselves in numerous Arab-Israeli skirmishes.
        1982 is especially significant.

        And yes, the USSR industrial / military-industrial complex cooperation included both Ukrainian enterprises and Bulgarian / GDR ones ... now everything is without them.
        And even with them the result was so-so.
        The result is the real results of the application, and not the declared performance characteristics.
    3. Demonlivi Offline Demonlivi
      Demonlivi (Dima) 18 October 2022 20: 04
      +1
      There are many colonels of alcoholics, there is no hope for them, the drunk eats away the brain over the years! They are untrainable, they cannot sit out until the end of the meeting - they have a squirting in the ass, because the check is in the car or in the office in the nightstand on the right! It is necessary to drive them with a filthy broom, they killed 100 young guys, they will kill 1000 as well. The main thing is to get to the check!
    4. Kuramori Reika Offline Kuramori Reika
      Kuramori Reika (Kuramori Reika) 19 October 2022 02: 18
      +1
      I would just recommend staying away from the army. Until recently, I myself thought that it would be easier in the army with the dominance of imbeciles, but no, the SVO showed that there are probably more than half of the generals and commanders with drunken brains who have never worked in their entire lives. It's really a shame.
  3. Vladimir80 Offline Vladimir80
    Vladimir80 18 October 2022 12: 34
    -1
    They said about UAVs, but they forgot that there are no reliable communication systems ??? Our army in each war repeats the mistakes of the previous ones, in each ... History teaches us nothing: in peacetime we sleep, "rest on our laurels" - until the thunder breaks out, the peasant does not cross himself!
    P.s. in terms of UAVs, it remains to learn from the Houthis and Palestinians - to use consumer (still available) electronics for military equipment, despite the requirements of the M.O. To her.
    1. Oleg Timofeev_2 Offline Oleg Timofeev_2
      Oleg Timofeev_2 (Oleg Timofeev) 18 October 2022 14: 23
      +1
      Not the army, but those who should be obliged to provide it. What is the NKVD, what is the KGB, what is the FSB. Everything is drum.
  4. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 18 October 2022 13: 08
    +2
    The SVO prompted not only and not so much to create tactical unmanned aircraft and a new VUS, but to revise the security strategy of the Russian Federation, the production of weapons, accounting for the state reserve, mobilization, etc., etc.
  5. DO Offline DO
    DO (Dmitriy) 18 October 2022 16: 32
    +2
    kamikaze drones to induce fear and awe

    Fear and awe of the opponent's weapon comes from its high efficiency.
    The smallest kamikaze drones like the Lancet1 with an electric motor and a warhead mass of 1 kg can fly up to the position of a sniper or enemy fighter with ATGMs / MANPADS along any trajectory and from any side, flying into a window or doorway of a shelter.
    Lancets3 with a warhead of 3 kg, also flying up along an arbitrary trajectory, can hit lightly armored vehicles and infantry clusters, including behind non-continuous shelters from artillery, as well as targets on the move.
    But Gerani2 with internal combustion engines and warheads of 36 kg, as the experience of their use in the SVO has shown, is an effective means of destroying or disabling self-propelled guns, howitzers, MLRS installations, tanks, and even enemy sea boats, including on the move. Gerani2 is also used against enemy infrastructure facilities that are inaccessible to artillery due to their range. Although for many remote infrastructure facilities, large Iranian kamikaze drones with a warhead of 200 kg, or Iranian tactical missiles with an even larger mass of warheads, would be more suitable.
    Of course, kamikaze drones are mediocre scouts, but for reconnaissance purposes there are a variety of specialized reconnaissance UAVs.
    For a more line-of-sight range, control and video repeater drones are required, the functions of which, at a great distance, can be performed by reconnaissance drones / air defense suppression strike drones.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. DO Offline DO
      DO (Dmitriy) 27 November 2022 16: 30
      0
      PS The use of HEAT warheads (and possibly HEAT-fragmentation) in Lancets will make them suitable for serious damage to tanks, towed and self-propelled guns, and MLRS installations.
  6. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
    Vox_Populi (vox populi) 18 October 2022 19: 42
    +3
    On the positive side, it can be noted that the Kronstadt enterprise opened a new plant for the production of aircraft and helicopter UAVs in Dubna, Moscow Region, which switched to three shifts, as explained by its CEO Alexei Belykh:

    A new factory for the production of unmanned aerial vehicles in order to fulfill the received orders will soon switch to a three-shift mode of operation

    I apologize for idle curiosity: so passed or will go over? winked
  7. Denis Z Offline Denis Z
    Denis Z (Denis Z) 19 October 2022 01: 10
    -1
    Well, where is this pacer or foreigner?
  8. Event Observer Offline Event Observer
    Event Observer (Oleg T) 19 October 2022 01: 53
    -1
    Drones don't need the latest electronics. A gasoline engine and a smartphone chip with gps/glonass+processor+camera made using 2012 technology is enough.
    Incompetence and carelessness in the General Staff and the government.
  9. Kuramori Reika Offline Kuramori Reika
    Kuramori Reika (Kuramori Reika) 19 October 2022 02: 12
    +2
    And the SVO did not push to conduct hundreds of criminal investigations, where were the funds spent for the purchase of uniforms, special equipment and the development of unmanned aircraft? This is not to mention the criminal level of saturation with degenerates in the control chains.
  10. zenion Offline zenion
    zenion (zinovy) 19 October 2022 15: 58
    +1
    It's amazing that they didn't move before. But they saw during the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia what drones can do, they saw, but they didn’t see. It was necessary to push, all joy through force.
  11. Jstas Offline Jstas
    Jstas (jstas) 20 October 2022 10: 11
    +1
    There was a message on the Web about the desire of the DPRK / rather China / to send its 100000 soldiers to Ukraine to train.
    So Iran is using the opportunity to test its UAVs in a fight with the "big saton /USA/" on the Ukrainian battlefield.
    I would not be surprised that for such an opportunity, Iran supplies its UAVs free of charge.
  12. Sergey Kuzmin Offline Sergey Kuzmin
    Sergey Kuzmin (Sergei) 21 October 2022 15: 21
    0
    Well - let the workhorses from the UAV workshop POW ...))) we are happy about this ...

    The main "workhorse" of domestic production for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation so far is the reconnaissance and strike UAV "Pacer", also known as "Orion". It belongs to the class of medium-altitude, having a long flight duration and is capable of carrying up to four air-to-ground missiles. "Pacer" is a direct competitor of the Turkish "Bayraktar" and our "Great White Hope" on a par with "Altius-U" and "Hunter".
  13. Moscow Offline Moscow
    Moscow 24 October 2022 13: 58
    +1
    In Russia, the authorities have accustomed everyone to the phrase, "we spent the money on ..." This phrase does not imply a result. Hence, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation spent money, or rather mastered it as best it could. In order not to fall under the article for embezzlement, an approach was used to make at least something like a drone, assemble it at least from something from different parts of the world and present it as some kind of result. Further, the selection committee revealed shortcomings, an advertising article was being prepared in the media and everyone clapped. As a result, the identified shortcomings were eliminated over the years and funds were again allocated for their elimination. And so in a circle - there are drones, but they are not. The whole problem is that the goal did not rigidly assume the result, left-wing manufacturers were involved, a lot was blocked by a complex, clumsy system of state acceptance and, of course, poor control. And the main task of spending money was fulfilled. Maybe things will get better now.
  14. Watching Offline Watching
    Watching (Alex) 29 October 2022 20: 05
    0
    Until the thunder breaks out, the peasant will not cross himself ... As always. How could the Americans consider the AFRF "the second army of the world"?