US space program "Artemis": how people will be back on the moon


On September 27, 2022, a new attempt to launch the American SLS launch vehicle is scheduled as part of the Artemis-1 mission (“Artemis-1”). Numerous malfunctions in the missile's fuel system, according to experts, have been eliminated. We will tell you about what the Artemis program is in general.


mission plan


Artemis is a NASA space project that, according to the developers' plan, should end with the installation of a long-term scientific base on the moon. The Americans want to achieve this goal in 10 years, during which 37 spacecraft launches to the Earth's satellite will be made, including 5 manned missions.

It is no coincidence that the project was named after the ancient Greek goddess: that was the name of Apollo's sister. That is, the modern program is a development of the Apollo project of the 1970s. Its basis is the SLS rocket (Space Launch System, i.e. space launch system) in cargo and manned configurations. In addition, the Artemis system used the developments of the Constellation program (“Constellation”) of 2005-2010 regarding the Orion spacecraft.

US space program "Artemis": how people will be back on the moon

"Artemis-1" will not land people on the surface of the Moon and generally land on the Earth's satellite. This is planned to be done over the next two missions. The task of the first ship is to become for some time an artificial satellite of the Moon to study its surface in order to find a suitable springboard for a future lunar base.

Also on board the Orion ship are humanoid dummies, on which the level of accumulation of cosmic radiation will be checked during the entire flight. This is very important, since it is hard radiation that poses the greatest danger to astronauts during long-term flights. The duration of the Artemis-1 flight will significantly exceed any of the missions of the Apollo program and will require up to 42 days. A side task of the flight will be the launch of "student" microsatellites in near-Earth orbit using a special device.

If the Artemis program is at least half completed, then in 2025, as NASA director Bill Nelson stated, a group of astronauts will be on the surface of the moon. And in parallel with Artemis, the project of an orbital space station in lunar orbit called Gateway (“Gate”) can be implemented.

The foreseeable goals of "Artemis" can now be considered only up to the third mission of the project. The intended landing site for the Artemis-3 manned mission is the South Pole of the Moon, due to the fact that, according to some reports, there may be water there. Further tasks of the project will be derived already from the results of the search for this lunar water.

Characteristics of the Orion ship and SLS carrier


Located on the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center, the SLS Block 1 rocket carrying the Orion spacecraft has three stages. The engines are the first to run on a mixture of liquid hydrogen and oxygen. It is with the supply of fuel to them that the current problems with the launch are connected. Structurally, the SLS is based on the carrier of the Space Shuttle program: the very huge rocket that launched the American space shuttles into space until 2011.


The Orion ship was conceived and assembled back in the days of the Constellation program and has remained unchanged. It is descended from the ATV space "truck" that used to fly to the ISS. European designers installed new American-made engines on it and upgraded a number of other systems, resulting in the Orion.

SLS is the most advanced, but also the most criticized spacecraft delivery system to date. First, it includes some conservative technical elements from past projects (for example, liquid engines from the Delta-4 rocket and solid upper stages from the shuttles). In fact, this is a "hodgepodge" of the most reliable units tested in American space projects. Secondly, one cannot count on a significant reduction in the cost of its production, because it could not have done without making changes to the final design, since it turned out that the SLS central unit would not have withstood the starting loads unchanged. And the estimated cost per flight will be up to $4 billion.

Will Artemis take off?


One of the main tasks of "Artemis" is to consolidate the status of the United States as the main space power on the planet. Therefore, its launch will take place one way or another. The project has already crossed the line, beyond which there are only two extremes: a resounding success or a crushing failure. Therefore, it remains only to wish Artemis a successful start and a long space career.
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  1. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
    Mikhalych 26 September 2022 10: 35
    +3
    US space program "Artemis": how people will be back on the moon

    The assertion that the Americans were on the moon has already set the teeth on edge. Apollo could not deliver the astronauts to the lunar orbit and return them alive (radiation and lack of protection). The lander could not land on the surface and start back, if only because it did not have an alignment. Even in the heavy space suits developed in the USSR for such a mission, the cosmonaut could not stay on the surface for more than 1 hour (radiation and lack of protection). And in American lungs? At the touchdown point, 12 parts of the landing modules should have remained. Where are they? I.t.p., etc.
    crying hi
    1. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
      constantin4480 (Konstantin) 26 September 2022 11: 58
      -2
      The assertion that the Americans were NOT on the moon has already set the teeth on edge.
      1. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
        Mikhalych 26 September 2022 14: 33
        +2
        The assertion that the Americans were NOT on the moon has already set the teeth on edge.

        Facts in the studio.
        1. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
          constantin4480 (Konstantin) 26 September 2022 17: 15
          -3
          Dear, you are the one who claims that there were no people on the moon. Despite the fact that the facts that refute this. full. So this is the facts from you in the studio.
          1. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
            Mikhalych 26 September 2022 17: 39
            +1
            Dear, you are the one who claims that there were no people on the moon. Despite the fact that the facts that refute this. full.

            This is not my opinion, but experts.
          2. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 26 September 2022 21: 52
            0
            Konstantin, Pindocs lie so often that there is no faith in their "facts". This is the main reason for doubt. Again, Musk cannot do what the Pindocs used to do easily. Etc.

            I don’t believe the Americans, I don’t believe at all, and not specifically about the Moon. About the Moon, the question is debatable, neither one nor the other can prove their case. laughing
    2. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
      constantin4480 (Konstantin) 26 September 2022 12: 31
      0
      The modules were photographed by a space probe in 2009. And recent studies say that the radiation on the Moon is even less than in low Earth orbit, where the ISS is located. I'm willing to bet that it is partly for the sake of such conspiracy theorists that Artemis will definitely fly. Looking forward to tomorrow's launch.
      1. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
        Mikhalych 26 September 2022 14: 41
        +2
        The modules were photographed by a space probe in 2009.

        What do you smoke?

        And recent studies say that the radiation on the Moon is even less than in low Earth orbit, where the ISS is located.

        That is, Soviet measurements Wrong?
        How is it?
        https://pressa.tv/interesnoe/86440-sled-sapog-astronavtov-ne-sovpadaet-so-sledami-na-lune.html
        Read the specialists admirer of Artemis
        Read the experts
      2. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
        Mikhalych 26 September 2022 20: 44
        +2
        The modules were photographed by a space probe in 2009.

        How do I remember. They showed some kind of insect in the photo and said that it was a module. So be it, but where are the other 11? After all, they almost landed in the same place.

        And recent studies say that the radiation on the Moon is even less than in low Earth orbit, where the ISS is located.

        Did the English scientists make a fuss? They proved that the Moon has a magnetic field that protects against corpuscles?
        wassat
  2. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 26 September 2022 10: 44
    -1
    Will the United States overstrain while waging war against Russia, China and launching such a program in space?
  3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 26 September 2022 10: 55
    0
    Artemis is, first of all, the Goddess of the Taurians - the original inhabitants of Taurica (today's Crimea), which the current American generals promise to bomb with nuclear weapons.
    Do you think the Goddess Artemis will forgive the US Americans such disrespect for their people?
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 26 September 2022 11: 29
    0
    Survived.
    Yusovites are taking the first real steps on the new Lunar program, the Chinese are likely to do the same, and Roskosmos closed everything.
    All the previous promises Luna 2015, 2020, 2022 and others are forgotten, no one answered for the lies and the disappeared money ....
    1. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
      constantin4480 (Konstantin) 26 September 2022 12: 15
      0
      Our space program is highly dependent on international relations, and now sanctions.
  5. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
    constantin4480 (Konstantin) 26 September 2022 12: 38
    +1
    Alas. The launch, scheduled for September 27, was again postponed. For undefined period.
  6. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
    Vox_Populi (vox populi) 26 September 2022 14: 07
    -1
    Therefore, it remains only to wish Artemis a successful start and a long space career.

    I agree that the work of the Americans on the further exploration of space is respected.
    1. Mikhalych Offline Mikhalych
      Mikhalych 26 September 2022 14: 53
      +2
      I agree that the work of the Americans on the further exploration of space is respected.

      Who do the patriots answer to the word "blat"? Those who wish success to their enemies, like you, ask where?
  7. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
    Vox_Populi (vox populi) 26 September 2022 14: 08
    -4
    Quote: Mikhalych
    US space program "Artemis": how people will be back on the moon

    The assertion that the Americans were on the moon has already set the teeth on edge. Apollo could not deliver the astronauts to the lunar orbit and return them alive (radiation and lack of protection). The lander could not land on the surface and start back, if only because it did not have an alignment. Even in the heavy space suits developed in the USSR for such a mission, the cosmonaut could not stay on the surface for more than 1 hour (radiation and lack of protection). And in American lungs? At the touchdown point, 12 parts of the landing modules should have remained. Where are they? I.t.p., etc.
    crying hi

    Do not disgrace! lol
    1. The comment was deleted.
  8. isofat Offline isofat
    isofat (isofat) 26 September 2022 21: 35
    0
    Back in the USSR, they understood that a Lunokhod should be sent to the Moon. laughing
  9. Yuri Nemov Offline Yuri Nemov
    Yuri Nemov (Yuri Nemov) 27 September 2022 11: 08
    +2
    While the US remains one of the leaders in the number of homeless and poor, plus one in seven Americans does not have health insurance. The US State Department is spending astronomical sums to fly to the moon and fuel the conflict in Ukraine! The Biden regime has gone crazy!
  10. dub0vitsky Offline dub0vitsky
    dub0vitsky (Victor) 27 September 2022 20: 52
    +1
    Let's wish the big ship a big shipwreck.
  11. dub0vitsky Offline dub0vitsky
    dub0vitsky (Victor) 27 September 2022 20: 54
    0
    Quote from: Vox_Populi
    Quote: Mikhalych
    US space program "Artemis": how people will be back on the moon

    The assertion that the Americans were on the moon has already set the teeth on edge. Apollo could not deliver the astronauts to the lunar orbit and return them alive (radiation and lack of protection). The lander could not land on the surface and start back, if only because it did not have an alignment. Even in the heavy space suits developed in the USSR for such a mission, the cosmonaut could not stay on the surface for more than 1 hour (radiation and lack of protection). And in American lungs? At the touchdown point, 12 parts of the landing modules should have remained. Where are they? I.t.p., etc.
    crying hi

    Do not disgrace! lol

    Facts, not feelings. Feelings leave for the wife.
  12. dub0vitsky Offline dub0vitsky
    dub0vitsky (Victor) 27 September 2022 20: 56
    0
    Quote: Bulanov
    Artemis is, first of all, the Goddess of the Taurians - the original inhabitants of Taurica (today's Crimea), which the current American generals promise to bomb with nuclear weapons.
    Do you think the Goddess Artemis will forgive the US Americans such disrespect for their people?

    I think she has interfered with the project more than once. How many transfers were there?
  13. dub0vitsky Offline dub0vitsky
    dub0vitsky (Victor) 27 September 2022 21: 10
    0
    Quote from: constantin4480
    Dear, you are the one who claims that there were no people on the moon. Despite the fact that the facts that refute this. full. So this is the facts from you in the studio.

    How does a judge act like that, taking evidence from only one side, and even an interested one? WHAT facts? Where are 400 kilograms of soil? Is it possible to litter the terrestrial material with lunar samples, presenting them as pure? Only then can something be asserted with certainty - this is when an OUTSTANDING, uninterested observer sees traces on the Moon himself. And not lying iron, namely, traces of the presence of a person there. You were talking about photographs. TRACES of an astronaut, or a lander? Don't understand what the difference is? Give us the address of the photo, let's look together.
  14. dub0vitsky Offline dub0vitsky
    dub0vitsky (Victor) 27 September 2022 21: 12
    0
    Quote: Mikhalych
    And in American lungs? At the touchdown point, 12 parts of the landing modules should have remained. Where are they? I.t.p., etc.

    This rubbish could be there. But WITHOUT people. We need evidence of the presence of astronauts there.
  15. Grei grin Offline Grei grin
    Grei grin (Gray Grin) 27 September 2022 22: 43
    0
    The Americans will land on Saturn tomorrow, thanks to Hollywood!
  16. constantin4480 Offline constantin4480
    constantin4480 (Konstantin) 28 September 2022 12: 22
    0
    Fans of the "lunar conspiracy", read

    https://habr.com/ru/post/401135/

    And calm down already, normal people have long smashed you to smithereens.
  17. ont65 Offline ont65
    ont65 (Oleg) 21 October 2022 11: 05
    0
    There will no longer be a political effect, and failure will be a serious catastrophe. Postponed before, it would be better not to risk it now. The times in the yard are not the same, but the money is outrageous. Artemis may well shoot, but whoever gets hit will not be happy.
  18. AICO Offline AICO
    AICO (Vyacheslav) 4 November 2022 18: 02
    0
    They exclaimed: "Artemis", looked closely - ascaris !!!